Hausa is a Chadic language with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 24 million people, and as a second language by about 15 million more. Native speakers of Hausa are mostly to be found in the in the north of Nigeria and in the African country of Niger (where it is an official language in the north), but the language is widely used as a lingua franca (similar to Wolof in Senegal) in a much larger swathe of West Africa.
- like 'a' in "cat"
- like 'b' in "bat" but there is also an implosive b, a sound not in English
- Sannu, but the commonest polite greeting is Salama alaikum, peace be upon you. Salaam alaikum is a Muslim greeting, more commonly used by men than women
A gaishai ka (ki): Hello, or I greet you. Used as a more formal salutation, or if you find someone at hard at work
- How are you?
- ا نا لافييا /Kana Lahiya(addressing males) or Kina lahiya(addressing females) ?
- Lafiya lau.(in health)
- What is your name?
- Mi sunan ka?
- My name is ______ .
- suna na _____
- You may do best to simply respond to friendly greetings as they come at you. Lahiya or lahiya lau is nearly always a polite response.
- Sannu da aiki (said to someone at work)
- sannu kadai (hello back)
- Sannu da zuwa (welcome, greetings on your arrival)
- sannu kadai (hello back)
- ina gajiya (how is the tiredness)
- ba gajiya (fine, no tiredness)
- ina dan uwa'en ka (ki) (how are your relatives, your family)
- lahiya lau
- Ina kwana (good morning, literally how did you sleep)
- Ba na jin Hausa (I do not speak Hausa (literally I do not hear Hausa)
- Ban gane ba (I do not understand)
- Nice to meet you.
- Ina farin cikin haduwa da kai( an English greeting, not a Hausa one)
- Don Allah
- Thank you.
- Na gode.
- You're welcome.
- Marhaba (In the sense of welcoming someone, but in response to someone thanking you, Ba kome)
- Excuse me. (getting attention)
- Don Allah ji mana!
- Excuse me. (begging pardon)
- I'm sorry.
- Yi hak'uri
- Sai an jima.
- I can't speak 'Swedish' [well].
- Ba na jin harshen Swedish
- Do you speak English?
- Ka na jin harshen turanci kuwa?
- Is there someone here who speaks English?
- Akwai mai jin harshen turanci kusa?
- Look out!
- A lura sosai!
- Good morning.
- Ina kwana?
- Good evening.
- Barka da yamma
- Good night.
- Allah ya ba mu alheri
- Good night (to sleep)
- Mu kwana lafiya
- I don't understand.
- Ban gane ba
- Where is the toilet?
- Ina makewayi ya ke?
- Sannu: Sorry
- Na gode: Thank You
- Ina jin yunwa: I'm Hungry
- Ina son ruwa: I want water
- Ko ba ha'ka ba? Is that not so ?
- Gaskiya? True ?
- Sai wata rana. Until another day ( Goodbye )
- Akwai labari? Is there any news ?
- Na ji dadi. I am pleased
- Madallah! Excellent! (often used at the end of the greetings if all is well)
- Na gaji. I am tired.
I na zaka(ki) ce? Where do you want to go?
Bin iya yi ba. I don't know how to do it.
Zan tafi. I'm leaving.
Na gani. I understand.
A kwe abinchi? Is there food?
Me ka(kin) ce? What did you say?
Bari. Leave it.
Zauna. Sit down.
Ta fita. She has gone out.
Ya je aiki. He has gone to work.
Ka iya yi? Do you know how to do it?
Ina son mota dan Allah. I would like a car please.
Ina zan kwana? Where would I stay?
Kana de Kud'i? Do you have money?
Bani de kud'i. I don't have money.
Ba na so. I don't like it.
Ina so. I like it.
Rakoomin dadje Giraffe
Dan doka Police
Kanna sha taba ? Do you smoke ? ( lit; Do you drink cigarettes )
Sarki A chief
Geewan Ruwa Nile perch (Lit: Elephant of the waters )
Bai kome It doesn't matter
Kadaka zo gobe Don't come tomorrow
Mata ta gudo. Your wife has run away.