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'''Hausa''' is a Chadic language with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 24 million people, and as a second language by about 15 million more. Native speakers of Hausa are mostly to be found in the [[Africa|African]] country of [[Niger]] and in the north of [[Nigeria]] (wherer it is an official language in the north), but the language is widely used as a [[lingua franca]](similar to Wolof in Senegal) in a much larger swathe of [[West Africa]].  
+
'''Hausa''' is a Chadic language with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 24 million people, and as a second language by about 15 million more. Native speakers of Hausa are mostly to be found in the in the north of [[Nigeria]] and in the [[Africa|African]] country of [[Niger]] (where it is an official language in the north), but the language is widely used as a [[lingua franca]] (similar to Wolof in Senegal) in a much larger swathe of [[West Africa]]. Especially prevalent in the Northern Region of Ghana, commonly used by the Fulani herdsmen who originate from Nigeria.
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
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===Basics===
 
===Basics===
  
; Hello. : Sannu, but the commonest polite greeting is Salama alaikum, peace be upon you.
+
; Hello. : Sannu '''but the commonest polite greeting is''' Salama alaikum, '''peace be upon you.'''  Salaam alaikum '''is a Muslim greeting, more commonly used by men than women.'''
; How are you? : A na lafiya?
+
:A gaishai ka (ki) '''Hello, or I greet you.  Used as a more formal salutation, or if you find someone at hard at work.'''
; Fine, thank you. : Eh lafiya lau.
+
; How are you? :ا نا لافييا /Kana Lahiya '''(addressing males)''' or Kina lahiya '''(addressing females)'''?
; What is your name? :Ya ya sunan ka?
+
; Fine :Lafiya lau. '''(in health)'''
; My name is ______ . : suna na _____
+
; What is your name? : Mai sunan ka?
; Nice to meet you. : I na farin cikin haduwa da kai( an English greeting, not a Hausa one)
+
; My name is ______ . : suna na _____ne
; Please. : Don Allah
+
 
 +
;You may do best to simply respond to friendly greetings as they come at you. Lahiya or lahiya lau  is nearly always a polite response.
 +
 
 +
:Sannu da aiki '''(said to someone at work)'''
 +
:sannu kadai '''(hello back)'''
 +
 
 +
:Sannu da zuwa '''(welcome, greetings on your arrival)'''
 +
:sannu kadai '''(hello back)'''
 +
 
 +
:ina gajiya '''(how is the tiredness)'''
 +
:ba gajiya '''(fine, no tiredness)'''
 +
 
 +
:ina dan uwa'en ka (ki) '''(how are your relatives, your family)'''
 +
:lahiya lau
 +
 
 +
:Ina kwana '''(good morning, literally how did you sleep)'''
 +
:Lahiya
 +
 
 +
;I do not speak Hausa '''(literally I do not hear Hausa)''' :Ba na jin Hausa
 +
 
 +
;I do not understand :Ban gane ba
 +
 
 +
 
 +
; Nice to meet you. :Ina farin cikin haduwa da kai '''(an English greeting, not a Hausa one)'''
 +
; Please. :Don Allah
 
; Thank you. :Na gode.
 
; Thank you. :Na gode.
; You're welcome. :Marhaba (In the sense of welcoming someone, but in response to someone thanking you, Ba kome)
+
; You're welcome. : barka de zuwa or sannu de zuwa '''(in the sense of welcoming someone)'''
; Yes. :Eh
+
:Ba kome '''(in response to someone thanking you)'''
; No. : A'a
+
; Yes. : A (sounded as letter 'a' but drawn out like 'ayyy' not 'ahhh')
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Don Allah ji mana!
+
; No. : A'a (sounded as 'ah ah')
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : gafara
+
; Please listen to me: '''(getting attention)''' : Don Allah ji mana
; I'm sorry. : Yi hakuri
+
; Excuse me please: '''(begging pardon)''' : Gafara Don Allah
 +
; I'm sorry. : Yi hak'uri
 
; Goodbye :  Sai an jima.
 
; Goodbye :  Sai an jima.
 +
; See you tomorrow: Sai Gobe
 
; I can't speak 'Swedish' [well]. : Ba na jin harshen Swedish
 
; I can't speak 'Swedish' [well]. : Ba na jin harshen Swedish
 
; Do you speak English? : Ka na jin harshen turanci kuwa?
 
; Do you speak English? : Ka na jin harshen turanci kuwa?
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; Good evening. : Barka da yamma
 
; Good evening. : Barka da yamma
 
; Good night. : Allah ya ba mu alheri
 
; Good night. : Allah ya ba mu alheri
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Mu kwana lafiya
+
; Good night '''(to sleep)''' : Mu kwana lafiya
; I don't understand. : Ban fahimta ba
+
; I don't understand. : Ban gane ba
; Where is the toilet? : I na makewayi ya ke?
+
; Where is the toilet? : Ina makewayi ya ke?
 +
 
 +
===  '''In Daily Life''' ===
 +
 
 +
; Let's go : Mu je
 +
; Let's go to the market : Mu tahi kasuwa
 +
; Let's go home : Mu tahi gida
 +
; Where are you going? : Ina za ka je? (Masculine), Ina za ki je(Feminine)
 +
; Small boy : 'yaro
 +
; farmer : mai noma
 +
; Where do you come from? : Daga ina ka zo? or ina ka zo daga?
 +
; House : Gida
 +
; Family : Iyali
 +
; Mosque : masallaci
 +
; What country do you come from? : Wani gari kafai to?
 +
; Come : zo or Zo nan (come here)
 +
; Wonderful : Mamaki
 +
; Where did you going? : ina ka na je
 +
; Do you understand (Hausa) : Kana jin harshen Hausa
 +
; Small Small : Ka'dan ka'dan
 +
; Is it good?* or It is good : yena da kyau? or tai kyau?
 +
; What is this? : Menene wan nan?
 +
; What are you doing? : Menene Ka na yi?
 +
; Okay, yes, you're welcome* : Too, Yoo *common in Ghana to use when speaking Hausa
 +
; I like you : Ina so'n ka (mas.) ina so'n ki (fem.)
 +
 
 +
=== '''In the Market''' ===
 +
 
 +
; Good Market With you : Allah abiba kasuwa
 +
; Market : Kasuwa
 +
; How much? : Nawane
 +
; Can I buy some? : zan siya abu
 +
; Can I have some? : Nasu mu
 +
; Can I buy (Milk): Densay (Madera)?
 +
; Last price? : Nawane gaskiya
 +
; Give me clean water to drink : Bani ruwa in sha
 +
; Drinkable water : Ruwan Shah
 +
; Food is delicious (Literally Food gets delicious) : Abinchin ku yana dadi
 +
; Rice : shinkafa
 +
; Beans : wake
 +
; tuwo : traditional meal
 +
; millet : hatsi
 +
; pasta : maka
 +
; onion : albasa
 +
 
 +
===Other===
 +
 
 +
*Sannu: '''Hello'''
 +
*Na gode: '''Thank You'''
 +
*Ina jin yunwa: '''I'm Hungry'''
 +
*Ina son ruwa: '''I want water'''
 +
*Ko ba ha'ka ba? '''Is that not so?'''
 +
*Gaskiya? '''True?'''
 +
*Sai wata rana. '''Until another day (Goodbye)'''
 +
*Akwai labari? '''Is there any news?'''
 +
*Na ji dadi. '''I am pleased'''
 +
*Madallah! '''Excellent! (often used at the end of the greetings if all is well)'''
 +
*Na gaji. '''I am tired.'''
 +
 
