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'''Kuressaare''' [http://www.kuressaare.ee/uus/?setlang=eng]is the capital of Saaremaa, the biggest island of [[Estonia]]. First mentioned in a written document in 1424 the town was used as a fortified residency for local catholic bishop and was the centre of the island area in the western Estonia. In 1563 Kuressaare, at that time known as Arensburg received city status. Nowadays it is home for 15300 people.  
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'''Kuressaare''' [http://www.kuressaare.ee/uus/?setlang=eng] is the capital of [[Saaremaa]], the largest of [[Estonia|Estonia's]] islands.  
  
==Get in==
 
  
As is the case with the islands, transportation is an important local issue. The most popular means of getting to Saaremaa in general and Kuressaare in particular is ferry from the mainland Estonia, carrying both scheduled buses and private cars. Unfortunatelly, actual getting to the island by car is not always guaranteed as there are lines reported in summertime weekends and in the holidays at the "bottleneck" harbor. Reservations for the vehicles in the ferry may be placed up to 30 days in advance, though it costs.  
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==Understand==
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[[Image:Kuressaare.jpg|thumb|250px|A tower of Kuressaare's castle]]
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The earliest records of Kuressaare is a document written in 1381 that mentions that the town housed the fortified residency of a local Catholic bishop and that it was the main center for the islands of western Estonia. Kuressaare was previously known as Arensburg, and it received city status in 1563. Currently, the town has a population of around 15,000.
  
Connection may even be impeded as water level drops too low in hot summers in the canal separating the island from the rest of the country, or, a rather extremal case, ice cover may grow too powerful in exceptionally cold winters.
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==Get in==
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===By plane===
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* '''Kuressaare Airport''' [http://www.eeke.ee] ({{IATA|URE}}, {{ICAO|EEKE}}) is situated 3 km from the town of Kuressaare and offers regular flights to [[Ruhnu]] island, [[Stockholm]] and [[Tallinn]].
  
The passengers of the regional air carrier do not generally face problems.
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===By bus===
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Several buses run daily between Kuressaare and Tallinn's main bus station. The trip takes 4 hours and traverses the strait between the mainland and the islands by means of a 30-minute ferry. [http://www.bussireisid.ee]
  
Plans exist to open a bridge and cruise port connections to the island in the not so distant future,  perhaps multyplying the number of visitors.
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==Get around==
  
==by ferry==
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*'''Tourist Information Centre''', Tallinna 2, 93819 Kuressaare. E-mail: [mailto:kuressaare@visitestonia.com kuressaare@visitestonia.com], tel +372 45 33 766, +372 453 31 20, fax +372 453 31 20.
  
Saaremaa Laevakompanii [http://www.laevakompanii.ee/index.php?lkaart=1&keel=2&v_id=1&av_id=36 SLK Ferries] operate most if not all regular lines between the mainland - be it Estonia or Latvia - and Saaremaa. By its importance to the island, the principal owner of the undertaking is sometimes referred to as a kind of local king. Naturally, the busiest line is Kuivastu-Virtsu, connecting the easternmost Saaremaa harbor to the mainland. A one way trip to Estonia is currently 82 EEK per car, weekend price.  
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==See==
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*'''Kuressaare Castle'''. The fortress is well preserved and located in the city center.  It houses the [http://www.saaremaamuuseum.ee/en/ Saaremaa Museum] with many historical displays.
  
As a sign of growing integration with the Baltic neighbours a line from Kuressaare to Latvia was recently opened but is expected to operate in summertimes.
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==Do==
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*'''Health spas'''. The city has a large number of spas.
  
==by bus==
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==Buy==
  
In total over 14 bus routes are shown to exist between Tallinn and Kuressaare by the [http://www.bussireisid.ee/index.html?MENU=&KEEL=en timetables database]. The journey takes some 4 hours and includes a ferry. The price is a mere 170-190 EEK though, due to competition.
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==Eat==
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* Restaurant Everest [http://www.restauranteverest.ee/]
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* Restaurant La Perla [http://www.laperla.ee/], Italian restaurant
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* Cafe Kessu [http://www.kessu.ee/]
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* Diner Reheköök [http://www.zone.ee/rehekas/]
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* Trahter Veski [http://www.veskitrahter.ee/en/], tavern housed in an large windmill that was built in 1899.
  
==by air==
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==Drink==
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* Pub Vaekoda [http://www.pubvaekoda.ee/]
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* Cafe Wildenbergi [http://www.wildenbergi.ee/]
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* Bar Kodulinna [http://www.tt.ee/kodulinn/]
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* Club Diva [http://www.clubdiva.ee]
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* Nightclub Privilege [http://www.privilege.ee/]
  
[http://www.avies.ee/eng/index.cfm Avies Air Company] is the operator of Tallinn-Kuressaare flight line, flying Let 410 UVP plains, capable of carrying 18 passengers. Current price for return flight is 600 EEK.  
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==Sleep==
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* Arensburg Boutique Hotel & Spa [http://www.arensburg.eu]
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* Georg Ots Spa [http://www.gospa.ee]
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* Grand Rose Spa [http://www.grandrose.ee]
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* Johan Spa [http://www.johan.ee]
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* Linnahotell [http://www.linnahotell.com]
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* Saaremaa Spa Hotels: Meri, Ruutli & Saaremaa Valss [http://www.sanatoorium.ee]
  
==Get around==
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==Get out==
==See==
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The bishop's castle or Episcopal Castle of Kuressaare is the perfect medieval castle. Estonia has many castles of more or less authentic shape, but Kuressaare is not only the one perfectly preserved since 13+ century, but also the most picturesque, eye-pleasing and romantic. Currently is a museum and cultural venue.
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* '''[[Pärnu]]''', the summer capital of Estonia
  
==Eat==
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{{outline}}
==Drink==
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{{IsPartOf|West Estonia and Islands}}
==Sleep==
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[[World66:europe/estonia/kuressaare]]
==Get out==
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[[fi:Kuressaare]]
{{outline}}
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[[nl:Kuressaare]]
{{isIn|Saaremaa}}
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[[sv:Kuressaare]]

Latest revision as of 15:35, 21 March 2013

Kuressaare [1] is the capital of Saaremaa, the largest of Estonia's islands.


Contents

Understand[edit]

A tower of Kuressaare's castle

The earliest records of Kuressaare is a document written in 1381 that mentions that the town housed the fortified residency of a local Catholic bishop and that it was the main center for the islands of western Estonia. Kuressaare was previously known as Arensburg, and it received city status in 1563. Currently, the town has a population of around 15,000.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

  • Kuressaare Airport [2] (IATA: URE, ICAO: EEKE) is situated 3 km from the town of Kuressaare and offers regular flights to Ruhnu island, Stockholm and Tallinn.

By bus[edit]

Several buses run daily between Kuressaare and Tallinn's main bus station. The trip takes 4 hours and traverses the strait between the mainland and the islands by means of a 30-minute ferry. [3]

Get around[edit]

  • Tourist Information Centre, Tallinna 2, 93819 Kuressaare. E-mail: kuressaare@visitestonia.com, tel +372 45 33 766, +372 453 31 20, fax +372 453 31 20.

See[edit][add listing]

  • Kuressaare Castle. The fortress is well preserved and located in the city center. It houses the Saaremaa Museum with many historical displays.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Health spas. The city has a large number of spas.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Eat[edit][add listing]

  • Restaurant Everest [4]
  • Restaurant La Perla [5], Italian restaurant
  • Cafe Kessu [6]
  • Diner Reheköök [7]
  • Trahter Veski [8], tavern housed in an large windmill that was built in 1899.

Drink[edit][add listing]

  • Pub Vaekoda [9]
  • Cafe Wildenbergi [10]
  • Bar Kodulinna [11]
  • Club Diva [12]
  • Nightclub Privilege [13]

Sleep[edit][add listing]

  • Arensburg Boutique Hotel & Spa [14]
  • Georg Ots Spa [15]
  • Grand Rose Spa [16]
  • Johan Spa [17]
  • Linnahotell [18]
  • Saaremaa Spa Hotels: Meri, Ruutli & Saaremaa Valss [19]

Get out[edit]

  • Pärnu, the summer capital of Estonia
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