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'''Gijon''' [http://www.ayto-gijon.es] (Spanish: ''Gijón'') is a coastal city in [[Asturias]] province in northwest [[Spain]]. It lies close to the cities of [[Aviles]] and [[Oviedo (Asturias)|Oviedo]].
 
'''Gijon''' [http://www.ayto-gijon.es] (Spanish: ''Gijón'') is a coastal city in [[Asturias]] province in northwest [[Spain]]. It lies close to the cities of [[Aviles]] and [[Oviedo (Asturias)|Oviedo]].
 
The weather in Gijón is not like much of the rest of [[Spain]]. Gijón is on the northern coast of Spain were is is wet and very hot in summer.
 
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
  
===Location===
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===Climate===
  
The Town Council of Gijón, with a surface of 187, 7 km2, is located at the centre of the Asturias coast, surrounded by the Town Councils of Carreño, Corvera, Llanera, Siero, Sariego and Villaviciosa.
+
The weather in Gijón is not like much of the rest of [[Spain]]. Gijón is on the northern coast of Spain were it is wet and very hot in summer.
The urban area in Gijón has a surface of approximately 13, 9 km2 (the 7,6% of the total surface in the Council) and it has the 90% of the population, which is of 278,000 inhabitants more or less. The other 10% is divided into the 25 churches in the Council.
+
  
===Climate===
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The climate of Gijón may be defined, in this sense, '''as being temperate''', with an average annual temperature of 15º and slightly varying annual average maximum and minimum temperatures.
 +
 
 +
Rainfall ranges between 800-1,000 mm/year, fairly regularly distributed, with the absence of very dry periods and the non-existence of heavy concentrations of rainfall at specific times of the year.
  
Gijón shares the general climate characteristics of the Cantabrian Coast, with the slight nuances of it coastal situation, and it can be said to have a warm temperature, with an average annual temperature of 15º and a small oscillation between the average maximum and minimum.
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Both variables, temperature and rainfall, are slightly modified at the southeastern border of the Borough, where the highest altitudes are to be found: the temperatures decrease and the rainfall increases.
The rainfall doesn’t have big oscillations either, it depends on the season, and the average is around 800 – 1000 mm/year.
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However, both the temperature and the rainfall can slightly change in the southeast edge of the Council, where we can see the biggest heights with a drop in the temperatures and a rise in the rainfalls.
+
  
 
===History===
 
===History===
 +
The first inhabitants of Asturias, arrived 250.000 years ago. Some neanthertal remains are from Paleolithic, and others belongs to the "Asturiense" period, local culture between 7000 and 5000 b.c. One of the most important neanthertal remain are Mount Areo dolmens.
  
The Bay of Biscay has left a trace in the history of Gijón for more than 5000 years. The city still has its Roman past alive through the interventions made in the Archaeological Park in Campa Torres, one of the main forts in the north of Spain (previous to the one in 490 b.c.), and, above all, in the recovered thermal resort in Campo Valdés, public building from the end of the 1st century a.c.
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The territory was occupied continuously during the '''Middle Ages''', proof of which is the Romanesque churches dating from the 12th and 13th centuries. The founding of the Puebla (Village) in 1270 implied an urban expansion that was to come to a standstill at the end of the 14th century, when Gijón became the stage for the '''Trastámara''' conflicts, during which the town was almost completely destroyed.
In the Middle Age, the territory is taken up by the Roman Churches in the 12th and 13th centuries. The Puebla Foundation in 1270 implies an urban expansion that will be stopped at the end of the 14th century, when Gijón becomes the stage of the Trastámara conflicts and almost all the city is destroyed.
+
In the 18th century, the erudite Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos draws the axis of the development of the city. The industrialization process, from the middle of the 19th century, turned the city into the industrial centre of Asturias with the powerful Musel Harbour and a lot of shipyards.
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The progressive modernization of the population and its excellent natural conditions made of Gijón a city with a powerful service sector and a good cultural and sports offer that attracts a growing number of visitors.
+
  
===Culture===
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In the 18th century, the erudite '''Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos''' laid out the plans for the development of Gijón. The process of industrialisation begun in the mid-19th century changed the city into the industrial centre of Asturias, with its leading '''El Musel Port, shipyards''' and numerous '''manufacturing installations.'''
  
Gijón is interested in spreading its culture. Good proof of that are the different cultural initiatives of the city: associations, theatres, museums, exhibition spaces, cultural centres, monuments…
+
The progressive modernization of the city, along with its own excellent natural conditions, has turned Gijón into a city that attracts a growing number of visitors, drawn by a good offer of '''culture and sports''' and a '''strong service sector'''. Now, at the beginning of a new century, Gijón is doing its utmost to preserve its remote historical past and to display this as an example of its '''touristic excellence'''.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
  
===By car===
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You can get to Gijón by plane at the airport in Avilés (OVD) (about 30 minutes by bus or car from Gijón), by train with the Spanish company RENFE, by car, by bus with ALSA or by boat.
 
+
As it is in the centre of the Coast, Gijón is the meeting point of two big road axis: R'''uta de la Plata''' and the '''Cantabrian Axis'''.
+
Gijón is connected by the National Road N-630 “Ruta de la Plata”, which goes from Gijón to Sevilla, but there are also two other important motorways (A-66 and AP-66, from Benavente to León and from León to Campomanes) which allow an easy trip from the south of the country: Madrid and other cities belonging to the Ruta de la Plata. This motorway A-66 is is being developed all throughout the route between Gijón and Sevilla (800km.) and nowadays more than a third of its total route is working, the rest is under construction.
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The second axis east-west, which passes through all the Cantabrian coast is connected by the National Road N-634, which goes from Irún to Santiago de Compostela, that is spread into the Coastal Road N-632, which goes from Ribadesella to Canero, which allows you to go near the sea or to go deep into the inside.
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+
===By bus===
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There are several transport companies that connect Gijón with a wide range of daily possibilities, going to Madrid and to the main Spanish cities everyday, as well as to other cities in Asturias.
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Some of these companies are:
+
* Alsa
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* Autocares Medina
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* Autos Cabranes
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* Autos Licasa
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* Autos Mariano
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* Autos Sama S.A.
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* Autos Xavina
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* Pullmans Llaneza
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+
===By train===
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+
The companies FEVE and RENFE connect the city with the rest of Asturias and Spain. RENFE has daily connections with Madrid, Barcelona, Alicante and other Spanish cities. Moreover, all travellers who want to travel on rails can do it with the Transcantábrico.
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+
===By plane===
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+
Asturias Airport is located at Santiago del Monte. It has flights to the main Spanish cities and other European destinations with companies such as Air Berlin, Air Europa, Air France, Air Nostrum, Easyjet, Iberia, Spanair or Clickair.
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The airport is 40km. from Gijón, 35 minutes more or less by car (motorway A-8) and there are also other options:
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* There is a taxi stop which is open until the last flight.
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* The company ALSA offers daily services by bus from Gijón to the airport.
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* There are also four companies which hire cars in Gijón: Avis, Europcar, Hertz Spain and National Atesa.
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+
===The Harbour “El Musel”===
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The harbour “El Musel”, 6km. far from the urban area, has one of the oldest harbour installations in the north of Spain, and, thanks to its privileged location, its big depths and its sheltered waters, it allows the entrance and the stay of cruise ships.
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The “Muelle de la Osa” has three areas which are used for the port of call of the cruise ships. They can be adapted to the ships dimensions and draughts. The berth lines are 317, 250 and 206 metres long and its draughts go from 12 to 9 metres.
+
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
To get around in Asturias, you can use the single ticket, which is a smart card that allows you to travel in any line of the public transport by bus or by train within the Principality of Asturias. For more information: Consorcio de Transportes de Asturias.
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You can visit the city by car, on foot, by bicycle through its bike lanes or by Segway, personal transport with autobalance. You can rent segways on the city and make guided tours around it.  
  
===Public Transport===
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The city has inter-city buses. The ticket costs 1.10€. During Eastern Holidays and Summer you can enjoy the city on a touristic bus which makes a route with stops on the principal tourism resources like Railway Museum, Isabel La Catolica Park, Laboral City of Culture, Botanical Gardens.
  
The city has a wide range of public transport lines, easy to use and easy to arrive to any corner of the city centre and its rural environment.
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==See==
The company in charge of the public transport in Gijón is EMTUSA.
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===Taxi===
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Gijon is a good place to visit because of its Roman past, its museums, its sculptures and architecture. It is a green borough, its gastronomy is unique, it offers quality commerce, and it has exceptional location next to the sea and on the center of Asturias. You can make the following cultural tours
  
Another comfortable way of travelling is by taxi. The traveller can find several taxi stops all around the city and he can also phone one of the two following companies:
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* <see name="Seaport to the Ruta de la plata" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.rutadelaplata.com/" hours="" price="">Gijón keeps its Roman past alive through the actions taken in the '''Campa de Torres Archaeological Site''', one of the main fortified settlements of the north of Spain (before 490 B.C.), and especially in the restored baths complex at '''Campo Valdés''', a public building which dates from the end of the 1st century A.D.</see>
* Radio Taxi Gijón
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* Radio Taxi Villa de Jovellanos
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===Hire a car===
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* Roman thermal baths
 
+
* Veranes Roman Town
There are different companies that hire cars in the city:
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* Archaeological & Natural Park Campa Torres
 
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* Pueblu d'Asturies Museum
* Ala Rent a Car
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* Nicanor Piñole Museum
* América Limousine Services
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* Evaristo Valle Museum
* Amigo Coches
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* Asturian Railway Museum
* Autocares Fano
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* Birthplace of Jovellanos Museum
* Avis
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* Curin
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* Europcar
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* Europlan
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* Expert
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* Gasan S.L.
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* Gestión desarrollo de servicios de alquiler y turismo alternativo
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* Gijón tour
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* Global Anecar
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* Gómez Oviedo
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* Hertz España
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* Lidercar
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* Mapril
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* National Atesa
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* Principado car
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* Record Rent a Car
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* Tourastur
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* Beneluxcar
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===Bikes===
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Gijón has a cycleway, which is being expanded, that allows you to move faster and easily all around the city. This cycleway is a way to promote and develop the sustainable mobility, taking the bike as an alternative means of transport.
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==See==
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===Laboral “City of Culture”===
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Laboral City of Culture is a creative community located at the Universidad Laboral in Gijón, where there are training centres for university, vocational and artistic studies, congress rooms, event rooms, seminar rooms, the head office of RTPA (Radio Television of the Principality of Asturias) and, as the city’s driving force, Laboral Art Centre and Industrial Creation, an space for the interchange of art, design, industry and economic development. Moreover, since October 2007, the Theatre of the Laboral, where you can enjoy a lot of performances of the contemporary culture, has been restored. [http://www.laciudaddelacultura.com]
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===Museums===
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* Aquarium
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* Cultural Centre Cajastur Palacio Revillagigedo
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* Celestino Solar Fort
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* Cabo Torres Lighthouse
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* Atlantic Botanical Garden
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* Barjola Museum
 
* Barjola Museum
* Jovellanos’ Birth House Museum
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* Ciudadela of Celestino Solar
* Bagpipe Museum
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* Revillagigedo Palace
* Asturias Railway Museum
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* Asturias Village Museum
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* Evaristo Valle Museum
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* Nicanor Piñole Museum
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* Archaeological Park - Natural Campa Torres
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* Roman Thermal Baths
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* Veranes Roman Village
+
  
===Art Galleries===
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* <see name="LABoral City of Culture" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.laboralciudaddelacultura.com/" hours="" price="">Located on the old Laboral University of Gijon, it is a creative community with more than 4.000 students and researchers. The building was created in the mid XX century to offer worker’s children vocational training. LABoral Art Center and Industrial Creation is a place where you can enjoy art, design and industry. It has also a theatre which offers modern spectacles.</see>
* Altamira
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* Bellas Artes
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* Birlocha Sala
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* Cornión
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* Durero
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* The art of the impossible
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* Liquid space
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* Gema Llamazares
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* Hator
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* Luis Aurelio
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* Matisse
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* Lai
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* Monticelli
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* Nomada
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* Pablo´s
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* Pincel
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* Van Dyck Proposals
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* Tioda
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* Van Dyck
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===Exhibition rooms===
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* <see name="Santa Catalina Highlands" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Santa Catalina highlands, an old military setting, has an auditorium, cafeteria and playground equipment. On the top you can enjoy a great view of the seaside. On the east you can see San Lorenzo beach with the mouth of Piles River and La Providencia Mount. On the west you can see the harbor, Poniente beach, the aquarium and the thalassic center. Here, you can also find one of the most important monuments in Gijon, an Eduardo Chillida’s Sculpture called "Elogio del Horizonte".</see>
  
* Alvargonzález
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== Do ==
* Old Fish Market
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* Ateneo de La Calzada
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* Ateneo Obrero
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* Jovellanos Library
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* Chinese House
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* Gijón Café
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* Church of San Lorenzo
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* Old High School Cultural Centre
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* Revillagigedo Palace Cultural Centre
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* Roman Wall Exhibition Centre
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* Mocedá Resources Centre
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* Arquitect Association
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* Fotocentro
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* I.N.B. Jovellanos
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* Monte de Piedad
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* Roman Wall Cultural room
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===Cultural Centres===
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For sea lovers, the Estación Náutica Gijón Costa Verde offers the possibility of practising sailing, scuba diving, boat trips, sightings of sea birds, dolphins and other cetaceans.  Other activities include hiking, driving a quad, horse riding, following routes and in the air, paragliding, hot-air ballooning, potholing, bungee jumping, rafting, hydrospeed, skiing, mountain biking and much more.  If you like football, visit the Sporting of Gijon Football Stadium, "El Molinón".
  
* Old High School Cultural Centre
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* <do name="International Film Festival of Gijón" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.gijonfilmfestival.com/" hours="" price="">International Film Festival of Gijón at the beginning it was addressed to children, but during last years it became an alternative film festival. During the festival you can enjoy workshops, partys, concerts, films.</do>
* Contrueces Municipal Centre
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* El Llano Municipal Centre 
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* Roces Municipal Centre
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* El Natahoyo Municipal Centre
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* El Coto Municipal Centre
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* La Arena Municipal Centre
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* Pumarín South-Gijón Municipal Centre
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* Industrial area of Pumarín Municipal Centre
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* Vega-La Camocha Municipal Centre
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* Ateneo de la Calzada Municipal Centre
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* Roman Wall Documentary Centre
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==Do==
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* <do name="Aquarium" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.acuariodegijon.es/" hours="" price="">The aquarium offers a tour through 60 different aquariums of freshwater and saltwater. You can discover how the life on the different seas of the world is. The tour length is about two hours and it includes a "touch touch" zone, where you can touch starfishes and small fishes.</do>
  
You can start your day with a walk along the San Lorenzo`s beach and stop to have breakfast in any cafeterias.
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* <do name="Atlantic Botanical Garden" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Atlantic Botanical Garden is the first botanical garden built on the north of Spain. It is specialized on Atlantic flora and vegetation. It also offers a wide range of activities, as concerts, workshops, etc.</do>
  
==Buy==
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* <do name="Asturias Casino" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Asturias Casino, with more than 4000 m2 offers its visitors other activities besides plays: gastronomy, concerts, dance… You will enjoy an unforgettable evening supported by a professional team.</do>
  
In Gijón, you can find from the most fashionable shopping axis to the most traditional handcraft.
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* <do name="Talasoponiente" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.talasoponiente.com/" hours="" price="">Gijon is a good place to relax; it offers a wide variety of establishments based on water therapies. Talasoponiente is a thalassic center located just between Poniente beach and the harbor. It is a modern center which offers all the advantages of sea water to relax. It includes a great leisure offer for the family.
 +
</do>
  
===Shops===  
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=== Beaches ===
  
There are a lot of shopping centres all around the city which are valued at a national level, with a prize in the National Prizes of Domestic Trade. [http://www.gijondecompras.es/]
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'''Gijón lives facing the sea''', which is ever present in its geography and activities. Nature has given the borough the gift of numerous beaches all along its coast.
  
===Handcraft===
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Essential leisure spots when good weather pays us a visit, these sandy beaches are not abandoned with the arrival of autumn, '''the ideal time to enjoy a stroll or go fishing on the shore of the Bay of Biscay''', known locally as the Cantabrian Sea.
  
There are also different local handcraft shops where you can find products made with jet, ceramics, textile, leather, musical instruments, jewellery…
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'''Estaño Beach:''' it’s a small beach of sand and gravel. It has a natural swimming pool. 
Moreover, the second weekends each month there is an Environmentally friendly and Handmade Market at the Main Square, where you can buy handmade and environmentally friendly products.
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Cagonera and Serin Beach it has brusque swell and not many people.
  
==Eat==
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* '''Peñarrubia beach:''' nudist beach, narrow and surrounded by high cliffs. It has many people.
 +
* '''El Rinconin or Cervigon Beach:''' it is situated next to San Lorenzo beach. It has all services, and it has high affluence of people.
 +
* '''San Lorenzo Beach located on Gijon bay;''' it is so beautiful and full of people walking, lying on the sand, swimming. It is well equipped: toilets, showers, sunshade and hammock for renting, nautical club, etc.
 +
* '''Poniente beach,''' it is an artificial beach on Gijon’s harbor. It has fine sand and anchor zone.
 +
* '''Arbeyal beach:''' small beach with golden sand, quiet water and good services.
  
Gijón gastronomy has countless recipes, from seafood soups, rice with clams, cider black sea bream, fabada… to the typical Gijón nougat cake.
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===Fiestas===
  
===Restaurants===
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* <do name="La Semana Negra" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.semananegra.org/" hours="" price="">Celebrated during the second two weeks in July; It is a literature festival mixed with leisure elements; a big culture party on the street.</do>
  
Some of the restaurants in which you can enjoy the typical food are:
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* '''Big week in Gijon''', it is the most important fiesta in Gijon. It is celebrated in August; the festivity is the 15th August, Begoña’s day. You can enjoy music concerts, fireworks, orchestras and a great variety of activities for everyone.
* El Candil
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* Casa Gerardo
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* Ciudadela
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* El perro que fuma
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* La Pondala
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* La Solana
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* Casa Víctor
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* Cabo Torres
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* El Jamonar
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* El puerto
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* La casa del Parque
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* La Llorea Golf
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* La Tabla
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* Las delicias
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* Los nogales
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* Ocle Café (restaurante vegetariano)
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* Pizzería Gepetto
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* Xeitosa
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===Sidrerías (Cider bars)===
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* '''El Antroxu,''' it is the asturian carnival, one the most important fiestas on the region. It starts with the popular "Comadres" Thursday (a special night for women) and it lengths until next Tuesday.
  
All around the city, there are several restaurants in which you can enjoy a lot of tasty food and snacks, together with the traditional drink: cider.
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== Buy ==
  
Some of them are:
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* '''Ecological and crafts market:''' The Ecological and Crafts Market of Gijón is a sincere attempt to recover traditional, local crafts and at the same time to favour the promotion and consumption of ecological products that are environmentally friendly. This novel, curious initiative is in itself an open doorway to one and all to get '''to know the trends in ecological products''' first hand and to not lose sight of the most craft forms of working that are used in the region.
* Cabañaquinta
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* Casa Arturo
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* Casa ataulfo
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* Casa Ferino
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* Casa justo
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* El globo
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* La Galana
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* Tino el Roxu
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* Rinconín de Deva
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===Gastronomic corners===
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* '''Shopping precincts''', Shopping centres and shopping''' precincts abound in the town''', both in number as well as quality, the latter having been valued at a national level with an award within the National Awards for Domestic Trade. These precincts are open, '''agreeable spaces''' that generally coincide with one street and are conducive to taking a stroll, seeing the town and doing some opportune shopping. The streets of San Bernardo, Los Moros, Corrida, Covadonga, Menéndez Valdés, Magnus Blikstad, Langreo, Asturias and Álvarez Garaya are shopping precincts full of shops of all kinds situated right in the centre of Gijón, but also a neighbourhood like La Calzada has good services in streets like those of Brasil and the Avenida de La Argentina.
  
All throughout the year, with a monthly appointment, there are different events and Gastronomic Fests:
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* '''Strolling around Gijón''', you can see the high quality and wide range of the town´s shops in which you may find the right buy and the fitting gift. The thing is that it is understood that shopping must be quality shopping and that the whole town of Gijón is the largest Shopping Centre in Asturias
* Jornadas Gastronómicas del Oricio
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas del Antroxu
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de San José
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de la Menestra
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas  del Pulpo de Pedrero
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de la Mar
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas del Bonito
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de la Sardina
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas del Arroz
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de les Fabes y las Setas
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de los callos
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* Jornadas Gastronómicas de la cocina tradicional
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* Campeonato de Asturias de pinchos y tapas
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==Drink==
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== Eat ==
  
Cider is local beverage of choice in Gijón.
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If Gijón and Asturias are characterized by something it is by their tasty and varied gastronomy. Produce is not lacking, fish, seafood, meats, cider and delicious pastries. To promote all these attractions and enhance this work that has been carried out for three years, Gijón Joint Tourism Board has devised a plan of action focused on five main axes: Gijón Gourmet Menu; Sweet-toothed Gijón; Cider Routes; Gijón Cocktails and Going out for pinchos around Gijón.
  
==Sleep==
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Gijón Gourmet Menu arose 5 years ago to make the city's new culinary trends known by encouraging restaurants distinguished by some quality seal or mark to popularize its cuisine. Given the success of this initiative, the idea is to further extend the product by enhancing the use of produce in the region.
  
Hotels, Rural hotels, guest houses, pensions, campsites, rural houses, youth hostels, apartments, holiday resorts.
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As its name suggests '''Sweet-toothed''' Gijon aims at highlighting one of the citys biggest attractions, its wonderful pastries. Therefore, Gijón is known for having the largest number of bakers shops per capita in the country, something that the townspeople boast about because of their fondness for sweet treats. Thus, its pastries, cakes, and chocolate will be closer to visitors. The product, presented with authenticity and uniqueness, would create routes of associated establishments in the city with the chance to taste the specialties of each establishment.
  
The city of Gijón offers a great number of choices for the accommodation, depending on the area, price…
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Cider Routes Gijón, being the largest borough producing this famous drink throughout the Principality, seeks to link the culture of cider, its elaboration and its presence in the city. For this reason, we will have the collaboration of Comarca de la Sidra (Cider Shire).
  
===Hotels===
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'''Gijón Cocktails'''.This initiative is born to encourage the catering and tourism sector bringing the citizen closer to the cocktail world as it is a very important part of gastronomy. The idea is to organize a contest on the streets and suggest routes by the participating establishments Going out for pinchos and tapas around Gijón is a logical action given the long tradition of tapas (appetizers) and the need to enhance pinchos (small snacks) with an increasing demand among the townspeople themselves.
  
* www.hotel44.es
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Gastronomic Days. Each month the city holds a day devoted to a specific seasonal product, event or activity. All this at a standard price of 18 euros. All of them will be taking shape until 2012.  
* www.abbagijonhotel.com
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* www.ac-hotels.com
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* www.hotelaguera.es
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* www.hotelalbor.com
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* www.hotelalcomar.com
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* www.hotelarbeyal.com
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* www.hotelarena.es
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* www.hotelasturiasgijon.com
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* www.havenida.com
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* www.hotelbahiagijon.com
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* www.hotelesbegona.com
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* www.hotelmarquesdesanesteban.com
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* www.hotelcamaguey.com
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* www.hotelcastillagijon.com
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* www.celuisma.com/pathos
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* www.granhoteljovellanos.com
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* www.hotelhernancortes.es
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===Rural Hotels===
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== Drink ==
  
* www.casonadecefontes.com
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* '''Cimavilla''' Bars line the streets and plazas of the most emblematic of Gijón's neighbourhoods, a large number of pubs in which to enjoy a chat with friends or others in which you can dance until the early hours.
* www.miradordedeva.com
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===Guest Houses===
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* '''Fomento''' Following the seashore, we find different establishments, the majority specialising in Latin rhythms. If your thing is dancing, don't miss coming along here later on at night.
  
* Covadonga
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* '''Capua - Náutico''' More music and more dancing facing the sea, the latest rhythms can be heard in the disco bars of this zone near to the beach of San Lorenzo.
* La Argentina
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* Libertad
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* Manjón
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* Plaza
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* San Felix
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===Pensions===
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* '''La Arena''' The most youthful ambience in town is to be found in this neighbourhood that runs parallel to San Lorenzo Beach.
  
* Abacá
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* '''El Carmen''' For more tranquil folk and '''lovers of good wine''', this neighbourhood in the centre of the town is full of tascas (taverns) and bars, ideal for opening up your appetite.
* Belmonte
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* Brasas
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* Campoamor
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* Casa Vázquez
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* Corraones
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* Damas
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* Don Pelayo
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* El Carmen
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* González
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* La Xana
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* Los pinos
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* Piñole
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===Campsites===
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* '''The Ruta de los Vinos (Wine Route)''' One of the '''longest-standing areas to have a drink in Gijón''', to start the night off with a beat.
  
* www.campingijon.es.vg
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* Abierto hasta el Amanecer (Open until Dawn)
* www.campingdeva-gijon.com/
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===Rural houses===
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==Sleep==
  
* El Torreón
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Gijón has a truly extensive range of hotels. You may choose the hotel that suits you best according to its location, in the city centre or in the surroundings, number of stars, services, etc.  Among the accommodation available in Gijón, there are also outstanding country hotels, especially suitable for enjoying the peace and tranquility of the surroundings and the quality of their facilities and services.
* La Quinta del Ynfanzon www.ynfanzon.com/hotel.htm
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===Youth hostels===
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*<sleep name="Hotel Robledo" alt="" address="Alfredo Truan 2" directions="" phone="985355940" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="50" lat="" long="">Relatively cheap hotel located at the heart of Gijon.</sleep>
  
* Albergue Juvenil Palacio San Andrés www.alberguegijon.com
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* <sleep name="NH Gijon" address=" C/ Dr. Fleming, 71. 33203 Gijón. Gijon (Spain)" phone=" +34 985 195755" url=" http://www.nh-hotels.com/nh/en/hotels/spain/gijon/nh-gijon.html" price="Rooms from 99€">This hotel is located next to the San Lorenzo beach, near to parque ingles. </sleep>
 
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===Apartments===
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* www.apartamentossanesteban.com
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* www.apartamentosceanbermudez.com
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* www.hotelgijon.com
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* www.moros41.com
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===Holiday Resorts===
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* www.casasnomadas.com
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----
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<sleep name="La Casona de Jovellanos" address="Plazoleta Jovellanos, 1, 33201 - Gijón - Asturias, Spain" phone="" url="http://www.lacasonadejovellanos.com" price="Best rates on official website″>La Casona de Jovellanos offers travelers and guests a comfortable and cozy accommodations. El Chigre, their famous restaurant offers unique environment for people who appreciates good food. They serve good home cooked meals and you'll get the chane to taste the traditional dishes offered only in Asturias.</sleep>
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•<sleep name="Mirador de Deva Hotel" address="Deva - Serantes, Gijon, Asturias, 33394 , Spain" phone="(00 34) 985131578" price="Best rates on official website start at EUR €65">AMirador de Deva Hotel is located in the district of Deva in the coastal industrial city of Gijón in Asturias. Museo de la Gaita, Nicanor Piñole Museum, and Evaristo Valle Museum are some of the nearby museums. A trip to the Atlantic Botanical Garden, located just five minutes from the hotel, is sure to make your vacation truly unforgettable. You can enjoy the lush landscape as you stroll along the neighboring trails of Mirador de Deva. </sleep>
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
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[[es:Gijón]]
 
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[[Dmoz:Europe/Spain/Autonomous_Communities/Asturias/Gijon/]]

Revision as of 13:53, 18 July 2011

Gijon [1] (Spanish: Gijón) is a coastal city in Asturias province in northwest Spain. It lies close to the cities of Aviles and Oviedo.

Contents

Understand

Climate

The weather in Gijón is not like much of the rest of Spain. Gijón is on the northern coast of Spain were it is wet and very hot in summer.

The climate of Gijón may be defined, in this sense, as being temperate, with an average annual temperature of 15º and slightly varying annual average maximum and minimum temperatures.

Rainfall ranges between 800-1,000 mm/year, fairly regularly distributed, with the absence of very dry periods and the non-existence of heavy concentrations of rainfall at specific times of the year.

Both variables, temperature and rainfall, are slightly modified at the southeastern border of the Borough, where the highest altitudes are to be found: the temperatures decrease and the rainfall increases.

History

The first inhabitants of Asturias, arrived 250.000 years ago. Some neanthertal remains are from Paleolithic, and others belongs to the "Asturiense" period, local culture between 7000 and 5000 b.c. One of the most important neanthertal remain are Mount Areo dolmens.

The territory was occupied continuously during the Middle Ages, proof of which is the Romanesque churches dating from the 12th and 13th centuries. The founding of the Puebla (Village) in 1270 implied an urban expansion that was to come to a standstill at the end of the 14th century, when Gijón became the stage for the Trastámara conflicts, during which the town was almost completely destroyed.

In the 18th century, the erudite Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos laid out the plans for the development of Gijón. The process of industrialisation begun in the mid-19th century changed the city into the industrial centre of Asturias, with its leading El Musel Port, shipyards and numerous manufacturing installations.

The progressive modernization of the city, along with its own excellent natural conditions, has turned Gijón into a city that attracts a growing number of visitors, drawn by a good offer of culture and sports and a strong service sector. Now, at the beginning of a new century, Gijón is doing its utmost to preserve its remote historical past and to display this as an example of its touristic excellence.

Get in

You can get to Gijón by plane at the airport in Avilés (OVD) (about 30 minutes by bus or car from Gijón), by train with the Spanish company RENFE, by car, by bus with ALSA or by boat.

Get around

You can visit the city by car, on foot, by bicycle through its bike lanes or by Segway, personal transport with autobalance. You can rent segways on the city and make guided tours around it.

The city has inter-city buses. The ticket costs 1.10€. During Eastern Holidays and Summer you can enjoy the city on a touristic bus which makes a route with stops on the principal tourism resources like Railway Museum, Isabel La Catolica Park, Laboral City of Culture, Botanical Gardens.

See

Gijon is a good place to visit because of its Roman past, its museums, its sculptures and architecture. It is a green borough, its gastronomy is unique, it offers quality commerce, and it has exceptional location next to the sea and on the center of Asturias. You can make the following cultural tours

  • Seaport to the Ruta de la plata, [2]. Gijón keeps its Roman past alive through the actions taken in the Campa de Torres Archaeological Site, one of the main fortified settlements of the north of Spain (before 490 B.C.), and especially in the restored baths complex at Campo Valdés, a public building which dates from the end of the 1st century A.D.
  • Roman thermal baths
  • Veranes Roman Town
  • Archaeological & Natural Park Campa Torres
  • Pueblu d'Asturies Museum
  • Nicanor Piñole Museum
  • Evaristo Valle Museum
  • Asturian Railway Museum
  • Birthplace of Jovellanos Museum
  • Barjola Museum
  • Ciudadela of Celestino Solar
  • Revillagigedo Palace
  • LABoral City of Culture, [3]. Located on the old Laboral University of Gijon, it is a creative community with more than 4.000 students and researchers. The building was created in the mid XX century to offer worker’s children vocational training. LABoral Art Center and Industrial Creation is a place where you can enjoy art, design and industry. It has also a theatre which offers modern spectacles.
  • Santa Catalina Highlands. Santa Catalina highlands, an old military setting, has an auditorium, cafeteria and playground equipment. On the top you can enjoy a great view of the seaside. On the east you can see San Lorenzo beach with the mouth of Piles River and La Providencia Mount. On the west you can see the harbor, Poniente beach, the aquarium and the thalassic center. Here, you can also find one of the most important monuments in Gijon, an Eduardo Chillida’s Sculpture called "Elogio del Horizonte".

Do

For sea lovers, the Estación Náutica Gijón Costa Verde offers the possibility of practising sailing, scuba diving, boat trips, sightings of sea birds, dolphins and other cetaceans. Other activities include hiking, driving a quad, horse riding, following routes and in the air, paragliding, hot-air ballooning, potholing, bungee jumping, rafting, hydrospeed, skiing, mountain biking and much more. If you like football, visit the Sporting of Gijon Football Stadium, "El Molinón".

  • International Film Festival of Gijón, [4]. International Film Festival of Gijón at the beginning it was addressed to children, but during last years it became an alternative film festival. During the festival you can enjoy workshops, partys, concerts, films.
  • Aquarium, [5]. The aquarium offers a tour through 60 different aquariums of freshwater and saltwater. You can discover how the life on the different seas of the world is. The tour length is about two hours and it includes a "touch touch" zone, where you can touch starfishes and small fishes.
  • Atlantic Botanical Garden. Atlantic Botanical Garden is the first botanical garden built on the north of Spain. It is specialized on Atlantic flora and vegetation. It also offers a wide range of activities, as concerts, workshops, etc.
  • Asturias Casino. Asturias Casino, with more than 4000 m2 offers its visitors other activities besides plays: gastronomy, concerts, dance… You will enjoy an unforgettable evening supported by a professional team.
  • Talasoponiente, [6]. Gijon is a good place to relax; it offers a wide variety of establishments based on water therapies. Talasoponiente is a thalassic center located just between Poniente beach and the harbor. It is a modern center which offers all the advantages of sea water to relax. It includes a great leisure offer for the family.

Beaches

Gijón lives facing the sea, which is ever present in its geography and activities. Nature has given the borough the gift of numerous beaches all along its coast.

Essential leisure spots when good weather pays us a visit, these sandy beaches are not abandoned with the arrival of autumn, the ideal time to enjoy a stroll or go fishing on the shore of the Bay of Biscay, known locally as the Cantabrian Sea.

Estaño Beach: it’s a small beach of sand and gravel. It has a natural swimming pool. Cagonera and Serin Beach it has brusque swell and not many people.

  • Peñarrubia beach: nudist beach, narrow and surrounded by high cliffs. It has many people.
  • El Rinconin or Cervigon Beach: it is situated next to San Lorenzo beach. It has all services, and it has high affluence of people.
  • San Lorenzo Beach located on Gijon bay; it is so beautiful and full of people walking, lying on the sand, swimming. It is well equipped: toilets, showers, sunshade and hammock for renting, nautical club, etc.
  • Poniente beach, it is an artificial beach on Gijon’s harbor. It has fine sand and anchor zone.
  • Arbeyal beach: small beach with golden sand, quiet water and good services.

Fiestas

  • La Semana Negra, [7]. Celebrated during the second two weeks in July; It is a literature festival mixed with leisure elements; a big culture party on the street.
  • Big week in Gijon, it is the most important fiesta in Gijon. It is celebrated in August; the festivity is the 15th August, Begoña’s day. You can enjoy music concerts, fireworks, orchestras and a great variety of activities for everyone.
  • El Antroxu, it is the asturian carnival, one the most important fiestas on the region. It starts with the popular "Comadres" Thursday (a special night for women) and it lengths until next Tuesday.

Buy

  • Ecological and crafts market: The Ecological and Crafts Market of Gijón is a sincere attempt to recover traditional, local crafts and at the same time to favour the promotion and consumption of ecological products that are environmentally friendly. This novel, curious initiative is in itself an open doorway to one and all to get to know the trends in ecological products first hand and to not lose sight of the most craft forms of working that are used in the region.
  • Shopping precincts, Shopping centres and shopping precincts abound in the town, both in number as well as quality, the latter having been valued at a national level with an award within the National Awards for Domestic Trade. These precincts are open, agreeable spaces that generally coincide with one street and are conducive to taking a stroll, seeing the town and doing some opportune shopping. The streets of San Bernardo, Los Moros, Corrida, Covadonga, Menéndez Valdés, Magnus Blikstad, Langreo, Asturias and Álvarez Garaya are shopping precincts full of shops of all kinds situated right in the centre of Gijón, but also a neighbourhood like La Calzada has good services in streets like those of Brasil and the Avenida de La Argentina.
  • Strolling around Gijón, you can see the high quality and wide range of the town´s shops in which you may find the right buy and the fitting gift. The thing is that it is understood that shopping must be quality shopping and that the whole town of Gijón is the largest Shopping Centre in Asturias

Eat

If Gijón and Asturias are characterized by something it is by their tasty and varied gastronomy. Produce is not lacking, fish, seafood, meats, cider and delicious pastries. To promote all these attractions and enhance this work that has been carried out for three years, Gijón Joint Tourism Board has devised a plan of action focused on five main axes: Gijón Gourmet Menu; Sweet-toothed Gijón; Cider Routes; Gijón Cocktails and Going out for pinchos around Gijón.

Gijón Gourmet Menu arose 5 years ago to make the city's new culinary trends known by encouraging restaurants distinguished by some quality seal or mark to popularize its cuisine. Given the success of this initiative, the idea is to further extend the product by enhancing the use of produce in the region.

As its name suggests Sweet-toothed Gijon aims at highlighting one of the citys biggest attractions, its wonderful pastries. Therefore, Gijón is known for having the largest number of bakers shops per capita in the country, something that the townspeople boast about because of their fondness for sweet treats. Thus, its pastries, cakes, and chocolate will be closer to visitors. The product, presented with authenticity and uniqueness, would create routes of associated establishments in the city with the chance to taste the specialties of each establishment.

Cider Routes Gijón, being the largest borough producing this famous drink throughout the Principality, seeks to link the culture of cider, its elaboration and its presence in the city. For this reason, we will have the collaboration of Comarca de la Sidra (Cider Shire).

Gijón Cocktails.This initiative is born to encourage the catering and tourism sector bringing the citizen closer to the cocktail world as it is a very important part of gastronomy. The idea is to organize a contest on the streets and suggest routes by the participating establishments Going out for pinchos and tapas around Gijón is a logical action given the long tradition of tapas (appetizers) and the need to enhance pinchos (small snacks) with an increasing demand among the townspeople themselves.

Gastronomic Days. Each month the city holds a day devoted to a specific seasonal product, event or activity. All this at a standard price of 18 euros. All of them will be taking shape until 2012.

Drink

  • Cimavilla Bars line the streets and plazas of the most emblematic of Gijón's neighbourhoods, a large number of pubs in which to enjoy a chat with friends or others in which you can dance until the early hours.
  • Fomento Following the seashore, we find different establishments, the majority specialising in Latin rhythms. If your thing is dancing, don't miss coming along here later on at night.
  • Capua - Náutico More music and more dancing facing the sea, the latest rhythms can be heard in the disco bars of this zone near to the beach of San Lorenzo.
  • La Arena The most youthful ambience in town is to be found in this neighbourhood that runs parallel to San Lorenzo Beach.
  • El Carmen For more tranquil folk and lovers of good wine, this neighbourhood in the centre of the town is full of tascas (taverns) and bars, ideal for opening up your appetite.
  • The Ruta de los Vinos (Wine Route) One of the longest-standing areas to have a drink in Gijón, to start the night off with a beat.
  • Abierto hasta el Amanecer (Open until Dawn)

Sleep

Gijón has a truly extensive range of hotels. You may choose the hotel that suits you best according to its location, in the city centre or in the surroundings, number of stars, services, etc. Among the accommodation available in Gijón, there are also outstanding country hotels, especially suitable for enjoying the peace and tranquility of the surroundings and the quality of their facilities and services.

  • Hotel Robledo, Alfredo Truan 2, 985355940. Relatively cheap hotel located at the heart of Gijon. 50.
  • NH Gijon, C/ Dr. Fleming, 71. 33203 Gijón. Gijon (Spain), +34 985 195755, [8]. This hotel is located next to the San Lorenzo beach, near to parque ingles. Rooms from 99€.

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