Difference between revisions of "Gijon"
Revision as of 18:50, 28 May 2009
The weather in Gijón is not like much of the rest of Spain. Gijón is on the northern coast of Spain were is is wet and very hot in summer.
The Town Council of Gijón, with a surface of 187, 7 km2, is located at the centre of the Asturias coast, surrounded by the Town Councils of Carreño, Corvera, Llanera, Siero, Sariego and Villaviciosa. The urban area in Gijón has a surface of approximately 13, 9 km2 (the 7,6% of the total surface in the Council) and it has the 90% of the population, which is of 278,000 inhabitants more or less. The other 10% is divided into the 25 churches in the Council.
Gijón shares the general climate characteristics of the Cantabrian Coast, with the slight nuances of it coastal situation, and it can be said to have a warm temperature, with an average annual temperature of 15º and a small oscillation between the average maximum and minimum. The rainfall doesn’t have big oscillations either, it depends on the season, and the average is around 800 – 1000 mm/year. However, both the temperature and the rainfall can slightly change in the southeast edge of the Council, where we can see the biggest heights with a drop in the temperatures and a rise in the rainfalls.
The Bay of Biscay has left a trace in the history of Gijón for more than 5000 years. The city still has its Roman past alive through the interventions made in the Archaeological Park in Campa Torres, one of the main forts in the north of Spain (previous to the one in 490 b.c.), and, above all, in the recovered thermal resort in Campo Valdés, public building from the end of the 1st century a.c. In the Middle Age, the territory is taken up by the Roman Churches in the 12th and 13th centuries. The Puebla Foundation in 1270 implies an urban expansion that will be stopped at the end of the 14th century, when Gijón becomes the stage of the Trastámara conflicts and almost all the city is destroyed. In the 18th century, the erudite Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos draws the axis of the development of the city. The industrialization process, from the middle of the 19th century, turned the city into the industrial centre of Asturias with the powerful Musel Harbour and a lot of shipyards. The progressive modernization of the population and its excellent natural conditions made of Gijón a city with a powerful service sector and a good cultural and sports offer that attracts a growing number of visitors.
Gijón is interested in spreading its culture. Good proof of that are the different cultural initiatives of the city: associations, theatres, museums, exhibition spaces, cultural centres, monuments…
As it is in the centre of the Coast, Gijón is the meeting point of two big road axis: Ruta de la Plata and the Cantabrian Axis. Gijón is connected by the National Road N-630 “Ruta de la Plata”, which goes from Gijón to Sevilla, but there are also two other important motorways (A-66 and AP-66, from Benavente to León and from León to Campomanes) which allow an easy trip from the south of the country: Madrid and other cities belonging to the Ruta de la Plata. This motorway A-66 is is being developed all throughout the route between Gijón and Sevilla (800km.) and nowadays more than a third of its total route is working, the rest is under construction. The second axis east-west, which passes through all the Cantabrian coast is connected by the National Road N-634, which goes from Irún to Santiago de Compostela, that is spread into the Coastal Road N-632, which goes from Ribadesella to Canero, which allows you to go near the sea or to go deep into the inside.
There are several transport companies that connect Gijón with a wide range of daily possibilities, going to Madrid and to the main Spanish cities everyday, as well as to other cities in Asturias. Some of these companies are:
The companies FEVE and RENFE connect the city with the rest of Asturias and Spain. RENFE has daily connections with Madrid, Barcelona, Alicante and other Spanish cities. Moreover, all travellers who want to travel on rails can do it with the Transcantábrico.
Asturias Airport is located at Santiago del Monte. It has flights to the main Spanish cities and other European destinations with companies such as Air Berlin, Air Europa, Air France, Air Nostrum, Easyjet, Iberia, Spanair or Clickair. The airport is 40km. from Gijón, 35 minutes more or less by car (motorway A-8) and there are also other options:
The Harbour “El Musel”
The harbour “El Musel”, 6km. far from the urban area, has one of the oldest harbour installations in the north of Spain, and, thanks to its privileged location, its big depths and its sheltered waters, it allows the entrance and the stay of cruise ships. The “Muelle de la Osa” has three areas which are used for the port of call of the cruise ships. They can be adapted to the ships dimensions and draughts. The berth lines are 317, 250 and 206 metres long and its draughts go from 12 to 9 metres.
To get around in Asturias, you can use the single ticket, which is a smart card that allows you to travel in any line of the public transport by bus or by train within the Principality of Asturias. For more information: Consorcio de Transportes de Asturias.
The city has a wide range of public transport lines, easy to use and easy to arrive to any corner of the city centre and its rural environment. The company in charge of the public transport in Gijón is EMTUSA.
Another comfortable way of travelling is by taxi. The traveller can find several taxi stops all around the city and he can also phone one of the two following companies:
Hire a car
There are different companies that hire cars in the city:
Gijón has a cycleway, which is being expanded, that allows you to move faster and easily all around the city. This cycleway is a way to promote and develop the sustainable mobility, taking the bike as an alternative means of transport.
Laboral “City of Culture”
Laboral City of Culture is a creative community located at the Universidad Laboral in Gijón, where there are training centres for university, vocational and artistic studies, congress rooms, event rooms, seminar rooms, the head office of RTPA (Radio Television of the Principality of Asturias) and, as the city’s driving force, Laboral Art Centre and Industrial Creation, an space for the interchange of art, design, industry and economic development. Moreover, since October 2007, the Theatre of the Laboral, where you can enjoy a lot of performances of the contemporary culture, has been restored. 
You can start your day with a walk along the San Lorenzo`s beach and stop to have breakfast in any cafeterias.
In Gijón, you can find from the most fashionable shopping axis to the most traditional handcraft.
There are a lot of shopping centres all around the city which are valued at a national level, with a prize in the National Prizes of Domestic Trade. 
There are also different local handcraft shops where you can find products made with jet, ceramics, textile, leather, musical instruments, jewellery… Moreover, the second weekends each month there is an Environmentally friendly and Handmade Market at the Main Square, where you can buy handmade and environmentally friendly products.
Gijón gastronomy has countless recipes, from seafood soups, rice with clams, cider black sea bream, fabada… to the typical Gijón nougat cake.
Some of the restaurants in which you can enjoy the typical food are:
Sidrerías (Cider bars)
All around the city, there are several restaurants in which you can enjoy a lot of tasty food and snacks, together with the traditional drink: cider.
Some of them are:
All throughout the year, with a monthly appointment, there are different events and Gastronomic Fests:
Cider is local beverage of choice in Gijón.
Hotels, Rural hotels, guest houses, pensions, campsites, rural houses, youth hostels, apartments, holiday resorts.
The city of Gijón offers a great number of choices for the accommodation, depending on the area, price…
•La Casona de Jovellanos, Plazoleta Jovellanos, 1, 33201 - Gijón - Asturias, Spain, . La Casona de Jovellanos offers travelers and guests a comfortable and cozy accommodations. El Chigre, their famous restaurant offers unique environment for people who appreciates good food. They serve good home cooked meals and you'll get the chane to taste the traditional dishes offered only in Asturias. Best rates on official website″.
•Mirador de Deva Hotel, Deva - Serantes, Gijon, Asturias, 33394 , Spain, ☎ (00 34) 985131578. AMirador de Deva Hotel is located in the district of Deva in the coastal industrial city of Gijón in Asturias. Museo de la Gaita, Nicanor Piñole Museum, and Evaristo Valle Museum are some of the nearby museums. A trip to the Atlantic Botanical Garden, located just five minutes from the hotel, is sure to make your vacation truly unforgettable. You can enjoy the lush landscape as you stroll along the neighboring trails of Mirador de Deva. Best rates on official website start at EUR €65.