Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.
New users, please see Help or go to the Pub to ask questions.

Difference between revisions of "Japan's Top 3"

From Wikitravel
Asia : East Asia : Japan : Japan's Top 3
Jump to: navigation, search
(Three Famous Mountains)
(Three Great Inari Shrines)
(45 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{traveltopic}}
 +
 
After the Three Views were composed in the 17th century, many authors have come up with their own lists of Japanese sites and attractions. While there are countless lists and variations thereof, here is a selection of the best-known ones:
 
After the Three Views were composed in the 17th century, many authors have come up with their own lists of Japanese sites and attractions. While there are countless lists and variations thereof, here is a selection of the best-known ones:
  
Line 13: Line 15:
  
 
* [[Onuma]], [[Hokkaido]]
 
* [[Onuma]], [[Hokkaido]]
* [[Shizuoka|Miho no Matsubara]], [[Shizuoka (prefecture)|Shizuoka]]
+
* [[Shizuoka#See|Miho no Matsubara]], [[Shizuoka (prefecture)|Shizuoka]]
 
* [[Nakatsu|Yaba Valley]], [[Oita (prefecture)|Oita]]
 
* [[Nakatsu|Yaba Valley]], [[Oita (prefecture)|Oita]]
  
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
  
==Three Famous Castles==
+
==Castles==
  
 
[[Image:Himeji_castle_frontview.jpg|thumb|[[Himeji]] Castle]]
 
[[Image:Himeji_castle_frontview.jpg|thumb|[[Himeji]] Castle]]
 +
===Three Famous Castles===
 
三名城 ''Sanmeijō''
 
三名城 ''Sanmeijō''
  
 +
* Nagoya Castle [[Nagoya]], [[Aichi]]
 +
* Osaka Castle [[Osaka]], [[Osaka (prefecture)|Osaka]]
 +
* Kumamoto Castle [[Kumamoto]], [[Kumamoto (prefecture)|Kumamoto]]
 +
 +
===Three Great Mountain Castles===
 +
三大山城 ''Sandaiyamashiro''
 +
 +
* Iwamura Castle [[Iwamura]]
 +
* Takatori Castle [[Takatori]]
 +
* Bitchu Matsuyama Castle [[Takahashi]]
 +
 +
 +
===Three Great Flatland Mountain Castles===
 +
三大平山城 ''Sandaihiroyamashiro''
 +
 +
* Tsuyama Castle in [[Tsuyama]], [[Okayama (prefecture)|Okayama]]
 
* Himeji Castle in [[Himeji]], [[Hyogo]]
 
* Himeji Castle in [[Himeji]], [[Hyogo]]
* Matsumoto Castle in [[Matsumoto]], [[Nagano]]
+
* Matsuyama Castle in [[Matsuyama]], [[Ehime]]
* Kumamoto Castle in [[Kumamoto]], [[Kumamoto]]
+
 
  
In addition to the above, the following castles are also considered National Treasures (国宝 ''kokuhō''):
 
* Hikone Castle in [[Hikone]], [[Shiga]]
 
* Inuyama Castle in [[Inuyama]], [[Aichi]]
 
* Hirosaki Castle in [[Hirosaki]], [[Aomori]]
 
* Shuri Castle in [[Naha]], [[Okinawa]]
 
  
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
Line 40: Line 54:
 
三名園 ''Sanmeien''
 
三名園 ''Sanmeien''
  
* Kairakuen, [[Mito]]
+
* Kairakuen, [[Mito]], [[Ibaraki]]
* Kenrokuen, [[Kanazawa]]
+
* Kenrokuen, [[Kanazawa]], [[Ishikawa]]
* Kōrakuen, [[Okayama]]
+
* Kōrakuen, [[Okayama]], [[Okayama (prefecture)|Okayama]]
  
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
Line 49: Line 63:
  
 
[[Image:FujiSunriseKawaguchiko2025WP.jpg|thumb|[[Mount Fuji]]]]
 
[[Image:FujiSunriseKawaguchiko2025WP.jpg|thumb|[[Mount Fuji]]]]
三名山 ''Sanmeizan'', also 三霊山 ''Sanreizan''
+
三名山 ''Sanmeizan'' (Three Famous Mountains), also 三霊山 ''Sanreizan'' (Three Sacred Mountains)
  
 
* [[Mount Fuji]]
 
* [[Mount Fuji]]
Line 57: Line 71:
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
  
 +
==Three Sacred Grounds==
 +
[[Image:Okunoin palisade grave.jpg|thumb|Okunoin graves on [[Mount Koya]]]]
  
==Three Sacred Mountains==
+
三大霊場 ''sandai-reijo''
 
+
三大霊場霊場 ''sandai-reijo''
+
 
+
  
 
* [[Mount Koya]]
 
* [[Mount Koya]]
Line 90: Line 103:
 
* Kanda and Sannō Matsuri, [[Tokyo]]
 
* Kanda and Sannō Matsuri, [[Tokyo]]
  
The Neputa/Nebuta Matsuri of [[Aomori]] and [[Hirosaki]] is also a top contender.
+
The Neputa/Nebuta Matsuri of [[Aomori]] is often considered to be one of the top three festivals, but it is actually only listed as one of the top three festivals of the [[Tohoku|Tohoku region]] (below).
 +
 
 +
===Three Great Festivals of Tohoku===
 +
* Nebuta Matsuri [[Aomori]], [[Aomori (prefecture)|Aomori]]
 +
* Kanto Matsuri [[Akita]], [[Akita (prefecture)|Akita]]
 +
* Tanabata Matsuri [[Sendai]], [[Miyagi]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Three Great Festivals of Kyoto===
 +
* Gion Matsuri
 +
* Aoi Matsuri
 +
* Jidai Matsuri
  
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
  
 
==Three [[Hot springs|Hot Springs]]==
 
==Three [[Hot springs|Hot Springs]]==
Certainly one of the more hotly contested categories.
+
Certainly one of the more hotly contested categories. (No pun intended).
  
 
[[Image:Shirahama onsen.jpg|thumb|Sakinoyu Onsen, [[Shirahama]]]]
 
[[Image:Shirahama onsen.jpg|thumb|Sakinoyu Onsen, [[Shirahama]]]]
Line 159: Line 183:
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
  
==Three Great Inari Shrines==
+
==Shrines==
 +
===Three Great Inari Shrines===
 
[[Image:WJapan249CF2.jpg|thumb|Fushimi Inari, [[Kyoto]]]]
 
[[Image:WJapan249CF2.jpg|thumb|Fushimi Inari, [[Kyoto]]]]
  
Line 168: Line 193:
 
* Saijo Inari, [[Okayama]] ''or'' Yūtoku Inari Shrine, [[Kashima]]
 
* Saijo Inari, [[Okayama]] ''or'' Yūtoku Inari Shrine, [[Kashima]]
  
'''Note:'''  As the head of all Inari shrines, Fushimi Inari Shrine is naturally one of the top three. The other top shrines have been proposed in various famous historical texts, so this particular "Top 3" is highly debated, often consisting of a list of more than three shrines (despite being a "Top Three" list). While it is generally agreed that Toyokawa Inari Shrine deserves the second spot, the third varies depending on the source. The most commonly listed are Saijo Inari and Yūtoku Inari Shrine. Most of the disputes regarding this list revolve around which of these two shrines should receive the third position.
+
As the head of all Inari shrines, Fushimi Inari Shrine is naturally one of the top three, but there is little historical or present consensus on the others, since sites only declare themselves to be a top 3 without mentioning the others. Takekoma Shrine in [[Iwanuma]] and Kasuma Inari Shrine in [[Kasama]] are also suggested by some.
 
+
There are a couple other Inari shrines that want to claim the third spot however, they are less commonly listed as such. They are Takekoma Shrine in [[Iwanuma]] and Kasuma Inari Shrine in [[Kasama]].
+
  
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
  
==Three Great Tenjin Shrines==
+
===Three Great Tenjin Shrines===
 +
[[Image:JP-26 Kitano-Tenmangu.jpg|thumb|Kitano Tenmangu, [[Kyoto]]]]
  
日本三大天神 ''sandai tenjin''
+
三大天神 ''Sandai Tenjin''
  
* Kitano Tenmangu ([[Kyoto]])
+
* Kitano Tenmangu in [[Kyoto]], [[Kyoto (prefecture)|Kyoto]]
* Dazaifu Tenmangu ([[Dazaifu]])
+
* Dazaifu Tenmangu in [[Dazaifu]], [[Fukuoka (prefecture)|Fukuoka]]
* Hofu Tenmangu ([[Hofu]])
+
* Hofu Tenmangu in [[Hofu]], [[Yamaguchi (prefecture)|Yamaguchi]]
  
All Tenjin (Tenmangu) shrines are dedicated to the worship of Sugawara Michizane. This top three list actually highlights his exile from [[Kyoto]] to [[Dazaifu]]. Along the way, he stopped in [[Hofu]] and built the first tenjin shrine. Official shrine dedication to him began after his death when a series of natural disasters and tragedies occurred in the capital were believed to be caused by his restless soul. Kitano Tenmangu was built to pacify him.
+
All Tenjin (Tenmangu) shrines are dedicated to the worship of Sugawara Michizane. This top three list actually highlights his exile from [[Kyoto]] to [[Dazaifu]]. Along the way, he stopped in [[Hofu]] and built the first Tenjin shrine. Official dedication of shrines to him began after his death when a series of natural disasters and tragedies in the capital were believed to be caused by his restless soul seeking vengeance for his unjust exile. Kitano Tenmangu was built to pacify him.
 +
 
 +
<BR CLEAR=right>
 +
 
 +
===Three Great Hachiman Shrines===
 +
三八幡 ''San Hachiman''
 +
 
 +
* Usa Hachimangu Shrine ([[Usa]], [[Oita (prefecture)|Oita]])
 +
* Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine([[Yawata]], [[Kyoto (prefecture)|Kyoto]])
 +
* Hakozaki Hachimangu Shrine ([[Fukuoka]], [[Fukuoka (prefecture)|Fukuoka]])
 +
 
 +
===Three Great Torii===
 +
三大鳥居 ''Sandai Torii''
 +
* Omiwa Shrine ([[Sakurai]], [[Nara (prefecture)|Nara]])
 +
* Itsukushima Shrine ([[Miyajima]]), [[Hiroshima (prefecture)|Hiroshima]])
 +
* Kehi Shrine ([[Tsuruga]], [[Fukui (prefecture)|Fukui]])
  
 
==Three Hidden Regions==
 
==Three Hidden Regions==
Line 194: Line 233:
  
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 
<BR CLEAR=right>
 +
 +
==Three Caves==
 +
[[Image:Akiyoshido Yamaguchi Japan.jpg|right|thumb|[[Akiyoshidai|Akiyoshi-do Cave]]]]
 +
 +
* Akiyoshi-do ([[Akiyoshidai]], [[Yamaguchi (prefecture)|Yamaguchi]])
 +
* Ryuga-do ([[Kami]], [[Kochi (prefecture)|Kochi]])
 +
* Ryusen-do Cave ([[Iwaizumi]], [[Iwate (prefecture)|Iwate]])
 +
 +
<BR CLEAR=right>
 +
 +
==Three Sake Towns==
 +
日本三大酒処
 +
* Fushimi, [[Kyoto]]
 +
* Nada, [[Kobe]]
 +
* Saijo, [[Higashi-Hiroshima]]
  
 
==Three Chinatowns==
 
==Three Chinatowns==
Line 200: Line 254:
 
三大中華街 ''Sandai-chūkagai''
 
三大中華街 ''Sandai-chūkagai''
  
* ''Chūkagai'', [[Yokohama]]
+
* ''Yokohama Chūkagai'', [[Yokohama]]
 
* ''Shinchi-Chūkagai'', [[Nagasaki]]
 
* ''Shinchi-Chūkagai'', [[Nagasaki]]
 
* ''Nankinmachi'', [[Kobe]]
 
* ''Nankinmachi'', [[Kobe]]
  
 +
 +
 +
{{Outline}}
 +
 +
{{IsPartOf|Japan}}
 
[[WikiPedia:Three_Views_of_Japan]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Three_Views_of_Japan]]
 
[[ja:日本三大]]
 
[[ja:日本三大]]
 +
[[ko:일본 3경]]

Revision as of 05:47, 12 September 2012

    This article is a travel topic

After the Three Views were composed in the 17th century, many authors have come up with their own lists of Japanese sites and attractions. While there are countless lists and variations thereof, here is a selection of the best-known ones:

Contents

Three Views

Floating torii, Miyajima

三景 Sankei in Japanese. The most famous list of them all, attributed to scholar Hayashi Razan back in 1643.

New Three Views


Castles

Himeji Castle

Three Famous Castles

三名城 Sanmeijō

Three Great Mountain Castles

三大山城 Sandaiyamashiro


Three Great Flatland Mountain Castles

三大平山城 Sandaihiroyamashiro



Three Famous Gardens

Korakuen Garden, Okayama

三名園 Sanmeien


Three Famous Mountains

三名山 Sanmeizan (Three Famous Mountains), also 三霊山 Sanreizan (Three Sacred Mountains)


Three Sacred Grounds

Okunoin graves on Mount Koya

三大霊場 sandai-reijo



Three Famous Big Buddhas

Great Buddha of Kamakura

三大大仏 Sandai-daibutsu


Three Great Festivals

Neputa Matsuri, Hirosaki

三大祭 Sandaisai

  • Gion Matsuri, Kyoto
  • Tenjin Matsuri, Osaka
  • Kanda and Sannō Matsuri, Tokyo

The Neputa/Nebuta Matsuri of Aomori is often considered to be one of the top three festivals, but it is actually only listed as one of the top three festivals of the Tohoku region (below).

Three Great Festivals of Tohoku


Three Great Festivals of Kyoto

  • Gion Matsuri
  • Aoi Matsuri
  • Jidai Matsuri


Three Hot Springs

Certainly one of the more hotly contested categories. (No pun intended).

Sakinoyu Onsen, Shirahama

Three Great Hot Springs

三大温泉 Sandaionsen

Three Famous Springs

三名泉 Sanmeisen. This list, too, was authored by Hayashi Razan.

Three Old Springs

Bathhouse, Dogo Onsen

三古湯 Sankosen

Three Baths of Fuso

扶桑三名湯 Fuso-sanmeiyu. Fuso is a poetic name for Japan and this one is credited to traveling haiku poet Matsuo Basho.


Three Great Night Views

Osaka Bay at night

三大夜景 Sandaiyakei

New Three Great Night Views

新三大夜景 Shin-sandaiyakei

  • Kitakyushu seen from Mount Sarakurayama,
  • Nara seen from Mount Wakakusayama
  • Yamanashi seen from Fuefuki River Fruit Park


Three Holy Places of Ōshū

Sulphur pit, Mount Osore

奥州三霊場 Ōshū sanreijō are the three most famous pilgrimage sites in the ancient land of Oku (奥), now known as Tohoku.


Shrines

Three Great Inari Shrines

Fushimi Inari, Kyoto

三大稲荷 Sandai Inari

As the head of all Inari shrines, Fushimi Inari Shrine is naturally one of the top three, but there is little historical or present consensus on the others, since sites only declare themselves to be a top 3 without mentioning the others. Takekoma Shrine in Iwanuma and Kasuma Inari Shrine in Kasama are also suggested by some.


Three Great Tenjin Shrines

Kitano Tenmangu, Kyoto

三大天神 Sandai Tenjin

All Tenjin (Tenmangu) shrines are dedicated to the worship of Sugawara Michizane. This top three list actually highlights his exile from Kyoto to Dazaifu. Along the way, he stopped in Hofu and built the first Tenjin shrine. Official dedication of shrines to him began after his death when a series of natural disasters and tragedies in the capital were believed to be caused by his restless soul seeking vengeance for his unjust exile. Kitano Tenmangu was built to pacify him.


Three Great Hachiman Shrines

三八幡 San Hachiman

Three Great Torii

三大鳥居 Sandai Torii

Three Hidden Regions

Vine bridge, Iya Valley

三大秘境 Sandaihikkyō


Three Caves


Three Sake Towns

日本三大酒処

Three Chinatowns

Chinatown, Yokohama

三大中華街 Sandai-chūkagai


This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!



Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

other sites