 +
I na zaka(ki) ce? '''Where do you want to go?'''
 +
 
 +
Bin iya yi ba. '''I don't know how to do it.'''
 +
 
 +
Zan tafi. '''I'm leaving.'''
 +
 
 +
Na gani. '''I understand.'''
 +
 
 +
A kwe abinchi? '''Is there food?'''
 +
 
 +
Na koshi. '''I'm full (after eating).'''
 +
 
 +
Me ka(kin) ce? '''What did you say?'''
 +
 
 +
Bari. '''Leave it.'''
 +
 
 +
Zauna. '''Sit down.'''
 +
 
 +
Ta fita. '''She has gone out.'''
 +
 
 +
Ya je aiki. '''He has gone to work.'''
 +
 
 +
Ka iya yi? '''Do you know how to do it?'''
 +
 
 +
Ina son mota dan Allah. '''I would like a car please.'''
 +
 
 +
Ina zan kwana? '''Where would I stay?'''
 +
 
 +
Kana de Kud'i? '''Do you have money?'''
 +
 
 +
Bani de kud'i. '''I don't have money.'''
 +
 
 +
Ba na so. '''I don't like it.'''
 +
 
 +
Ina so. '''I like it.'''
 +
 
 +
Shanu '''Cattle'''
 +
 
 +
Zomo '''Hare'''
 +
 
 +
Rakoomi '''Camel'''
 +
 
 +
Rakoomin dadje '''Giraffe'''
 +
 
 +
Doki '''Horse'''
 +
 
 +
Dan doka '''Police'''
 +
 
 +
Kanna sha taba? '''Do you smoke? (lit; Do you drink cigarettes)'''
 +
 
 +
Kana/Kina shan giya? '''Do you(masculine/feminine) drink alcohol?'''
 +
 
 +
Sarki '''A chief'''
 +
 
 +
Aboki '''Friend'''
 +
 
 +
Zaki '''Lion'''
 +
 
 +
Geewa '''Elephant'''
 +
 
 +
Geewan Ruwa '''Nile perch (Lit: Elephant of the waters)'''
 +
 
 +
Bai kome '''It doesn't matter'''
 +
 
 +
Wasa '''Playing'''
 +
 
 +
Kadaka zo gobe '''Don't come tomorrow'''
 +
 
 +
Mata ta gudo. '''Your wife has run away.'''
  
==Learning more==
+
Wuta '''fire/electricity'''
  
 
[[fr:Guide linguistique haoussa]]
 
[[fr:Guide linguistique haoussa]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Hausa language]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Hausa language]]
  
{{stub}}
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{{outlinephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}

Revision as of 12:35, 19 February 2013

Hausa is a Chadic language with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 24 million people, and as a second language by about 15 million more. Native speakers of Hausa are mostly to be found in the in the north of Nigeria and in the African country of Niger (where it is an official language in the north), but the language is widely used as a lingua franca (similar to Wolof in Senegal) in a much larger swathe of West Africa. Especially prevalent in the Northern Region of Ghana, commonly used by the Fulani herdsmen who originate from Nigeria.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

like 'a' in "cat"

Consonants

like 'b' in "bat" but there is also an implosive b, a sound not in English

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. 
Sannu but the commonest polite greeting is Salama alaikum, peace be upon you. Salaam alaikum is a Muslim greeting, more commonly used by men than women.
A gaishai ka (ki) Hello, or I greet you. Used as a more formal salutation, or if you find someone at hard at work.
How are you? 
ا نا لافييا /Kana Lahiya (addressing males) or Kina lahiya (addressing females)?
Fine 
Lafiya lau. (in health)
What is your name? 
Mai sunan ka?
My name is ______ . 
suna na _____ne
You may do best to simply respond to friendly greetings as they come at you. Lahiya or lahiya lau is nearly always a polite response.
Sannu da aiki (said to someone at work)
sannu kadai (hello back)
Sannu da zuwa (welcome, greetings on your arrival)
sannu kadai (hello back)
ina gajiya (how is the tiredness)
ba gajiya (fine, no tiredness)
ina dan uwa'en ka (ki) (how are your relatives, your family)
lahiya lau
Ina kwana (good morning, literally how did you sleep)
Lahiya
I do not speak Hausa (literally I do not hear Hausa) 
Ba na jin Hausa
I do not understand 
Ban gane ba


