Difference between revisions of "Kyrgyz phrasebook"

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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
; Hello. :  . ('' '')
+
; Hello. :  Salamun aleykum. ('' '')
; Hello. (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; Hello. (''informal'') : Merhaba. . ('' '')
; How are you? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; How are you? : Nasilsen? ? ('' ?'')
; Fine, thank you. :  . ('' '')
+
; Fine, thank you. :  Yahsiyem. ('' '')
; What is your name? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; What is your name? : Adin nader ? ('' ?'')
; My name is ______ . :   ______ . (''  _____ .'')
+
; My name is ______ . : Menim adim  ______ . (''  _____ .'')
; Nice to meet you. : . ('' '')
+
; Nice to meet you. : Tanistegmise memnon olim. . ('' '')
; Please. : . ('' '')
+
; Please. : Lutfen. . ('' '')
; Thank you. : . ('' '')
+
; Thank you. : Tesekkur ederem . ('' '')
; You're welcome. : . ('' '')
+
; You're welcome. : Hoskeldin. . ('' '')
; Yes. : . ('' '')
+
; Yes. : Evet . ('' '')
; No. : . ('' '')
+
; No. : Heyir . ('' '')
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : . ('' '')
+
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Ozor dilerem . ('' '')
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : . ('' '')
+
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Perdon . ('' '')
; I'm sorry. : . ('' '')
+
; I'm sorry. : Uzginim . ('' '')
; Goodbye : . ('' '')
+
; Goodbye : Gule gule . ('' '')
; Goodbye (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Beybey . ('' '')
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
+
; Help! : Imdat ! ('' !'')
; Do you speak English? :  ? ('' ?'')
+
; Good morning. : Yahsi sabah . ('' '')
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Good evening. : Yahsi oglen . ('' '')
; Help! : ! ('' !'')
+
; Good night. : Yahsi gece . ('' '')
; Look out! : ! ('' !'')
+
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Yahsi uykolar . ('' '')
; Good morning. : . ('' '')
+
; I don't understand. : Men anlamadim. . ('' '')
; Good evening. : . ('' '')
+
; Where is the toilet? : Hela narada ? ('' ?'')
; Good night. : . ('' '')
+
; Good night (''to sleep'') : . ('' '')
+
; I don't understand. : . ('' '')
+
; Where is the toilet? : ? ('' ?'')
+
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===

Revision as of 14:22, 21 February 2010

Kyrgyz is a language spoken by 4 million people primarily in Kyrgyzstan and, to a lesser extent, in adjacent regions such as Kazakhstan, Xinjiang (China), Uzbekistan, & Tajikistan. In Kyrgyzstan, the language is co-official with Russian, which is the predominate language used in urban areas (especially Bishkek) while Kyrgyz is predominate in rural areas and small cities/towns. It is a Turkic language and has many similarities with languages such as Turkish, Tartar, Kazakh, Azeri, & Uzbek. As a result of close ties culturally and economically, Kyrgyz has become increasingly mutually intelligible with Kazakh in recent decades.

Script

The alphabet used for Kyrgyz was originally an Arabic script followed by a 20th century conversion to Roman script, much like the Arabic-Roman switch in other Turkic languages. However, cyrillic script was forced on the language by the Soviet government (as they did with all other Turkic languages) and cyrillic remains the alphabet used today by the overwhelming percentage of Kyrgyz speakers except in China, where Arabic script is the official script imposed by Chinese authorities.

Cyrillic Arabic (initial) Latin
А а ا A a
Б б ب B b
В в ۋ V v
Г г گ G g
Д д د D d
Е е ه Ye ye
Ё ё يو Yo yo
Ж ж ج J j
З з ز Z z
И и ي İ i
Й й ي Y y
К к ك K k
Л л ل L l
М м م M m
Н н ن N n
Ң ң ڭ Ñ ñ
О о و O o
Ө ө ۅ Ö ö
П п پ P p
Р р ر R r
С с س S s
Т т ت T t
У у ۇ U u
Ү ү ۉ Ü ü
Ф ф ف F f
Х х ح X x
Ц ц تس C c
Ч ч چ Ç ç
Ш ш ش Ş ş
Щ щ -- Şç şç
Ъ ъ --
Ы ы ى I ı
Ь ь --
Э э ه E e
Ю ю يۋ Yu yu
Я я يا Ya ya

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. 
Salamun aleykum. ( )
Hello. (informal
Merhaba. . ( )
How are you? 
Nasilsen? ? ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
Yahsiyem. ( )
What is your name? 
Adin nader ? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
Menim adim ______ . ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Tanistegmise memnon olim. . ( )
Please. 
Lutfen. . ( )
Thank you. 
Tesekkur ederem . ( )
You're welcome. 
Hoskeldin. . ( )
Yes. 
Evet . ( )
No. 
Heyir . ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
Ozor dilerem . ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Perdon . ( )
I'm sorry. 
Uzginim . ( )
Goodbye 
Gule gule . ( )
Goodbye (informal
Beybey . ( )
Help! 
Imdat  ! ( !)
Good morning. 
Yahsi sabah . ( )
Good evening. 
Yahsi oglen . ( )
Good night. 
Yahsi gece . ( )
Good night (to sleep
Yahsi uykolar . ( )
I don't understand. 
Men anlamadim. . ( )
Where is the toilet? 
Hela narada ? ( ?)

Problems

Numbers

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

A 325 page PDF document covering the Kyrgyz language, originally created for US Peace Corps volunteers in Kyrgyzstan, is available to view and download here.

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