Difference between revisions of "Karelia"

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'''Republic of Karelia''' is a region of [[Russia]], a part of [[Northwestern Russia|Northwestern federal district of Russia]].
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[[Image:Kizhi ensemble.JPG|thumb|400px|A view of Kizhi from Lake Onega]]
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'''Karelia''' is a region in [[Northwestern Russia]], which borders [[Finland]] to the west, [[Murmansk Oblast]] to the north, the White Sea to the northeast, [[Arkhangelsk Oblast]] to the east, [[Vologda Oblast]] to the southeast, and [[Leningrad Oblast]] to the south.
  
 
==Regions==
 
==Regions==
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==Cities==
 
==Cities==
  
* [[Petrozavodsk]] - the capital city, the biggest city of Karelia
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* [[Petrozavodsk]] — the capital city, the biggest city of Karelia, with a fine collection of neoclassical architecture and a summer hydrofoil service to [[Kizhi]]
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* [[Kem]] — a small town on the coast not far from [[Solovetsky Islands|Solovki]] with a spectacular 18th century wooden cathedral
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* [[Kostomukhsa]] — a large town that functions as a dacha-style resort mostly for Finns every summer and hosts a yearly summer chamber music festival
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* [[Olenets]] — a small historic town near the Alexander-Svirsky Monastery; the only town of size in Karelia where ethnic Karelians constitute a majority
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* [[Sortovala]] — the marble canyon of nearby Ruskeala Park is beautiful, otherwise a fairly uninteresting town
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
  
 
* Kivach waterfall
 
* Kivach waterfall
 
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* Lake Ladoga — the largest lake of Europe
* [[Lake Ladoga]] - the largest lake of Europe
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** [[Valaam Archipelago]] — famous for its monastery
** [[Valaam Archipelago]] - famous for its monastery
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* Lake Onega — second-largest lake in Europe
 
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** [[Kizhi]] island — famous for beautiful wooden church and other buildings, the whole architectural ensemble of Kizhi island is a [[UNESCO World Heritage List|UNESCO Wold Heritage Site]]
* [[Lake Onega]] - second-largest lake in Europe
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** Besov Nos Cape — famous for ancient drawings, hammered in the rocks
** [[Kizhi]] island - famous for beautiful wooden church and other buildings, the whole architectural ensemble of Kizhi island is UNESCO Wold Heritage site
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* Martial waters spa
** Besov Nos Cape - famous for ancient drawings, hammerred in the rocks
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* [[Martial waters]] spa
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* [[Solovetsky Islands]] - in the White sea, with its famous monastery (technically not part of Republic of Karelia, but Arkhangelsk Oblast; however located close to the Karelian shore)
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* Vodlozersky National Park
 
* Vodlozersky National Park
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
  
Republic of Karelia is a region of Russia, a part of Northwestern federal district of Russia. It borders Leningrad Oblast, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Murmansk Oblast and Finland. One quarter of Karelia's surface is covered by water, therefore Karelia is called "the country of lakes". There are about sixty thousand lakes there. The second-largest lake of Europe, Lake Onega, is located in Karelia. The largest lake of Europe, Lake Ladoga is partly located in Karelia (together with Leningrad Oblast).  
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Karelia is known as "the country of lakes." One quarter of Karelia's surface is covered by water including about sixty thousand lakes. The second-largest lake of Europe, Lake Onega, is located in Karelia. The largest lake of Europe, Lake Ladoga is partly located in Karelia (together with Leningrad Oblast). Wherever there is land, there are dense forests covering the ground.
  
Karelia is also famous for forests.
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Karelia has strong cultural connection with Finland and the Karelians, for whom the republic is named, are a Finno-Ugric group very closely related to the Finns. Karelia is a relatively recent Russian/Soviet conquest from Finland, and a bit of a sore spot for the Finns.
 
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Karelia has strong cultural connection with Finland. The are three minoraty finno-ugric languages spoken in Karelia, alongside with Russian: Finnish, Karelian and Veps.
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There is also a region called Karelia in Finland, see [[Finnish Karelia]].
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==Talk==
 
==Talk==
  
The majority of population speaks Russian. The most important minority languages are Finnish, Karelian and, on smaller scale, Veps. Many native Russian speaker understand Finnish too.  
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Everybody understands and speaks [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]], although many are bilingual in Karelian, [[Finnish phrasebook|Finnish]], and, on smaller scale, Veps. A traveler could get by with only knowledge of Finnish, as many native ethnic Russians understand a good deal of the language.
  
English is widely understood, especially by young people. Swedish is relatively popular foreign language too.
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Basic English is widely understood by young people. Swedish is relatively popular foreign language too.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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There is a daily overnight train from [[Saint Petersburg]], which leaves around 22:00 and arrives in Petrozavodsk around 07:00.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
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The Solovetsky Islands and Monastery on the White Sea are another nearby UNESCO World Heritage Site in [[Arkhangelsk Oblast]] and can be reached by boat from Karelia.
  
[[WikiPedia:Republic of Karelia]]
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Trains head north from Petrozavodsk to [[Murmansk]].
  
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[[WikiPedia:Republic of Karelia]]
 
{{isIn|Northwestern_Russia}}
 
{{isIn|Northwestern_Russia}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}

Revision as of 21:58, 25 May 2007

A view of Kizhi from Lake Onega

Karelia is a region in Northwestern Russia, which borders Finland to the west, Murmansk Oblast to the north, the White Sea to the northeast, Arkhangelsk Oblast to the east, Vologda Oblast to the southeast, and Leningrad Oblast to the south.

Regions

Cities

  • Petrozavodsk — the capital city, the biggest city of Karelia, with a fine collection of neoclassical architecture and a summer hydrofoil service to Kizhi
  • Kem — a small town on the coast not far from Solovki with a spectacular 18th century wooden cathedral
  • Kostomukhsa — a large town that functions as a dacha-style resort mostly for Finns every summer and hosts a yearly summer chamber music festival
  • Olenets — a small historic town near the Alexander-Svirsky Monastery; the only town of size in Karelia where ethnic Karelians constitute a majority
  • Sortovala — the marble canyon of nearby Ruskeala Park is beautiful, otherwise a fairly uninteresting town

Other destinations

  • Kivach waterfall
  • Lake Ladoga — the largest lake of Europe
  • Lake Onega — second-largest lake in Europe
    • Kizhi island — famous for beautiful wooden church and other buildings, the whole architectural ensemble of Kizhi island is a UNESCO Wold Heritage Site
    • Besov Nos Cape — famous for ancient drawings, hammered in the rocks
  • Martial waters spa
  • Vodlozersky National Park

Understand

Karelia is known as "the country of lakes." One quarter of Karelia's surface is covered by water including about sixty thousand lakes. The second-largest lake of Europe, Lake Onega, is located in Karelia. The largest lake of Europe, Lake Ladoga is partly located in Karelia (together with Leningrad Oblast). Wherever there is land, there are dense forests covering the ground.

Karelia has strong cultural connection with Finland and the Karelians, for whom the republic is named, are a Finno-Ugric group very closely related to the Finns. Karelia is a relatively recent Russian/Soviet conquest from Finland, and a bit of a sore spot for the Finns.

Talk

Everybody understands and speaks Russian, although many are bilingual in Karelian, Finnish, and, on smaller scale, Veps. A traveler could get by with only knowledge of Finnish, as many native ethnic Russians understand a good deal of the language.

Basic English is widely understood by young people. Swedish is relatively popular foreign language too.

Get in

There is a daily overnight train from Saint Petersburg, which leaves around 22:00 and arrives in Petrozavodsk around 07:00.

Get around

See

Itineraries

Do

Eat

Drink

Stay safe

Get out

The Solovetsky Islands and Monastery on the White Sea are another nearby UNESCO World Heritage Site in Arkhangelsk Oblast and can be reached by boat from Karelia.

Trains head north from Petrozavodsk to Murmansk.



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