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Difference between revisions of "Gotland"

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Sweden : Götaland : Gotland
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'''Gotland''' [http://www.gotland.info/eng/] is a province in the [[Götaland]] region and [[Sweden]]'s largest island. It is situated in the Baltic Sea outside the southeast coast of Sweden.
+
'''Gotland''' [http://www.gotland.info/eng/] is a province in the [[Götaland]] region and [[Sweden]]'s largest island. It is situated in the [[Baltic Sea]] outside the southeast coast of Sweden. Some 50,000 people live here all year.  
  
 
[[Image:LocationSwedenGotland.png|250px|right]]
 
[[Image:LocationSwedenGotland.png|250px|right]]
Line 7: Line 7:
 
*[[Slite]]
 
*[[Slite]]
 
*[[Hemse]]
 
*[[Hemse]]
*[[Roma]]
+
*[[Roma (Sweden)|Roma]]
 
*[[Fårösund]]
 
*[[Fårösund]]
 
== Other destinations ==
 
  
 
== Understand ==
 
== Understand ==
 +
In early history, Gotland was an independent kingdom and still today, the older generations don't see themselves as Swedes - they are nothing but Gotlanders.
 +
During the Hansa period in the Middle Age, [[Visby]] and Gotland was an important stop on the international trade routes on the Baltic Sea. The island lost its role after a Danish war in the 14th century. The Danes took control over the island for 300 years and in the mid 17th century, the island became Swedish.
 +
 +
The island holds many medieval memories; old farmlands and over 90 churches, all with different architechture.
 +
 +
Visby is the largest town with over 20,000 inhabitants. The town is crowded during summers.
  
 
== Talk ==
 
== Talk ==
 +
Most people use Standard Swedish with an accent that is easy to recognize, though not very distinct and easy to understand. In a few rural areas, however, the distinct ''Gutnish'' dialect is spoken by some and is mutually unintelligble even to other islanders. Most people speak and understand English more or less, particularly in the towns.
  
 
== Get in ==
 
== Get in ==
  
 
===By plane===
 
===By plane===
 +
There are flights all year to [[Visby]] from [[Stockholm]], [[Gothenburg]] and [[Linköping]]. During summer, there's also flights from [[Oslo]] and [[Ängelholm]]. A flight from Stockholm takes approx. 25 minutes, from Gothenburg approx. 50 minutes.
  
There are flights all year to [[Visby]] from [[Stockholm]] and [[Linköping]]. During summer, there's also flights from [[Gothenburg]], [[Oslo]] and [[Ängelholm]].
+
The airport is situated just North of Visby and the easiest way to get to the city centre is by taxi. There is a special reduced price for travelling the airport-city centre. Approx. 10 minutes.  
  
 
===By boat===
 
===By boat===
 
+
* '''Destination Gotland''', [http://www.destinationgotland.se/] runs ferries from [[Nynäshamn]] and [[Oskarshamn]] to Visby all year. You can also bring your car. This is the cheapest way to get to the island. The ferry takes approx. three hours. The harbour is in the very centre of Visby.  
*'''Destination Gotland''', [http://www.destinationgotland.se/] runs ferries from [[Nynäshamn]] and [[Oskarshamn]]. You can also bring your car.
+
  
 
== Get around ==
 
== Get around ==
 +
The easiest way to see the island is by car. There are several car rentals in Visby. There are also bus services from Visby to all parts of the island, but be sure to bring a time table before you leave Visby. Outside Visby, there are merely small villages.
  
 
== See ==
 
== See ==
*[[Visby]] is on UNESCO's World Heritage list as an "''outstanding example of a Northern European walled Hanseatic town which has in a unique way preserved its townscape and its extremely valuable buildings, which in form and function clearly reflect this significant human settlement''".
+
* [[Visby]] is on UNESCO's World Heritage list as an "''outstanding example of a Northern European walled Hanseatic town which has in a unique way preserved its townscape and its extremely valuable buildings, which in form and function clearly reflect this significant human settlement''".
 +
* There are over 90 medieval churches on the island. Most of them havn't been modernised since the 15th century.
 +
* The Island of [[Fårö]] is situated just North of Gotland and they are linked with a small ferry (10 minutes). Here you find nice beaches.
 +
* Fantastic rock formations (''Raukar'') are found along the island's coast.
 +
* The Islands of [[Stora Karlsö]] and Lilla Karlsö are definitely worth a day's visit, Stora Karlsö is one of the world's oldest nature preserve, second only to Yellow Stone. Situated outside of Klintehamn.  
  
 
=== Itineraries ===
 
=== Itineraries ===
 +
* From Visby going South towards Klintehamn and Burgsvik. Nice coastal roads.
 +
* From Visby going North towards Fårösund.
  
 
== Do ==
 
== Do ==
* [[Medieval Week]], a large feast during a whole week in the beginning of August every year. 2008 was the 25th anniversary. More information at http://www.medeltidsveckan.se
+
* '''Medieval Week''' (''Medeltidsveckan''), a large feast during a whole week in the beginning of August every year. Visitors dress in medieval clothes while visiting the medieval market or the jousting tournament. The feast is concentrated to Visby, but arrangements are held on all of Gotland. 2008 was the 25th anniversary. Please note that Visby is crowded during this week. More information at http://www.medeltidsveckan.se
* [[The politican week]], also known as "Almedalsveckan" since it takes place at the large park, Almedalen, in the town of Visby. It is a week when every Swedish politician comes to Gotland to present their politics to the public.
+
* '''The politican week''', (''Almedalsveckan'') takes place at the large park, Almedalen, in the town of Visby. It is a week when every Swedish parliamental politician comes to Gotland to present their politics to the public. Big media coverage.
  
 
== Eat ==
 
== Eat ==
 
Some typical dishes from Gotland are:
 
Some typical dishes from Gotland are:
  
* Saffron pancake (''Saffranspannkaka'')
+
* Many types of lamb. A speciality is Sheep's head (''Lambskalle''), but it is quite difficult to find it in restaurants.
* Sheep's head (''Lambskalle'')
+
* Dessert: Saffron pancake (''Saffranspannkaka'') with whipped cream and dewberries.
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
''Gotlandsdricke'' - local alcoholic brew
+
* ''Gotlandsdricke'' - local alcoholic brew. Quite difficult to get in bars and reataurants - you have to know a Gotlander to get to taste it.
 +
* Local beer; ''Wisby pils'' or ''Wisby Klosteröl''.
  
 
== Stay safe ==
 
== Stay safe ==
 +
Gotland is, like Sweden in general, a safe destination. Note that Visby is crowded during summer and that pick pockets may operate in central Visby.
  
 
== Get out ==
 
== Get out ==
 
+
*[[Stockholm]] (Bromma Airport) is only 25 minutes away by plane.
 
+
 
+
  
  
 
[[fi:Gotlanti]]
 
[[fi:Gotlanti]]
 +
[[nl:Gotlands län]]
 
[[sv:Gotland]]
 
[[sv:Gotland]]
 
[[wts:Category:Gotland]]
 
[[wts:Category:Gotland]]

Latest revision as of 22:26, 10 October 2012

Gotland [1] is a province in the Götaland region and Sweden's largest island. It is situated in the Baltic Sea outside the southeast coast of Sweden. Some 50,000 people live here all year.

LocationSwedenGotland.png

Cities[edit]

Understand[edit]

In early history, Gotland was an independent kingdom and still today, the older generations don't see themselves as Swedes - they are nothing but Gotlanders. During the Hansa period in the Middle Age, Visby and Gotland was an important stop on the international trade routes on the Baltic Sea. The island lost its role after a Danish war in the 14th century. The Danes took control over the island for 300 years and in the mid 17th century, the island became Swedish.

The island holds many medieval memories; old farmlands and over 90 churches, all with different architechture.

Visby is the largest town with over 20,000 inhabitants. The town is crowded during summers.

Talk[edit]

Most people use Standard Swedish with an accent that is easy to recognize, though not very distinct and easy to understand. In a few rural areas, however, the distinct Gutnish dialect is spoken by some and is mutually unintelligble even to other islanders. Most people speak and understand English more or less, particularly in the towns.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

There are flights all year to Visby from Stockholm, Gothenburg and Linköping. During summer, there's also flights from Oslo and Ängelholm. A flight from Stockholm takes approx. 25 minutes, from Gothenburg approx. 50 minutes.

The airport is situated just North of Visby and the easiest way to get to the city centre is by taxi. There is a special reduced price for travelling the airport-city centre. Approx. 10 minutes.

By boat[edit]

  • Destination Gotland, [2] runs ferries from Nynäshamn and Oskarshamn to Visby all year. You can also bring your car. This is the cheapest way to get to the island. The ferry takes approx. three hours. The harbour is in the very centre of Visby.

Get around[edit]

The easiest way to see the island is by car. There are several car rentals in Visby. There are also bus services from Visby to all parts of the island, but be sure to bring a time table before you leave Visby. Outside Visby, there are merely small villages.

See[edit][add listing]

  • Visby is on UNESCO's World Heritage list as an "outstanding example of a Northern European walled Hanseatic town which has in a unique way preserved its townscape and its extremely valuable buildings, which in form and function clearly reflect this significant human settlement".
  • There are over 90 medieval churches on the island. Most of them havn't been modernised since the 15th century.
  • The Island of Fårö is situated just North of Gotland and they are linked with a small ferry (10 minutes). Here you find nice beaches.
  • Fantastic rock formations (Raukar) are found along the island's coast.
  • The Islands of Stora Karlsö and Lilla Karlsö are definitely worth a day's visit, Stora Karlsö is one of the world's oldest nature preserve, second only to Yellow Stone. Situated outside of Klintehamn.

Itineraries[edit]

  • From Visby going South towards Klintehamn and Burgsvik. Nice coastal roads.
  • From Visby going North towards Fårösund.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Medieval Week (Medeltidsveckan), a large feast during a whole week in the beginning of August every year. Visitors dress in medieval clothes while visiting the medieval market or the jousting tournament. The feast is concentrated to Visby, but arrangements are held on all of Gotland. 2008 was the 25th anniversary. Please note that Visby is crowded during this week. More information at http://www.medeltidsveckan.se
  • The politican week, (Almedalsveckan) takes place at the large park, Almedalen, in the town of Visby. It is a week when every Swedish parliamental politician comes to Gotland to present their politics to the public. Big media coverage.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Some typical dishes from Gotland are:

  • Many types of lamb. A speciality is Sheep's head (Lambskalle), but it is quite difficult to find it in restaurants.
  • Dessert: Saffron pancake (Saffranspannkaka) with whipped cream and dewberries.

Drink[edit][add listing]

  • Gotlandsdricke - local alcoholic brew. Quite difficult to get in bars and reataurants - you have to know a Gotlander to get to taste it.
  • Local beer; Wisby pils or Wisby Klosteröl.

Stay safe[edit]

Gotland is, like Sweden in general, a safe destination. Note that Visby is crowded during summer and that pick pockets may operate in central Visby.

Get out[edit]

  • Stockholm (Bromma Airport) is only 25 minutes away by plane.



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