Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is an island in Indonesia.
Java is the fifth-largest island of Indonesia. Population: 120 millions people. (65% of Indonesia's population). The population of Java is greater than other islands in the world. Area: 127569 sq. km (7% of Indonesia's area). Density: 940 people/sq. km.
Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia is located on northwest region of Java. Surabaya (the second largest city in Indonesia) is located on East Java. The center of cultural and economical activity in Indonesia is located in Java.
The island has given its name to a programming language and a blend of coffee.
The main ethnic group in Java is Javanese, except for the West Java region where most people are Sundanese. In the province of East Java, 22% of the population is of Madurese descent. Half of them lives on the island of Madura.
Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia. Population: 8 millions (within city limits). The total population of Jakarta and its suburbs: 12 millions people. The population of Jakarta is a mix of many ethnics. The native ethnic of Jakarta is Betawi.
Java is split into six provinces:
While Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the lingua franca understood by almost everyone, the majority of Java's population also speak Javanese, a related but mutually incomprehensible language. As the largest single language in Indonesia, Javanese influence on Bahasa Indonesia has been quite significant, and particularly in Central and East Java you'll even hear the local pronunciation change — the most notable change is a turning into o, so eg. Surabaya becomes Suroboyo.
Most visitors arrive at Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Surabaya and Yogyakarta. There are several domestic airlines such as Garuda, Lion Air, Mandala, Sriwijaya Air. International airlines: AirAsia, SQ, Qantas, MAS, Cathay Pacific, PAL, Thai International, JAL, KAL, Eva Air, Air India, etc.
ferry services: 1. From Gianyar(Bali) to Gilimanuk (East Java). 2. From Bakauheni (Lampung/Southern Sumatera) to Merak (Banten). 3. From Kamal (Madura) to Tanjung Perak (Surabaya).
1. From Medan (North Sumatra) to Tanjung Priok (Jakarta). 2. From Pontianak (West Kalimantan) to Tanjung Priok (Jakarta). 3. From Makassar (South Sulawesi) to Tanjung Perak (Surabaya). 4. many other routes.
Java's infrastructure is by far the best in Indonesia, and it's possible to cross the entire island by land in a single (long) day. However, the sheer density of population means that roads, buses and trains can get overcrowded if you're moving at the same time as everyone else.
The main form of long-distance transport, vast armadas of buses cross the island and connect every city and mountain hamlet. Watch out though, as many drivers have near-suicidal driving habits that emphasize speed above all else. Many criminals often offer drinks laced with sleeping pill.
Java has the best railway network in Indonesia, with trains connecting the capital city of Jakarta with most other cities and towns in the island. The eksekutif class is the best class, and consequently the most expensive.
Ticket reservations can be made starting one month in advance. No on-line ticket reservation is available, but availability can be gleaned on PT Kereta Api's ticketing site. Description of various trains are available on Kereta Api website.
Java's toll roads are built nearly to Western standards, with dual grade-separated lanes in both directions and elevated interchanges. Tolls are quite affordable, usually Rp 1,000-5,000 every 10 km or so. However, signage is often lacking and driving habits are atrocious, so it's very wise to pay a little extra and get a car with driver instead of attempting to drive yourself.