Antakya, also known as Antioch – the provincial capital
Iskenderun, also known as Alexandretta – the biggest city of the province, situated on the shore of Mediterranean Sea
The province, which was then known as Sandjak (county) of Alexandretta, was under French control as a part of the French Mandate of Syria between 1920 and 1938. In 1938, it appeared on the maps as the independent State of Hatay. Following a plebiscite a year later, it joined Turkey as the Hatay Province in 1939.
Almost all people in the province can speak Turkish, although with a heavy accent in most cases. Also Syrian dialect of Arabic is the native tongue for many people in many parts of the province.
Domestic flights are available to Hatay Airport which is located about 25 km away from Antakya. However, nearest airport with international connections is located in Adana to the north.
The only significant settlement in the province with a railline is Iskenderun, which has several daily train connections with Adana and Mersin.
The main highway connecting the province to the rest of Turkey to the north is the motorway O-53 (toll-road). There are also secondary highways as well, some of which eventually reaches one of many border posts located on the Turkish-Syrian border.