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Difference between revisions of "Kashmiri phrasebook"

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(removing brackets)
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; '''ë''': Extended '''ė'''
 
; '''ë''': Extended '''ė'''
 
; '''å''': Same as ''e'' in ''p'''e'''rturb''
 
; '''å''': Same as ''e'' in ''p'''e'''rturb''
; '''ä''': Extended sound of ''a''
+
; '''ä''': Extended sound of '''a'''
 
; '''a''': same as '''u''' in '''u'''p
 
; '''a''': same as '''u''' in '''u'''p
 
; '''ā''': As '''u''' in '''u'''p
 
; '''ā''': As '''u''' in '''u'''p
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; Goodbye: Talking to a Muslim (''Assalām ‘alaikum''), Talking to a Hindu (''Namaskār'')  
 
; Goodbye: Talking to a Muslim (''Assalām ‘alaikum''), Talking to a Hindu (''Namaskār'')  
 
; I can't speak ''Kashmiri'': ''Mê chunė käshur tagān''
 
; I can't speak ''Kashmiri'': ''Mê chunė käshur tagān''
; Do you speak English?: ''Çė chukhė aņgrase bolān ?''
+
; Do you speak English?: ''Çė chukhė aņgrīz bolān ?''
 
; I don't understand: ''Mê chunė phikrī tagān''
 
; I don't understand: ''Mê chunė phikrī tagān''
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
  
; '''What is this ?''' : (''Yi Kyāh chu ?'')
+
; '''What is this ?''' : ''Yi Kyāh chu ?''
; '''What do you want?''': (''Çê Kyāh gaçhiy ?'')
+
; '''What do you want?''': ''Çê Kyāh gaçhiy ?''
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
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===Time===
 
===Time===
  
'''What is the time?''': ''Vakhėt kyāh āv?''
+
'''What is the time?''': ''Vakhėt kyāh āv?'' or ''Kāç bajeyi?''
  
 
====Clock time====
 
====Clock time====
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===Colors===
 
===Colors===
  
===Transportation===
+
; '''Black''': ''Krūhun''
 +
; '''Blue''': ''Ņyūl''
 +
; '''Brown''': ''Dālcīn''
 +
; '''Colour''': ''Raņg''
 +
; '''Orange''': ''Saņgtar''
 +
; '''Red''': ''Vözul''
 +
; '''Yellow''': ''Lyōdur''
 +
; '''Dark''': ''Shokh''
 +
; '''Green''': ''Sabėz''
 +
; '''Grey''': ''Sūr''
 +
; '''Light''': ''Halkė''
 +
; '''Purple''': ''Lājėvār''
 +
; '''White''': ''Saphed''
  
 
====Bus and train====
 
====Bus and train====
 +
 +
'''Where from does the bus leave?''': ''Bas kati pêţhė chi nerān?''
  
 
====Directions====
 
====Directions====
 +
 +
; '''Left''': ''Kho-vur''
 +
; '''Right''': ''Daçhyan''
 +
; '''How many kilometres?''': ''Kaç kilomitar dūr?''
 +
; '''How far away is the city?''': ''Shāhr kotāh dūr chu?''
  
 
====Taxi====
 
====Taxi====
 +
 +
'''Where is the taxi?''': ''Taxi kati chu?''
  
 
===Lodging===
 
===Lodging===
  
===Money===
+
'''Where is the hotel?''': ''Hotel kati chu?''
  
 
===Eating===
 
===Eating===
  
===Bars===
+
'''Where is the restaurant?''': ''Restaurant kati chu?''
  
===Shopping===
+
===Money===
  
===Driving===
+
'''How much is it?''': ''Yi kotāh chu ?''
  
 
===Authority===
 
===Authority===
 +
'''Who is the boss (officer) here?''': ''Yêti kus chu aphsar?''
  
==Learning more==
+
{{Outlinephrasebook}}
 
+
{{phrasebookguide}}
{{outline}}
+

Revision as of 04:56, 30 September 2010

Contents

Language

Kashmiri (कॉशुर, کٲشُر Koshur) is a northwestern Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the valley of Kashmir, a region situated mostly in the Jammu and Kashmir state of India. It has about 4,611,000 speakers: 4,391,000 of whom reside in India and 105,000 of whom reside in Pakistan. While Kashmiri belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family of languages it is sometimes placed in a geographical sub-grouping called Dardic. It is one of the 23 scheduled languages of India.

Writing

Kashmiri has remained a spoken language up to the present times, though some manuscripts were written in the past in the Sharada script, and then in Perso-Arabic script. Currently, Kashmiri is written in either the Perso-Arabic script (with some modifications) or the Devanagari script. Among languages written in the Perso-Arabic script, Kashmiri is practically unique, in that it regularly indicates all vowel sounds

Literacy in Kashmiri is continuously neglected due to various political reasons and lack of formal education in it. It is now mostly relevant in its spoken form, and the speakers of this language are also decreasing in number. Note that the primary official language of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is not Kashmiri, but Urdu. Some Kashmiri speakers use English or Hindi as a second language. In the past few decades, Kashmiri was introduced as a subject at the university and the colleges of the valley. At present, attempts are on for inclusion of Kashmiri in school curriculum.

Pronunciation guide

There are 17 vowels and 27 consonants in Kashmiri.

Vowels

ė
As in Open
ë
Extended ė
å
Same as e in perturb
ä
Extended sound of a
a
same as u in up
ā
As u in up
i
as i in sit
ī
as ee in see
u
as u in put
ū
as oo in zoo
ê
as e in ten
e
as a in pay
ō
as o in oh!
ö
as wo in swot
o
as o in home
ņ
as n in sing
~
as i in sip spoken faintly

Consonants

k
same as c in cat
kh
same as kh in khan
g
as g in got
c
as zz in pizza
çh
sounds like ts as in huts
c
same as ch in chin
ch
same as ch in church
j
same as j in jug
th
as in thatch
d
like th in then
n
as n in no
ţ
like t in teacher
ţh
as th in thug
đ
as d in did
p
as p in pen
ph
as f in fall
b
like b in boy
m
like m in man
y
like y in yes
r
like r in red
l
like l in leg
v
as v in van
sh
as sh in she
s
as s in so
z
as z in zoo
h
as h in how

Phrase list

Basics

Hello 
Talking to a Muslim (Assalām ‘alaikum), Talking to a Hindu (Namaskār)
Hello (informal)
halo
How are you?
Toh chiv väri ?
Fine, thank you
Ähansa, Me-Hur-Ba-e-Ni
What is your name?
Çê kyāh chuy nāv ?
My name is ______
Be chus _____
Nice to meet you
Tö-hi Mel-Yiţh Gā-Yi Ma War-Yah Kush-Ti
Please
Ba-Lai La-Gai
Thank you
Me-Hur-Ba-e-Ni
Yes
Ên
No
Na
Goodbye
Talking to a Muslim (Assalām ‘alaikum), Talking to a Hindu (Namaskār)
I can't speak Kashmiri
Mê chunė käshur tagān
Do you speak English?
Çė chukhė aņgrīz bolān ?
I don't understand
Mê chunė phikrī tagān

Problems

What is this ? 
Yi Kyāh chu ?
What do you want?
Çê Kyāh gaçhiy ?

Numbers

Zero
Siphar
One
Akh
Two
Three
Trê
Four
Çor
Five
Pāņçh
Six
Shê
Seven
Sath
Eight
Äţh
Nine
Nav
Ten
Dāh


Time

What is the time?: Vakhėt kyāh āv? or Kāç bajeyi?

Clock time

The time is five o clock: Vakhėt chu pāņçi baji

Days

Sunday
Āthvār
Monday
Çāņdėrvār
Tuesday
Bomvār
Wednesday
Bödvār
Thursday
Brêsvār
Friday
Jumāh (Talking to a Muslim), Shakurvār (Talking to a Hindu)
Saturday
Baţėvār

Colors

Black
Krūhun
Blue
Ņyūl
Brown
Dālcīn
Colour
Raņg
Orange
Saņgtar
Red
Vözul
Yellow
Lyōdur
Dark
Shokh
Green
Sabėz
Grey
Sūr
Light
Halkė
Purple
Lājėvār
White
Saphed

Bus and train

Where from does the bus leave?: Bas kati pêţhė chi nerān?

Directions

Left
Kho-vur
Right
Daçhyan
How many kilometres?
Kaç kilomitar dūr?
How far away is the city?
Shāhr kotāh dūr chu?

Taxi

Where is the taxi?: Taxi kati chu?

Lodging

Where is the hotel?: Hotel kati chu?

Eating

Where is the restaurant?: Restaurant kati chu?

Money

How much is it?: Yi kotāh chu ?

Authority

Who is the boss (officer) here?: Yêti kus chu aphsar?

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Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages