Jaffna is the cultural town of the Tamil people of Sri Lanka. Jaffna District, the northernmost region of the Island of Sri Lanka, is one of the oldest habitation sites in Lower South Asia, populated by Tamil speaking people. Jaffna is situated within ten degrees of latitude to the north of the equator. It is in close proximity to the sub-continent of India and separated from it by the Palk Strait and the Bay of Bengal.
Jaffna is the northern capital and has an airport based in Palali. Due to the current circumstances there are no international flights to Palali. To get to Jaffna one must fly into Colombo the southern capital and get a domestic flight to Palali.
There is air service to and from Colombo, provided by the national airline Sri Lankan Airlines. Flights are available from origins throughout Europe, United States, Southeast Asia, China, Japan, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan. Other airlines, include Qatar Airlines and Emirates. Colombo's international airport is at Katunayake.
There are several private bus services operating from Colombo to Jaffna, cost varies from 9,000 Rupees onwards for a person. The drive takes half a day to complete (9 hours +) following the A9 motorway which runs through the middle of Sri-Lanka.
Before the escalation of the war there was a train service running from Colombo to Jaffna but now it only runs half way to Vavuniya from where you will have to get a bus towards Jaffna.
Once in Jaffna there are several modes of transport.
By auto (tuk-tuk)
these are three wheelers which are very common in south east asian countries. These are the quickest and probably the cheapest way to get around to places.
Public transport system available in Jaffna are the buses.
These are private hire mini-vans, best if you need transportation for the whole day.
The locals get around on cycles and Mopeds, Cycling is not safe with the number of dogs on the street.
Kopaiy Maaveerar Thuyilum Illam
Selva Sannithi Temple
Nagapoosani Temple (Nainatheevu)
Maavaarar Naal (National Heroes Day) - November 27th This is a must see. This is a rememberence day of the fallen heroes of LTTE, in the war against the Srilankan state.
'*Theepavali' The festival of light.
There isn't a lot to do on Jaffna unless you arrive at festival times. Nallur Kovil Thiruvizha (festival) is the biggest event in the Jaffna calendar when all the faithful come home to pray.
The Local brew is toddy, from Coconut tree or the Palmyrah tree. Toddy from the Palmyrah tree is sweeter.