Beautiful banners are coming to every article and you can help!
Check out our guidelines and learn how to create your own!

Difference between revisions of "Khachmaz"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search
m (See)
(BIG, albeit incomplete, copyedit and Manual of style edits. Still much to be done. Addresses, in particular, are needed for listings)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Khachmaz''' is a major city in [[Northeastern Azerbaijan]]'s Khachmaz region. It is located about 10km from the Caspian Sea, below Khudat, and to the east of Guba. According to allmetsat.com, it is located at 41-28N, 48-48E at an elevation of 27m.
+
[[Image:Khachmaz_celebration_in_park.jpg|thumb|400px|Colorful festivities in Khachmaz]]
 +
'''Khachmaz''' is a major city in [[Northeastern Azerbaijan]]'s Khachmaz region. It is located about 10km from the Caspian Sea, below [[Khudat]], and to the east of [[Quba]]. It is located at 41-28N, 48-48E at an elevation of 27m.
  
[[Image:Khachmaz_celebration_in_park.jpg|center|description of image]]
+
==Understand==
  
==About==
+
The most northeastern region of Azerbaijan, Xaçmaz (or Khachmaz/Khachmas) is sandwiched between the Caucasus Mountains in [[Quba]] and Quzar (Gusar), regions to the west, and the Caspian Sea to the east. The southern border greets Devechi and the region stretches north to Russia. Khachmas city is located toward the bottom third of the region. It is about 10km from the Caspian Sea and the border to Devechi. About half that distance to the Quba border to Khachmaz's west. It is substantially greater distance to the northern border.
  
''Geography:''
+
===History===
  
The most northeastern region of Azerbaijan, Xaçmaz (or Khachmaz/Khachmas) is sandwiched between the Caucasus Mountains in Quba (Guba) and Quzar (Gusar), regions to the west, and the Caspian Sea to the east. The southern border greets Devechi and the region stretches north to Russia. Khachmas city is located toward the bottom third of the region. It is about 10km from the Caspian Sea and the border to Devechi. About half that distance to the Guba border to Khachmas's west. It is substantially greater distance to the northern border.
+
Khachmaz is one of the most ancient regions of Azerbaijan. The antiquity of the city is evidenced by its wealth of cultural and historical monuments. The region was densely inhabited in the earliest times of human history and settlements, mounds, and barrows of the Bronze Age have been found throughout the region. Throughout its long history, Khachmaz has been a part of the Caucasian kingdom of Albania, the Shirvanshahlar state, and the Quba Khanate.  
  
''Population:''
+
In 1810 the Quba Khanate was liquidated and, according to “Gulustan Treaty ” in 1813 between [[Russia]] and [[Iran|Persia]], all khanates of Northern Azerbaijan were occupied by Russia except the [[Talysh Region|Talysh]], [[Nakhchivan]], and Irevan Khanates (they were occupied by Russia later after signing Turkmenchay Treaty with Persia in 1828, which divided the territory of Azerbaijan and its people into two parts).
  
 
+
===Climate===
''Economy:''
+
+
 
+
''History:''
+
 
+
Khachmaz is one of the most ancient regions of Azerbaijan. The antiquity of the city is evidenced by a number of cultural and historical monuments and ancient settlements and barrows of Bronze Age, Mosque-Madrasah, etc. More than 60 monuments of history and culture have been registered in the district. However many scientists believe that their number should be much higher since the region was already densely inhabited in the earliest times. Settlements, mounds and barrows of the Bronze Age have been found in many parts of the region. For a long time Khachmaz was a part of the Caucasian Albania, the Shirvanshahlar state, and the Quba Khanate. Many visitors to this area left valuable clues about Khachmaz’s history. Most of them tell about “Niyazabad” which was a huge port and settlement of Khachmaz during the middle ages. Among them are merchants, travellers, doctors, historians and diplomats, like Adam Oleary, Yan Streys, Entermany Bel, knyaz M. Baryatinsky, Eduarde, Loreny Chepmen, Ovliya Chelebi ,etc.
+
In 1810 Quba Khanate was liquidated. And finally according to “Gulustan Treaty ” in 1813 between Russia and Persia  all khanates  of  “Northern Azerbaijan” were occupied by Russia except Talish, Nakhchivan, Irevan khanates of Azerbaijan        (they were occupied by Russia later after signing “ Turkmenchay Treaty ” with Persia in 1828, which divided the territory of Azerbaijan and it’s people  into two parts). Khachmaz administrative region was formed on August 8, 1930. In 1963, the territory of Khachmaz region was liquidated and included into Guba and Gusar administrative regions. However, Khachmaz region was restored again in 1965. Reference: Xachmaz 75th Anniversary, 2005; Farqani Aliyev, local historian
+
 
+
==Weather==
+
  
 
* Spring: Turns from cold to hot quickly with about two weeks of wonderful weather. On the edges of this transition, weather fluctuates.
 
* Spring: Turns from cold to hot quickly with about two weeks of wonderful weather. On the edges of this transition, weather fluctuates.
Line 27: Line 19:
 
* Winter: is cold with gray skies and often brings rain.
 
* Winter: is cold with gray skies and often brings rain.
  
The climate is moderate-warm here, subtropical, semi deserted and dry steppe. Annual quantity of precipitation is 300-350 mm; size of potential evaporation is 730-800 mm. An average temperature is 25-35 ° C in July and 1-2 ° C in January. Reference: Soviet Encyclopedia 1976.
+
The climate is generally moderate to warm, subtropical, and semiarid steppe. Khachmaz sees an average yearly precipitation of 300-350 mm and average temperatures of 25-35 °C in July and 1-2 °C in January.  
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 
 
[[Image: Xaçmaz_Statue.jpg|thumb|Koroglu riding Girat]]
 
[[Image: Xaçmaz_Statue.jpg|thumb|Koroglu riding Girat]]
  
''By taxi:''
+
===By taxi===
  
 
The fastest transport between Baku and Khachmaz is by taxi. It takes two (2) hours. Going via Lada from Baku to Khachmaz costs 4-5 AZN per seat (4 persons) and going via by Mercedes costs 5 AZN per seat. To take a cab by yourself, expect to pay around 20 AZN.
 
The fastest transport between Baku and Khachmaz is by taxi. It takes two (2) hours. Going via Lada from Baku to Khachmaz costs 4-5 AZN per seat (4 persons) and going via by Mercedes costs 5 AZN per seat. To take a cab by yourself, expect to pay around 20 AZN.
  
''By bus or marshrutka:''
+
===By bus or marshrutka===
Busses and marshrutkas depart from Shamakhinka bus station (Baku), every hour starting at 8 in the morning. Buses and marshrutkas are a comfortable option, but take longer than taxis. The trip from Baku to Khachmaz will take 3 hours via bus and it costs 3 AZN. The marshrutkas or minibuses usually depart every half an hour starting at 8 in the morning. It takes 2,5-3 hours to get to Khachmaz.
+
Buses and marshrutkas depart from Shamakhinka bus station in [[Baku]] every hour starting at 8AM. Buses and marshrutkas are a comfortable option, but take longer than taxis. The trip from Baku to Khachmaz takes 3 hours via bus and costs 3 AZN. The marshrutkas or minibuses usually depart every half an hour starting at 8 in the morning. It takes 2.5-3 hours to get to Khachmaz.
  
''By train:''
+
===By train===
There is an electric train service that runs between Baku and Khachmaz. The price of the ticket is 0.60 qepik (coins). The train leaves Baku at 08.00 AM. The night train Baku-Yalama costs 0.60 qepik and leaves Baku at 20.00 PM.
+
There is an electric train service that runs between Baku and Khachmaz. The price of the ticket is 0.60 qepik (coins). The train leaves Baku at 8AM. The night train Baku-Yalama costs 0.60 qepik and leaves Baku at 8PM.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
''Transportation''
+
Taxis are quite convenient if you know where you want to go within the city. The are many taxis in Khachmaz. Service within the town generally costs just 1 AZN.  
Taxis are quite convenient if you know where you want to go within the city. The are many taxis in Khachmaz. Service costs 1 AZN. The price can be changed depending where you are intended to go. The are not many marshrutkas served through Khachmaz city but you can still use some of them which cost only 20 qepic and goes from Big bazaar to Railway Station and goes back again.
+
 
+
''Talk:''
+
 
+
Despite of the different tourist venues in Khachmaz, English is not widely spoken that is why it would be better to bring some phrasebooks in following languages:
+
* Azeri
+
* Russian
+
* Turkish
+
 
+
 
+
''Staying in Touch:''
+
* There are many internet cafes are available around the city center and are called “Internet Clubs”.
+
 
+
* Khachmaz Post Office is located by the “Park of Culture and Rest” in the city centre.
+
 
+
==Stay safe==
+
 
+
''Emergency Contact Numbers:''
+
* Fire: 101
+
* Police: 102
+
* City hospital: 103
+
 
+
All hospitals either state or private are located in the city center.
+
 
+
''Information gathered by Khachmaz English Conversation Club.''
+
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
[[Image: Khachmaz_Tourism_Center.jpg|thumb|Foreign traveler assisted in Khachmaz Regional Tourism Information Center]]
 
 
Within the city of Khachmaz, is the Northeast Tourism Office which can help locals and travelers alike. This is the Northeast office. Here brochures, booklets, and maps promoting tourism in Azerbaijan can be found. The employees will be happy to offer suggestions to travelers.
 
 
 
The Khachmaz region is very rich with monuments of history, culture and architecture. 
 
  
There are more than sixty of them in Khachmaz. The most significant are Sarkartapa, ancient city-fortress Khudat, Albanian mosque of early middle age (III-IV centuries), a mosque-madrasa of Shah Abbas of XV-XVI centuries in Garaqurtlu, a village in Khachmaz, ancient settlements and the barrows of the Bronze Age, the famous “Iron gate” of Derbent fortress becoming a symbol of its inaccessibility. The fortifications “Baba-al-Abvat” were constructed in VIII-VII centuries B.C and protected from invasion the northern boundaries of Azerbaijan. Today Khachmaz borders with Russia here. In the village of Shykhlar the tourists can see the earliest monument of the mausoleum of the Middle ages- a mosque of Sheikh Yusif ( XV century ). At the top of the mountain Galadag the ruins of Gaurgala fortress have been kept. Reference: Azerbaijan Tourism Regions, 2005.  
+
The Khachmaz region is very rich with monuments of history, culture and architecture. Some of the most significant are Sarkartapa, the ancient city-fortress Khudat, a fourth century Albanian mosque, the sixteenth century mosque-madrasa of Shah Abbas of XV-XVI centuries in Garaqurtlu, a village in Khachmaz, ancient settlements and the barrows of the Bronze Age, the famous “Iron gate” of Derbent fortress becoming a symbol of its inaccessibility. The fortifications “Baba-al-Abvat” were constructed in VIII-VII centuries B.C and protected from invasion the northern boundaries of Azerbaijan. Today Khachmaz borders with Russia here. In the village of Shykhlar the tourists can see the earliest monument of the mausoleum of the Middle ages- a mosque of Sheikh Yusif ( XV century ). At the top of the mountain Galadag the ruins of Gaurgala fortress have been kept.  
  
'''Historical Places of Note in Khachmaz'''
+
*The Northeast Tourism Office is an excellent spot to get information on seeing the sites both within Khachmaz itself and in throughout the surrounding region.
  
 +
===Historic sites===
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Old_Church.jpg|thumb|Albanian Church in Khachmaz]]
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Old_Church.jpg|thumb|Albanian Church in Khachmaz]]
  
''Albanian mosque (early middle age)''
+
*'''Albanian mosque'''
  
The history relates to (III-IV centuries).  This church is evidence of the Albanian State of Azerbaijan people. There is a similar mosque in Gabala which had been a capital of Albanian State for centuries.
+
This mosque dates back to the III-IV centuries and the kingdom of Albania. There is a similar mosque in [[Qabala]], which served as the capital of Albania for centuries.
  
 +
*'''Sarkartapa'''
  
 +
The Bronze Age Sarkartapa monument outside Khachmaz (also called ''Sarkar gishlaghy'' "Sarkar winter camp") is an important and particularly fruitful archaeological site.
  
'''Historical Places of Note in Khachmaz Rayon'''
+
*'''Bostanly Village'''
  
''Sarkartapa (Bronze Age)''
+
The early medieval Bostanly Village is one of the more interesting places for Khachmaz visitors. There is a hill 20-25 meters high called "Maidens’ Hill" and very close to this monument there is another interesting place called the "Seven sisters" tombs, covered with Arabic manuscripts. If you dive deep enough, you may be treated to some of the many legends about the seven sisters preserved in the local folklore. Numerous archaeological findings from Bostanly are displayed at the Regional Ethnography Museum.  
 
+
The Sarkartapa monument (also called “Sarkar gishlaghy “Sarkar winter camp”) is a important historical monument of in Khachmaz. 150 monuments have been registered as the result of an archaeological expedition under the direction of Cabbar Khalilov.
+
 
+
The Sarkartapa findings have been spread all over the world and caused the special interest for the participants of the Conference of Archaeologists held in Baku in 1985.
+
 
+
''Bostanly (Early middle ages)''
+
 
+
Bostanly village is one of the more interesting places of the Khachmaz city. As a result of archaeological excavations many interesting findings were discovered that have been kept at Regional Ethnography Museum. There is a hill 20-25 meters high called “Maidens’ Hill”. The territory is 500 sq. km. And very close to this monument there is another interesting place which is called “Seven sisters" tombs with Arabian manuscripts on them. Many legends about seven sisters are told among the people.
+
 
   
 
   
 +
*'''Ancient city-fortress Khudat'''
  
''Ancient city-fortress Khudat''
+
Khudat (meaning Charisma) was the capital of the Quba Khanate in early eighteenth century. Following Fatali-Khan's move from Khudat to Quba in 1735, the city lost its importance and turned into ruins.
 
+
One of the ancient cities-fortresses –Khudat (Khudat is Charisma) is very attractive for it’s parameters. It had been a capital of Guba Khanate in early XVIII centure. In 1735 in concern with transference of the residence of  Fatali-khan  from Khudat to Guba, the city had lost its importance.
+
  
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Mosque.jpg|thumb|Mosque in Khachmaz region]]
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Mosque.jpg|thumb|Mosque in Khachmaz region]]
  
''Mosque of Sheikh Yusif (XV)''
+
*'''Mosque of Sheikh Yusif (XV)'''
  
This Mosque is one of the earliest monuments of mausoleum group that was widely used in construction of XVI-XVII centuries has been kept in the village of Shikhlar. Sheikh Yusif was an outstanding scientist-philosopher of Azerbaijan people. He was buried along with his wife and son and four of his followers in this mosque.
+
This Mosque is one of the earliest monuments in the mausoleum style widely used throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that has been preserved in the nearby village of Shikhlar. Sheikh Yusif, an outstanding scientist-philosopher of his day, was buried along with his wife and son and four of his followers in this mosque.
 
+
==Do==
+
 
+
See
+
 
+
'''Museums'''
+
 
+
There Are 5 (five) Museums in Khachmaz City.
+
  
 +
===Museums===
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Pres_Museum.jpg|thumb|Regional Ethnography or Local-lore Museum in Khachmaz]]
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Pres_Museum.jpg|thumb|Regional Ethnography or Local-lore Museum in Khachmaz]]
  
''Regional Ethnography or Local-lore Museum''
+
* <see name="Regional Ethnography Museum" alt="Museum of Local Lore" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">This museum is located in the city center. The museum is very rich with archeological findings (over 4,000) representing all the different periods of Khachmaz's history. Of especial interest are the original scientific works of the well-known orientalist Abuabdullah Mahammad-bin Albukhari contained in the "Aljazaily sani" as well as the "Classification of Koran," authored by the well-known mathematician, philosopher from Chilaqyr Hajaly, Effendi.</see>
  
Was founded in 25 september of 1981 year.
+
*'''Veteran's Museum'''
This museum is located in the city center. Outside of the Museum you can see some historical monuments too. But the most interesting things that will be amazing for tourists can be seen inside of the museum. The history of ancient Khachmaz is built on archeological, ethnographic, anthropological and written historical resources. Archeological excavations in the territory of Khachmaz revealed patterns of rich material and spiritual culture related to the Early Bronze Age. The museum is very rich with archeological monuments of different periods of history. There are more than 4000 historical exhibits are kept there. Among them special interest cause original scientific works of the well-known orientalist Abuabdullah Mahammad-bin Albukhari " Aljazaily sani" and  the “ Classification of Koran” of well-known mathematician, philosopher from Chilaqyr Hajaly  Effendi. This book is considered to be the second basic book after the “Koran” in the Islamic World.
+
  
''Veteran's Museum''
+
8,739 Khachmaz residents fought in WWII for the Red Army and some 2,800 of them perished. This museum also remembers 230 people who died in the ethnic conflict with [[Armenia]] during the early 1990s.
  
The museum was founded in 1976.
+
*'''Heydar Aliyev’s Museum'''
This museum will give you comprehensive information about the people of Khachmaz land, their pictures and belongings. As it is known 8739 people from Khachmaz took part in the Second World War and 2800 of them heroically have perished. Some of them are well-known outside of Azerbaijan.
+
Also, the 230 people who became victims of the Armenian aggression (of the Nagorny Karabakh war) (Mountainous Karabakh) are commemorated.
+
  
''Heydar Aliyev’s Museum''
+
This is the obligatory personality cult shrine to independent Azerbaijan's first ruler.
  
Museum is located in the park after Heydar Aliyev- the National Leader of Azerbaijan people. There you can get valuable information about his life and activities.
+
*'''The Museum of Prominent Figures'''
The Museum of Prominent Figures
+
  
This under open sky museum is one of the most interesting places of Khachmaz city for its numerous statues of the most famous in the world prominent figures of Azerbaijan people. It is also a nice park with accompanying water fountains and lights where the people congregate.
+
This open sky museum is one of the most pleasant places in Khachmaz, located as it is in a nice park filled with fountains and numerous statues of prominent Azeris.
  
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Carpet.jpg|thumb|Carpet Museum in Khachmaz]]
 
[[Image: Khachmaz_Carpet.jpg|thumb|Carpet Museum in Khachmaz]]
  
''Carpet Museum''
+
*'''Carpet Museum'''
  
 
Carpet museum is also one of the wonderful places to have a look. Despite it’s recent founding, there are many ancient carpets in the museum along with carpet weaving tools like ( kargyla, khava,qyr, scissors etc) interesting carpet designs, dolls dressed in ancient national style, picture gallery and other interesting exhibits. Both of the Museums ( Fighting’s Glory Museum and Carpet Museum) are located in the Park of Culture and Rest.
 
Carpet museum is also one of the wonderful places to have a look. Despite it’s recent founding, there are many ancient carpets in the museum along with carpet weaving tools like ( kargyla, khava,qyr, scissors etc) interesting carpet designs, dolls dressed in ancient national style, picture gallery and other interesting exhibits. Both of the Museums ( Fighting’s Glory Museum and Carpet Museum) are located in the Park of Culture and Rest.
  
