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===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
 +
; a : like 'a' in "father" or like 'o' in "top"
 +
; e : like 'e' in "vowel" (schwa)
 +
; é : like 'ay' in "say", usually the difference between a schwa and an e is not indicated in writing
 +
; i : like 'i' in "thin", sometimes like 'ay' in "say"
 +
; o : like 'ow' in "low" or like 'o' in "top"
 +
; u : like 'oo' in "hoop", sometimes like 'o' in “hope”
  
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
 +
 +
b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s , t, v, w, x, y, z, bh, dh, kh, ny,
  
 
===Common diphthongs===
 
===Common diphthongs===
Line 14: Line 22:
  
 
===Basics===
 
===Basics===
; Hello. : . (''Halo'')
+
; Hello. :   (''Halo'')
; Hello. (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; How are you? :   (''Piyé kabaré?'')
; How are you? : ? (''Piyé kabaré?'')
+
; How are you? (''informal'') :   (''Kadọs pundi kabaripun?'')
; Fine, thank you. : . ('sae-sae, matur nuwun' '')
+
; Fine, thank you. :   ('Pangéstinipun saé, matur nuwun' '')
; What is your name? : ? ('Asmanipun jenengan sinten?' '')
+
; What is your name? :   ('Asmanipun panjenengan sinten?' '')
; My name is ______ . :  ______ . ('Asma kula'  _____ .'')
+
; My name is ______ :  ______ . ('Nami kula'  _____ .'')
; Nice to meet you. : . ('' '')
+
; Nice to meet you. :   (''Kulạ seneng kepanggih panjenengan.'')
; Please. : . ('' '')
+
; Please. :   (''Monggo.'')
; Thank you. : . ('' matursuwun'')
+
; Thank you. :  (''Matur nuwun.'')
; You're welcome. : . ('' '')
+
; Thank you. (''very formal'') :   (''Matur sembah panuwun.'')
; Yes. : . ('' yo'')
+
; Thank you. (''informal'') :  (''Matur nuwun.'')
; No. : . (''ora '')
+
; You're welcome. :   (''Sami-sami.'')
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : . ('' '')
+
; Yes. :   (''Inggih.'')
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : . ('' '')
+
; Yes. (''informal'') :  (''Iyo.'')
; I'm sorry. : . ('' '')
+
; No. :   (''Mboten.'')
; Goodbye : . ('' '')
+
; No. (''informal'') :  (''Ora.'')
; Goodbye (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :   (''Nuwun sewu.'')
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : [ ]. (''kula mboten bisa ngomong [ceto ]'')
+
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :   (''Ngapunten.'')
; Do you speak English? : ? (''sampean bisa basa inggris ?'')
+
; I'm sorry. :   (''Nyuwun pangapunten.'')
; Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Goodbye! :   (''Kepanggih malih nggih!'')
; Help! : ! ('' tulung!'')
+
; Goodbye! (''informal'') :   (''Da-da!'')
; Look out! : ! ('' !'')
+
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :   (''Kula mboten saged ______ [saé]'')
; Good morning. : . ('' '')
+
; Do you speak English? :   (''Panjenengan saged basa inggris ?'')
; Good evening. : . ('' '')
+
; Is there someone here who speaks English? : (''Punapa wonten ingkang saged basa Inggris?'')
; Good night. : . ('' '')
+
; Help! :   (''Tulung!'')
; Good night (''to sleep'') : . ('' '')
+
; Look out! :   (''Awas!'')
; I don't understand. :  . (''Aku ora mudeng'')
+
; Good morning. :   (''Sugeng enjing./Sugeng enjang.'')
; Where is the toilet? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Good evening. :   (''Sugeng sonten.'')
 +
; Good night. :   (''Sugeng dalu.'')
 +
; Good night (''to sleep'') :   (''Sugeng dalu.'')
 +
; I don't understand. :  ("Kula mboten ngertos.")
 +
; I don't understand. (''informal'') :  (''Aku ora mudeng.'')
 +
; Where is the toilet? :   (''Paturasanipun wọnten pundi?'')
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
 +
 +
; Police! : Polisi!
 +
; Stop! Thief! : Mandeg! Maling!
 +
; I'm lost. : Kula kesasar./Kula nyasar.
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
  
===Time===
+
{| cellpadding=2 cellspacing=2
 +
|- bgcolor=#cccccc
 +
! Angka !! Ngoko !! Krama
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1 || siji || setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 2 || loro || kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 3 || telu || tiga
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 4 || papat || sekawan
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 5 || lima || gangsal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 6 || enem || enem
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 7 || pitu || pitu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 8 || wolu || wolu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 9 || sanga || sanga
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 10 || sepuluh || sedasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 11 || sewelas || setunggal welas (sewelas)
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 12 || rolas || kalih welas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 13 || telulas || tiga welas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 14 || patbelas || sekawan welas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 15 || limalas || gangsal welas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 16 || nembelas || enem welas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 17 || pitulas || pitulas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 18 || wolulas || wolulas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 19 || sangalas || sangalas
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 20 || rong puluh || kalih dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 21 || selikur || selikur/kalih dasa setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 22 || rolikur || kalih likur
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 23 || telulikur || tigang likur
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 24 || patlikur || sekawan likur
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 25 || selawé || selangkung
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 26 || nemlikur || nemlikur
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 30 || telung puluh || tigang dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 31 || telung puluh siji || tigang dasa setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 32 || telung puluh loro || tigang dasa kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 40 || patang puluh || sekawan dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 41 || patang puluh siji || sekawan dasa setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 42 || patang puluh loro || sekawan dasa kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 50 || sèket || sèket
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 51 || sèket siji || sèket setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 52 || sèket loro || sèket kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 60 || swidak || swidak
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 61 || swidak siji || swidak setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 62 || swidak loro || swidak kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 70 || pitung puluh || pitu dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 80 || wolung puluh || wolu dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 90 || sangang puluh || sanga dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 100 || satus || setunggal atus
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 101 || satus siji || setunggal atus setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 102 || satus loro || setunggal atus kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 120 || satus rong puluh || setunggal atus kalih dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 121 || satus selikur || setunggal atus kalih dasa setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 200 || rong atus || kalih atus
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 500 || limang atus || gangsal atus
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.000 || sèwu || setunggal èwu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.001 || sèwu siji || setunggal èwu setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.002 || sèwu loro || setunggal èwu kalih
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.500 || sèwu limang atus || setunggal èwu gangsal atus
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.520 || sèwu limang atus rong puluh || setunggal èwu gangsal atus kalih dasa
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.550 || sèwu limang atus sèket || setunggal èwu gangsal atus sèket
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.551 || sèwu limang atus sèket siji|| setunggal èwu gangsal atus sèket setunggal
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 2.000 || rong èwu || kalih èwu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 5.000 || limang èwu || gangsal èwu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 10.000 || sepuluh èwu || sedasa èwu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 100.000 || satus èwu || setunggal atus èwu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 500.000 || limang atus èwu || gangsal atus èwu
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.000.000 || sayuta || setunggal yuta
 +
|-
 +
|align=center| 1.562.155 || sayuta limang atus swidak loro èwu satus sèket lima || setunggal yuta gangsal atus swidak kalih èwu setunggal atus sèket gangsal
 +
|}
  
 +
===Time===
 +
;morning = esuk
 +
;afternoon = awan
 +
;evening = sore
 +
;night = bengi
 
====Clock time====
 
====Clock time====
  
 
====Duration====
 
====Duration====
 +
 +
; _____ minute(s) : _____ menit
 +
; _____ hour(s) : _____ jam
 +
; _____ day(s) : _____ dina
 +
; _____ week(s) : _____ minggu
 +
; _____ month(s) : _____ wulan
 +
; _____ year(s) : _____ taun
  
 
====Days====
 
====Days====
Line 80: Line 236:
  
 
====Directions====
 
====Directions====
 +
; left : kiwo
 +
; right : tengen
 +
; straight ahead : lurus/kenceng
 +
; north : ler/lor
 +
; south : kidul
 +
; east : wetan
 +
; west : kilen/kulon
  
 
====Taxi====
 
====Taxi====

Revision as of 04:13, 22 April 2012

Javanese is a significant language in Java, Indonesia.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

like 'a' in "father" or like 'o' in "top"
like 'e' in "vowel" (schwa)
é 
like 'ay' in "say", usually the difference between a schwa and an e is not indicated in writing
like 'i' in "thin", sometimes like 'ay' in "say"
like 'ow' in "low" or like 'o' in "top"
like 'oo' in "hoop", sometimes like 'o' in “hope”

Consonants

b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s , t, v, w, x, y, z, bh, dh, kh, ny,

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics

Hello. 
(Halo)
How are you? 
(Piyé kabaré?)
How are you? (informal
(Kadọs pundi kabaripun?)
Fine, thank you. 
('Pangéstinipun saé, matur nuwun' )
What is your name? 
('Asmanipun panjenengan sinten?' )
My name is ______  
______ . ('Nami kula' _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
(Kulạ seneng kepanggih panjenengan.)
Please. 
(Monggo.)
Thank you. 
(Matur nuwun.)
Thank you. (very formal
(Matur sembah panuwun.)
Thank you. (informal
(Matur nuwun.)
You're welcome. 
(Sami-sami.)
Yes. 
(Inggih.)
Yes. (informal
(Iyo.)
No. 
(Mboten.)
No. (informal
(Ora.)
Excuse me. (getting attention
(Nuwun sewu.)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
(Ngapunten.)
I'm sorry. 
(Nyuwun pangapunten.)
Goodbye! 
(Kepanggih malih nggih!)
Goodbye! (informal
(Da-da!)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
(Kula mboten saged ______ [saé])
Do you speak English? 
(Panjenengan saged basa inggris ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
(Punapa wonten ingkang saged basa Inggris?)
Help! 
(Tulung!)
Look out! 
(Awas!)
Good morning. 
(Sugeng enjing./Sugeng enjang.)
Good evening. 
(Sugeng sonten.)
Good night. 
(Sugeng dalu.)
Good night (to sleep
(Sugeng dalu.)
I don't understand. 
("Kula mboten ngertos.")
I don't understand. (informal
(Aku ora mudeng.)
Where is the toilet? 
(Paturasanipun wọnten pundi?)

Problems

Police! 
Polisi!
Stop! Thief! 
Mandeg! Maling!
I'm lost. 
Kula kesasar./Kula nyasar.

Numbers

Angka Ngoko Krama
1 siji setunggal
2 loro kalih
3 telu tiga
4 papat sekawan
5 lima gangsal
6 enem enem
7 pitu pitu
8 wolu wolu
9 sanga sanga
10 sepuluh sedasa
11 sewelas setunggal welas (sewelas)
12 rolas kalih welas
13 telulas tiga welas
14 patbelas sekawan welas
15 limalas gangsal welas
16 nembelas enem welas
17 pitulas pitulas
18 wolulas wolulas
19 sangalas sangalas
20 rong puluh kalih dasa
21 selikur selikur/kalih dasa setunggal
22 rolikur kalih likur
23 telulikur tigang likur
24 patlikur sekawan likur
25 selawé selangkung
26 nemlikur nemlikur
30 telung puluh tigang dasa
31 telung puluh siji tigang dasa setunggal
32 telung puluh loro tigang dasa kalih
40 patang puluh sekawan dasa
41 patang puluh siji sekawan dasa setunggal
42 patang puluh loro sekawan dasa kalih
50 sèket sèket
51 sèket siji sèket setunggal
52 sèket loro sèket kalih
60 swidak swidak
61 swidak siji swidak setunggal
62 swidak loro swidak kalih
70 pitung puluh pitu dasa
80 wolung puluh wolu dasa
90 sangang puluh sanga dasa
100 satus setunggal atus
101 satus siji setunggal atus setunggal
102 satus loro setunggal atus kalih
120 satus rong puluh setunggal atus kalih dasa
121 satus selikur setunggal atus kalih dasa setunggal
200 rong atus kalih atus
500 limang atus gangsal atus
1.000 sèwu setunggal èwu
1.001 sèwu siji setunggal èwu setunggal
1.002 sèwu loro setunggal èwu kalih
1.500 sèwu limang atus setunggal èwu gangsal atus
1.520 sèwu limang atus rong puluh setunggal èwu gangsal atus kalih dasa
1.550 sèwu limang atus sèket setunggal èwu gangsal atus sèket
1.551 sèwu limang atus sèket siji setunggal èwu gangsal atus sèket setunggal
2.000 rong èwu kalih èwu
5.000 limang èwu gangsal èwu
10.000 sepuluh èwu sedasa èwu
100.000 satus èwu setunggal atus èwu
500.000 limang atus èwu gangsal atus èwu
1.000.000 sayuta setunggal yuta
1.562.155 sayuta limang atus swidak loro èwu satus sèket lima setunggal yuta gangsal atus swidak kalih èwu setunggal atus sèket gangsal

Time

morning = esuk
afternoon = awan
evening = sore
night = bengi

Clock time

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ menit
_____ hour(s) 
_____ jam
_____ day(s) 
_____ dina
_____ week(s) 
_____ minggu
_____ month(s) 
_____ wulan
_____ year(s) 
_____ taun

Days

Monday = Senen

Tuesday = Selasa

Wednesday = Rebo

Thursday = Kemis

Friday = Jumat

Saturday = Setu

Sunday = Minggu

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

left 
kiwo
right 
tengen
straight ahead 
lurus/kenceng
north 
ler/lor
south 
kidul
east 
wetan
west 
kilen/kulon

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages