View from the plains of Baisaran, near Pahalgam
Jammu and Kashmir  is the northernmost state occupied by India, disputed by Pakistan.
Jammu and Kashmir, as shown on the map of the Republic of India
- Jammu — most will only stop here to change from train to bus en route to Kashmir, Jammu is the winter capital of state, it is famous for its temples
- Kashmir Valley — some say it is Heaven on Earth, friendly people, beautiful gardens, vast lakes and pristine streams and stunning landscapes, it is all that but please see "Stay safe" below
- Ladakh — truly amazing landscapes high up in the Himalayas, popular for trekking and with those on a search for the most serene place in the world
A boat in Dal lake, Srinagar
- Jammu — the winter capital
- Srinagar — the summer capital of the state, set around famous Dal Lake, with its floating houseboats
- Gulmarg — decent skiing and the World's highest gondola
- Katra — in the foothills of the Trikuta Mountains and home of the holy Mata Vaishno Devi shrine
- Leh — the jumping off point for treks and adventures around Ladakh
- Pahalgam — a calm and serene place offering multiple trekking routes. Starting point of Amarnath Yatra
- Patnitop — a small hill station in Jammu
- Zab Baihk
British India's princely state of Jammu and Kashmir is now divided between India and Pakistan. India claims the entire area of the former state, whereas Pakistan regards the same area as "territory in dispute" awaiting a plebiscite. While some Kashmiris hope for an independent and unified Kashmir, the majority seem to simply want peace. It is a mountainous region of great beauty and diversity offering much in the way of outdoor activities and sights for the tourist. The unrest had pretty much completely shut down what was once a thriving tourist industry in Kashmir, and it’s now only starting to make a slow comeback. As a rule of thumb, the western area remains unsafe, while the eastern area (Ladakh) is fine - see "Stay safe" below.
The inhabitants of J&K belong to three religions, with Kashmir being mainly Muslim, Jammu being mainly Hindu and the Ladakhis divided almost equally between Buddhists and Muslims.
The state's official language is Urdu. However, the main languages spoken are Kashmiri in the Kashmir Valley, Ladakhi in Ladakh and Dogri in Jammu. Most people speak at least a little Hindi and you may even hear Punjabi.
As elsewhere in India, English is fairly widely spoken among the educated classes and those involved in the tourist industry.
Flights operate to Srinagar and Leh. Try Indian Airlines , Jet Airways  and Air Deccan .
The last stop on the railway line north is Udhampur, where you can catch onward buses and hire sumos. However it is better to get down in Jammu and catch a taxi from there as these are more readily available.
The Kashmir Railway is a railway line being built in India to connect the state of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country. The Project officially coded USBRL (Udhampur Srinagar Baramulla Railway Link) starts from the city of Udhampur, 55 kilometres (34 mi) north of Jammu, and travels for 290 kilometres (180 mi) to the city of Baramulla on the northwestern edge of the Kashmir Valley. The route crosses major earthquake zones, and is subjected to extreme temperatures of cold and heat, as well as inhospitable terrain, making it an extremely challenging engineering project.
There are two ways to get in by land - via Jammu and up to Srinagar or via Manali in Himachal Pradesh and up to Leh.
- Buses are operated by J&K SRTC to most points around the state.
- 4wd jeeps are quicker, a little more expensive and reach more locations. Private hire jeeps are also available.
Gulmarg is well known for its amazing natural beauty and it is counted as one of the unique tourist destinations in the world. Gulmarg is surrounded by dense forest. This place is famous for its golf hikes and beautiful highland golf course.
The way to reach Sonamarg or the Meadow of the gold is from the sindh valley. This valley also shows more amazing facet in kashmir. Sonamarg is located at an altitude of around 2730 meters from the sea level; it has Snow Mountains as its backdrop against the sky.
Raghunath Temple is dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shri Rama. All the inner walls of this temple are covered with gold, on three sides. Galleries of this temples are covered with ‘ Saligrams’. The other surrounding temples are related to other gods from the Ramayana. This temple is located in the centre or we can say in the heart of Jammu.
Bahu fort was modified and improved by Dogra Rulers of jammu but first built it was built by the Raja Bahulochan. This fort is located at a distance of around 5 km from the main city and perhaps is the oldest edifice in the Jammu. This fort is facing the Tawi River. There is a temple of goddess kali in the fort.
Mubarak Mandi Palace:
Mubarak Palace was built with the touch of three different styles, Rajasthani, Mughal and Gothic. Most famous part of this Palace is the Sheesh Mahal segment. There is a Dogra Art Museum, which is a treasure house of miniature paintings from various hill schools.
Peer Baba: This is of the holy places for Muslim saints. Here, people from all the religions comes in large number to pray, on Thursday.
- Tourist Information center (Information), G.P.Box 177 (Srinagar the bund), ☎ +91-941-9077-043, . Kashmir Travels
- Tourist Information Center (Infomation), The bund (Lal Chowk), ☎ +91-941-9077-043, . Kashmir Travels:- Kashmir Travels:- has three decades of experience in operating treks, tours and safaris in India for visitors from all around the world. Small groups and individual itineraries are catered for, and we are able to arrange individual hotel reservations and travel arrangements for your trip in order to make your travel India as simple as possible. We send over 500 trekkers into India in one season, and are proud of our well-earned reputation for providing safe treks, rafting expeditions and jungle safaris across India. It is for this reason that we have keen adventurers returning to us year after year. Physical Features The state can be divided into four major regions: the sub-mountain and semi-mountain plain known as kandi or dry belt; the Shivalik ranges, the high mountain zone constituting the Kashmir Valley; Pir Panchal range and its off-shoots including Doda, Poonch and Rajouri districts and part of Kathua and Udhampur districts; and the middle run of the Indus River comprising Leh and Kargil.Kashmir is a multi-dimensional variegated backdrop physical exuberance. Its sanctity and evergreen stature is varied from the chaste shimmering snow, with its virgin demeanor from top to toe, adorning the towering peaks of its mountainous periphery. Mellowing kisses of the sun endow these summits with a rosy blush lending perennial health to our warbling brooks, roaring waterfalls and sedate and solemn lakes. To crown all, this very nectarine glow has most meaningfully groomed our mental attitude to glean unity amidst seeming diversity. Climate Although a small state, the climate of this state varies from one region to another. The climate of Jammu region is tropical while it is semi-arctic in Ladakh and temperate in Srinagar region. Accordingly, rainfall also varies from region to region and while there is almost no rainfall in Ladakh, Jammu receives a rainfall of above 1,100 mm and Srinagar around 650 mm. Flora and Fauna The state is rich in flora and fauna. In Jammu, the flora ranges from the thorn bush type of the arid plain to the temperate and alpine flora of the higher altitudes. Of the broad-leaf trees, there are maple, horse chestnuts, silver fir, etc. At the higher altitudes, there are birch, rhododendron, and a large number of herbal plants.
Kashmir is also resplendent with many hues of wood and game. The most magnificent of the Kashmir trees is the chinar which is found throughout the valley. Mountain ranges in the valley have dense deodar, pine and fir. Walnut, willow, almond and cider also add to the rich flora of Kashmir.
In the hilly regions of Doda, Udhampur, Poonch and Rajouri, there is a large and varied fauna including leopard, cheetah and deer, wild sheep, bear, brown musk shrew, and muskrat. Varieties of snakes, bats, lizards and frogs are also found in the region. The game birds in Jammu include chakor (Alectoris graeca), snow partridge, pheasants, and peacock.
The dense forests of Kashmir are a delight to the sport lovers and adventurers for whom there are ibex, snow leopard, musk deer, wolf, red bear, black bear and leopard. The winged game includes ducks, goose, partridge, chakor, pheasant, wagtails, herons, water pigeons, warblers, and doves. In the otherwise arid desert of Ladakh, some 240 species of local and migratory birds have been identified including the black-necked crane.
The Ladakh fauna includes yak, Himalayan ibex, Tibetan antelope, snow leopard, wild ass, red bear and gazelle.
Zanskar is located at a very high altitude in Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of the best trekking destinations around the world. In Winter, Zanskar river freezes up, and get converted into an amazing adventures trek called “Chadar-The Frozen River Trek”.
- Pawan Fruit Ice cream near bakshi nagar in Jammu.
- Kaladi(Special milk product like paneer) Kulcha in moti bazaar.
- Phahalwan di hatti famous Sweet shop in Gandhi Nagar.
- Eat kachalu at girdhari shop near pacca danga.
- Good Non-Veg at Pape de hatti and pape the great- residency road,Paras raam de hatti at panjthirthi.
Kashmir has been relatively calm in the past few years and the tourist surge in the past couple of years speaks for it. About half a million indian tourists and 40,000 foreign tourists visited Kashmir in 2009. In a bid to boost tourism, the central and state governments hosted Kashmir tourism festivals in Dubai and Britain (Oct 2009) and in other regions of the asian subcontinent
Ladakh is far removed from the tension and can be considered totally safe.