Nice to meet you. 
Ina farin cikin haduwa da kai (an English greeting, not a Hausa one)
Please. 
Don Allah
Thank you. 
Na gode.
You're welcome. 
barka de zuwa or sannu de zuwa (in the sense of welcoming someone)
Ba kome (in response to someone thanking you)
Yes. 
A (sounded as letter 'a' but drawn out like 'ayyy' not 'ahhh')
No. 
A'a (sounded as 'ah ah')
Please listen to me
(getting attention) : Don Allah ji mana
Excuse me please
(begging pardon) : Gafara Don Allah
I'm sorry. 
Yi hak'uri
Goodbye 
Sai an jima.
See you tomorrow
Sai Gobe
I can't speak 'Swedish' [well]. 
Ba na jin harshen Swedish
Do you speak English? 
Ka na jin harshen turanci kuwa?
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Akwai mai jin harshen turanci kusa?
Help! 
Taimaka!
Look out! 
A lura sosai!
Good morning. 
Ina kwana?
Good evening. 
Barka da yamma
Good night. 
Allah ya ba mu alheri
Good night (to sleep) 
Mu kwana lafiya
I don't understand. 
Ban gane ba
Where is the toilet? 
Ina makewayi ya ke?

In Daily Life

Let's go 
Mu je
Let's go to the market 
Mu tahi kasuwa
Let's go home 
Mu tahi gida
Where are you going? 
Ina za ka je? (Masculine), Ina za ki je(Feminine)
Small boy 
'yaro
farmer 
mai noma
Where do you come from? 
Daga ina ka zo? or ina ka zo daga?
House 
Gida
Family 
Iyali
Mosque 
masallaci
What country do you come from? 
Wani gari kafai to?
Come 
zo or Zo nan (come here)
Wonderful 
Mamaki
Where did you going? 
ina ka na je
Do you understand (Hausa) 
Kana jin harshen Hausa
Small Small 
Ka'dan ka'dan
Is it good?* or It is good 
yena da kyau? or tai kyau?
What is this? 
Menene wan nan?
What are you doing? 
Menene Ka na yi?
Okay, yes, you're welcome* 
Too, Yoo *common in Ghana to use when speaking Hausa
I like you 
Ina so'n ka (mas.) ina so'n ki (fem.)

In the Market

Good Market With you 
Allah abiba kasuwa
Market 
Kasuwa
How much? 
Nawane
Can I buy some? 
zan siya abu
Can I have some? 
Nasu mu
Can I buy (Milk)
Densay (Madera)?
Last price? 
Nawane gaskiya
Give me clean water to drink 
Bani ruwa in sha
Drinkable water 
Ruwan Shah
Food is delicious (Literally Food gets delicious) 
Abinchin ku yana dadi
Rice 
shinkafa
Beans 
wake
tuwo 
traditional meal
millet 
hatsi
pasta 
maka
onion 
albasa

Other

  • Sannu: Hello
  • Na gode: Thank You
  • Ina jin yunwa: I'm Hungry
  • Ina son ruwa: I want water
  • Ko ba ha'ka ba? Is that not so?
  • Gaskiya? True?
  • Sai wata rana. Until another day (Goodbye)
  • Akwai labari? Is there any news?
  • Na ji dadi. I am pleased
  • Madallah! Excellent! (often used at the end of the greetings if all is well)
  • Na gaji. I am tired.

I na zaka(ki) ce? Where do you want to go?

Bin iya yi ba. I don't know how to do it.

Zan tafi. I'm leaving.

Na gani. I understand.

A kwe abinchi? Is there food?

Na koshi. I'm full (after eating).

Me ka(kin) ce? What did you say?

Bari. Leave it.

Zauna. Sit down.

Ta fita. She has gone out.

Ya je aiki. He has gone to work.

Ka iya yi? Do you know how to do it?

Ina son mota dan Allah. I would like a car please.

Ina zan kwana? Where would I stay?

Kana de Kud'i? Do you have money?

Bani de kud'i. I don't have money.

Ba na so. I don't like it.

Ina so. I like it.

Shanu Cattle

Zomo Hare

Rakoomi Camel

Rakoomin dadje Giraffe

Doki Horse

Dan doka Police

Kanna sha taba? Do you smoke? (lit; Do you drink cigarettes)

Kana/Kina shan giya? Do you(masculine/feminine) drink alcohol?

Sarki A chief

Aboki Friend

Zaki Lion

Geewa Elephant

Geewan Ruwa Nile perch (Lit: Elephant of the waters)

Bai kome It doesn't matter

Wasa Playing

Kadaka zo gobe Don't come tomorrow

Mata ta gudo. Your wife has run away.

Wuta fire/electricity

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

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