The province, which was then known as Sandjak (county) of Alexandretta, was under French control as a part of the French Mandate of Syria between 1920 and 1938. In 1938, it appeared on the maps as the independent State of Hatay. Following a plebiscite a year later, it joined Turkey as the Hatay Province in 1939.
The only significant settlement in the province with a railline is Iskenderun, which has several daily train connections with Adana and Mersin.Since 2008 transportation via train is suspended for improvements at rail line between Adana and Iskenderun. For more information you should visit Turkish State Railways (TCDD) website.
The main highway connecting the province to the rest of Turkey to the north is the motorway O-53 (toll-road). There are also secondary highways as well, some of which eventually reaches one of many border posts located on the Turkish-Syrian border.
The telephone code of the province is 326, which should be prefixed with 0 when calling from elsewhere in Turkey, or with +90 when calling from out of Turkey.