Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Difference between revisions of "Khmer phrasebook"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search
(Duration)
(Numbers)
(41 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 4: Line 4:
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
Knowing a few Khmer words, while unnecessary, will help you earn some respect while in Cambodia.
+
Knowing a few Khmer words will help you earn some respect while in Cambodia.
* If you are male the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'baht' as in the sound of a sheep followed by a hard T.
+
* If you are male the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'baht'(បាទ) as in the sound of a sheep followed by a hard T.
* If you are female the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'jah' as in the first part of 'jar'.
+
* If you are female the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'jah'(ចា) as in the first part of 'jar'.
* The word for 'no' is pronounced 'otDay' with a short 'ot with an emphasis on the D following.
+
* The word for 'no' is pronounced 'otDay'(អត់ទេ/ទេ) with a short 'ot with an emphasis on the D following.
* The word for 'thank you' is pronounced 'awkunh' sounds a little like raccoon.
+
* The word for 'thank you' is pronounced 'awkunh'(អរគុណ) sounds a little like raccoon.
* To express greater thanks (thank you very much), use the word 'awkunh ch'ran'.
+
* To express greater thanks (thank you very much), use the word 'awkunh ch'ran'(អរគុណច្រើន).
* The word for 'hello' is pronounced 'sue-saw-day' with sue as in a woman's name, saw as in a thing you cut with, and day as in sunday.
+
* The word for 'hello' is pronounced 'sue-saw-day'(សួស្តី) with sue as in a woman's name, saw as in a thing you cut with, and day as in sunday.
* The word for 'sorry' is pronounced 'somtoh'.
+
* The word for 'sorry' is pronounced 'somtoh'(សុំទោស).
* The word for 'toilet' is pronounced 'dakuhn' or 'pahkuhn' Similarly to how you would pronounce the kunh in thank you, but with a short 'ba' in front.
+
* The word for 'toilet' is pronounced 'dakuhn' or 'pahkuhn'(បង្គន់/បន្ទប់ទឹក)) Similarly to how you would pronounce the kunh in thank you, but with a short 'ba' in front.
* Scooter/mopeds with carriages pulled behind are called a 'tuk-tuk' better pronounced with the U sound from the back of your throat, like tulk-tulk.
+
* Scooter/mopeds with carriages pulled behind are called a 'tuk-tuk'(តុកតុក) better pronounced with the U sound from the back of your throat, like tulk-tulk.
* Scooter/mopeds by themselves are pronounced 'moto' with an emphasis on 'mo'.
+
* Scooter/mopeds by themselves are pronounced 'moto'(ម៉ូតូ) with an emphasis on 'mo'.
* Rickshaws are called 'cyclo'. The cy is pronounced like the word see.
+
* Rickshaws are called 'cyclo'(ស៊ីក្លូ). The cy is pronounced like the word see.
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
Line 39: Line 39:
 
; FORBIDDEN :}}
 
; FORBIDDEN :}}
  
; Hello. : . (''Chum riep sueh'')
+
; Hello. : (''chum reap suor'')
; Hello. (''informal'') : . (''sues dei'')
+
; Hello. (''informal'') : (''sous-dey'')
; How are you? : . (''Daa neh sok sabbai te?'')
+
; Hello. (''answering the phone'') : (''allo'')
; Fine, thank you. : . (''la'or, arkhun'')
+
; How are you? : (''naek sok sabai teh?'')
; What is your name? : . (''Daa neh chmuah ey?'')
+
; Fine, thank you. : (''sok sabai'')
; My name is ______ . :   ______ . (''Knyom chmuah _____ .'')
+
; What is your name? : (''naek chmuah ey?'')
; Nice to meet you. : . (''Reek ree-AY dae bahn skoal loak '')
+
; My name is ______ . : (''knyom chmuah _____ .'')
; Please. : . (''Soum'')
+
; Nice to meet you. : (''reak reay dae bahn skoal loak '')
; Thank you. : . (''Aw khun'')
+
; Please. : (''soum'')
; You're welcome. : . (''Muhn ay te'' or ''Unjuhn'')
+
; Thank you. : (''aw khun'')
; Yes. : . (''ja'' female) (''baaht'' men)
+
; Welcome : (''soum swa-khom'')
; No. : . (''ot te'')
+
; You're welcome. : (''mun ay te'' or ''un-juhn'')
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : . (''soum doh'')
+
; Yes. : (''jaah'' female) (''baht'' men)
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . (''soum doh'')
+
; No. : (''ot teh'')
; I'm sorry. : . (''soum doh'')
+
; Excuse me. : (''soum toh'')
; Goodbye : . (''chum riep leah'')
+
; I'm sorry. : (''soum toh'')
; Goodbye (''informal'') : . (''leah sen heuy'')
+
; Goodbye : (''chum reap leah'')
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : [ ]. (''khnyom ot seu cheh niyeay pia'saa khmae te'')
+
; Goodbye (''informal'') : (''leah seun hai'')
; Do you speak English? : ? (''Cheh niyeay pia'saa Anglais baan te?'')
+
; I can't speak ''name of language''. : (''k'nyom ot seu cheh niyeay pia'saa khmae teh'')
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? (''Mean neak nass cheh Onglayh te?'')
+
; Do you speak English? : (''cheh niyeay pia'saa Anglais baan teh?'')
; Help! : ! (''Chouay!'')
+
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : (''miean naek na cheh Anglais teh?'')
; Look out! : ! (''Moul sen!'')
+
; Help! : (''chuy!'')
; Good morning. : . (''arun sour sdei '')
+
; Look out! : (''mer seun!'')
; Good afternoon. : . (''tiveah sour sdei '')
+
; Good morning. : (''arun sous-dey '')
; Good evening. :  . ('' '')
+
; Good afternoon. : (''tiveah sous-dey '')
; Good night. : . (''reah-trey sour sdei '')
+
; Good night. : (''reatrey sous-dey '')
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
+
; I don't understand. : ('' k'nyom min yul teh'')
; I don't understand. : . (''Min yul dtey'')
+
; Where is the toilet? : (''bakun noew ey nah?'')
; Where is the toilet? : ? (''Bangkun now ey nah?'')
+
; Happy Birthday! : (''reak reay t'gnai khom-not'')
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
Although Khmer uses base-10 numbers, the numbers for 1-9 are effectively spoken as base-5. Thus, six (bpram mouy) literally means five (bpram), one (mouy); whereas sixteen (dop bpram mouy) is ten (dop), five (bprum), one (mouy).
+
Although Khmer uses base-10 numbers, the numbers for 1-9 are effectively spoken as base-5. Thus, six (prahm muay) literally means five (prahm), one (muay); whereas sixteen (dahp prahm muay) is ten (dahp), five (prahm), one (muay).
  
 
In practice, the word 'sep' is often omitted from the numbers for 30-90.  However, it is generally considered more proper to include the word.
 
In practice, the word 'sep' is often omitted from the numbers for 30-90.  However, it is generally considered more proper to include the word.
  
; 0  : ๐ (''soun'')  
+
; 0  : ๐ (''soan'')  
; 1  : ๑ (''mouy'')  
+
; 1  : ๑ (''muay'')  
; 2  : ๒ (''pii'')
+
; 2  : ๒ (''pee'')
; 3  : ๓ (''bey'')
+
; 3  : ๓ (''bei'')
; 4  : ๔ (''bourn'')  
+
; 4  : ๔ (''buan'')  
; 5  : ๕ (''pbram'')  
+
; 5  : ๕ (''prahm'')  
; 6  : ๖ (''pbram muoy'')
+
; 6  : ๖ (''prahm muay'')
; 7  : ๗ (''pbram pii'')  
+
; 7  : ๗ (''prahm pel'')  
; 8  : ๘ (''pbram bey'')
+
; 8  : ๘ (''prahm bei'')
; 9  : ๙ (''pbram bourn'')  
+
; 9  : ๙ (''prahm buan'')  
; 10 : ๑๐ (''dop'')  
+
; 10 : ๑๐ (''dahp'')  
:20 = m'pai
+
; 20 : (''ma'pei'')
:30 = sam sep
+
; 30 : (''sam sep'')
:40 = sae sep
+
; 40 : (''sae sep'')
:50 = ha sep
+
; 50 : (''haa sep'')
:60 = hok sep
+
; 60 : (''hok sep'')
:70 = chet sep
+
; 70 : (''chet sep'')
:80 = bpet sep
+
; 80 : (''paet sep'')
:90 = gow sep
+
; 90 : (''kao sep'')
:100 = mouy roy (or m'roy)
+
; 100 : (''muay roy'')  
:1000 = mouy poan (or m'poan)
+
; 1,000 : (''muay poan'')  
:10,000 = mouy meun (or m'meun)
+
; 10,000 : (''muay meun'')
:100,000 = mouy sen (or m'sen)
+
; 100,000 : (''muay saen'')
 +
; 1,000,000 : (''muay liean'')
  
 
===Time===
 
===Time===
:Time = Moung
+
; Time : (''Maong'')
  
 
====Clock time====
 
====Clock time====
:What time is it? = Moung bon maan?
+
; What time is it? : (''Maong bon maan?'')
:Moung mouy tngai (day) = 1 pm
+
; Maong mouy t'ngai (day) : (''1 pm'')
:Moung mouy yup (night) = 1 am
+
; Maong mouy yop (night) : (''1 am'')
  
 
====Duration====
 
====Duration====
:Hour = moung
+
; Hour : (''Maong'')
:Minute = neatii
+
; Minute : (''Neatii'')
  
 
====Days====
 
====Days====
:Day = tngai (ថ្ងៃ)
+
; Day : (''T'ngai'')  (ថ្ងៃ)
:One day = mouy tngai (១ ថ្ងៃ)
+
; One day : (''Mouy t'ngai'')  (១ ថ្ងៃ)
:Monday = Chunn (ច័ន្ទ)
+
; Monday : (''Chhan'')  (ច័ន្ទ)
:Tueday = Onkear (អង្គារ)
+
; Tueday : (''Angkea'')  (អង្គារ)
:Wednesday = Pourt (ពុធ)
+
; Wednesday : (''Pout'')  (ពុធ)
:Thursday = Pror-hoah (ព្រហស្បត្តិ៍)
+
; Thursday : (''Pra-hoah'')  (ព្រហស្បត្តិ៍)
:Friday = Sok (សុក្រ)
+
; Friday : (''Sok'')  (សុក្រ)
:Saturday = Sau (សៅរ៍)
+
; Saturday : (''Sao'')  (សៅរ៍)
:Sunday = A-dtut (អាទិត្យ)
+
; Sunday : (''A-thut'')  (អាទិត្យ)
  
 
====Months====
 
====Months====
:Month = Khae
+
;Year : (''Chnam'')
 +
; Month : (''Khae'')
 +
; January : (''Makara'')
 +
; February : (''Kompheak'')
 +
; March : (''Mea-neah'')
 +
; April : (''Mae-sa'')
 +
; May :  (''Osaphea'')
 +
; June :  (''Maytona'')
 +
; July :  (''Kakada'')
 +
; August : (''Seyha'')
 +
; September :  (''Kanya'')
 +
; October : (''Tola'')
 +
; November :  (''Vicheka'')
 +
; December :  (''Ta Nou'')
  
====Year====
+
===Colors===
:Year = Chnam
+
; Color : (''Phoa'')
  
====Writing time and date====
+
; Red : (''Phoa Krahom'')
Year - Chnam
+
; Blue : (''Phoa Khiev'')
 
+
; Yellow : (''Phoa Leung'')
===Colors===
+
; White : (''Phoa Saw'')
:Red- Pberh Kraw Hom
+
; Black : (''Phoa Khmao'')
:Blue- Pberh Kiew
+
; Green : (''Phoa Bai Thong'')
:Yellow- Pberh Leung
+
; Orange : (''Phoa Teuk Kroit'')
:White- Pberh Saw
+
; Pink : (''Phoa Pkah Chouk'')
:Black- Pberh Kmao
+
; Purple : (''Phoa Swai'')
:Green- Pberh Bai thong
+
; Brown : (''Phoa Thnout'')​
:Orange- Pberh Theuk Kruoit
+
; Silver : (''Phoa Prahk'')
:Pink- Pberh Pikah-Chook
+
; Gold : (''Phoa Meas'')
:Purple - Pberh Swvai
+
  
 
===Transportation===
 
===Transportation===
:Ride = Cheeh
+
; Ride : (''Chis'')
 +
; Car : (''Lanh'')
 +
; Auto rickshaw : (''Tuk Tuk'')
  
 
====Bus and train====
 
====Bus and train====
:Train = Ah-teh-plung
+
; Train : (''Ah-teh-plerng'')
  
 
====Directions====
 
====Directions====
:Right = sa-daam
+
; Stop : (''Choup'')
:Left = ch-veng
+
; Turn : (''Bot'')
:Straight = throng
+
; Right : (''Sa-dahm'')
:Backward = touy crouw
+
; Left : (''Ch-wang'')
 +
; Straight : (''Throng'')
 +
; Backward : (''K'roy'')
  
 
====Taxi====
 
====Taxi====
Line 159: Line 176:
 
===Accommodation===
 
===Accommodation===
  
p'theh- house
+
Pthaes - house  
p'theh k'yome- my house
+
 
thuhl p'theh k'yome- go to my house
+
Pthaes kynom- my house
 +
 
 +
dtoh pthaes kynom- go to my house
  
 
===Money===
 
===Money===
Line 167: Line 186:
  
 
===Eating===
 
===Eating===
Ngam
+
; Eat : (''Nham'')
(to eat)  
+
; Food : (''Mahop'')  
mahop
+
; Rice : (''Bai'')
(food)
+
Baii
+
(rice)
+
  
 
===Bars===
 
===Bars===
 +
 +
; One beer : (''Som beer moi'')
 +
; One more beer : (''Som beer moi teit'')
 +
; Bill/Check : (''Kiet loi'')
 +
; Drunk : (''Sro Vung'')
 +
; Drunk Beer: (''Sro Vung Beer'')
 +
; Drunk Ganja: (''Sro Vung Kan-ja'')
  
 
===Shopping===
 
===Shopping===
ne ke ghtu
 
  
 
===Driving===
 
===Driving===
baawwk (to drive)
+
baok (to drive)
laan (car)
+
lanh (car)
  
 
===Authority===
 
===Authority===
Line 191: Line 213:
 
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 
{{phrasebookguide}}
 
{{phrasebookguide}}
 +
 +
== Learning more ==
 +
* [http://wikiotics.org/km/Khmer_lessons Listen to some basic Khmer by native speakers at Wikiotics]

Revision as of 17:04, 16 November 2012

Khmer is the main and official language of Cambodia.

Khmer script

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Knowing a few Khmer words will help you earn some respect while in Cambodia.

  • If you are male the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'baht'(បាទ) as in the sound of a sheep followed by a hard T.
  • If you are female the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'jah'(ចា) as in the first part of 'jar'.
  • The word for 'no' is pronounced 'otDay'(អត់ទេ/ទេ) with a short 'ot with an emphasis on the D following.
  • The word for 'thank you' is pronounced 'awkunh'(អរគុណ) sounds a little like raccoon.
  • To express greater thanks (thank you very much), use the word 'awkunh ch'ran'(អរគុណច្រើន).
  • The word for 'hello' is pronounced 'sue-saw-day'(សួស្តី) with sue as in a woman's name, saw as in a thing you cut with, and day as in sunday.
  • The word for 'sorry' is pronounced 'somtoh'(សុំទោស).
  • The word for 'toilet' is pronounced 'dakuhn' or 'pahkuhn'(បង្គន់/បន្ទប់ទឹក)) Similarly to how you would pronounce the kunh in thank you, but with a short 'ba' in front.
  • Scooter/mopeds with carriages pulled behind are called a 'tuk-tuk'(តុកតុក) better pronounced with the U sound from the back of your throat, like tulk-tulk.
  • Scooter/mopeds by themselves are pronounced 'moto'(ម៉ូតូ) with an emphasis on 'mo'.
  • Rickshaws are called 'cyclo'(ស៊ីក្លូ). The cy is pronounced like the word see.

Vowels

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
(chum reap suor)
Hello. (informal
(sous-dey)
Hello. (answering the phone
(allo)
How are you? 
(naek sok sabai teh?)
Fine, thank you. 
(sok sabai)
What is your name? 
(naek chmuah ey?)
My name is ______ . 
(knyom chmuah _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
(reak reay dae bahn skoal loak )
Please. 
(soum)
Thank you. 
(aw khun)
Welcome 
(soum swa-khom)
You're welcome. 
(mun ay te or un-juhn)
Yes. 
(jaah female) (baht men)
No. 
(ot teh)
Excuse me. 
(soum toh)
I'm sorry. 
(soum toh)
Goodbye 
(chum reap leah)
Goodbye (informal
(leah seun hai)
I can't speak name of language
(k'nyom ot seu cheh niyeay pia'saa khmae teh)
Do you speak English? 
(cheh niyeay pia'saa Anglais baan teh?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
(miean naek na cheh Anglais teh?)
Help! 
(chuy!)
Look out! 
(mer seun!)
Good morning. 
(arun sous-dey )
Good afternoon. 
(tiveah sous-dey )
Good night. 
(reatrey sous-dey )
I don't understand. 
( k'nyom min yul teh)
Where is the toilet? 
(bakun noew ey nah?)
Happy Birthday! 
(reak reay t'gnai khom-not)

Problems

Numbers

Although Khmer uses base-10 numbers, the numbers for 1-9 are effectively spoken as base-5. Thus, six (prahm muay) literally means five (prahm), one (muay); whereas sixteen (dahp prahm muay) is ten (dahp), five (prahm), one (muay).

In practice, the word 'sep' is often omitted from the numbers for 30-90. However, it is generally considered more proper to include the word.

0  
๐ (soan)
1  
๑ (muay)
2  
๒ (pee)
3  
๓ (bei)
4  
๔ (buan)
5  
๕ (prahm)
6  
๖ (prahm muay)
7  
๗ (prahm pel)
8  
๘ (prahm bei)
9  
๙ (prahm buan)
10 
๑๐ (dahp)
20 
(ma'pei)
30 
(sam sep)
40 
(sae sep)
50 
(haa sep)
60 
(hok sep)
70 
(chet sep)
80 
(paet sep)
90 
(kao sep)
100 
(muay roy)
1,000 
(muay poan)
10,000 
(muay meun)
100,000 
(muay saen)
1,000,000 
(muay liean)

Time

Time 
(Maong)

Clock time

What time is it? 
(Maong bon maan?)
Maong mouy t'ngai (day) 
(1 pm)
Maong mouy yop (night) 
(1 am)

Duration

Hour 
(Maong)
Minute 
(Neatii)

Days

Day 
(T'ngai) (ថ្ងៃ)
One day 
(Mouy t'ngai) (១ ថ្ងៃ)
Monday 
(Chhan) (ច័ន្ទ)
Tueday 
(Angkea) (អង្គារ)
Wednesday 
(Pout) (ពុធ)
Thursday 
(Pra-hoah) (ព្រហស្បត្តិ៍)
Friday 
(Sok) (សុក្រ)
Saturday 
(Sao) (សៅរ៍)
Sunday 
(A-thut) (អាទិត្យ)

Months

Year 
(Chnam)
Month 
(Khae)
January 
(Makara)
February 
(Kompheak)
March 
(Mea-neah)
April 
(Mae-sa)
May 
(Osaphea)
June 
(Maytona)
July 
(Kakada)
August 
(Seyha)
September 
(Kanya)
October 
(Tola)
November 
(Vicheka)
December 
(Ta Nou)

Colors

Color 
(Phoa)
Red 
(Phoa Krahom)
Blue 
(Phoa Khiev)
Yellow 
(Phoa Leung)
White 
(Phoa Saw)
Black 
(Phoa Khmao)
Green 
(Phoa Bai Thong)
Orange 
(Phoa Teuk Kroit)
Pink 
(Phoa Pkah Chouk)
Purple 
(Phoa Swai)
Brown 
(Phoa Thnout)​
Silver 
(Phoa Prahk)
Gold 
(Phoa Meas)

Transportation

Ride 
(Chis)
Car 
(Lanh)
Auto rickshaw 
(Tuk Tuk)

Bus and train

Train 
(Ah-teh-plerng)

Directions

Stop 
(Choup)
Turn 
(Bot)
Right 
(Sa-dahm)
Left 
(Ch-wang)
Straight 
(Throng)
Backward 
(K'roy)

Taxi

Accommodation

Pthaes - house

Pthaes kynom- my house

dtoh pthaes kynom- go to my house

Money

Money- Loiiy

Eating

Eat 
(Nham)
Food 
(Mahop)
Rice 
(Bai)

Bars

One beer 
(Som beer moi)
One more beer 
(Som beer moi teit)
Bill/Check 
(Kiet loi)
Drunk 
(Sro Vung)
Drunk Beer
(Sro Vung Beer)
Drunk Ganja
(Sro Vung Kan-ja)

Shopping

Driving

baok (to drive) lanh (car)

Authority

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Learning more

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages