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Difference between revisions of "Khmer phrasebook"

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Revision as of 01:26, 30 April 2012

Khmer is the main and official language of Cambodia.

Khmer script

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Knowing a few Khmer words will help you earn some respect while in Cambodia.

  • If you are male the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'baht'(បាទ) as in the sound of a sheep followed by a hard T.
  • If you are female the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'jah'(ចា) as in the first part of 'jar'.
  • The word for 'no' is pronounced 'otDay'(អត់ទេ/ទេ) with a short 'ot with an emphasis on the D following.
  • The word for 'thank you' is pronounced 'awkunh'(អរគុណ) sounds a little like raccoon.
  • To express greater thanks (thank you very much), use the word 'awkunh ch'ran'(អរគុណច្រើន).
  • The word for 'hello' is pronounced 'sue-saw-day'(សួស្តី) with sue as in a woman's name, saw as in a thing you cut with, and day as in sunday.
  • The word for 'sorry' is pronounced 'somtoh'(សុំទោស).
  • The word for 'toilet' is pronounced 'dakuhn' or 'pahkuhn'(បង្គន់/បន្ទប់ទឹក)) Similarly to how you would pronounce the kunh in thank you, but with a short 'ba' in front.
  • Scooter/mopeds with carriages pulled behind are called a 'tuk-tuk'(តុកតុក) better pronounced with the U sound from the back of your throat, like tulk-tulk.
  • Scooter/mopeds by themselves are pronounced 'moto'(ម៉ូតូ) with an emphasis on 'mo'.
  • Rickshaws are called 'cyclo'(ស៊ីក្លូ). The cy is pronounced like the word see.

Vowels

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
(chum reap suor)
Hello. (informal
(sous-dey)
Hello. (answering the phone
(allo)
How are you? 
(naek sok sabai te?)
Fine, thank you. 
(sok sabai)
What is your name? 
(naek chmuah ey?)
My name is ______ . 
(knyom chmuah _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
(reak reay dae bahn skoal loak )
Please. 
(soum)
Thank you. 
(aw khun)
You're welcome. 
(mun ay te or un-juhn)
Yes. 
(jah female) (baht men)
No. 
(ot te)
Excuse me. 
(soum toh)
I'm sorry. 
(soum toh)
Goodbye 
(chum reap leah)
Goodbye (informal
(leah sen hai)
I can't speak name of language
(khnyom ot seu cheh niyeay pia'saa khmae te)
Do you speak English? 
(cheh niyeay pia'saa Anglais baan te?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
(mean neak nass cheh Onglayh te?)
Help! 
(chuy!)
Look out! 
(mer sen!)
Good morning. 
(arun sous-dey )
Good afternoon. 
(tiveah sous-dey )
Good night. 
(reatrey sous-dey )
I don't understand. 
(min yul dtey)
Where is the toilet? 
(bakun now ey nah?)

Problems

Numbers

Although Khmer uses base-10 numbers, the numbers for 1-9 are effectively spoken as base-5. Thus, six (bpram mouy) literally means five (bpram), one (mouy); whereas sixteen (dop bpram mouy) is ten (dop), five (bprum), one (mouy).

In practice, the word 'sep' is often omitted from the numbers for 30-90. However, it is generally considered more proper to include the word.

0  
๐ (soun)
1  
๑ (mouy)
2  
๒ (pee)
3  
๓ (bei)
4  
๔ (buon)
5  
๕ (pbram)
6  
๖ (pbram muoy)
7  
๗ (pbram pee)
8  
๘ (pbram bei)
9  
๙ (pbram boun)
10 
๑๐ (dop)
20 
(ma'pei)
30 
(sam sep)
40 
(sae sep)
50 
(ha sep)
60 
(hok sep)
70 
(chet sep)
80 
(paet sep)
90 
(kao sep)
100 
(mouy roy)
1,000 
(mouy poan)
10,000 
(mouy meun)
100,000 
(mouy saen)

Time

Time = Moung

Clock time

What time is it? = Moung bon maan?
Moung mouy tngai (day) = 1 pm
Moung mouy yup (night) = 1 am

Duration

Hour = moung
Minute = neatii

Days

Day = (Tngai) (ថ្ងៃ)
One day = (Mouy tngai) (១ ថ្ងៃ)
Monday = (Chhan) (ច័ន្ទ)
Tueday = (Onkear) (អង្គារ)
Wednesday = (Poat) (ពុធ)
Thursday = (Pra-hoah) (ព្រហស្បត្តិ៍)
Friday = (Sok) (សុក្រ)
Saturday = (Sao) (សៅរ៍)
Sunday = (A-tut) (អាទិត្យ)

Months

Month = (Khae)

Year

Year = Chnam

Writing time and date

Year - Chnam

Colors

Red- Pberh Kraw Hom
Blue- Pberh Kiew
Yellow- Pberh Leung
White- Pberh Saw
Black- Pberh Kmao
Green- Pberh Bai thong
Orange- Pberh Theuk Kruoit
Pink- Pberh Pikah-Chook
Purple - Pberh Swvai

Transportation

Ride = Cheeh

Bus and train

Train = Ah-teh-plung

Directions

Right = sa-daam
Left = ch-veng
Straight = throng
Backward = touy crouw

Taxi

Accommodation

p'theh- house

p'theh k'ngom- my house

dtoh p'theh k'ngom- go to my house

Money

Money- Loiiy

Eating

Nham (to eat) mahop (food) Baii (rice)

Bars

Shopping

ne ke ghtu

Driving

baawwk (to drive) laan (car)

Authority

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