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'''Höfn í Hornafjörður''' (or ''Hofn in Hornafjordur'' when anglicised; roughly pronounced "hurb-n ee hotn-a-fyur-thur"), is located in the [[East Iceland]], 460 km east of [[Reykjavik]], the capital of Iceland. It is in fact a geographically large munipalicity situated along the coast, in front of the Southern part of Europe's largest glacier, Vatnajökull.
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'''Höfn''', also known as '''Höfn í Hornafirði''' [http://www.rikivatnajokuls.is/ferdathjonusta/english] is a town in [[East Iceland]], right on the south-eastern corner of the country. Höfn sits by the lagoon (or fjord) '''Hornafjörður''' which is also the name of the large municipality of which the town is the centre and covers the entire area of the county '''Austur-Skaftafellssýsla'''. This guide covers both the town itself and the surrounding municipality, excluding the westernmost part which forms one of the main gateways to [[Vatnajökull National Park]]. For tourism purposes, the area calls itself the Vatnajökull Region, and there is much truth in this: Nowhere else is quite as dominated by Europe's largest glacier, nowhere else have people learned to live in such close quarters with the huge sheet of ice.
  
In spite of substantial territory, the population is only around 2400. Höfn is the largest part of the municipality in terms of population, with around 2000 inhabitants. Its economical activities mainly revolve around fish - fishing and fish processing. One of the town's main product is the lobster, which can  be found in abundant quantities in the fishing areas surrounding the Southeastern coast of Iceland. The name "Hornafjörður" relates to the very large glacier lagoon (at times incorrectly referred to as a fjord). The 40 sq.km large lagoon, Hornafjöður, is formed by interactions of the Atlantic Ocean and the Vatnajökull glacier, which by its constant movement produces clay and sand, carried by the glacier rivers and ending up as sediment in the lagoon.
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==Understand==
  
The region's main itineraries are 1)The spectacular national park, Skaftafell (around 200 km west of Höfn), 2) [[Jökulsárlón]] (literally the Glacial River Lagoon) located approximately 100 km east of Skaftafell and 3) The Vatnajökull Glacier to which there is a road, around 50 km east of Jökulsárlón and 4) Lónsöræfi, one of Iceland's most beautiful mountain area, only reachable by foot.
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In spite of substantial territory, the population of the Hornafjörður area is only around 2400. Höfn is by far the largest settlement with around 2000 inhabitants. The rest of the population is spread along the very narrow patch of arable land between Vatnajökull and the Atlantic Ocean. Höfn's economical activities mainly revolve around fisheries, and the town is especially known for lobster which can  be found in abundant quantities in the fishing areas surrounding the southeastern coast.
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Despite its name which indicates a fjord, Hornafjörður itself is a very large glacier lagoon. The 40 square km lagoon is formed by interactions of the Atlantic Ocean and the Vatnajökull glacier, which by its constant movement produces clay and sand, carried by the glacier rivers and ending up as sediment in the lagoon. The lagoon is shallow, but nevertheless navigable by large ships and the town of Höfn (the name means ''harbour'') is located at the first natural harbour on the south coast after [[Þorlákshöfn]] hundreds of kilometers to the west.
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The area is dominated by large mountains and wide rivers, as well as the ever-present Vatnajökull glacier. All of this has combined to make the area one of the most remote in Iceland until the last few decades of the 20th century when roads were significantly improved.
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Höfn and the Hornafjörður area, being on the Eastern coast of Iceland, are on the leeward side of prevailing winds.  While it might be windy, less precipitation falls in this area making it part of the closest thing to being a low desert in Iceland (the high desert being the area East of [[Mývatn]]).
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
  
The bus from Reykjavik leaves at 8:30am and gets in around 5pm, having stopped at many points of interest in southern Iceland.
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The Ring Road is the main road (and in places, the only road) through the entire Hornafjörður area, but Höfn is a few kilometers of the Ring Road is connected to it by road nr. 99. Höfn is a little over 450 km from [[Reykjavík]] and between 200 and 250 km from [[Egilsstaðir]], depending on which route is taken.
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A bus from BSÍ bus terminal in Reykjavík leaves at 8:30am and gets in around 5pm, having stopped at many points of interest in southern Iceland. In the summer there is also a bus from Egilsstaðir, leaving at 1:30pm and getting to Höfn at 5pm. The bus stop in Höfn is the N1 gas station just off the main road leading into town.
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Eagle Air flies between Reykjavík and Höfn most days. Note that the airport is some distance outside the Höfn itself, so you'll have to figure out a way to get into town.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
===Climate===
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If you have a '''car''', its easy enough to get around and quite difficult to get lost. Without a car, matters are more complicated. The only means of public transportation is a single '''taxi''' which can be ordered by calling +354 865 4353. Organised '''tours''' with some of the many tour companies based in Höfn may be the easiest way to get around the area, and the safest way to explore the glaicers.
[[Hofn]], being on the Eastern coast of Iceland, is on the leeward side of prevailing winds. While it might be windy, less precipitation falls in this area making it part of the closest thing to being a low desert in Iceland (the high desert being the area East of [[Mývatn]] on the [[Ring Road]].
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==See==
 
==See==
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The seafront is quite pleasant to walk around, if you don't mind the smell of fish from the harbour.
 
The seafront is quite pleasant to walk around, if you don't mind the smell of fish from the harbour.
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The region's main itineraries are 1)The spectacular national park, Skaftafell (around 200 km west of Höfn), 2) [[Jökulsárlón]] (literally the Glacial River Lagoon) located approximately 100 km east of Skaftafell and 3) The Vatnajökull Glacier to which there is a road, around 50 km east of Jökulsárlón and 4) Lónsöræfi, one of Iceland's most beautiful mountain area, only reachable by foot.
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==

Revision as of 10:47, 14 October 2011

Höfn, also known as Höfn í Hornafirði [1] is a town in East Iceland, right on the south-eastern corner of the country. Höfn sits by the lagoon (or fjord) Hornafjörður which is also the name of the large municipality of which the town is the centre and covers the entire area of the county Austur-Skaftafellssýsla. This guide covers both the town itself and the surrounding municipality, excluding the westernmost part which forms one of the main gateways to Vatnajökull National Park. For tourism purposes, the area calls itself the Vatnajökull Region, and there is much truth in this: Nowhere else is quite as dominated by Europe's largest glacier, nowhere else have people learned to live in such close quarters with the huge sheet of ice.

Contents

Understand

In spite of substantial territory, the population of the Hornafjörður area is only around 2400. Höfn is by far the largest settlement with around 2000 inhabitants. The rest of the population is spread along the very narrow patch of arable land between Vatnajökull and the Atlantic Ocean. Höfn's economical activities mainly revolve around fisheries, and the town is especially known for lobster which can be found in abundant quantities in the fishing areas surrounding the southeastern coast.

Despite its name which indicates a fjord, Hornafjörður itself is a very large glacier lagoon. The 40 square km lagoon is formed by interactions of the Atlantic Ocean and the Vatnajökull glacier, which by its constant movement produces clay and sand, carried by the glacier rivers and ending up as sediment in the lagoon. The lagoon is shallow, but nevertheless navigable by large ships and the town of Höfn (the name means harbour) is located at the first natural harbour on the south coast after Þorlákshöfn hundreds of kilometers to the west.

The area is dominated by large mountains and wide rivers, as well as the ever-present Vatnajökull glacier. All of this has combined to make the area one of the most remote in Iceland until the last few decades of the 20th century when roads were significantly improved.

Höfn and the Hornafjörður area, being on the Eastern coast of Iceland, are on the leeward side of prevailing winds. While it might be windy, less precipitation falls in this area making it part of the closest thing to being a low desert in Iceland (the high desert being the area East of Mývatn).

Get in

The Ring Road is the main road (and in places, the only road) through the entire Hornafjörður area, but Höfn is a few kilometers of the Ring Road is connected to it by road nr. 99. Höfn is a little over 450 km from Reykjavík and between 200 and 250 km from Egilsstaðir, depending on which route is taken.

A bus from BSÍ bus terminal in Reykjavík leaves at 8:30am and gets in around 5pm, having stopped at many points of interest in southern Iceland. In the summer there is also a bus from Egilsstaðir, leaving at 1:30pm and getting to Höfn at 5pm. The bus stop in Höfn is the N1 gas station just off the main road leading into town.

Eagle Air flies between Reykjavík and Höfn most days. Note that the airport is some distance outside the Höfn itself, so you'll have to figure out a way to get into town.

Get around

If you have a car, its easy enough to get around and quite difficult to get lost. Without a car, matters are more complicated. The only means of public transportation is a single taxi which can be ordered by calling +354 865 4353. Organised tours with some of the many tour companies based in Höfn may be the easiest way to get around the area, and the safest way to explore the glaicers.

See

Höfn's Glacier Museum.

The seafront is quite pleasant to walk around, if you don't mind the smell of fish from the harbour.

The region's main itineraries are 1)The spectacular national park, Skaftafell (around 200 km west of Höfn), 2) Jökulsárlón (literally the Glacial River Lagoon) located approximately 100 km east of Skaftafell and 3) The Vatnajökull Glacier to which there is a road, around 50 km east of Jökulsárlón and 4) Lónsöræfi, one of Iceland's most beautiful mountain area, only reachable by foot.

Do

Visit the Ice Sheet at Jokulsarlon.

There are daily tours to the top of Vatnajökull departing from the N1 garage, though these can be pricey - up to 250 Euro if you go for the full Ski-doo experience.

Buy

Eat

The locals prize their lobster.

Kaffi Hornið - excellent fish meals in an atmospheric wooden building.

Viking Bar - good pizza, doubles as a sports bar

Hafnarbúðin - next to the Hvammur Guesthouse, very low prices for Iceland, but the food is filling - burgers, chips, toasted sandwiches. It also functions as a drive-through, though given that the whole municipality is less than a kilometre across the popularity of this is intriguing.

Drink

Sleep

  • Hotel Höfn is a 1960s style hotel with restaurant (lobster is featured, so a little pricey).
  • Youth hostel, commonly book full even in the off season. Contact in advance for reservations.
  • Guesthouse Hvammur - the main building is by the harbour with functional rooms (a bed and a wardrobe) and a shared bathroom. A more upmarket set of rooms uptown (right by the N1 gas station where the coaches stop) offer quirky furniture and rather good art and ensuite bathrooms - however you will still need to trek down to the main guesthouse to get breakfast.

Get out


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