'''Parks'''
+
===Parks===
 
+
''Heydar Aliyev’s Park''
+
 
+
Very nice park with green trees, flowers, accompanying water fountains and lights, cafes and tea-houses. Heydar Aliyev’s Museum, Khazar Cinema-Club and Chess school are located in this park too.
+
 
+
''Park of Culture and Rest''
+
 
+
Gives to city the special beauty. The park is full with monuments of different animals made of stone. Among them there are statues of a monkey, giraffe, elephants, deer, wolf, fox, leopard, wild birds and others. There have been created artificial reservoirs with fishes floating inside, the rivers flowing all the day long and with accompanying water fountains full of green artificial and real frogs. Some people call this place Zoo Park too because of such diversity. One of the favorite places of children “Café Cirtdan- Dwarf”, Fighting’s Glory Museum and Carpet Museum, Post –office and other nice cafes are located here.
+
  
 +
*'''Heydar Aliyev Park'''
  
''The Museum of Prominent Figures''
+
A rather nice park with green trees, flowers, fountains, lights, cafes, and tea-houses. The Heydar Aliyev Museum, the Khazar Cinema-Club, and the Chess school are all located in this park.
  
Another nice park with accompanying water fountains, lights and restoran/cafés.
+
*'''Park of Culture and Rest'''
  
 +
This park is full of statues of different animals, artificial ponds stocked with colorful fish, rivers, and fountains full of green frogs (both artificial and live). Some people call this place the Zoo Park due to its zoological theme. One of the favorite places of the local children is the "Café Cirtdan-Dwarf."  The Veterans Museum, Carpet Museum, Post Office, and several cafes are located within the park.
  
 
'''Cultural Centres and other places to see'''
 
'''Cultural Centres and other places to see'''
Line 186: Line 123:
 
Modular Power Station  
 
Modular Power Station  
 
Khachmaz modular type power station produces on average 1,6-1,8 mln kw/hour of electricity daily. All 10 generators of the station have been connected to the network in December, this year. Having produced 1,607 megawatt electricity on the first day, the modular station raised the output up to 1,821 megawatts two days later on December 10.
 
Khachmaz modular type power station produces on average 1,6-1,8 mln kw/hour of electricity daily. All 10 generators of the station have been connected to the network in December, this year. Having produced 1,607 megawatt electricity on the first day, the modular station raised the output up to 1,821 megawatts two days later on December 10.
35-40 megawatts and 45-50 megawatts of the electricity produced in this power station is diverted via electro conductive lines to Guba-Gusar and Khachmaz-Davachy regions respectively to supply a need of residents.
+
35-40 megawatts and 45-50 megawatts of the electricity produced in this power station is diverted via electro conductive lines to Quba-[[Qusar]] and Khachmaz-Davachy regions respectively to supply a need of residents.
 
Source: www.azregionaldevelopment.org
 
Source: www.azregionaldevelopment.org
  
Line 193: Line 130:
 
Tomato paste, tomato puree, green pea, cucumber and cayenne pickles, eggplant caviar, different meat and vegetable tins are produced at the Cannery. 50-60% of products is sold inside the country, the other part is exported.   
 
Tomato paste, tomato puree, green pea, cucumber and cayenne pickles, eggplant caviar, different meat and vegetable tins are produced at the Cannery. 50-60% of products is sold inside the country, the other part is exported.   
 
Source: www.azersunholding.com
 
Source: www.azersunholding.com
 +
 +
==Do==
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
Line 309: Line 248:
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
 +
 +
==Contact==
 +
 +
* There are many internet cafes are available around the city center and are called “Internet Clubs”.
 +
* Khachmaz Post Office is located by the “Park of Culture and Rest” in the city center.
 +
 +
==Stay safe==
 +
 +
All hospitals either state or private are located in the city center.
 +
 
 +
===Emergency Contact Numbers===
 +
* Fire: 101
 +
* Police: 102
 +
* City hospital: 103
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
Line 321: Line 274:
 
''By train:''
 
''By train:''
 
The Railway Station is located very close to the city center. There is an electric and night train service that runs between Baku and Khachmaz. The first one leaves Khachmaz at 08.00 AM and the second one at 05.45 PM. The price is 0,60 qepik.
 
The Railway Station is located very close to the city center. There is an electric and night train service that runs between Baku and Khachmaz. The first one leaves Khachmaz at 08.00 AM and the second one at 05.45 PM. The price is 0,60 qepik.
 
 
 
  
 
{{isIn|Northeastern_Azerbaijan}}
 
{{isIn|Northeastern_Azerbaijan}}
 
{{usablecity}}
 
{{usablecity}}

Revision as of 15:27, 24 August 2007

Colorful festivities in Khachmaz

Khachmaz is a major city in Northeastern Azerbaijan's Khachmaz region. It is located about 10km from the Caspian Sea, below Khudat, and to the east of Quba. It is located at 41-28N, 48-48E at an elevation of 27m.

Contents

Understand

The most northeastern region of Azerbaijan, Xaçmaz (or Khachmaz/Khachmas) is sandwiched between the Caucasus Mountains in Quba and Quzar (Gusar), regions to the west, and the Caspian Sea to the east. The southern border greets Devechi and the region stretches north to Russia. Khachmas city is located toward the bottom third of the region. It is about 10km from the Caspian Sea and the border to Devechi. About half that distance to the Quba border to Khachmaz's west. It is substantially greater distance to the northern border.

History

Khachmaz is one of the most ancient regions of Azerbaijan. The antiquity of the city is evidenced by its wealth of cultural and historical monuments. The region was densely inhabited in the earliest times of human history and settlements, mounds, and barrows of the Bronze Age have been found throughout the region. Throughout its long history, Khachmaz has been a part of the Caucasian kingdom of Albania, the Shirvanshahlar state, and the Quba Khanate.

In 1810 the Quba Khanate was liquidated and, according to “Gulustan Treaty ” in 1813 between Russia and Persia, all khanates of Northern Azerbaijan were occupied by Russia except the Talysh, Nakhchivan, and Irevan Khanates (they were occupied by Russia later after signing Turkmenchay Treaty with Persia in 1828, which divided the territory of Azerbaijan and its people into two parts).

Climate

  • Spring: Turns from cold to hot quickly with about two weeks of wonderful weather. On the edges of this transition, weather fluctuates.
  • Summer: Hot and humid with occasional cloudy days and limited soft showers.
  • Fall: weather cools significantly making fall comfortable. Showers happen more frequently. Late fall can bring cold weather.
  • Winter: is cold with gray skies and often brings rain.

The climate is generally moderate to warm, subtropical, and semiarid steppe. Khachmaz sees an average yearly precipitation of 300-350 mm and average temperatures of 25-35 °C in July and 1-2 °C in January.

Get in

Koroglu riding Girat

By taxi

The fastest transport between Baku and Khachmaz is by taxi. It takes two (2) hours. Going via Lada from Baku to Khachmaz costs 4-5 AZN per seat (4 persons) and going via by Mercedes costs 5 AZN per seat. To take a cab by yourself, expect to pay around 20 AZN.

By bus or marshrutka

Buses and marshrutkas depart from Shamakhinka bus station in Baku every hour starting at 8AM. Buses and marshrutkas are a comfortable option, but take longer than taxis. The trip from Baku to Khachmaz takes 3 hours via bus and costs 3 AZN. The marshrutkas or minibuses usually depart every half an hour starting at 8 in the morning. It takes 2.5-3 hours to get to Khachmaz.

By train

There is an electric train service that runs between Baku and Khachmaz. The price of the ticket is 0.60 qepik (coins). The train leaves Baku at 8AM. The night train Baku-Yalama costs 0.60 qepik and leaves Baku at 8PM.

Get around

Taxis are quite convenient if you know where you want to go within the city. The are many taxis in Khachmaz. Service within the town generally costs just 1 AZN.

See

The Khachmaz region is very rich with monuments of history, culture and architecture. Some of the most significant are Sarkartapa, the ancient city-fortress Khudat, a fourth century Albanian mosque, the sixteenth century mosque-madrasa of Shah Abbas of XV-XVI centuries in Garaqurtlu, a village in Khachmaz, ancient settlements and the barrows of the Bronze Age, the famous “Iron gate” of Derbent fortress becoming a symbol of its inaccessibility. The fortifications “Baba-al-Abvat” were constructed in VIII-VII centuries B.C and protected from invasion the northern boundaries of Azerbaijan. Today Khachmaz borders with Russia here. In the village of Shykhlar the tourists can see the earliest monument of the mausoleum of the Middle ages- a mosque of Sheikh Yusif ( XV century ). At the top of the mountain Galadag the ruins of Gaurgala fortress have been kept.

  • The Northeast Tourism Office is an excellent spot to get information on seeing the sites both within Khachmaz itself and in throughout the surrounding region.

Historic sites

Albanian Church in Khachmaz
  • Albanian mosque

This mosque dates back to the III-IV centuries and the kingdom of Albania. There is a similar mosque in Qabala, which served as the capital of Albania for centuries.

  • Sarkartapa

The Bronze Age Sarkartapa monument outside Khachmaz (also called Sarkar gishlaghy "Sarkar winter camp") is an important and particularly fruitful archaeological site.

  • Bostanly Village

The early medieval Bostanly Village is one of the more interesting places for Khachmaz visitors. There is a hill 20-25 meters high called "Maidens’ Hill" and very close to this monument there is another interesting place called the "Seven sisters" tombs, covered with Arabic manuscripts. If you dive deep enough, you may be treated to some of the many legends about the seven sisters preserved in the local folklore. Numerous archaeological findings from Bostanly are displayed at the Regional Ethnography Museum.

