Jaffna is the cultural town of the tamil people of sri-lanka. Jaffna District, the northernmost region of the Island of Sri Lanka, is one of the oldest habitation sites in Lower South Asia, populated by Tamil speaking people. Jaffna is situated within ten degrees of latitude to the north of the equator. It is in close proximity to the sub-continent of India and separated from it by the Palk Strait and the Bay of Bengal.
By Flight Jaffna is the northern capital and has an aiport based in Palali. Due to the current circumstances there are no international flights to Palali. To get to Jaffna one must fly into Colombo the southern capital and get a domestic flight to Palali.
There is air service to and from Colombo, provided by the national airline Sri Lankan Airlines. Flights are available from origins throughout Europe, United States, Southeast Asia, China, Japan, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan. Other airlines, include Qatar Airlines and Emirates. Colombo's international airport is at Katunayake.
By Bus There are several private bus services operating from Colombo to Jaffna, cost varies from 9,000 Rupees onwards for a person. The drive takes half a day to complete (9 hours +) following the A9 motorway which runs through the middle of Sri-Lanka.
By Train Before the escalation of the war there was a train service running from Colombo to Jaffna but now it only runs half way to Vavuniya from where you will have to get a bus towards Jaffna.
Once in jaffna there are several modes of transport.
Auto (tuk-tuk) these are three wheelers which are very common in south east asian countries. These are the quickest and probably the cheapest way to get around to places.
Bus Public transport system available in Jaffna are the buses.
Mini-Vans These are private hire mini-vans, best if you need transportation for the whole day.
Other The locals get around on cycles and Mopeds, Cycling not safe with the number of dogs on the street.