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(New page: '''Ladino''' (''Djudezmo'' or ''Judeo-Espanyol'') is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews. It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in ''Turkey'', ''Israel'', ''Nether...)
 
(Consonants)
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'''Ladino''' (''Djudezmo'' or ''Judeo-Espanyol'') is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews.  
 
'''Ladino''' (''Djudezmo'' or ''Judeo-Espanyol'') is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews.  
  
It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in ''Turkey'', ''Israel'', ''Netherland'', ''Greece'' and the ''United States''. For the most of its speakers, today, Ladino is the second language.
+
It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in [[Turkey]], [[Israel]], [[Netherlands]], [[Greece]] and the [[United States]]. For the most of its speakers, today, Ladino is the second language.
  
A Western Romance language, Ladino is closely related to and mutually intelligible with the Spanish. However, there are many loan words from ''Hebrew'', ''Portuguese'', ''Arabic'' and ''Turkish''.
+
A Western Romance language, Ladino is closely related to and mutually intelligible with the [[Spanish phrasebook|Spanish]]. However, there are many loan words from Hebrew, Portuguese, Arabic, and Turkish.
  
 
==Pronunciation Guide==
 
==Pronunciation Guide==
  
Ladino spelling ,as Spanish does, has the pleasant characteristic of being very phonetic, with only a few clearly-defined exceptions. This means that if you know how to pronounce the letters of a word, it's relatively easy to sound out the word itself.
+
Ladino spelling, as Spanish does, has the pleasant characteristic of being very phonetic, with only a few clearly-defined exceptions. This means that if you know how to pronounce the letters of a word, it's relatively easy to sound out the word itself.
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
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; b : like 'b' in "bed"  
 
; b : like 'b' in "bed"  
; c : follows the same pronunciation pattern as in English.  In most cases it is pronounced like 'k' in "kid": ''calle, doctor''.  When followed by 'e' or 'i', it is like 's' in "supper" (Latin America) or 'th' in "thin" (Spain): ''cine''.
+
; c : 'c' is solely used in combination as 'ch'.
 
; ch : like 'ch' in "touch": ''muncho''
 
; ch : like 'ch' in "touch": ''muncho''
 
; d : like 'd' in "dog"  
 
; d : like 'd' in "dog"  
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; g : like 'g' in "good": ''ganyar''
 
; g : like 'g' in "good": ''ganyar''
 
; h : like 'h' in "hit": ''haham''
 
; h : like 'h' in "hit": ''haham''
; j : like 'j' in the French name ''Jean''
+
; j : like 's' in the "pleasure":''judyo''
 
; k : like 'k' in "kid": ''kilo''  
 
; k : like 'k' in "kid": ''kilo''  
; l : like 'l' in "love": ''lápiz''
+
; l : like 'l' in "love": ''malo''
 
; m : like 'm' in "mother": ''mano''
 
; m : like 'm' in "mother": ''mano''
 
; n : like 'n' in "nice": ''noche, ancla''
 
; n : like 'n' in "nice": ''noche, ancla''
 
; p : like 'p' in "pig": ''Pesah''
 
; p : like 'p' in "pig": ''Pesah''
; r : is pronunced as 'r' in Turkish, most often rolled very lightly
+
; r : is pronunced as 'r' in Spanish: ''persona''
 
; s : like 'ss' in "hiss": ''sopa''
 
; s : like 'ss' in "hiss": ''sopa''
 
; sh: like 'sh' in "shining": ''yanashear''
 
; sh: like 'sh' in "shining": ''yanashear''
 
; t : like 't' in "top": ''Tora''
 
; t : like 't' in "top": ''Tora''
; v : like 'v' in "valad" (but no aspiration).
+
; v : like 'v' in "valid": ''bever''
 
; y : like 'y' in "yes": ''yuvyar''.  
 
; y : like 'y' in "yes": ''yuvyar''.  
; z : like 'z' in "zoo"  
+
; z : like 'z' in "zoo"
  
 
===Accents and stress===
 
===Accents and stress===
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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
 
; Hello/Hi : Shalom (''Shah-lom'')
 
; Hello/Hi : Shalom (''Shah-lom'')
; Have a good day : Buen dya (''keh PAH-seh un BWEHN DEE-ah'')
 
 
; How are you? (''informal''): Ke haber? (''KEH HA-bear'')
 
; How are you? (''informal''): Ke haber? (''KEH HA-bear'')
; How are you? (''formal''): Komo esta? (''KOH-mo ehss-TAH?'')
+
; How are you? (''formal''): Komo estash? (''KOH-mo ehs-TASH?'')
; Fine, thank you: Muy bien, grasyas. (''MOOEY BYEHN, GRAH-syahss'')
+
; Very well, thank you: Muy byen, grasyas. (''MOOEY BYEHN, GRAH-syahs'')
; What is your name? (''informal''): Komo te yamas? (''KOH-moh TEH YAH-mahss?'')  
+
; What is your name? (''informal''): Komo te yamas? (''KOH-moh TEH YAH-mahs?'')  
; What is your name? (''formal''): Komo se yama? (''KOH-moh SEH YAH-mah'')
+
; What is your name? (''formal''): Komo vos yamash? (''KOH-moh VOS YAH-mash'')
; Who are you? (''informal''): Ken eres? (''KEN EH-rehss?'')
+
; Who are you? (''informal''): Ken [eres/sos]? (''KEN EH-rehs?'')
 +
; My name is ______: Me yamo ______ (''MEH YAH-moh _____ '')
 +
; I am ______: Yo so ______ (''YO SO ______'') 
 +
; Nice to meet you: Enkantado/a (''ehn-kahn-TAH-doh''/''ehn-kahn-TAH-dah'')
 +
; It's a pleasure to meet you: Muncho plazer. (''MOON-choh plah-zehr'')
 +
; Please: Por favor (''POHR fah-vOHR'')
 +
; Thank you: Grasyas (''GRAH-syahs'')
 +
; You're welcome: De nada (''DEH NAH-dhah'')
 +
; Yes: Si (''SEE'')
 +
; No: No (''NOH'')
 +
; Excuse me! (''begging pardon''): [Pardon/Perdon]! (''pahr-DOHN/per-DOHN'')
 +
; I'm sorry: Lo syento (''LOH SYEHN-toh'')
 +
; Goodbye: Adyo (''ah-DYOH'')
 +
; I can't speak Ladino (well): No (f)avlo (byen) ladino. (''NOH (F)AV-loh (BYEHN) la-dee-noh)
 +
; Do you speak English? (informal): (F)Avlas inglez? (''(F)AH-vlahs een-GLEHZ?'')
 +
; Do you speak English? (formal): (F)Avlates inglez? (''(F)AH-blah-tes oos-TEHD een-GLEHZ?'')
 +
; Is there someone here who speaks English? : Ay alguno ke (f)avla inglez? (''I AHL-goo-noh KEH (F)AH-Vlah een-GLEHZ?'')
 +
; Help!: Ayuda! (''ah-YOO-dah!'')
 +
; Good morning: Buenos diyas (''BWEH-nohs DEE-ahs'')
 +
; Good afternoon / Good evening: Buenas tardes (''BWEH-nahs TAR-dehs'')
 +
; Good evening / Good night: Buenas noches (''BWEH-nahss NOH-chehss'')
 +
; I don't understand: No entyendo (''NOH ehn-TYEHN-doh'')
 +
; Where is the toilet?: Ande esta el banyo? (''AHN-deh ehss-TAH EHL BAH-nyoh?'')
 +
 
 +
===Problems===
 +
; Leave me alone. : Deshame en paz. (''DEH-shah-meh ehn PAHS'')
 +
; Don't touch me! : No me tokes! (''noh meh TOH-kehs!'')
 +
; Police! : Polis! (''poh-lees!'')
 +
 
 +
===Numbers===
 +
 
 +
½ - medio
 +
 
 +
0 - zero
 +
 
 +
1 - uno
 +
 
 +
2 - dos
 +
 
 +
3 - trez
 +
 
 +
4 - kuatro
 +
 
 +
5 - sinko
 +
 
 +
6 - sesh
 +
 
 +
7 - syete
 +
 
 +
8 - ocho
 +
 
 +
9 - mueve
 +
 
 +
10 - dyez
 +
 
 +
[[WikiPedia:Judaeo-Spanish]]
 +
 
 +
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}

Revision as of 21:38, 19 January 2011

Ladino (Djudezmo or Judeo-Espanyol) is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews.

It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in Turkey, Israel, Netherlands, Greece and the United States. For the most of its speakers, today, Ladino is the second language.

A Western Romance language, Ladino is closely related to and mutually intelligible with the Spanish. However, there are many loan words from Hebrew, Portuguese, Arabic, and Turkish.

Contents

Pronunciation Guide

Ladino spelling, as Spanish does, has the pleasant characteristic of being very phonetic, with only a few clearly-defined exceptions. This means that if you know how to pronounce the letters of a word, it's relatively easy to sound out the word itself.

Vowels

like 'a' in "father".
like 'e' in "met", although often taught as 'a' in "spain".
like 'ee' in "see".
like 'o' in "score", especially when stressed.
like 'oo' in "hoop".
like 'ee' in "see". Very rarely used at the middle or ending of words.

Consonants

like 'b' in "bed"
'c' is solely used in combination as 'ch'.
ch 
like 'ch' in "touch": muncho
like 'd' in "dog"
dj
like 'j' in John. Djudezmo
like 'f' in "fine": faro
like 'g' in "good": ganyar
like 'h' in "hit": haham
like 's' in the "pleasure":judyo
like 'k' in "kid": kilo
like 'l' in "love": malo
like 'm' in "mother": mano
like 'n' in "nice": noche, ancla
like 'p' in "pig": Pesah
is pronunced as 'r' in Spanish: persona
like 'ss' in "hiss": sopa
sh
like 'sh' in "shining": yanashear
like 't' in "top": Tora
like 'v' in "valid": bever
like 'y' in "yes": yuvyar.
like 'z' in "zoo"

Accents and stress

Phrase list

Basics

Hello/Hi 
Shalom (Shah-lom)
How are you? (informal)
Ke haber? (KEH HA-bear)
How are you? (formal)
Komo estash? (KOH-mo ehs-TASH?)
Very well, thank you
Muy byen, grasyas. (MOOEY BYEHN, GRAH-syahs)
What is your name? (informal)
Komo te yamas? (KOH-moh TEH YAH-mahs?)
What is your name? (formal)
Komo vos yamash? (KOH-moh VOS YAH-mash)
Who are you? (informal)
Ken [eres/sos]? (KEN EH-rehs?)
My name is ______
Me yamo ______ (MEH YAH-moh _____ )
I am ______
Yo so ______ (YO SO ______)
Nice to meet you
Enkantado/a (ehn-kahn-TAH-doh/ehn-kahn-TAH-dah)
It's a pleasure to meet you
Muncho plazer. (MOON-choh plah-zehr)
Please
Por favor (POHR fah-vOHR)
Thank you
Grasyas (GRAH-syahs)
You're welcome
De nada (DEH NAH-dhah)
Yes
Si (SEE)
No
No (NOH)
Excuse me! (begging pardon)
[Pardon/Perdon]! (pahr-DOHN/per-DOHN)
I'm sorry
Lo syento (LOH SYEHN-toh)
Goodbye
Adyo (ah-DYOH)
I can't speak Ladino (well)
No (f)avlo (byen) ladino. (NOH (F)AV-loh (BYEHN) la-dee-noh)
Do you speak English? (informal)
(F)Avlas inglez? ((F)AH-vlahs een-GLEHZ?)
Do you speak English? (formal)
(F)Avlates inglez? ((F)AH-blah-tes oos-TEHD een-GLEHZ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Ay alguno ke (f)avla inglez? (I AHL-goo-noh KEH (F)AH-Vlah een-GLEHZ?)
Help!
Ayuda! (ah-YOO-dah!)
Good morning
Buenos diyas (BWEH-nohs DEE-ahs)
Good afternoon / Good evening
Buenas tardes (BWEH-nahs TAR-dehs)
Good evening / Good night
Buenas noches (BWEH-nahss NOH-chehss)
I don't understand
No entyendo (NOH ehn-TYEHN-doh)
Where is the toilet?
Ande esta el banyo? (AHN-deh ehss-TAH EHL BAH-nyoh?)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Deshame en paz. (DEH-shah-meh ehn PAHS)
Don't touch me! 
No me tokes! (noh meh TOH-kehs!)
Police! 
Polis! (poh-lees!)

Numbers

½ - medio

0 - zero

1 - uno

2 - dos

3 - trez

4 - kuatro

5 - sinko

6 - sesh

7 - syete

8 - ocho

9 - mueve

10 - dyez

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

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