Difference between revisions of "Gujarat"
Revision as of 10:44, 29 July 2007
Gujarat  is a state in the Republic of India. With 20% of the country's total industrial output, it is the most industrialized state in India. Gujarat borders Pakistan, and the states of Rajasthan to the north-east, Madhya Pradesh to the east, Maharashtra and the Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south. The international border with Pakistan is to the north-west. The Arabian Sea makes up the state's western coast. Its capital, Gandhinagar is a planned city and is located near Ahmedabad, the commercial capital of Gujarat.
Towns & Villages
Sea, Rivers, Lakes & Water Parks
Fairs & Festivals
National Parks & Wild Life Sanctury
The geographic diversity and strategic location has made Gujarat home to an incredible diversity of people. People have developed lifestyles to suit their surroundings. As a result Gujarat boasts of a rich and varied cultural heritage, that is reflected in its arts, music, cuisine, literature, religious traditions etc. Inspite of the regional cultural diversities, there is an inherent unity of being a part of the state of Gujarat.
About 89% of the population of Gujarat are Hindu. Muslims account for 9% and Jain 1% of the population. Most of the Gujarati people are strict vegetarians. Amongst Hindus the deity of Krishna is famously worshipped in His form of Shrinathji throughout Gujarat. Gujarat is birthplace of Gandhi. Gujarat is also the birthplace of the Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism.
Gujarat is home to number of groups that settled from outside including Hindus, Huns, Sakas, Muslims, Parsis. Gujarat is divided mostly along caste lines. The largest caste is Koli or Koli Patel which makes up 20% of the population. The second largest is Patidar or Kanbi which makes up roughly 15% of the population. Other major groups are Adivasi, Rajput, Vaniya, Anavil, Harijan, Lohana, and number of other small sub-castes.
The Ahirs came with Lord Krishna from Gokul in Uttar Pradesh. Most of the communities of Ahirs began with selling ghee and milk and are now spread all over the state. The Rabaris are a nomadic tribe always wandering with their herds. The origin of this tribe has been traced back to Sind and Afghanistan though many aspects of this tribe still remain a puzzle for anthropologists. They have been classified into three distinct groups, namely Vagadia, Dhabaria, and Kachhi. Women of this tribe engage themselves in making elaborate embroidery pieces while the men spend their time tending to their camels and sheep.
Moreover Gujarat being a heavily industrialized state of India, attracts lots of outsiders from various parts of India.
The Winters are mild, pleasant, and dry with average daytime temperatures around 83 °F(29 °C) and nights around 53 °F(12 °C) with 100 percent sunny days and clear nights. The Summers are extremely hot and dry with day temperatures around 115 °F(46 °C) and at night no lower than 90 °F(34 °C) with sunshine. The time just before the Monsoon, the temperature are similar to Summer but now there is high humidity which makes the air feel hotter. Relief comes when the monsoon season starts around in mid June. The day temperatures are lower to around 100 °F(38 °C) but humidity is very high and nights are around 80 °F(27 °C).
Why should you visit
There are trains from/to Bombay (500 km) and New Delhi (1000 km) several times a day going to the main cities: Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat. Ahmedabad has an airport with several flights a day to/from Bombay and Delhi, and also flights to other Indian metropoles. Ahmedabad is the only International Airport in Gujarat with regular flights to London, New York, Chicago and Dubai.
Gujarat is very famous for variety of food. People are very fond of quality food. Gujarat is by and large vegeterian food lover. There are hundreds of pure vegeterian food varities are offerred across Gujarat.
Alcohol is forbidden in Gujarat. Foreign tourists are partly exempted from this restriction. Drinking in public is strictly prohibited. However, if you are going to stay longer in Gujarat, you may apply for alcohol permit. Ask how to do it in your hotel or the place where you stay.