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Difference between revisions of "Hiligaynon phrasebook"

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(Phrase list)
(Numbers)
Line 102: Line 102:
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
When buying [[Spanish|Spanish numbers]] are commonly used.
+
[[Spanish|Spanish numbers]] are commonly used than Illongo numbers.
; 1 : Isa (''EE-sah'')
+
; 1 : Isa (''EE-sah'')/Uno
; 2 : Duwa/Duha (''Du-WAH/Du-HA'')
+
; 2 : Duwa/Duha (''Du-WAH/Du-HA'')/Dos
; 3 : Tatlo (''Tat-LO'')
+
; 3 : Tatlo (''Tat-LO'')
; 4 : Apat (''AhPAT'')
+
; 4 : Apat (''AhPAT'')
; 5 : Lima (''LeeMAH'')
+
; 5 : Lima (''LeeMAH'')
; 6 : Anum (''AHnum'')
+
; 6 : Anum (''AHnum'')
; 7 : Pito (''PEEto'')
+
; 7 : Pito (''PEEto'')
; 8 : Walo (''WahLO'')
+
; 8 : Walo (''WahLO'')
; 9 : Siyam (''SYA-am'')
+
; 9 : Siyam (''SYA-am'')
; 10 : Sampuh (''SamPUH'')
+
; 10 : Sampu (''SamPUH'')
  
 +
====Time====
 +
; now :  Subong (''SuBONG'')
 +
; later :  Karun (''KaRUUN'')
 +
; before :  Sang-una (''Sang-UU-nah'')
 +
; after :  Pagkatapos (''PagKAHTAHpus'')
 +
; early morning (''used during 1am - 5am'') - Kaagahun (''ka-a-GAH-hun'')
 +
; morning :  Aga (''Ah-Gah'')
 +
; afternoon :  Hapon (''HaaPON'')
 +
; evening :  Gabi (''Gab-EE'')
 +
; in the evening : Sa Gabi (''Sa Gab-EE'')
 +
; night :  Gabi (''Gab-EE'')
 +
 +
====Clock time====
 +
; hour : Oras (''O-RAS'')
 +
; minute :  Minuto (''Me-nuto'')
 +
; one o'clock, 1:00am :  Ala-Una sang kaagahun (''A-la U-NAH sang ka-a-GAH-hun'')
 +
; two o'clock, 2:00am :  Alas-Dos sang aga (''A-las DOS sang AH-GAH'')
 +
; three o'clock, 3:00pm : Alas-Tres sang hapon (''A-las TRES sang HaaPON'')
 +
; six o'clock, 6:00pm : Alas-sais sang gabi (''A-las Sa-EES/Sa-AYS sang HaaPON'')
 +
 +
===Durations===
 +
; ___ second(s) : ___ na ka sekundo (''___ na kah se-KUN-do'')
 +
; ___ minute(s) : ___ na ka minuto (''___ na kah me-nuto'')
 +
; ___ hour(s) : ___ na ka oras (''___ na kah o-RAS'')
 +
; ___ day(s) : ___ na ka adlaw (''___ na kah ad-L-AW'')
 +
; ___ week(s) : ___ na ka semana (''___ na kah se-MAH-na'')
 +
; ___ month(s) : ___ na ka bulan (''___ na kah bu-LAN'')
 +
; ___ year(s) : ___ na ka taon (''___ na kah tah-un'')
 +
; ___ decade(s) : ___ na ka dekada (''___ na kah de-KAH-da'')
 +
; Daily : Adlaw-adlaw/Kasi Adlaw (''Ad-L-AW - Ad-L-AW/Kah-si Ad-L-AW)
 +
; Monthly : Kasi Bulan (''Kah-si bu-LAN'')
 +
 +
====Days====
 +
The days are derived from Spanish.
 +
; today : Subong nga adlaw (''Su-BONG nga ad-L-AW'')
 +
; yesterday : Kagapon (''Ka-ga-PON'')
 +
; tomorrow : Buwas (''Bu-was'')
 +
; this week : Subong nga semana (''Su-BONG nga se-MAH-na'')
 +
; last week : Sang isa ka semana (''Sang ee-SAH ka se-MAH-na'')
 +
; next week : Sunod ka semana (''Su-NOD ka se-MAH-na'')
 +
; Monday : Lunes (''Luh-nes'')
 +
; Tuesday : Martes (''Mar-TESS'')
 +
; Wednesday : Miyerkoles (''Mi-YER-koh-les'')
 +
; Thursday : Huwebes (''Hu-we-BES'')
 +
; Friday : Biyernes (''Be-YER-ness'')
 +
; Saturday : Sabado (''Sa-BAH-doh'')
 +
; Sunday : Domingo (''Doh-MEENG-goh'')
 +
 +
====Months====
 +
; January : Enero (''Ee-NEH-ROH'')
 +
; February : Pebrero (''PEB-re-roh'')
 +
; March : Marso (''MAR-soh'')
 +
; April : Abril (''Ah-BRIL'')
 +
; May : Mayo (''Mah-Yoh'')
 +
; June : Hunyo (''Hun-Yoh'')
 +
; July : Hulyo (''Hul-Yoh'')
 +
; August : Agosto (''Ah-GUS-toh'')
 +
; September : Septyembre (''Sip-ti-yem-bre'')
 +
; October : Oktobre (''Uuk-tob-Reh'')
 +
; November : Nobiyembre (''Noh-bi-yem-bre'')
 +
; December : Disyembre (''Dee-si-yem-bre'')
 +
 +
===Transportation===
 +
; Transportation : Transportasyon (''Trans-por-ta-syon'')
 +
====Jeepney, Bus, Ship and Taxi====
 +
; Jeepney : Jeep (''Jeep'')
 +
; Bus : Bus (''Boos'')
 +
; Ship/Boat : Barko (''Bar-KOH'')
 +
; How much is from ____ to ____? : Pila ang bayad halin sa ____ hasta sa _____? (''Pee-la ang Bah-yad ha-lin sa ___ Has-ta sa ____?'')
 +
; Please pass the payment. : Palihog bayad. (''Pa-lee-hog bah-yad'')
 +
; Where does this jeepney/bus/ship go? : Diin ang jeep/bus/barko ni ga pakadto? (''Dee-in ang jeep/boos/bar-koh ni gah PAH-kad-toh'')
 +
; How much is the payment? : Pila ang bayad? (''Pee-la ang Bah-yad?'')
 +
; What time does this bus/ship go? : Ano oras ga-halin ang bus/barko na ini? (''Ano O-RAS gah-ha-LIN ang boos/barko na ee-ni?'')
 +
; What time does this bus/ship arrive? : Ano oras ma-abot ang bus/barko na ini? (''Ano O-RAS ma-ah-bot ang bar-koh na ee-ni?'')
 +
; Taxi! : Taksi! (''Tak-SEE'')
  
 
===Time===
 
===Time===

Revision as of 19:27, 29 January 2010

Hiligaynon or more known as Illongo is spoken in the Western Visayas region as well as in South Cotabato in Mindanao, in the Philippines. It is a part of the family of Visayan languages. The language contains much of Spanish loanwords. It is also known as Illongo because much of the speaker originate in the province of Iloilo and has a total of 11 million speakers making it the 3rd most spoken native language in the Philippines.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Pronunciation is similar to Tagalog and Capiznon.

Vowels

like 'a' in "apple"
like 'e' in "bed" (often silent at the end of a word)
like 'i' in "fin"
like 'o' in "dog"
like 'oo' in "hoop"

Consonants

like 'b' in "bed"
like 'k' in "kid"
like 'd' in "dog"
like 'ph' in "phone"
like 'g' in "go"
like 'h' in "help"
like 'dg' in "edge"
like 'c' in "cat"
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "mother"
like 'n' in "nice"
like 'p' in "pig"
like 'q' in "quest" (with "u", almost always)
like 'r' in "row"
like 'ss' in "hiss"
like 't' in "top"
like 'v' in "victory"
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'cks' in "kicks", 'h' in "help"
like 'y' in "yes", like 'ie' in "pie"
like 'z' in "haze"

Common digraphs

ay 
like 'ai' in "chai"
aw 
like 'ow' in "cow"
ey 
like 'ay' in "say"
iw 
like 'iw' in "eew"
ow 
like 'ow' in "row"
oy 
like 'oy' in "boy"

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. 
Hello. (Same as in English)
Hello. (informal
Hi. (Same as in English)
How are you? 
Kamusta ka na? (KaMOOStah KAH nah?)
Fine, thank you. 
Ma-yu man ako. (Mah-YUH man AKOH)
What is your name? 
Ano ang pangalan mo? (Ano ang paNGAlan moh?)
My name is ______ . 
Ang pangalan ko ay si ______ . (Ang paNGAlan koh ay si ______.)
Nice to meet you. 
Nalipay ako makilala ka. (NaLIpay AKOH makilala KAH)
Please. 
Palihog. (PaLIhog)
Thank you. 
Salamat. (SaLAHmat)
You're welcome. 
Wala sang anuman. (WaLA sang anoMAN)
Yes. 
Hu-o. (Hu-Oh)
No. 
Indi. (INdi)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Palihog sang madali lang. (PaLIhog sang MAdali lang)
I'm sorry. 
Pasensyaha lang ako. (PAsenSYAha lang akoh)
Goodbye 
Asta sa liwat. (ASta sa leeWAT)
Goodbye (informal
Bai Bai. (Bye Bye)
I can't speak Hiligaynon/Illongo [well]. 
Indi ako makahambal sang Illongo[sang maayu]. (INdi AKOH makaHAMbal sang IilLONGo[sang maAYU])
Do you speak English? 
Makahambal ka sang Ingles? (MakaHAMbal ka sang INGgles?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ?)
Help! 
Bulig! (BuLIG!)
Look out! 
Halong!/Lantaw-a sang maayu! (HaLONG!/LanTAW-WA sang MaAYU)
Good morning. 
Maayu nga Aga. (MaAYU NGA aGA)
Good evening. 
Maayu nga Hapon. (MaAYU NGA HAApon)
Good night. 
Maayu nga Gab-i. (MaAYU nga GAB-EE)
Good night (to sleep
Maayu nga Gab-i, Tulog na 'ta. (MaAYU nga Gab-i, TUlog na 'TAH)
I don't understand. 
Indi ko ma-intindihan/intsinde. (INdi ko mah-inTINdihan/InCHINdeh)
Where is the toilet? 
Diin ang kasilyas/banyo? (DiIN ang KAHsilyas/BanYU?)
How do you say ____? 
Paano mo hambalon ang ____? (PaANOH mo HAMbalLON ang ____?)
What is this called? 
Ano ang tawag sa ini? (Ano ang taWAG sa eeNI)
What is that called? 
Ang ang tawag sa ina? (Ano ang taWAG sa eeNA)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Pabayaa ako. (PabahYAH-AH ako)
Go away. 
Halin 'to. (Ha-LIN 'TOH)
Don't touch me! 
Indi ko pagtanduga! (InDEE ko pagTANDUG-gah)
Police! 
Pulis! (PuhLIS!)
I'm calling the police. 
Tawgun ko ang pulis. (TawGON koh ang PuhLIS)
Stop! Rapist! 
Tama na! Maniyak! (Tahmah nah! ManiYAK!)
Stop! Thief! 
Tama na! Kawatan! (Tahmah nah! KaWAHtan!)
I need your help. 
Kailangan ko sang bulig mo. (Kay-LAH-ngan ko sang BuLIG)
I'm lost. 
Nadula ako. (Nah-DU-lah ako.)
I lost my bag. 
Nadula ko ang bag ko. (Nah-DU-lah ko ang bag ko)
I lost my wallet. 
Nadula ko ang wallet ko. (Nah-DU-lah ko ang wallet ko)
I'm sick. 
May-sakit ako. (MA-y SahKIT ako.)
I've been injured. 
Na-sugatan ako. (Nah-suGAHtan ako.)
I need a doctor. 
Kailangan ko sang duktor. (Kay-LAH-ngan ko sang DUK-tor)
Can I borrow your phone? 
Pwede hulamon ang telepono mo? (PuweDEH huLAHmon ang telePONO mo?)

Numbers

Spanish numbers are commonly used than Illongo numbers.

Isa (EE-sah)/Uno
Duwa/Duha (Du-WAH/Du-HA)/Dos
Tatlo (Tat-LO)
Apat (AhPAT)
Lima (LeeMAH)
Anum (AHnum)
Pito (PEEto)
Walo (WahLO)
Siyam (SYA-am)
10 
Sampu (SamPUH)

Time

now 
Subong (SuBONG)
later 
Karun (KaRUUN)
before 
Sang-una (Sang-UU-nah)
after 
Pagkatapos (PagKAHTAHpus)
early morning (used during 1am - 5am) - Kaagahun (ka-a-GAH-hun)
morning 
Aga (Ah-Gah)
afternoon 
Hapon (HaaPON)
evening 
Gabi (Gab-EE)
in the evening 
Sa Gabi (Sa Gab-EE)
night 
Gabi (Gab-EE)

Clock time

hour 
Oras (O-RAS)
minute 
Minuto (Me-nuto)
one o'clock, 1
00am : Ala-Una sang kaagahun (A-la U-NAH sang ka-a-GAH-hun)
two o'clock, 2
00am : Alas-Dos sang aga (A-las DOS sang AH-GAH)
three o'clock, 3
00pm : Alas-Tres sang hapon (A-las TRES sang HaaPON)
six o'clock, 6
00pm : Alas-sais sang gabi (A-las Sa-EES/Sa-AYS sang HaaPON)

Durations

___ second(s) 
___ na ka sekundo (___ na kah se-KUN-do)
___ minute(s) 
___ na ka minuto (___ na kah me-nuto)
___ hour(s) 
___ na ka oras (___ na kah o-RAS)
___ day(s) 
___ na ka adlaw (___ na kah ad-L-AW)
___ week(s) 
___ na ka semana (___ na kah se-MAH-na)
___ month(s) 
___ na ka bulan (___ na kah bu-LAN)
___ year(s) 
___ na ka taon (___ na kah tah-un)
___ decade(s) 
___ na ka dekada (___ na kah de-KAH-da)
Daily 
Adlaw-adlaw/Kasi Adlaw (Ad-L-AW - Ad-L-AW/Kah-si Ad-L-AW)
Monthly 
Kasi Bulan (Kah-si bu-LAN)

Days

The days are derived from Spanish.

today 
Subong nga adlaw (Su-BONG nga ad-L-AW)
yesterday 
Kagapon (Ka-ga-PON)
tomorrow 
Buwas (Bu-was)
this week 
Subong nga semana (Su-BONG nga se-MAH-na)
last week 
Sang isa ka semana (Sang ee-SAH ka se-MAH-na)
next week 
Sunod ka semana (Su-NOD ka se-MAH-na)
Monday 
Lunes (Luh-nes)
Tuesday 
Martes (Mar-TESS)
Wednesday 
Miyerkoles (Mi-YER-koh-les)
Thursday 
Huwebes (Hu-we-BES)
Friday 
Biyernes (Be-YER-ness)
Saturday 
Sabado (Sa-BAH-doh)
Sunday 
Domingo (Doh-MEENG-goh)

Months

January 
Enero (Ee-NEH-ROH)
February 
Pebrero (PEB-re-roh)
March 
Marso (MAR-soh)
April 
Abril (Ah-BRIL)
May 
Mayo (Mah-Yoh)
June 
Hunyo (Hun-Yoh)
July 
Hulyo (Hul-Yoh)
August 
Agosto (Ah-GUS-toh)
September 
Septyembre (Sip-ti-yem-bre)
October 
Oktobre (Uuk-tob-Reh)
November 
Nobiyembre (Noh-bi-yem-bre)
December 
Disyembre (Dee-si-yem-bre)

Transportation

Transportation 
Transportasyon (Trans-por-ta-syon)

Jeepney, Bus, Ship and Taxi

Jeepney 
Jeep (Jeep)
Bus 
Bus (Boos)
Ship/Boat 
Barko (Bar-KOH)
How much is from ____ to ____? 
Pila ang bayad halin sa ____ hasta sa _____? (Pee-la ang Bah-yad ha-lin sa ___ Has-ta sa ____?)
Please pass the payment. 
Palihog bayad. (Pa-lee-hog bah-yad)
Where does this jeepney/bus/ship go? 
Diin ang jeep/bus/barko ni ga pakadto? (Dee-in ang jeep/boos/bar-koh ni gah PAH-kad-toh)
How much is the payment? 
Pila ang bayad? (Pee-la ang Bah-yad?)
What time does this bus/ship go? 
Ano oras ga-halin ang bus/barko na ini? (Ano O-RAS gah-ha-LIN ang boos/barko na ee-ni?)
What time does this bus/ship arrive? 
Ano oras ma-abot ang bus/barko na ini? (Ano O-RAS ma-ah-bot ang bar-koh na ee-ni?)
Taxi! 
Taksi! (Tak-SEE)

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

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Variants

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