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Difference between revisions of "Khmer phrasebook"

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(+{{phrasebookguide}})
(Accommodation)
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===Accommodation===
 
===Accommodation===
  
Deya- house
+
p'theh- house
Deya k'nyom- my house
+
p'theh k'yome- my house
Dou deya k'nyom- go to my house
+
thuhl p'theh k'yome- go to my house
  
 
===Money===
 
===Money===

Revision as of 16:51, 12 October 2010

Khmer is the main and official language of Cambodia.

Khmer script

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Knowing a few Khmer words, while unnecessary, will help you earn some respect while in Cambodia.

  • If you are male the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'baht' as in the sound of a sheep followed by a hard T.
  • If you are female the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'jah' as in the first part of 'jar'.
  • The word for 'no' is pronounced 'otDay' with a short 'ot with an emphasis on the D following.
  • The word for 'thank you' is pronounced 'awkunh' sounds a little like raccoon.
  • To express greater thanks (thank you very much), use the word 'awkunh ch'ran'.
  • The word for 'hello' is pronounced 'sue-saw-day' with sue as in a woman's name, saw as in a thing you cut with, and day as in sunday.
  • The word for 'sorry' is pronounced 'somtoh'.
  • The word for 'toilet' is pronounced 'dakuhn' or 'pahkuhn' Similarly to how you would pronounce the kunh in thank you, but with a short 'ba' in front.
  • Scooter/mopeds with carriages pulled behind are called a 'tuk-tuk' better pronounced with the U sound from the back of your throat, like tulk-tulk.
  • Scooter/mopeds by themselves are pronounced 'moto' with an emphasis on 'mo'.
  • Rickshaws are called 'cyclo'. The cy is pronounced like the word see.

Vowels

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
. (Chum riep sueh)
Hello. (informal
. (sues dei)
How are you? 
. (Daa neh sok sabbai te?)
Fine, thank you. 
. (la'or, arkhun)
What is your name? 
. (Daa neh chmuah ey?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . (Knyom chmuah _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. (Reek ree-AY dae bahn skoal loak )
Please. 
. (Soum)
Thank you. 
. (Aw khun)
You're welcome. 
. (Muhn ay te or Unjuhn)
Yes. 
. (ja female) (baaht men)
No. 
. (ot te)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. (soum doh)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. (soum doh)
I'm sorry. 
. (soum doh)
Goodbye 
. (chum riep leah)
Goodbye (informal
. (leah sen heuy)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. (khnyom ot seu cheh niyeay pia'saa khmae te)
Do you speak English? 
 ? (Cheh niyeay pia'saa Anglais baan te?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? (Mean neak nass cheh Onglayh te?)
Help! 
 ! (Chouay!)
Look out! 
 ! (Moul sen!)
Good morning. 
. (arun sour sdei )
Good afternoon. 
. (tiveah sour sdei )
Good evening. 
. ( )
Good night. 
. (reah-trey sour sdei )
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. (Min yul dtey)
Where is the toilet? 
 ? (Bangkun now ey nah?)

Problems

Numbers

Although Khmer uses base-10 numbers, the numbers for 1-9 are effectively spoken as base-5. Thus, six (bpram mouy) literally means five (bpram), one (mouy); whereas sixteen (dop bpram mouy) is ten (dop), five (bprum), one (mouy).

In practice, the word 'sep' is often omitted from the numbers for 30-90. However, it is generally considered more proper to include the word.

0  
๐ (soun)
1  
๑ (mouy)
2  
๒ (pii)
3  
๓ (bey)
4  
๔ (bourn)
5  
๕ (pbram)
6  
๖ (pbram muoy)
7  
๗ (pbram pii)
8  
๘ (pbram bey)
9  
๙ (pbram bourn)
10 
๑๐ (dop)
20 = m'pai
30 = sam sep
40 = sae sep
50 = ha sep
60 = hok sep
70 = chet sep
80 = bpet sep
90 = gow sep
100 = mouy roy (or m'roy)
1000 = mouy poan (or m'poan)
10,000 = mouy meun (or m'meun)
100,000 = mouy sen (or m'sen)

Time

Time = Moung

Clock time

What time is it? = Moung bon maan?
Moung mouy tngai (day) = 1 pm
Moung mouy yup (night) = 1 am

Duration

Hour = moung
Minute = natii

Days

Day = tngai (ថ្ងៃ)
One day = mouy tngai (១ ថ្ងៃ)
Monday = Chunn (ច័ន្ទ)
Tueday = Onkear (អង្គារ)
Wednesday = Pourt (ពុធ)
Thursday = Pror-hoah (ព្រហស្បត្តិ៍)
Friday = Sok (សុក្រ)
Saturday = Sau (សៅរ៍)
Sunday = A-dtut (អាទិត្យ)

Months

Month = Khae

Year

Year = Chnam

Writing time and date

Year - Chnam

Colors

Red- Pberh Kraw Hom
Blue- Pberh Kiew
Yellow- Pberh Leung
White- Pberh Saw
Black- Pberh Kmao
Green- Pberh Bai thong
Orange- Pberh Theuk Kruoit
Pink- Pberh Pikah-Chook
Purple - Pberh Swvai

Transportation

Ride = Cheeh

Bus and train

Train = Ah-teh-plung

Directions

Right = sa-daam
Left = ch-veng
Straight = throng
Backward = touy crouw

Taxi

Accommodation

p'theh- house p'theh k'yome- my house thuhl p'theh k'yome- go to my house

Money

Money- Loiiy

Eating

Ngam (to eat) mahop (food) Baii (rice)

Bars

Shopping

ne ke ghtu

Driving

baawwk (to drive) laan (car)

Authority

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages