Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Gwalior

From Wikitravel
Madhya Pradesh : Gwalior
Revision as of 08:37, 13 August 2013 by OVK (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search
Gwalior Fort

Gwalior is a historic city situated in Madhya Pradesh. It is located 122 kilometres (76 mi) south of Agra, and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital.Gwalior is surrounded by industrial and commercial zones of neighboring districts (Malanpur - Bhind, Banmor - Morena) on all three main directions. Gwalior is one of the largest city of Central India and is often referred to as the tourist capital of the Madhya-Pradesh; The State being called as The Heart Of Incredible India.

The city was once the seat of reigning Rajputs namely Pratiharas, Kachwahas, and Tomars and Marathas who have left behind their footprints in the form of palaces, forts, temples, and other monuments giving Gwalior a unique appeal and facade.

History

History of Gwalior can be divided into three different ages.

Ancient Times In ancient times the city was known as Gopgiri or Gopadri. The central hillock over which the fort of Gwalior is situated was referred to as Gopachal. During the later period of the 2nd century the Nagvansh clan established themselves in the region with the administrative headquarters in Vidisha however later the capital was shifted to Padmavati (modern Pawaya) by Bhimnag. Coins asserting the administrative rights of the clan have been found here , later they were defeated by Samudragupta as per a pillar inscription found in Allahabad.

Medieval Times The city was attacked by Mohammad Ghori who appointed his commander Sallachan as the administrative ruler of Gwalior. Later during the rule of Slave dynasty Iltutmish was appointed as the in-charge of fort. During the later period of 14th century the Tomars established themselves as the ruler of the region. This period saw the ascension of one of the most famous Tomar rulers namely Man Singh Tomar. After the first battle of Panipat , Gwalior became part of Mughal Empire. A description of the fort of Gwalior can be found in the biography of Babur.

Modern Times In the aftermath of third battle of Panipat the Jats were able to ascertain their supremacy but in 1765 Mahadaji Shinde, took over the throne. In 1948 the states of Indore and Gwalior were merged along with some other small states to form Madhya Bharat. Present Madhya Pradesh was formed on 1st November 1956 after merging Madhya Bharat, Bhopal, Vindhya and Mahakoshal.

Get in

By air

Gwalior Airport, (IATA: GWL, ICAO: VIGR) is one of four airports in the region. It is also the site of an Indian Air Force Base.

Gwalior airport has some scheduled domestic services however they are not available daily.

  • Air India Regional, provide services to Delhi and Jabalpur.
  • Ventura Air connect , provides services to Bhopal and Indore

By train

Gwalior is very well connected to major cities across India by direct train links. You can reach Gwalior from India's capital New Delhi, in 3 hours by New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express(India's fastest train). This city is directly connected to Jammu, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Dehradun, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Kanyakumari, Vishakhapattnam, Patna, Kolkata, etc.Gwalior railway station is a major Railway station and comes under the jurisdiction of Jhansi Rail Divison. Train ticket reservation is fully computerized and can be done at railway station itself. Another convenient way of getting reservation is online reservation facility provided by the site of Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation [1]]. Auto Rickshaw and Tempos (Shared Auto Rickshaw) are available from the station to most parts of the city 24 hours. There is a pre-paid booth at railway station for hiring Auto-Rickshaw. It is advised to negotiate fare before hiring one. Taxis are also available at railway station.

By road

Gwalior is situated on the North-South corridor of National Express Highway. National highway No.3(Agra-Mumbai road) connects Gwalior To Delhi,Agra,Indore and Mumbai. National Highway No.75 connects Gwalior to Jhansi, while National Highway No.92 links Bhongaon with the city.

Get around

For moving in the area around Gwalior Fort, either autos or bike rickshaws work. Walking is also viable if you have time. A huge crowd of morning joggers may be seen specially during summer.

By tempos

The cheapest way to move inside the city, but you may need to share it with other passengers and they run on fixed routes.

By auto

Costlier than tempos but convinent for going to internal parts of city. Remember, auto rickshaws in Gwalior do not have fare meters. So, never forget to negotiate fare before hiring one.

By bus

Buses are available to visit near by places as well as for travel to different cities. These buses are available from Bus Stand near Railway Station. M.P.,Rajastahan,U.P, State Roadways Corporation have number of Bus services connecting to cities and towns around Gwalior. Some private operators also have luxury bus services on selected routes which mostly start from various parts of the city.

By Taxi

  • taxiGUIDE.in (Gwalior Car Rental), +91 888 023 4455 (), [2]. Inquiry: 7am to 11pm. Gwalior Car Rental services on taxiGUIDE.in - a Chauffeur Driven Car Rental service in 75 Cities in India. Fares start from Rs.1400 for full day local & Rs.9.5/km for Outstation.

See

Ghaus's Tomb


  • Gwalior Fort

The fort is known as the Gibraltar of India and various rulers at different points of time has praised the architectural design and its resilience. It is situated on a hillock with the city surrounding it on all sides , the fort is a very lively one with many of the routines of the city's residents tied to it.

  • Ghaus's Tomb enclave

Muhammad Ghawth also known as Ghaus Mohammed was one of the most noted Sufis of his times and he was the guru of Tansen, one of the Navratnas of Akbar's court. The Samdhi of Tansen is also housed in the enclave. The site also doubles up as the venue for the Tansen Music Festival

  • Italian Garden enclave.

This enclave provides the residents of the city to beat the summer heat and also serves as a popular picnic spot for school children. The garden has extensive network of stone fountains which lend a unique splendor. The garden is connected with Moti Mahal, a former palace of the Scindia's which serves as the commissioner's office and displays a rich gallery of wall paintings. This is also connected with BaijaTal which serves as one of the most preferred venues for cultural performances. A boat club and various food stalls catering to different tastes are also housed in the area.

  • Samadhi of Rani Laxmi Bai

Rani Lakshmibai along with Tatya Tope remains one of the most revered freedom fighters in the minds of the general populace and an annual fair is organised in her rememberance in the Phoolbagh Area. The most prominent road of the city is named after her. Alongside the Samadhi various gardens are situated namely PhoolBagh and Ambedkar which serve as the rendezvous point for the residents and tourists alike.

  • Gwalior Zoo

The zoo of the city is well known for its proper upkeep and kind treatment to animals. The zoo is known for its stellar medical care to animals. The main attractions of the zoo are Krishnamrigs (Blackbucks) and Tiger cubs.

  • Sarod Ghar

This is the ancestral house of Sarod maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan which now has been converted into a museum. A must for all music lovers.

  • Chhatris of Scindia Dynasty

The chhatris are situated in the Lakshmiganj area midst a bustling marketplace. The area also houses a Stadium which also serves as the venue for various community food festivals.

Places of Worship The city of Gwalior is a city of many faiths with Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism dominating the landscape. The town is dotted with temples dating from various periods of time.

  • Gurudwara Data Bandi Chod

The famed gurudwara is frequented by a lot of foreign tourists who wish to experience the serene surroundings of a place of worship. The gurudwara is famous throughout the country and houses many facilites for the pilgrims. The ongoing Langar, offers free food service to all who visit the holy place. One of the other prominent gurudwaras is located in the Nadi gate area of Phoolbagh from which a shuttle service can be utilised to reach the more famous shrine over the hilltop.

  • Gopachal Parvat

One of the holiest places for the people following the Jain faith in the city. It is said to house the biggest statue of parsvanath in sitting posture in the world. During the evening the lighting of the area provides a unique picturesque hue.

  • Sanatana Dharma Mandir and Achaleshwar

These two are arguably the most famous temples of the city located nearby each other. Sanatana Dharma Mandir is dedicated to Lord Krishna and is governed by the Sanatana Dharma Mandala, which is the most powerful religious body of the city. The achaleshwar temple is dedicated to lord Shiva and devotees from all of the surrounding areas come to pay their respects. The temple complex at present is undergoing expansion and the temple trust is also known for celebrating Ganesh Chaturthi celebration with unmatched exuberance and extravagance.

  • Koteshwar

This temple is one of the oldest temples in the city and has one of the biggest temple premises in the city. The temple is dedicated to lord Shiva and a huge fair is organized on the day of Mahashivratri which sees participation from not only the city but the surrounding villages as well. The temple is governed by the Devsthan trust and the Monday prayers during the month of Savan are a sight to behold and cherish.

  • Ram Mandir

The temple dedicated to lord Rama is situated in one of the busiest market places of the city. The regular evening prayers are serene, sincere and the devotion of the devotees is inspiring. The temple is also known for the beauty of its idols.

  • Surya Mandir (Sun Temple)

The temple is dedicated to the Sun god Vivaswan and was constructed as a replica to the more famous Konark Sun Temple. The temple is constructed using Red sand stone and white marble. It was constructed in 1988 by G.D. Birla , one of the prominent industrialists of the country.

  • Mandare Ki Mata

The temple is dedicated to the divine mother and is situated near Gajra Raja Medical College atop a hillock. The temple was constructed in 1715 by Anand Rao Mandare.

Other prominent temples in the region include Garagaj Ke Hanuman temple which is dedicated to lord Hanuman situated in the Bahodapur region of the city, Khedapati temple which is situated near the Phoolbagh area is also dedicated to lord Hanuman. Other famous temples include Sheetla Mata mandir dedicated to the divine goddess and Sai Baba temple in Sevanagar. Many other small but old temples dot the landscape of the city.


Climate

Gwalior is known for extreme climate. In winters, mercury may dip to 1 degree Celcius and on hottest summer day, it may rise to 48°C. But normally, winter temperature ranges between 6 degress Celcius and 21°C. While summer temperature hovers between 24°C and 45°C. Rainy season starts in the third week of June with Monsoon raains washing the central India. Monsoon rains gradually become weak in September and the season ends in the last week of September.

The best season to visit Gwalior is pre-winter and spring. And the best months to visit this place are September to November, February to March. April to August, it is very hot and unadvisable for sightseeing in the heat.

Fairs and Festivals

Gwalior Annual Trade Fair If you are visiting in winters you can go to the famous Annual Trade Fair for shopping as well as experiencing the native culture.

Tansen Music Festival You can also enjoy beautiful Indian classical music both (vocal and instrumental) at 'Tansen Music Festival' during winters which is held in honor of Tansen who hailed from the city.

Gwalior Carnival Recently the Gwalior district tourism development council has started the carnival in the month of December boost tourism. This is an all encompassing event which includes sports activities, spiritual camps, dance and music festival and food grubs.

Do

Din Dayal Mall It is the biggest mall of the region catering to all the shopping needs of an average household. It also doubled as one of the most favored hang-out places among the youth of the city.

Heritage Walk The fort of Gwalior is centrally located and to witness it in its full splendor a walk around is a must. The fort includes a plethora of monuments namely:

  • Saas Bahu Mandir: Renowned for its intricate etchings on stone
  • Scindia School: One of the premier public schools of the region and serves as a window into the past of the education infrastructure of the nobility .
  • Data Bandi Chor Gurudwara: This is one of the holies places in the city for Sikhs and Hindus alike and offer tasty sweet-dishes as a part of the offering to the deity.
  • Mansingh Palace: The Mansingh palace, also known as Manmandir is the most recognizable and famous landmark of the city.The light and sound show held during the evenings is a must visit.

Other monuments included in the fort premises are Karan Mahal which served as royal quarters, Teli ka mandir which is a unique blend of different architectural designs , Surajkund, Ek Pathar ki Bawadi which houses several holy Jain statues carved into the fort walls and various other huge Jain statues throughout the premises.


Visit to the Museums Gwalior has one of the best museums in the country. There are a total of three major museums in the city.

  • Gujri Mahal

This houses one of the best preserved stone monuments and figurines from all over the country. The special attraction is the figurine of Shalbhanjika which is renowned for its smile.

  • Jai Vilas Palace

This is the official residence of the Scindia's who served as the rulers of the state. The major attractions include a silver serving train which runs on the dining table serving hot food to its patrons and one of the heaviest set of chandeliers in the country. Recently the museum is also opened during the evenings complete with lightings , decorations and fountains.

  • State Museum

This is the government owned museum which is known for its fantastic display of animal skins and taxidermy specimens.

Shop around in Maharaj Bada The Maharaj Bada serves as the main shopping district for the city of Gwalior as well as nearby towns. It is a multi-product market with various lanes and by-lanes serving as a single product market. The area houses various government buildings which are situated in various grand colonial buildings. Each building follows a different pattern of architecture ranging from the Roman to Mughal house of architecture providing a feat for the eyes. The area is also known for its street market and street food.

Water Sports The water supply to the city comes from a nearby dam called Tighara. The tourism development corporation runs various water sports related activities for the adventure sports enthusiasts. It is also a popular picnic spot for families and corporate alike.

Watch a Play The Natyamandir in the Dal Bazar has excellent facilities for showcasing the talents in the house of drama. Kindly confirm the listings before planning to visit.

Buy

  • Handicrafts: The best time to buy the items is from the Shilp Bazaar which is a part of the Annual Trade Fair held during the month of January where artisans from all parts of the country showcase their artwork.
  • Clothes: Gwalior is one of the biggest cloth market of the region and specially known for unique style of Sarees (A traditional ethnic wear for women) known as Chanderi Sarees.
  • Stone Art: The masons hailing from the city are well renowned and small stone figurines are a must buy.

Eat

Edit-clear.png
This article or section does not match our manual of style or needs other editing. Please plunge forward, give it your attention and help it improve! Suggested fixes: Please use the standard Wikitravel headers; Budget, Mid-range and Splurge. Please also provide details of the establishment, just providing the name is not of much use to anyone.


This guide uses the following price ranges for a typical meal for one, including soft drink:
Budget Under Rs 120
Mid-range Rs 120-250
Splurge Rs 250 +


Gwalior is a vegetarian food lover's paradise. The area is specially known for its lavish breakfast consisting of kachories, samosas, Bedai (A flour based fired dish) served with potato curries and chutneys.The breakfast meal also includes sweets such as jalebies and rabdi. Poha , a dish prepared from flattened rice is one of the staple breakfast dishes served with spicy Namkeens which again are a renowned speciality of the region. Also try out gazak,a sweet dish , made of jaggery and Til and available during winters.

Budget

  • SS Kachoriwala

The Samosa (Potato filled Maida snacks) and Kachoris are a specialty and a must try for breakfast.The shop is located in the Naya Bazaar area and a moderate crowd can be found at all times.

  • Bahadura Sweets

The sweets also located in the Naya Bazaar area is famous for its sweets specially Laddoos and Gulab Jamuns, the high turnover ensures that all the raw materials are fresh and the demand for sweets is specially high during festivals.

  • Chowpatti

The chowapatti fashioned after the famous Chowpatti of Mumbai is place where a wide variety of Chaat and Chinese snacks are served. The chowpatti is located in the Phoolbagh region and is highly frequented spot by students.

  • Achaleshwar Road

The area near chambers of commerce on the Achaleshwar road is famous for different varieties of food which include South Indian specialits , Maharashtrian Pav Bhaji and Punjabi dishes like Chole Bhature and Amritsari Naan. The area is highly popular spot for an evening snack which can be very well converted into dinner.

  • Indian Coffee House

The Indian Coffee House or ICH by which it is known by the youth of the city is one of the joints serving authentic south indian varieties and filter coffee.

Mid-Range

  • Volga

The restaurant is situated in the Patankar Bazaar area and is known for moderately comfortable ambience and piping hot vegetarian dishes.

  • Params

The restaurant is situated near Scindia Kanya Vidyalaya and is known for its different kinds of Bakery products and Chinese dishes.

  • Sher-e-Punjab

The restaurant located in the Nai Sadak region is famous for its authentic Punjabi cuisine and non-vegetarian dishes.

  • Kwality

The restaurant is one of the oldest restaurants of the city located in the City center region where it has recently relocated from the Phoolbagh region. The restaurant remains as a perennial favorite amongst the youth of the city and is specially famous for its desserts.

  • Chotiwala

The restaurant located near Gwalior Railway Station is famous for its hearty vegetarian meals and hygeinic surroundings.

  • Parathawala

The parathawala located in the Maharaj Bada region is one of the oldest restaurant famous for its wide variety of stuffed parathas and sweets.

  • Salt n Pepper

The restaurant located in the Mandare ki Mata region is famous for its chinese dishes. The serene surrounding replete with parks, gardens and chattris lend an altogether different aura to the venue.

  • Cook's

The restaurant located in the Patankar Bazaar area is known for its wide range of fast food varieties. It is one of the favorite spots for college goers and families alike.

Splurge

  • Silver Saloon

The restaurant is located inside Usha Kiran Palce and is known for its impeccable ambience and great taste. The periodic food festivals are a must try.

  • Blue Fox

The restaurant is located at Padav region within Shelter hotel. It is famous for its extensive breakfast menu and cool interiors.

  • Suruchi

The restaurant which is a part of the Suruchi hotel located in the Gole ka Mandir area is famous for its traditional North Indian cuisine.

Drink

  • D'N'D, Dindayal City Mall - 2nd floor. DND is biggest discotheque bar in Gwalior city, There is Couple Entry, means No Single or Boys only or Girls only group cant enter. Entry is 500 INR for a couple, Money you give for the entry can be used in the Bar. INR 200 / Couple.
  • Barcode, City Centre. A cheap discotheque and a fine restaurant, Entry is Rs. 200 (Coupon is given) which can be used inside in place of money 200.


Sleep

  • The Usha Kiran Palace (Jai Vilas Palace)
  • Hotel Shelter (Padav Circle)
  • Regency (near Gwalior bus stand)
  • SitaManor, Gandhi Road, Thatipur
  • Landmark, Jhansi Road (near the railway station)
  • The Central Park (city center)
  • Hotel Tansen, Gandhi Road
  • The SunBeam (city center)
  • Tansen Residency Govt Tourist Lodge. Online booking at [3]
  • http://travelmitradelhi.blogspot.in/
  • Hotel Sudarshan, Jinsi Road 1, Chhaparewala Pul, 07512635693. AC 1700.
  • Hotel Surbhi, Naya Bazar, Lashkar, 9425726777. checkin: 12:00 PM; checkout: 12:00 PM. Located in the in Naya Bazar, about 5 km from the railway station. 25 rooms divided into Deluxe, AC and Executive, In-room amenities include: cable television, telephone, and an attached bathroom with modern fittings and hot/cold water. Room and laundry service is also available. INR 900/1200.
  • Hotel Mayur, Station Road, Padav, Gwalior (Near Padav Railway Bridge), 07512410621. checkin: 24 hours. The Hotel Mayur is strongly recommended by Lonely Planet. Rs. 400. (Rs.1325,)


Excursions

This houses the Border Security Force Academy which is worth a visit. The premises include a lake, museum and various adventure sports facilites. Kindly contact the respective authorities before planning a visit for the required permissions.

  • Kakanmath

The temple dedicated to lord Shiva was built by Kachchapghaat rulers located in Morena disctrict and is a magnificent piece of architecture even in its ruins.

Around 100 kms from Gwalior the city is major railway junction famous for the fort of Rani Jhansi

Around 120 km from Gwalior famous for its Temple Complex dedicated to lord Rama, ghats on the river betwa and general wildlife surroundings

60 km on the Jhansi road famous for its massive Jain Temple complex.

Aroung 75 kms away from the city, it is famous for one of the holiest temples dedicated to goddess Bagulamukhi and the adjacent fort complex.

The city of Bharatpur is best known for the Keoladeo wildlife sanctuary which houses an exotic variety of birds and is a must visit for wildlife enthusiasts.

The town of Shivpuri was a stronghold of Scindias and is famous for its Chhatri complex and the Madhav Wildlife sanctuary which houses a wide variety of wildlife unique to the region.

The world famous city of Taj is located just 130 kms away on National Highway No.3




This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages