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Kyrgyz phrasebook

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Kyrgyz is a language spoken by 4 million people primarily in Kyrgyzstan and, to a lesser extent, in adjacent regions such as Kazakhstan, Xinjiang (China), Uzbekistan, & Tajikistan. In Kyrgyzstan, the language is co-official with Russian, which is the predominate language used in urban areas (especially Bishkek) while Kyrgyz is predominate in rural areas and small cities/towns. It is a Turkic language and has many similarities with languages such as Turkish, Tartar, Kazakh, Azeri, & Uzbek. As a result of close ties culturally and economically, Kyrgyz has become increasingly mutually intelligible with Kazakh in recent decades.

Script

The alphabet used for Kyrgyz was originally an Arabic script followed by a 20th century conversion to Roman script, much like the Arabic-Roman switch in other Turkic languages. However, cyrillic script was forced on the language by the Soviet government (as they did with all other Turkic languages) and cyrillic remains the alphabet used today by the overwhelming percentage of Kyrgyz speakers except in China, where Arabic script is the official script imposed by Chinese authorities.

Cyrillic Arabic (initial) Latin
А а ا A a
Б б ب B b
В в ۋ V v
Г г گ G g
Д д د D d
Е е ه Ye ye
Ё ё يو Yo yo
Ж ж ج J j
З з ز Z z
И и ي İ i
Й й ي Y y
К к ك K k
Л л ل L l
М м م M m
Н н ن N n
Ң ң ڭ Ñ ñ
О о و O o
Ө ө ۅ Ö ö
П п پ P p
Р р ر R r
С с س S s
Т т ت T t
У у ۇ U u
Ү ү ۉ Ü ü
Ф ф ف F f
Х х ح X x
Ц ц تس C c
Ч ч چ Ç ç
Ш ш ش Ş ş
Щ щ -- Şç şç
Ъ ъ --
Ы ы ى I ı
Ь ь --
Э э ه E e
Ю ю يۋ Yu yu
Я я يا Ya ya

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

a ah like father, hunt, sun o oh like score, long y oo like cartoon, spoon, moon but do not pronounce it long. и ee like big, lip, hip ы yh like sit, hit, but pronounced far further down the throat, as if being punched in the stomach э eh like end (also pronounced further down the throat, as if being punched in the stomach) e yeh like yes, yet, yesterday.

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
Salamatsyzby. ( )
Hello. (informal
Salam. ( )
How are you? 
Kandaisiz? ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
Jakshuh, rakhmat. ( )
What is your name? 
Atyngyz kim? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
Menim atem______. ( _____.)
Nice to meet you. 
Siz menen tanyshkanyma kubanychtumun. ( )
Please. 
Suranych/Otunuch. ( )
Thank you. 
Rakhmat. ( )
You're welcome. 
Echteke emes. ( )
Yes. 
Ooba. ( )
No. 
Jok. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
Ozor dilerem. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Kecheraysis. ( )
I'm sorry. 
Korushkoncho. ( )
Goodbye 
Jakshuh Kalgula. ( )
Help! 
Jardam Bergulay! ( !)
Good morning. 
Kutmanduu tangyngyz menen. ( )
Good evening. 
Kutmanduu kechingiz menen. ( )
I don't understand. 
Men tushunbaym. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
Tualet kaida? ( ?)

Problems

Numbers

one 
бир (bir)
two 
Eki
three 
ooch
four 
turt
five 
Besh
six 
Altuh
seven 
жети (..jeti.)
eight 
сегиз (segiz)
nine 
toguz
ten 
On

jirma Ortuz Kirk Eluu Altumush jetimush Seksen tokson Júz Meen

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

A 325 page PDF document covering the Kyrgyz language, originally created for US Peace Corps volunteers in Kyrgyzstan, is available to view and download here.

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Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages