Cities like Biskupin and Kalisz in this region date back to the 7th century BC and 1st century after Christ, respectively. Wielkopolskie was the also the core of the early medival Kingdom of Poland and is often regarded as the cradle of Poland, as the Poish Piast Dynasty emerged in the 9th century in this region, conquering the other Polish provinces in the 10th century. The first Polish capitals and church centers where in Giecz, Gniezno and Poznań. However, the region was destroyed by the invation of the Czech king in the early 11th century and Poland's capital moved to Kraków
in Małopolskie in 1040. A century later Wielkopolskie became a duchy within the Seniorat of Poland. It was the lokal duch Przemysl II who first reunited Poland and became the first new king of Poland in 1295. In the beginning of the 14th century Wielkopolskie became a voivodship of the Kingdom of Poland. During the Second Partition of Poland in 1793 much of its territory was annexed by Prussia, but regained independence as part of the Duchy of Warsaw between 1807-1815. After the Congress of Vienna it was again annexed by Prussia. Following World War I it became part of the Second Polish Republic, but was annexed by Nazi-Germany as the Warthegau after the Nazi-Soviet invation of Poland in 1939. It is again part of Poland since 1945. The Polish October, a anti Soviet uprising, took place in Poznań in 1956, giving the beginning of the Hungarian Uprising that followed this event. Nowerdays Wielkopolskie is one of the strongest economic regions in Poland.
Polish National Rail Carrier PKP (in the coorepation with Deutsche Bahn) offers daily connections to Berlin, Munich, Zurich, Amsterdam and Innsbruck. Besides : one can use many long-distance connections to the region from Warsaw, Wrocław, Cracow, Gdansk, Toruń, Szczecin and almost all other bigger polish cities. Most of these connections are served by PKP-Intercity.
The main railway hub in the region is Poznań, but express trains, TLK-trains and intercity trains stop usually as well in Leszno, Gniezno, Piła, Kalisz and Konin. The fast (pospieszny in polish) trains stop as well in smaller towns.