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South America : Colombia : Isla Gorgona
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==Understand==
 
==Understand==
'''Parque Nacional Natural Isla Gorgona''' is an small island 30 kilometres out of the Colombian coast.
+
 
 +
'''Parque Nacional Natural Isla Gorgona''' is an small island 50 kilometers out of the Colombian pacific coast. There are 2 main islands (Gorgona and Gorgonilla) and 2 tiny rocky keys. The main island of Gorgona is around 26 sq km in area. There are no permanent dwellers on the island.
  
 
===History===
 
===History===
It was a prison island from the late 50's until 1985 when the prison was closed and the island became a national park. The ancient houses of the personnel working at the prison were remodeled and reconverted into a research centre, comfortable accommodation and a restaurant. Since 1985 exuberant rainforest populated again the island. A section of the old prison can be still visited.
+
 
 +
Spanish conquerors visited the island for periods of time from the 15th to the 18th century. Simon Bolivar, liberator of Colombia, gave the island as to an English army man who helped with the local war of independence against Spain. The island was retained by his descendants until the mid 20th century when the country claimed back the territory (by law, all islands belong to the central government).
 +
It was a prison island from 1960 until 1984 when the prison was closed and the island became a national park. The ancient houses of the personnel working at the prison were remodeled and reconverted into a research centre, comfortable accommodation and a restaurant. Since 1985 exuberant rainforest populated again the island. A section of the old prison can be still visited. In the 21st century a concession was given to a tourist company to run a private and secluded hotel.
  
 
===Landscape===
 
===Landscape===
  
 
===Flora and fauna===
 
===Flora and fauna===
The island is covered with tropical forest, which includes 46 species of reptile, 18 of these snakes, bats, sloths, monkeys, tortoises, as well as the abundant marine life in its waters which can be seen snorkeling from the beach or diving. Y
+
 
 +
The island is covered with tropical forest, which includes 46 species of reptile, 18 of these snakes, bats, sloths, monkeys, tortoises, as well as the abundant marine life in its waters which can be seen snorkeling from the beach or diving.
  
 
The ocean is roamed by sea turtles, whales, whalesharks, whitetip sharks and a lot of other fish species.
 
The ocean is roamed by sea turtles, whales, whalesharks, whitetip sharks and a lot of other fish species.
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==Get in==
 
==Get in==
  
There are three ways to get to Isla Gorgona
+
There are three ways to get to Isla Gorgona, all of them by boat:
  
 
===Via Buenaventura===
 
===Via Buenaventura===
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===Via Guapi===
 
===Via Guapi===
'''Guapi''' is only accessible by air. ''Aerolíneas Satena'' has flights from [[Cali]]. Contact them in [[Cali]] (2)8857709 - (2)885798 or in ''Guapi'' (2)8400547 - (2)8400313
 
  
Several companies have boats with a maximum capacity of 10 persons. The price is between C$350,000 anc C$400,000 for the 2 hour trip. Here is a list of contacts.
+
This is the shorter boat trip, about 2 hours. '''Guapi''' is only accessible by air. ''Aerolíneas Satena'' [http://www.satena.com]has flights from [[Cali]]. Contact them in [[Cali]] (2)885 7709 or in ''Guapi'' (2)840 0547 - (2)840 0313
*Ruber Aguiño: (2)8400329 - (2)8400208 - (2)8400004
+
 
*Santiago Aguiño: (2)8400974 - (2)8400313
+
Several companies have boats with a maximum capacity of 10 people. The price is between C$350,000 and C$500,000 for the 2 hour trip. Here is a list of contacts.
*Adolfo Aguiño: (2)8400501 - (2)8400499
+
 
*Plutarco Grueso - Rafael Grueso: (2)8400208 - (2)8400137 - (2)8400150
+
*Ruber Aguiño: (2)840 0329 - (2)840 0208 - (2)840 0004
*Rubén Antonio Montaño: (2)8400502
+
*Santiago Aguiño: (2)840 0974 - (2)840 0313
*Juan Antonio Esupiñan: (2)8400196
+
*Adolfo Aguiño: (2)840 0501 - (2)840 0499
*Pacífico Express: Guapi (2)8400960, [[Buenaventura]] (2)2416507, [[Cali]] (2)5548142
+
*Plutarco Grueso - Rafael Grueso: (2)840 0208 - (2)840 0137 - (2)840 0150
 +
*Rubén Antonio Montaño: (2)840 0502
 +
*Juan Antonio Estupiñan: (2)840 0196 cell (+57 314) 747 9604
 +
*Pacífico Express: Guapi (2)840 0960, [[Buenaventura]] (2)241 6507, [[Cali]] (2)554 8142
  
 
===Via El Charco===
 
===Via El Charco===
 +
 
'''Taxi de Carga''' (2)6663042 has flights from [[Cali]].
 
'''Taxi de Carga''' (2)6663042 has flights from [[Cali]].
  
 
Contact Dagobert Paredes (in El Charco (2)7470177 - (2)7470091 or in [[Cali]] (2)3155605 ) for boats to the island. The capacity is 15 to 20 persons and cost C$500,000 one-way.  
 
Contact Dagobert Paredes (in El Charco (2)7470177 - (2)7470091 or in [[Cali]] (2)3155605 ) for boats to the island. The capacity is 15 to 20 persons and cost C$500,000 one-way.  
 
  
 
   
 
   
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==Fees/Permits==
 
==Fees/Permits==
The entrance to the park is COP$ 21.000 and has to be payed in advanced together with the cost of accommodation.  Since January 2006, [http://www.aviatur.com.co/ Aviatur] has taken over the concession for Isla Gorgona.  You can get your entry fee at any Aviatur location (there is one in [[Buenaventura]], as well as locations in [[Cali]] (072) 6645050
+
The entrance to the park is COP$ 31.000 and has to be payed in advanced together with the cost of accommodation.  Since January 2006, [http://www.aviatur.com.co/ Aviatur] has taken over the concession for Isla Gorgona.  You can get your entry fee at any Aviatur location (there is one in [[Buenaventura]], as well as locations in [[Cali]] (2) 664 5050
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
Line 67: Line 73:
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
 +
 +
[[Image:Abandoned Prison.JPG|thumb|right|The old prison was abandoned in 1984, now covered by jungle]]
  
 
Tour around part of the old prison located on the island. Until 1984, the island had been a maximum security prison designed for 1,500 but holding up to 2,000 prisoners. Conditions were appalling, with rooms for torture including one, the " bottle" where the victim was forced to stand for days in the impossibly tiny cell not more than 2 feet wide, with a central hole as a toilet & meager rations dropped in from above.
 
Tour around part of the old prison located on the island. Until 1984, the island had been a maximum security prison designed for 1,500 but holding up to 2,000 prisoners. Conditions were appalling, with rooms for torture including one, the " bottle" where the victim was forced to stand for days in the impossibly tiny cell not more than 2 feet wide, with a central hole as a toilet & meager rations dropped in from above.
Line 81: Line 89:
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
 +
 
There is only one restaurant. The meals are good, but prepare for lots of seafood and rice. Three meals included in the accommodation cost (see budget section)
 
There is only one restaurant. The meals are good, but prepare for lots of seafood and rice. Three meals included in the accommodation cost (see budget section)
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
 +
 +
As a national park, alcohol is not permitted in the island.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
  
=== Budget ===
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[[Image:Hotel in Gorgona.JPG|right|thumb|Ecotourist hotel in Gorgona]]
  
Accommodation is a 2-person rooms with - an excellent-  toilet and shower. Cost is COP$360000 for two people per day including three meals. It has to be paid in advance.
+
There is only one hotel in the island. Accommodations are comfortable for a secluded and tropical island, prices are fair for what you get.
  
 
=== Splurge ===
 
=== Splurge ===
  
*<sleep name="Gorgona" alt="Hotel Parque Natural - Concesion" address="Isla Gorgona, Pacific Ocean" directions="" phone="(01) 900 3312222 toll free from Colombia" url="http://www.concesionesparquesnaturales.com/site/Espanol/Gorgona/Gorgona.html" checkin="" checkout="" price="$$$" lat="" long="">A nice new hotel with comfortable rooms. Scuba diving and Humpback whale watch available at the island. email: reservasparques@aviatur.com.co</sleep>
+
*<sleep name="Gorgona" alt="Hotel Parque Natural - Concesion" address="Isla Gorgona, Pacific Ocean" directions="" phone="(01) 900 3312222 toll call from Colombia" url="http://www.concesionesparquesnaturales.com/site/Espanol/Gorgona/Gorgona.html" checkin="" checkout="" price="$$$" lat="" long="">A nice new hotel (opened 2004) with comfortable rooms. Scuba diving and Humpback whale watch available at the island.  Accommodation is a 2-person rooms with - an excellent-  toilet and shower. Cost is COP$360,000 (USD 180) for two people per day including three meals. It has to be paid in advance. email: reservasparques@aviatur.com.co</sleep>
  
 
==Cope==
 
==Cope==
 +
 
Vaccination against yellow fever, tetanus and hepatitus B is recommended.
 
Vaccination against yellow fever, tetanus and hepatitus B is recommended.
  
There are several species of poisonous snakes on the island. Walking to playa Blanca and further is only allowed with guide and rubber boots (You can rent them at restaurant for COP$7000). After 5pm the it's advisable to wear rubber boots as well and use torches.
+
There are several species of poisonous snakes on the island. Walking to playa Blanca and further is only allowed with guide and rubber boots (You can rent them at restaurant for COP$7,000). After 5pm the it's advisable to wear rubber boots as well and use torches. The hotel is well designed to avoid snakes and every tour guide will teach you simple rules to be safe at all times. No snake bites have been reported since the hotel opened 5 years ago.
  
==Get out==
 
  
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
{{isIn|Colombia}}
+
{{isIn|Colombian_Islands}}
 +
[[WikiPedia:Gorgona,_Colombia]]

Revision as of 23:43, 11 November 2009

The beach at Isla Gorgona

Isla Gorgona [1] is an island in the Pacific Ocean near Colombia.

Contents

Understand

Parque Nacional Natural Isla Gorgona is an small island 50 kilometers out of the Colombian pacific coast. There are 2 main islands (Gorgona and Gorgonilla) and 2 tiny rocky keys. The main island of Gorgona is around 26 sq km in area. There are no permanent dwellers on the island.

History

Spanish conquerors visited the island for periods of time from the 15th to the 18th century. Simon Bolivar, liberator of Colombia, gave the island as to an English army man who helped with the local war of independence against Spain. The island was retained by his descendants until the mid 20th century when the country claimed back the territory (by law, all islands belong to the central government). It was a prison island from 1960 until 1984 when the prison was closed and the island became a national park. The ancient houses of the personnel working at the prison were remodeled and reconverted into a research centre, comfortable accommodation and a restaurant. Since 1985 exuberant rainforest populated again the island. A section of the old prison can be still visited. In the 21st century a concession was given to a tourist company to run a private and secluded hotel.

Landscape

Flora and fauna

The island is covered with tropical forest, which includes 46 species of reptile, 18 of these snakes, bats, sloths, monkeys, tortoises, as well as the abundant marine life in its waters which can be seen snorkeling from the beach or diving.

The ocean is roamed by sea turtles, whales, whalesharks, whitetip sharks and a lot of other fish species.

From mid-June till November is whale season. Male humpback whales can be seen breaching while the females and their offspring come close to the island at the surface to breath.

Climate

Warm and wet.

Get in

There are three ways to get to Isla Gorgona, all of them by boat:

Via Buenaventura

There are several ways to get to the island by boat from Buenaventura. Cargo Ships, Dive Boats, and Launches. The Cargo Ships typically leave from the Muelle el Piñal in the afternoon (4PM-6PM) and are headed south towards Saltinga.

  • Bodega Lizcano (Muelle el Piñal), (2)2446106, has overcrowded cargoboats shippping food and wood to the southern part of the country. If there are enough passegners it makes the de-tour to the island. The one-way fair is C$80,000. It leaves at 4pm (but is usually late) and takes 10 hours. Reserve early.
  • M/N Discovery, (2)2446021/(2)2439540, Had tight cabins, and cargo destined for (bocas de) Satinga, and arrived at the island at 4AM (it left at 6PM, was supposed to leave at 4PM). The Captain asked us for COP$90,000 each, but we paid COP$150,000 for two.

There are other cargo ships at the Muelle el Piñal- tell the locals there you want to go to Gorgona and they will take you to whichever ship happens to be leaving that day(if any).

Launches are faster boats that take 4 hours. Boats can be arranged through Aviatur, or you can arrange it yourself.

  • Embarcaciones de Turismo "Asturias" , (2)2424620, (2)2415370. Reservations can be made on (2)2424521 or (2)2412738. Boats leave from Muelle Turistico' and the price is about C$200,000 two ways.
  • Pacifico Express, it has a speedboat for groups of atleast 10 persons. it takes 4~5 hours and the cost is about C$80,000 per person. For info and reservations contact the office in Cali (Centro commercial passeo de la 5a of. 225, tel (2)5548142) or in Buenaventura (2)2416507.

You can also arrange for a live aboard dive boat to take you to the islands. There are at least three different boats that visit the islands (depending on the season). They are typically weekend trips leaving from Buenaventura at 6PM Fridays, and returning 6am Monday morning, with approximately 6-7 dives around the island, visits to the islands sights, and are all inclusive of meals and park entry fees. These trips are about COP$890,000, and can be arranged through the various dive shops in Cali and Buenaventura.

Via Guapi

This is the shorter boat trip, about 2 hours. Guapi is only accessible by air. Aerolíneas Satena [2]has flights from Cali. Contact them in Cali (2)885 7709 or in Guapi (2)840 0547 - (2)840 0313

Several companies have boats with a maximum capacity of 10 people. The price is between C$350,000 and C$500,000 for the 2 hour trip. Here is a list of contacts.

  • Ruber Aguiño: (2)840 0329 - (2)840 0208 - (2)840 0004
  • Santiago Aguiño: (2)840 0974 - (2)840 0313
  • Adolfo Aguiño: (2)840 0501 - (2)840 0499
  • Plutarco Grueso - Rafael Grueso: (2)840 0208 - (2)840 0137 - (2)840 0150
  • Rubén Antonio Montaño: (2)840 0502
  • Juan Antonio Estupiñan: (2)840 0196 cell (+57 314) 747 9604
  • Pacífico Express: Guapi (2)840 0960, Buenaventura (2)241 6507, Cali (2)554 8142

Via El Charco

Taxi de Carga (2)6663042 has flights from Cali.

Contact Dagobert Paredes (in El Charco (2)7470177 - (2)7470091 or in Cali (2)3155605 ) for boats to the island. The capacity is 15 to 20 persons and cost C$500,000 one-way.


If your boat out of the island doesn't show up, you get a free night on the island.

It is not allowed to bring alcohol to the island. Bags are sometimes checked on entrance. Confiscated goods will be returned at your departure. On departure bags are sometimes checked for corals or endangered animal species.

Fees/Permits

The entrance to the park is COP$ 31.000 and has to be payed in advanced together with the cost of accommodation. Since January 2006, Aviatur has taken over the concession for Isla Gorgona. You can get your entry fee at any Aviatur location (there is one in Buenaventura, as well as locations in Cali (2) 664 5050

Get around

Access to the park is restricted. You're only allowed without a guide on the area, called El Poblado between the accommodations and the dive shop. With a (free) guide it is possible to visit the former prison area and the one trail leading to the other side of the island.

See

The old prison was abandoned in 1984, now covered by jungle

Tour around part of the old prison located on the island. Until 1984, the island had been a maximum security prison designed for 1,500 but holding up to 2,000 prisoners. Conditions were appalling, with rooms for torture including one, the " bottle" where the victim was forced to stand for days in the impossibly tiny cell not more than 2 feet wide, with a central hole as a toilet & meager rations dropped in from above.

Do

  • Diving is the main reason people visit this island. There is one dive shop. The prices are low and the equipment is what you expect for that price. The dive sites are amazing and it is likely you see seaturtles, moreens and whitefin sharks. If you are really lucky you might see a whale or a whaleshark. It's possible to do a PADI open water or a PADI advance courses.
  • Watch humpback whales: around 1,200 humpback whales are expected to arrive every June - July in the Pacific ocean waters of Isla Gorgona, Utria and Sanquianga National Parks. A small number of lucky tourists get to see this spectacle every year. The whales spend the summer months feeding in polar waters and head to tropical waters in winter for mating and calving, traveling more than 15,000 kilometers. They are black, grey and white, can grow up to 18 meters long and weigh up to 40 tons.

[3]

Buy

There is a small souvenir shop. However, take everything you need with you.

Eat

There is only one restaurant. The meals are good, but prepare for lots of seafood and rice. Three meals included in the accommodation cost (see budget section)

Drink

As a national park, alcohol is not permitted in the island.

Sleep

Ecotourist hotel in Gorgona

There is only one hotel in the island. Accommodations are comfortable for a secluded and tropical island, prices are fair for what you get.

Splurge

  • Gorgona (Hotel Parque Natural - Concesion), Isla Gorgona, Pacific Ocean, (01) 900 3312222 toll call from Colombia, [4]. A nice new hotel (opened 2004) with comfortable rooms. Scuba diving and Humpback whale watch available at the island. Accommodation is a 2-person rooms with - an excellent- toilet and shower. Cost is COP$360,000 (USD 180) for two people per day including three meals. It has to be paid in advance. email: reservasparques@aviatur.com.co $$$.

Cope

Vaccination against yellow fever, tetanus and hepatitus B is recommended.

There are several species of poisonous snakes on the island. Walking to playa Blanca and further is only allowed with guide and rubber boots (You can rent them at restaurant for COP$7,000). After 5pm the it's advisable to wear rubber boots as well and use torches. The hotel is well designed to avoid snakes and every tour guide will teach you simple rules to be safe at all times. No snake bites have been reported since the hotel opened 5 years ago.


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