Krasnodar is the capital of Krasnodar Krai.
The city is one the most important historical and cultural centers of Southern Russian and Northern Caucus region. Krasnodar was founded in 1794 by the Black Sea Cossack settlers under the guidance of Catherine the Great to guard the southern border of the Russian Empire. It is located to the east of the Black Sea. The city has a population of 713, 426 people according to 2010 census and it is more ethnically diverse than the Russian North with many Georgians, Armenians, Chechens and Ossetians setting in the area over the years of political turmoil.