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Revision as of 05:02, 12 March 2007 by Celticevergreen (talk | contribs)
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Khotan, also spelled Kotan or Hotan, is a town on the Southern (Jade) Branch of the Silk Road in Xinjiang. Khotan was once center of a Buddhist empire. The old capital, Yoktan, is about 10 km west of the current city.

Get in

By Plane

Hotan airport is located south of the city and cn be accessed by taxi. Flights are available to/from Urumqi only.

By Bus

Long Distance Bus Station Location: north of the city center on the main highway

  • Kashgar - takes about 12 hours
  • Korla - takes about 15 hours
  • Qiemo - takes about 48 hours
  • Turpan - takes about 20 hours
  • Urumqi - takes about 24 hours
  • Yecheng - takes about 8 hours
  • Yining - takes about 40 hours

By Car

There is a road west to Kashgar, about 500 km, or east via Dunhuang and on toward Central China, a long way away.

Get around


  • Hotan Bazaar - almost as large as the Sunday Market in Kashgar but more chaotic and free-spirited
  • Hotan Carpet Factory - an industry over 2000 years old, tours and sales of carpets available
  • White Jade River - locals search the riverbead for rare white jade but beauty lies in all the other stones left behind
  • Silk Factory - tours of the local silk factory can be made
  • Hotan Winery - produces specialty pomegranate and rice wines



The area has been famous for jade for centuries. Khotan jade is first mentioned in written history about 200 BC. There are mines, but much of the stone is found in riverbeds. This is one of the few areas with black jade and white jade. Be prepared to bargain hard.




Get out

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