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'''Ingushetia''' is a republic in [[Russia|Russia's]] [[North Caucasus]] bordering [[North Ossetia]] to the west, [[Chechnya]] to the east, and [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]] to the south.  
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{{warningbox|Ingushtetia is presently a war zone and is most emphatically '''NOT''' safe. Visitors are in fear of murders and kidnappings by government forces, high-profile crimes, periodic civil disorders and bombings. Travellers should consult to their embassy and request expert information before travelling to the region. See also [[War zone safety]].}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Ingushetia''' is a republic in [[Russia|Russia's]] [[North Caucasus]] bordering [[North Ossetia]] to the west, [[Chechnya]] to the east, and [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]] to the south. The region has a reputation for being the smallest region in [[Russia]].
  
 
==Cities==
 
==Cities==
  
 
* [[Magas]] — the tiny (about 300 residents) capital of Ingushetia
 
* [[Magas]] — the tiny (about 300 residents) capital of Ingushetia
* [[Akchay-Martan]] — on the border with [[Chechnya]]
 
 
* [[Dariali]] — a high aul in Ingushetia's beautiful Dzheyrakh Region
 
* [[Dariali]] — a high aul in Ingushetia's beautiful Dzheyrakh Region
 
* [[Guloykhi]] — a multi-towered Ingush aul in southern Ingushetia in the Assy Gorge
 
* [[Guloykhi]] — a multi-towered Ingush aul in southern Ingushetia in the Assy Gorge
* [[Karabulak]]
+
* [[Karabulak]] — city in the plains.
 
* [[Malgobek]] — an oilfield town now housing some 20,000 Chechen refugees
 
* [[Malgobek]] — an oilfield town now housing some 20,000 Chechen refugees
 
* [[Nazran]] — the largest city and former capital, partly across the border with [[North Ossetia]]
 
* [[Nazran]] — the largest city and former capital, partly across the border with [[North Ossetia]]
 
* [[Ordzhonikidzevskaya]]
 
* [[Ordzhonikidzevskaya]]
 +
* [[Targim]] — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
 +
* [[Erzi]] — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
 +
* [[Vovnushki]] — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
 +
* [[Dzheirakh]] — watch towers and [[Arm he]] resort complex, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
 +
* [[Tsori]] — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
 +
* [[Tkhabaerdy]] — ancient Ingush Christian church, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
 +
* [[Olgeti]] — mountain village, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
  
* [[Armkhi]] — a Soviet resort/sanatorium high in the mountains of southwestern Ingushetia
+
* [[Armkhi]] — a Soviet resort/sanatorium high in the mountains of southwestern Ingushetia, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
  
The Ingush are the closest relatives of the [[Chechnya|Chechens]] and have shared their Sufi Islamic beliefs as well as [[Chechnya#Understand|their fate]] in rebellion and conquest vis-à-vis the [[Russia|Russians]]. Like the Chechens, the Ingush were accused by Stalin of Nazi collaboration and were deported to [[Kazakhstan]]. When Khrushchev allowed them to return home, they found that their Orthodox Christian neighbors, the [[North Ossetia|Ossetes]], had settled on formerly Ingush lands, launching a violent ethnic conflict which rages on today.  
+
The Ingush are relatives of the [[Chechnya|Chechens]] and have shared their Sunni Islamic beliefs as well as [[Chechnya#Understand|their fate]] in rebellion and conquest vis-à-vis the [[Russia|Russians]]. In the beginning of the 19th century, a Chechen scholar peacefully converted most Ingush into Islam. Like the Chechens, the Ingush were accused by Stalin of Nazi collaboration and were deported to [[Kazakhstan]]. When Khrushchev allowed them to return home, they found that their Orthodox Christian neighbors, the [[North Ossetia|Ossetes]], had settled on formerly Ingush lands, launching a violent ethnic conflict which rages on today.
 +
 
 +
Around 1929-1991, Ingushetia was merged with [[Chechnya]] to form the Chechen-Ingush ASSR, and became separated. By 1991, the first Ingush president, Ruslan Aushev attempted to help the already weak economy, and when the first Chechen war started, this created a tremendous problem for the economy. It collapsed after Aushev's success. However, he was forced to leave office when the second Chechen war started. Aushev also founded the city of [[Magas]].
 +
 
 +
By 2002, Murat Zyazikov came into office, and since then the political and economic situation has worsened, and Zyazikov recieved harsh criticism for his disregard for human rights, corruption, and social and political problems. This was because of  alleged abductions, illegal beatings, unlawful arrests and killings of suspects by the federal forces and local police and allied paramilitaries. By 2008, a new president, Yunus-bek Yevkurov succeeded the unpopular Zyazikov and began a campaign into improving the situation in the region.
 +
 
 +
The poor situation in the republic has made it a magnet for terrorism for Chechen and Ingush rebels, and has continued to make it more uneasy for travelers to visit. The region is desperately very poor, where only 5 in 10 are employed and a large part of the people live in severe poverty and live below $2 a day. The prospects of change are seriously remote at present.  
  
 
Although the majority of Ingushetia's population lives in the larger northern towns, the Ingush consider their true heritage to be tied to the ancient auls (stone mountaintop villages) in the south of Ingushetia, especially along the Assy Gorge.
 
Although the majority of Ingushetia's population lives in the larger northern towns, the Ingush consider their true heritage to be tied to the ancient auls (stone mountaintop villages) in the south of Ingushetia, especially along the Assy Gorge.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
==By plane==
 
Planes to Ingushetia leaves from Moscow.
 
==By train==
 
A train leaves from/to [[Moscow]] .
 
  
==By bus==
+
 
 +
===By plane===
 +
Planes from [[Moscow]] (Vnukovo or Domodedovo airport) to Ingushetia [[Magas]] (airport near Ordzhonekidzovskaya).
 +
Alternative routes: Beslan airport in North Ossetia and Grozny airport in Chechnya.
 +
 
 +
===By train===
 +
A train leaves from/to [[Moscow]] one time for 4 days.
 +
487C Nazran-Moscow depart 8:10PM arrive 11:30AM (total trip time: 39 hours 20 minutes)
 +
487E Moscow-Nazran depart 4:25PM arrive 5:40AM (total trip time: 37 hours 15 minutes)
 +
 
 +
===By bus===
 +
A daily bus leaved from Moscow (Paveletski or Kazanski railroad station) to Nazran (total trip time over 24 hours).
 
A daily bus leaves from/to [[Grozny]],[[Nalchik]] and [[Stavropol]].
 
A daily bus leaves from/to [[Grozny]],[[Nalchik]] and [[Stavropol]].
A regular buses leaves from/to [[Moscow
+
Regular buses leaves from/to [[Moscow]] .
]].
+
A small buses leaves from/to [[Nalchik]] and other north-caucasians,south-russians cities(i.e.,to Vladikavkaz).
A micro-buses leaves from/to [[Nalchik]] and other north-caucasians,south-russians cities(i.e.,to Vladikavkaz).
+
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
 +
Taxi, buses
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
  
[[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] is understood by all; bilinguilism in Ingush (a language related to Chechen) or other regional languages is common.
+
[[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] is understood by all, as well as the official language, [[Ingush phrasebook|Ingush]]. Ingush is commonly known as ГІалгІай мотт (Ğalğaj mott).  Ingush is a language related to Chechen and also other regional languages is common. English is spoken by nobody, even in the largest city, [[Nazran]].
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
 +
Dollars, euros accepted and can be exchanged for rubles. ATM's are widely available even in [[Dzheirakh]] village.
 +
Best place to buy: Central Market in Nazran.
  
 
===Costs===
 
===Costs===
 +
Costs are generally higher than in Russia. The prices can be compared to the ones in Moscow.
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Line 49: Line 74:
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
 +
Due to rising anti-Russian sentiments the shops selling alcohol are the prime targets for the Muslim rebels. It is recommended to stay away from these shops. The attacks are frequent, though usually without harm to the shoppers.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
Line 58: Line 84:
  
 
==Work==
 
==Work==
 +
There is at least 50% unemployment in Ingushetia. The oil industry is slowly deteriorating. Best place to work for a foreigner is the international human relief organizations, and medicine.
  
 
==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
 +
Advices from a Westerner who actually traveled to Ingushetia more than five times:
 +
At present, Ingushetia should be considered a [[War zone safety|war zone]]. Like in the Soviet times both Ingushetia and Chechnya are considered foreign visitors' restricted areas.
 +
When you are in Ingushetia you have to register with the local branch of the Russian Federal Security Bureau (FSB) to avoid any trouble. If you are a foreigner your presence in Ingushetia is tightly monitored by the FSB. Your cell phone is tapped and location is detected at all times via GPS tracking. Due to mistrust to the local police force there are many Russian FSB agents and Russian troops from different parts of Russia in Ingushetia. The troops are there on a temporary basis, which is why you should be prepared to pay them bribes. It is a common practice in Russia (especially on the roads and at police checkpoints) to avoid detention, which can substantially slow you down. It is better to have an Ingush local to negotiate, because you do not know the rates of the bribes in different situations. Do not show the large sums of money (more than $100) to the troops they might confiscate them and you will never recover them back. Foreign documents must not be shown in public either. If you are a male visitor do not grow a beard you might be taken for an Ingush rebel and accidentally detained at best. Do not speak foreign language, let the local do the talking. For most troops if you are a citizen of the West countries you are most likely suspected in spying, be aware of it and act respectively. Do not provoke the soldiers by making pictures near the checkpoints even if they are located in beautiful areas. Journalist who have the FSB permit to report in Ingushetia should always ask Russian troops' permission to make pictures near the checkpoints. Do not display American/British/Georgian flags or any other American/British/Georgian attributes to the Russian troops it will only provoke them. Most of the "Assa" hotel staff, and the local inhabitants are very well aware of the situation in the republic, and are likely to offer you a lot of help especially if you are a foreigner in need. It is unwise to take a stroll alone by yourself at night. Though no attack of the Ingush rebels on the foreign visitors were ever recorded the people do disappear after the FSB raids. Generally, most staff from hotels will accompany you to avoid any trouble. Remember, you are prohibited from going to the mountains in Ingushetia by the FSB. You need to have a permit even if you are a Russian citizen to go there.
  
Travel is not recommended for Ingushetia until the security situation improves drastically. At present, Ingushetia should be considered a [[War zone safety|war zone]].
+
A tight security situation is present, and at all checkpoints, they are likely to pull you over if you drive in a vehicle with darkened windows. It is illegal to have darkened windows in Ingushetia due to the war zone situation.  The security will search your vehicle for suspicious items (large sums of money, large amounts of alcohol, drugs, weapons, explosives, etc.)
  
 
==Stay healthy==
 
==Stay healthy==
 +
Do not drink pipe water. The Coca-cola and Pepsi products are fake and have different taste do not drink them either. It is unhealthy. Use the water from multiple wells one of the good ones near village of [[Barsuki]] on the road.
  
 
==Respect==
 
==Respect==
 +
Ingushetia is an Islamic society, and therefore visitors are required to behave properly. Ingushetia is somewhat a traditionally conservative region with Islamic customs. Even though the region is predominantly Islamic, there is no dress code in effect and most of the locals, even the women are highly westernized. However, some women prefer to wear a veil, but it doesn't really apply to female visitors.
 +
The locals in general are interested in getting to know about foreigners, and are generally helpful to visitors around this volatile region. As said, Ingush locals treat visitors like guests, and don't throw this opportunity away. Likewise, always keep political opinions to yourself to avoid any danger.
  
 
==Contact==
 
==Contact==
Line 77: Line 110:
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{regionguide}}
 
{{regionguide}}
 +
 +
[[nl:Ingoesjetië]]
 +
[[ru:Ингушетия]]

Revision as of 12:25, 28 June 2014

Travel Warning WARNING: Ingushtetia is presently a war zone and is most emphatically NOT safe. Visitors are in fear of murders and kidnappings by government forces, high-profile crimes, periodic civil disorders and bombings. Travellers should consult to their embassy and request expert information before travelling to the region. See also War zone safety.


Ingushetia is a republic in Russia's North Caucasus bordering North Ossetia to the west, Chechnya to the east, and Georgia to the south. The region has a reputation for being the smallest region in Russia.

Contents

Cities

  • Magas — the tiny (about 300 residents) capital of Ingushetia
  • Dariali — a high aul in Ingushetia's beautiful Dzheyrakh Region
  • Guloykhi — a multi-towered Ingush aul in southern Ingushetia in the Assy Gorge
  • Karabulak — city in the plains.
  • Malgobek — an oilfield town now housing some 20,000 Chechen refugees
  • Nazran — the largest city and former capital, partly across the border with North Ossetia
  • Ordzhonikidzevskaya
  • Targim — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  • Erzi — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  • Vovnushki — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  • Dzheirakh — watch towers and Arm he resort complex, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  • Tsori — castle in the mountains, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  • Tkhabaerdy — ancient Ingush Christian church, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.
  • Olgeti — mountain village, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.

Other destinations

  • Armkhi — a Soviet resort/sanatorium high in the mountains of southwestern Ingushetia, require Russian Federal Security Bureau permit especially for foreigners.

Understand

The Ingush are relatives of the Chechens and have shared their Sunni Islamic beliefs as well as their fate in rebellion and conquest vis-à-vis the Russians. In the beginning of the 19th century, a Chechen scholar peacefully converted most Ingush into Islam. Like the Chechens, the Ingush were accused by Stalin of Nazi collaboration and were deported to Kazakhstan. When Khrushchev allowed them to return home, they found that their Orthodox Christian neighbors, the Ossetes, had settled on formerly Ingush lands, launching a violent ethnic conflict which rages on today.

Around 1929-1991, Ingushetia was merged with Chechnya to form the Chechen-Ingush ASSR, and became separated. By 1991, the first Ingush president, Ruslan Aushev attempted to help the already weak economy, and when the first Chechen war started, this created a tremendous problem for the economy. It collapsed after Aushev's success. However, he was forced to leave office when the second Chechen war started. Aushev also founded the city of Magas.

By 2002, Murat Zyazikov came into office, and since then the political and economic situation has worsened, and Zyazikov recieved harsh criticism for his disregard for human rights, corruption, and social and political problems. This was because of alleged abductions, illegal beatings, unlawful arrests and killings of suspects by the federal forces and local police and allied paramilitaries. By 2008, a new president, Yunus-bek Yevkurov succeeded the unpopular Zyazikov and began a campaign into improving the situation in the region.

The poor situation in the republic has made it a magnet for terrorism for Chechen and Ingush rebels, and has continued to make it more uneasy for travelers to visit. The region is desperately very poor, where only 5 in 10 are employed and a large part of the people live in severe poverty and live below $2 a day. The prospects of change are seriously remote at present.

Although the majority of Ingushetia's population lives in the larger northern towns, the Ingush consider their true heritage to be tied to the ancient auls (stone mountaintop villages) in the south of Ingushetia, especially along the Assy Gorge.

Get in

By plane

Planes from Moscow (Vnukovo or Domodedovo airport) to Ingushetia Magas (airport near Ordzhonekidzovskaya). Alternative routes: Beslan airport in North Ossetia and Grozny airport in Chechnya.

By train

A train leaves from/to Moscow one time for 4 days. 487C Nazran-Moscow depart 8:10PM arrive 11:30AM (total trip time: 39 hours 20 minutes) 487E Moscow-Nazran depart 4:25PM arrive 5:40AM (total trip time: 37 hours 15 minutes)

By bus

A daily bus leaved from Moscow (Paveletski or Kazanski railroad station) to Nazran (total trip time over 24 hours). A daily bus leaves from/to Grozny,Nalchik and Stavropol. Regular buses leaves from/to Moscow . A small buses leaves from/to Nalchik and other north-caucasians,south-russians cities(i.e.,to Vladikavkaz).

Get around

Taxi, buses

Talk

Russian is understood by all, as well as the official language, Ingush. Ingush is commonly known as ГІалгІай мотт (Ğalğaj mott). Ingush is a language related to Chechen and also other regional languages is common. English is spoken by nobody, even in the largest city, Nazran.

Buy

Dollars, euros accepted and can be exchanged for rubles. ATM's are widely available even in Dzheirakh village. Best place to buy: Central Market in Nazran.

Costs

Costs are generally higher than in Russia. The prices can be compared to the ones in Moscow.

Eat

  • "Assa" — restaraunt,located in Nazran
  • "Vstrecha"

Drink

Due to rising anti-Russian sentiments the shops selling alcohol are the prime targets for the Muslim rebels. It is recommended to stay away from these shops. The attacks are frequent, though usually without harm to the shoppers.

Sleep

"Assa" Hotel-located in Nazran

Learn

  • Ingush State University

Work

There is at least 50% unemployment in Ingushetia. The oil industry is slowly deteriorating. Best place to work for a foreigner is the international human relief organizations, and medicine.

Stay safe

Advices from a Westerner who actually traveled to Ingushetia more than five times: At present, Ingushetia should be considered a war zone. Like in the Soviet times both Ingushetia and Chechnya are considered foreign visitors' restricted areas. When you are in Ingushetia you have to register with the local branch of the Russian Federal Security Bureau (FSB) to avoid any trouble. If you are a foreigner your presence in Ingushetia is tightly monitored by the FSB. Your cell phone is tapped and location is detected at all times via GPS tracking. Due to mistrust to the local police force there are many Russian FSB agents and Russian troops from different parts of Russia in Ingushetia. The troops are there on a temporary basis, which is why you should be prepared to pay them bribes. It is a common practice in Russia (especially on the roads and at police checkpoints) to avoid detention, which can substantially slow you down. It is better to have an Ingush local to negotiate, because you do not know the rates of the bribes in different situations. Do not show the large sums of money (more than $100) to the troops they might confiscate them and you will never recover them back. Foreign documents must not be shown in public either. If you are a male visitor do not grow a beard you might be taken for an Ingush rebel and accidentally detained at best. Do not speak foreign language, let the local do the talking. For most troops if you are a citizen of the West countries you are most likely suspected in spying, be aware of it and act respectively. Do not provoke the soldiers by making pictures near the checkpoints even if they are located in beautiful areas. Journalist who have the FSB permit to report in Ingushetia should always ask Russian troops' permission to make pictures near the checkpoints. Do not display American/British/Georgian flags or any other American/British/Georgian attributes to the Russian troops it will only provoke them. Most of the "Assa" hotel staff, and the local inhabitants are very well aware of the situation in the republic, and are likely to offer you a lot of help especially if you are a foreigner in need. It is unwise to take a stroll alone by yourself at night. Though no attack of the Ingush rebels on the foreign visitors were ever recorded the people do disappear after the FSB raids. Generally, most staff from hotels will accompany you to avoid any trouble. Remember, you are prohibited from going to the mountains in Ingushetia by the FSB. You need to have a permit even if you are a Russian citizen to go there.

A tight security situation is present, and at all checkpoints, they are likely to pull you over if you drive in a vehicle with darkened windows. It is illegal to have darkened windows in Ingushetia due to the war zone situation. The security will search your vehicle for suspicious items (large sums of money, large amounts of alcohol, drugs, weapons, explosives, etc.)

Stay healthy

Do not drink pipe water. The Coca-cola and Pepsi products are fake and have different taste do not drink them either. It is unhealthy. Use the water from multiple wells one of the good ones near village of Barsuki on the road.

Respect

Ingushetia is an Islamic society, and therefore visitors are required to behave properly. Ingushetia is somewhat a traditionally conservative region with Islamic customs. Even though the region is predominantly Islamic, there is no dress code in effect and most of the locals, even the women are highly westernized. However, some women prefer to wear a veil, but it doesn't really apply to female visitors. The locals in general are interested in getting to know about foreigners, and are generally helpful to visitors around this volatile region. As said, Ingush locals treat visitors like guests, and don't throw this opportunity away. Likewise, always keep political opinions to yourself to avoid any danger.

Contact

Mobile

In Ingushetia there are three federal GSM operators (MTS, Beeline, Megafon) and they often have offers that give you a SIM card for free or at least very cheap. If you are planning to stay a while and to keep in touch with Ingushetian and other North-Caucasus people, then you should consider buying a local SIM card instead of going on roaming. If you buy a SIM card from a shop you'll need your passport for identification. It only takes five minutes to do the paperwork and it will cost less than $10.



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