  • Ancient city-fortress Khudat

Khudat (meaning Charisma) was the capital of the Quba Khanate in early eighteenth century. Following Fatali-Khan's move from Khudat to Quba in 1735, the city lost its importance and turned into ruins.

Mosque in Khachmaz region
  • Mosque of Sheikh Yusif (XV)

This Mosque is one of the earliest monuments in the mausoleum style widely used throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that has been preserved in the nearby village of Shikhlar. Sheikh Yusif, an outstanding scientist-philosopher of his day, was buried along with his wife and son and four of his followers in this mosque.

Museums

Regional Ethnography or Local-lore Museum in Khachmaz
  • Regional Ethnography Museum (Museum of Local Lore). This museum is located in the city center. The museum is very rich with archeological findings (over 4,000) representing all the different periods of Khachmaz's history. Of especial interest are the original scientific works of the well-known orientalist Abuabdullah Mahammad-bin Albukhari contained in the "Aljazaily sani" as well as the "Classification of Koran," authored by the well-known mathematician, philosopher from Chilaqyr Hajaly, Effendi.
  • Veteran's Museum

8,739 Khachmaz residents fought in WWII for the Red Army and some 2,800 of them perished. This museum also remembers 230 people who died in the ethnic conflict with Armenia during the early 1990s.

  • Heydar Aliyev’s Museum

This is the obligatory personality cult shrine to independent Azerbaijan's first ruler.

  • The Museum of Prominent Figures

This open sky museum is one of the most pleasant places in Khachmaz, located as it is in a nice park filled with fountains and numerous statues of prominent Azeris.

Carpet Museum in Khachmaz
  • Carpet Museum

Carpet museum is also one of the wonderful places to have a look. Despite it’s recent founding, there are many ancient carpets in the museum along with carpet weaving tools like ( kargyla, khava,qyr, scissors etc) interesting carpet designs, dolls dressed in ancient national style, picture gallery and other interesting exhibits. Both of the Museums ( Fighting’s Glory Museum and Carpet Museum) are located in the Park of Culture and Rest.

Parks

  • Heydar Aliyev Park

A rather nice park with green trees, flowers, fountains, lights, cafes, and tea-houses. The Heydar Aliyev Museum, the Khazar Cinema-Club, and the Chess school are all located in this park.

  • Park of Culture and Rest

This park is full of statues of different animals, artificial ponds stocked with colorful fish, rivers, and fountains full of green frogs (both artificial and live). Some people call this place the Zoo Park due to its zoological theme. One of the favorite places of the local children is the "Café Cirtdan-Dwarf." The Veterans Museum, Carpet Museum, Post Office, and several cafes are located within the park.

Cultural Centres and other places to see

The House of Culture Music School Youth Sport Complex Club of Railwaymen Chess School Mosques Church (Russian) The Entertaining Centers Football stadium Khazar Cinema Club Central Library Children’s Rest and Amusements Center Carpet Plant Old tradition of carpet weaving still is flourishing in the Khachmaz region and local carpet masters successfully continue its further development. Their artwork products always give a plentiful material for researchers as well as for creative adaptation and usage in various related branches of culture. Vocational School Railway Station Gulalan Reserve Modular Power Station Khachmaz modular type power station produces on average 1,6-1,8 mln kw/hour of electricity daily. All 10 generators of the station have been connected to the network in December, this year. Having produced 1,607 megawatt electricity on the first day, the modular station raised the output up to 1,821 megawatts two days later on December 10. 35-40 megawatts and 45-50 megawatts of the electricity produced in this power station is diverted via electro conductive lines to Quba-Qusar and Khachmaz-Davachy regions respectively to supply a need of residents. Source: www.azregionaldevelopment.org

Qafqaz Tinned Food Factory As the continuation of the policy - meeting consumers needs on the top level according to strategical activity program of “Azersun Holding” in Xachmaz region of Azerbaijan Republic “Qafqaz Konserv Zavodu”, began operation on 12.09.2003. The whole volume of total capital investment of “Qafqaz Konserv Zavodu” increased to roughly 17 million dollars. “Qafqaz Konserv Zavodu” holds the power of processing 30-32 thousand tons fruit and vegetable and 6 thousand tons meat in a season. It works as the buyer of the agricultural products of the northern region of the Country. Tomato paste, tomato puree, green pea, cucumber and cayenne pickles, eggplant caviar, different meat and vegetable tins are produced at the Cannery. 50-60% of products is sold inside the country, the other part is exported. Source: www.azersunholding.com

Do

Buy

Most consumer goods are available throughout Khachmaz and in larger quantities than many of Azerbaijan's smaller cities. The Bazaar carries most goods at very affordable prices (though quality may be suspect - typical for Azerbaijan) and some craftsmen are available.

Eat

Below is a list of Khachmas restaurants and cafés.

  • Elite in Khachmaz is a hotel and restaurant.
  • Kamran Hotel in Khachmaz is a restaurant with some rooms to stay. Tel: 5-47-74.
  • Choban in Khachmaz is a restaurant
  • Chenlibel in Khachmaz is a restaurant.
  • Xazar in Khachmaz is a restaurant. Tel: 5-22-35
  • Tebriz in Khachmaz is a restaurant.
  • Shabran Nushican is a restaurant. Tel: 5-40-40
  • Xan Baqi in Khachmaz is a restaurant.
  • Uyut in Khachmaz is a restaurant.
  • Cirtdan in Khachmaz is a café for children.
  • Edem in Khachmaz is a restaurant.
  • Dostluq in Khachmaz is a café

This is a list of restaurants and cafés near Khachmas city

  • Aqua Park CTF Company in Nabran village is a restaurant and discotheque
  • Azeravtoyol in Nabran village is a café
  • Alinka in Nabran village is a restaurant
  • Chinat tourist base in Seyidly village has a café
  • Dalqa rest-zone in Nabran village is a restaurant
  • Daniz-neft in Nabran village is a cafe
  • Dostluq tourist base in Nabran village has a restaurant and discotheque. Tel: 333-36-39
  • Elvin in Nabran village is a restaurant
  • Energetic rest-house in Seyidly village is a café
  • Gami Tamiri (Kaspar) rest-house in Seyidly village has a café
  • Khan-Chinar rest-zone in Nabran village has a restaurant
  • Khazar tourist base in Nabran village is a café and bar
  • Geophysic Sanatorium in Seyidly village is a restaurant
  • Karvan rest-zone in Nabran village is a restaurant. Tel: 700-14-29
  • Greenville rest-zone in Nabran village is a restaurant and discotheque. Tel: 4938950
  • Qafqaz in Nabran village is a restaurant and discotheque.
  • Lotos rest-zone in Nabran village is a restaurant and discotheque. Tel: 345-38-66
  • Mayak rest-zone in Nabran village is a restaurant and discotheque.
  • Malibu in Seyidly village has a restaurant, discothèque, café, sauna, pool. Tel: 3308803,3632884; Fax: 4472560
  • Meshabeyi Evi-rest zone in Nabran village has a restaurant
  • Mirvari in Nabran village is a restaurant. Tel: 3807651,3308155
  • Nabran-sanatorium in Seyidly village is a restaurant and café. Tel: 3148000,4474725
  • Ober lux-rest zone in Nabran village has restaurant and pool. Tel: 4658671, 3108150
  • Palma rest camp Nabran village has pool, restaurant, conference hall, sports playgrounds and discotheque. Tel: 2209004, 3219996
  • Palermo tourist base in Nabran village has restaurant, discotheque and bar. Tel: 312-19-93
  • Politekh Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has restaurant and discotheque.
  • Rabitachi Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has café.
  • Sattarkhan Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has café
  • Shafa Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has restaurant
  • Shahin Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has café
  • Salam in Nabran village has restaurant, discotheque, bar. Tel: 318-27-54
  • Shahdaq Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has restaurant
  • Shams Tourist Base in Nabran village has restaurant and discotheque. Tel: 631-52-67
  • Tarlan in Seyidly village has café.
  • Tropikanka Rest-Zone in Nabran village has restaurant. Tel: 351-40-33
  • Tabib Holiday Hotel in Nabran village has café.
  • Chanlibel Rest-Zone in Nabran village has restaurant.
  • Elay in Nabran village is a restaurant. Tel: 314-69-73

Drink

In Khachmaz like most towns and cities in Azerbaijan, a Çay Xana (a tea house) is easy to find. In summers, cold beer is easy is also easily accessible. Some places will serve instant coffees.

Sleep

Contact

  • There are many internet cafes are available around the city center and are called “Internet Clubs”.
  • Khachmaz Post Office is located by the “Park of Culture and Rest” in the city center.

Stay safe

All hospitals either state or private are located in the city center.

Emergency Contact Numbers

  • Fire: 101
  • Police: 102
  • City hospital: 103

Get out

By taxi: The are 2 (two) Auto Stations in Khachmaz city. First one is Minibus station from where you can get out mainly to Baku and other cities. There you can get different kinds of cars The price to Baku will be around 5 AZN for a shared cab.

marshrutka and bus: The are 2 (two) Auto Stations in Khachmaz city. First one is Minibus station from where you can get out mainly to Baku and other cities. There you can get a marshrutka for 3-5 AZN. The telephone number is: 050 471 65 25. The second one services the transport mainly to the villages of the city. The prices are different depending on the distance from city. Weekends buses can be harder to come by and can cost more than the usual 3 AZN.

By train: The Railway Station is located very close to the city center. There is an electric and night train service that runs between Baku and Khachmaz. The first one leaves Khachmaz at 08.00 AM and the second one at 05.45 PM. The price is 0,60 qepik.



This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!



Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages