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Difference between revisions of "Filipino phrasebook"

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; How much is the fare to _____? : Magkano ang pamasahe sa ______? (''mahg-KAH-noh ahng pah-mah-SAH-heh sah____?'')
 
; How much is the fare to _____? : Magkano ang pamasahe sa ______? (''mahg-KAH-noh ahng pah-mah-SAH-heh sah____?'')
 
; One ticket to _____, please. : Bigyan mo ako ng isang ticket papuntang _____. (''BEEG-yahn moh AH-koh nahng EE-sahng TEE-keht pah-POON-tahng_______'')
 
; One ticket to _____, please. : Bigyan mo ako ng isang ticket papuntang _____. (''BEEG-yahn moh AH-koh nahng EE-sahng TEE-keht pah-POON-tahng_______'')
; Where does this train/bus go? : Saan patungo ang tren/bus na ito? (''...'')
+
; Where does this train/bus go? : Saan patungo ang tren/bus na ito? (''SAH ahn pah-TOON-goh ahng trehn/boos nah EE-toh?'')
 
; Where is the train/bus to _____? : Nasaan ang tren/bus na patungong _____? (''...'')
 
; Where is the train/bus to _____? : Nasaan ang tren/bus na patungong _____? (''...'')
 
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? : Hihinto ba ang tren/bus na ito sa _____? (''...'')
 
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? : Hihinto ba ang tren/bus na ito sa _____? (''...'')
 
; I'm going to take a ( bus/jeepney/taxi) : Sasakay ako ng (bus/jeep/taxi). (''...'')
 
; I'm going to take a ( bus/jeepney/taxi) : Sasakay ako ng (bus/jeep/taxi). (''...'')
; When does the train/bus for _____ leave? : Kailan aalis ang tren/bus papuntang _____ ? (''...'')
+
; When does the train/bus for _____ leave? : Kailan aalis ang tren/bus papuntang_____? (''KAH ee-lahn AH ah-lees ahng trehn/boos pah-POON-tahng_______?'')
 
; What time is this bus going to leave? : Anong oras aalis itong bus? (''AH-nohng krahs ah AH-lees EE-tohng boos?'')
 
; What time is this bus going to leave? : Anong oras aalis itong bus? (''AH-nohng krahs ah AH-lees EE-tohng boos?'')
 
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? :  Kailan darating yung bus na ito sa _____? (''kah EE-lahn dah-RAH-teeng yoong boos nah EE-toh sah______?'')
 
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? :  Kailan darating yung bus na ito sa _____? (''kah EE-lahn dah-RAH-teeng yoong boos nah EE-toh sah______?'')

Revision as of 13:59, 8 December 2010

Filipino is the national language of the Philippines. More or less the standard version of Tagalog, based on Tagalog (which in turn is partially based on the Malay language), Spanish, and English, Filipino is spoken by about 90 million people worldwide. The main difference with its grammar is that it is not word-order transitive like English. For example, the sentence Jill gives the book to Tom in Tagalog can't tell who iss giving to whom without the personal markers si and ni. If an actor focus verb is used, Jill becomes si Jill (the subject), and Tom becomes ni Tom (the object). If a non-actor focus verb is used, then si and ni are reversed. This works something like active and passive voice in English, but neither form would seem passive in Tagalog.

Notably missing in Tagalog are the to be verbs, such as am, are, is. This can be overcome in one of several ways:

Use "ay"
This is not a verb, but means "is equal to"
Use "may"
This is a verb which can mean "there is/are" (beginning of sentence only)
Skip it
Where not absolutely needed for meaning, it can be omitted--even though this sounds awful in English. Sino siya? literally who he? (or who she?)

The good news regarding word order in Filipino is that you can juggle the words just about any which way and still be understood (assuming the personal markers are attached to the correct person). Also, it's easy to substitute similar words within simple sentences like those found in this phrasebook. However, the bad news is that proper word order has a steep learning curve and can be affected even by the number of syllables. Also, Filipino is notorious for its large number of complicated verb forms which require several words in English.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Abbreviation (ng and mga)
Two very common words are always abbreviated:

ng 
pronounced nang, genitive marker like English "of"
Republika ng Pilipinas → Republic of the Philippines
mga 
pronounced mangá, plural marker like English "-s"
mga magulang → parents


Although Filipino words may seem long and tongue-twisting at first, pronunciation is easier than in many other languages. Long words are almost always based on smaller root words. The only foreign sound is an initial ng on a few words such as ngiti (smile). Unlike its neighboring languages (e.g. Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese) Filipino is not tonal. However, stressing the wrong syllable can often change the meaning of a word. Only very rarely does this occur in English (such as desert/dessert). Meanings in such cases can be closely related such as buhay (alive or life) or totally unrelated such as hapon (afternoon or Japan). You have also the use of the glottal stop, which makes a pause between two vowels. The glottal stop is used much in Filipino language. A space will be provided for the glottal stop.

Vowels

like 'a' in "arrive"
like 'e' in "ten"
like 'i' in "fin"
like 'o' in "dog"
like 'oo' in "hoop"

Consonants

These are pronounced as in English.

like 'b' in "bed"
like 'k' in "kid"
like 'd' in "dog"
like 'g' in "go"
like 'h' in "help" (this letter must be pronounced in Filipino even if it is often silent in non-American English)
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "mother"
like 'n' in "nice"
ng 
like 'ng' in "fang", but pronounced 'nang' as a stand-alone word
like 'p' in "pig"
like 'r' in "row", like 'r' in "feather" (this letter must be pronounced in Filipino even if it is often silent in non-American English)
like 's' in "sun", like 'z' in "haze"
like 't' in "top"
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'y' in "yes", like 'ie' in "pie", like 'ee' in "flee"

Therse are pronounced differently from English.

like 's' in "supper", 'k' in "kid"
like 'f' in "fine"
like 'dg' in "edge", 'h' in "ham"
ñ 
like 'ny' in "canyon"
like 'q' in "quest" (almost always with 'u')
like 'v' in "victory"
like 'cks' in "kicks", like 'z' in "haze" (at beginning of a word)
like 'z' in "haze"

Diphthongs

ay 
like 'i' in "high": tatay, father
aw 
like 'ow' in "cow": kalabaw, carabao/water buffalo
ey 
like 'ay' in "say": reyna, queen
iw 
like "eew": baliw, crazy
oy 
like 'oy' in "boy": apoy, fire

Other Sounds

ts 
as the 'ch' in "chip"
dy 
as the 'j' in "jeep"

Phrase list

Stress:Many Filipino words are stressed on the second to last syllable

Basics

Two ways to state yes and no: In Tagalog, the question "Are you married?" is answered very differently from the question "Do you have children?" The key is the word "have" in the second question. Questions with "is/are there?" are also answered in this second way.

oo (opo) 
Yes, I'm married.
hindi (po) 
No, I'm not married.
mayroon (po) 
Yes, I have children.
wala (po) 
No, I don't have children.


Negative tag questions are answered in the opposite way compared to English 
Are you not married? 
Hindi (No, I am married.)

        Oo (Yes, I am not married.)

In a full and complete sentence, "mayroon" can be shortened to may (sounds like English "may"). Most often this means have/has/there are rather than a direct yes.

May mga bata sa eskwela. There are kids in the school.
May barya ka ba sa piso? Do you have change for a peso?

}}

Add po at (or near) the end of a sentence or question to make it formal and polite. An xception is after an interrogative po immediately follows.   Sino po siya?   Who is he/she? (formal)     It is important to note that "opo" (po) and "oho" (ho) are used only to be polite to one's elders.  Ho (not used in this phrasebook) is a dialectal version of po and can virtually always be interchanged with it. Although its use is very limited in Manila and the Northern Katagalugan (The Tagalog Homeland), many people use it in Southern Luzon, especially in Batangas, Cavite and Laguna. Po (or Ho) and Opo (or Oho) is most commonly heard to show respect to elders or superiors. Po (and ho) are incompatible with ka and ikaw (use kayo) and with mo (use nila).

Yes (logical)
Oo (OH oh) (informal)   Opo (OH-poh) (formal)
No (logical) 
Hindi (HEEN-dee) (informal)   Hindi po (HEEN-dee poh) (formal)
Yes (to have or there are some
Mayroon (MAI-roh ohn) (informal, also 'Meron')   Mayroon po (MAI-roh ohn poh) (formal)
No (to not have or there is none
Wala (WAH-lah) (informal)   Wala po (WAH-lah poh) (formal)
I don't know 
Hindi ko alam. (HEEN-dee koh AH-lahm) (informal)   Hindi ko po alam. (HEEN-dee koh poh AH-lahm) (formal)
Hi 
Hi (hai)
Hello  
Helów (heh-LOW)
How are you? 
Kumusta ka? (koo-MOOS-tah kah?) (informal)   Kumusta po kayo? (koo-moos-TAH poh kah-YOH?) (formal)
Fine, thank you. 
Ayos naman, salamat. (AH-yohs NAH-mahn, sah-LAH-maht)   Mabuti po, salamat. (mah-BOO-tee poh, sah-LAH-maht) (formal)
And you 
Ikaw? (ee-Kao?) (informal)   Kayó po? (kah-YOH poh?) (formal)
Good/Well 
Mabuti (mah-BOO-tee)   Mabuti po (mah-BOO-tee poh) (formal)
What is your name? 
Anong pangalan mo? (AH-nohng pahn-GAH-lahn moh?) (informal)   Ano po ang pangalan nila? (AH-noh poh ahng pahn-GAH-lahn NEE-lah?) (formal)
My name is ______ . 
Ang pangalan ko ay _______. (ahng pahn-GAH-lahn koh eye___)

Note: As shown above, markers (Si / Ni / Kay) are mandatory before a person's nam--no exceptions (other than one word answers, and after ay)

"I'm John"   Ako si John.
"John's"   or   "by John" (ownership/authorship)   Kay John.

"Who does this belong to?" may be answered with either "It is John's" "Kay John" or "John's bag"   Bag ni John.

Nice/pleased to meet you. 
Ikinagagalak kong makilala ka. (ee-kee-nah-gah-GAH-lahk kohg mah-kee-LAH-lah kah)   Ikinagagalak ko po kayong makilala. (ee-kee-nah-gah-GAH-lahk koh poh KAH-yohng mah-kee-LAH-lah) (formal)
Please. 
Pakiusap (po). (pah-KEE-oo-sahp (poh))
Thank you. 
Salamat (sah-LAH-maht) (informal)   Salamat po (sah-LAH-maht poh) (formal)
Thank you very much 
Maraming salamat (mah-RAH-meeng sah-LAH-maht)(informal)   Maraming salamat po (mah-RAH-meeng sah-LAH-maht poh)(formal)
You're welcome. 
Walang anuman. (WAH-lahng ah-NOO-mahn) (literally It is nothing. or No problem.)
Take care. 
Ingat! (een-GAHT!)
How old are you? 
Ilang taon ka na? (EE-lahng TAH ohn kah nah?)
Where are you from? 
Taga-saan ka? (tah-GAH sah AHN kah?)
Where do you live? 
Saan ka nakatira? (sah AHN kah nah-kah-tee-RAH?)
Where have you been? 
Saan ka galing? (sah AHN kah gah-LEENG?) (often used rhetorically)
Where are you going? 
Saan ka pupunta? (sah AHN kah poo-poon-TAH?)
Can you accompany me to _____? 
Pwede mo ba akong samahan sa _____? (pweh-DEH moh bah ah-KOHNG sah-mah-HAHN sah___?)
Can you take me to_____? 
Pwede mo ba akong dalhin sa_____? (PWEH-deh moh bah AH-kohng DAHL-heen sah____?)
What is your work? 
Anong trabaho mo? (ah-NOHNG trah-bah-HOH moh?)
What are you doing? 
Ano ang ginagawa mo? (ano ang ge-nah-gah-WAH mo)
Where do you go to school? 
Saan ka nag-aaral? (sah-AHN kah nahg-ah-ah-RAHL?)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Excuse me. (ehkz-KYOOZ mee)   Mawalang galang na po. (Mah-wah-lang GAH-lung nah poh)
May I____ ? (To ask for permission
Maaari po bang____? (mah ah AH-ree____?)
I'm sorry. 
Paumanhin. (pah oo-MAHN-heen)
Goodbye 
Paalam. (pah AH-lahm)
Goodbye (informal
Bye. (BAH-ee)
I can't speak (insert name of language) [well]. 
Hindi ako marunong mag-(insert name of language)[mabuti]. (HEEN-dee AH-koh mah-ROO-nohng mahg (insert name of language) [mah-BOO-tee])
Help! 
Saklolo! (sahk-loh-LOH!) or Tulong! (too-LOHNG)
Look out! 
Look out! (look owt!)
Good morning. (lit. 'beautiful morning')
Magandang umaga (ma-GAHN-dang oo-MAH-ga) (informal)
Magandang umaga po (ma-GAHN-dang oo-MAH-ga po) (formal)
Good day 
Magandang araw (ma-GAHN-dahng AH-row)
Good afternoon
Magandang hapon (mah-GAHN-dahng HAH-pohn)
Good evening 
Magandang gabi. (mah-GAHN-dahng gah-BEE)
Goodnight (to sleep
Magandang gabi. (mah-GAHN-dahng gah-BEE)
I don't understand. 
Hindi ko maintindihan. (HEEN-dee koh mah-een-teen-DEE-hahn)
Where is the bathroom/washroom? 
Nasaan ang C.R.? (nah-SAH ahn ahng C.R?) [where C.R. = Comfort Room ~ Rest Room]
What time is it? 
Anong oras na? (ah-NOHNG oh-RAHS nah?)
Do you understand English? 
Nakakaintindi ka ba ng Ingles? (nah-kah-kah-een-TEEN-dee kah bah nahng een-GLEHS?)
Do you speak English? 
Marunong ka ba mag-Ingles?/Nakapagsasalita ka ba ng Ingles? (mah-ROO-nohng kah bah mahg-een-GLEHS?/nah-kah-pahg-sah-SAH-lee-tah kah bah nahng een-GLEHS?)
Yes, I speak/understand a little. 
Oo, kaunti lang. (OH-oh, kah-OON-tee lahng)
I don't understand Tagalog. 
Hindi ako nakakaintindi ng Tagalog. (HEEN-dee AH-koh nah-kah-kah-een-TEEN-dee nahng tah-GAH-lohg)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Meron ba ditong marunong mag-Ingles? (meh-ROHN bah dee-TOHNG mah-roo-NOHNG mahg-een-GLEHS?)
Who is she/he? 
Sino siya?(see-NOH shah)
What is she/he saying? 
Anong sinasabi niya?(ah-NOHNG see-nah-sah-BEE nee-YAH?)
What do you mean? 
Anong ibig mong sabihin? (ah-NOHNG ee-BEEG mohng sah-bee-HEEN?)
Please say it again/pardon. 
Paki-ulit. (PAH-kee OO-leet)
Please write it down. 
Pakisulat. (pah-kee-SOO-laht)
Let's go! 
Tara (na)! (tah-RAH (nah)!) (very informal)   Halika! (hah-lee-KAH!) (semi-formal)
Wait! 
Teka! (teh-KAH!)   or   Sandali (lang)! (sahn-dah-LEE (lahng)!)
Can I speak to ____ ? (on the phone) 
Pwedeng makausap si _____? (PWEH-dehng mah-kah-OO-sahp see____?)
One moment 
Sandali lang. (sahn-DAH-lee lahng)
Who? 
Sino?(see-NOH?)
What? 
Ano? (ah-NOH?)
Why? 
Bakit?(bah-KEET?)
Where? 
Saan? (sah AHN?)
When? 
Kailan? (kah-ee-LAHN?)
How? 
Paano? (pah ah-NOH?)
How many? 
Ilan?(ee LAHN?)
How much? 
Magkano?(mahg-KAH-noh?)

Nouns

Like English, there is no gender assigned to common nouns, including those of Spanish origin. The only exception is Spanish-origin words refering to a type of person or occupation. But even here, the article (ang, ng, etc.) is gender neutral. Example:   Ang abogado/a   The lawyer or attorney (m/f).   Ironically, Tagalog-origin words can even be more gender-neutral than English.   Example:   kapatid   brother or sister.

For plurals, add mga immediately before the noun.   Example:   Mga hayop   Animals.   Adding s does not make anything plural and is sometimes done on Spanish nouns regardless of whether the topic is plural or not. Example:   mansanas   apple;   mga mansanas  apples (from Spanish manzana).

One point of confusion is the word Filipinas. It can mean either The Philippines (the country) or a group of Philippine females.

Girl/Female
Babae (bah-BAH eh)
Boy/Male 
Lalake (lah-LAH-ke)
Animal 
Hayop (HAH-yohp)
Place 
Lugar (LOO-gahr)
Name
Pangalan (pah-NGAH-lahn)
Nickname 
Palayaw (pah-LAH-yao)
Surname 
Apelyido (ah-pehl-YEE-doh)
Address 
Tirahan (tee-RAH-hahn)
Age 
Edad (EH-dahd)
Sex/Gender 
Kasarian (kah-sah-REE-ahn)
School 
Eskwelahan/Paaralan (ehs-kweh-LAH-hahn/pah ah-RAH-lahn)
Variety Store 
Tindahan (teen-DAH-hahn)
Birthday 
Kaarawan (kah ah-RAH-wahn)
Birthdate 
Kapanganakan
Child 
Anak (AH-nahk)(refers to son/daugther)/Bata (BAH-tah) (refers to young child)
Adult 
Matanda (mah-TAHN-dah)
Tricycle 
Traysikel (trai-SEE-kehl)
Jeepney 
Jeepney (JEEP-nee)
Bus 
Bus (boos)
Train 
Tren (trehn)
Light 
Ilaw (EE-law)
Water 
Tubig (too-BEEG)
Electricity 
Kuryente (koo-RYEHN-teh)
Table 
Mesa (MEH-sah)
Couch 
Sofa (SOH-fah)
Chair 
Silya (SEE-yah)
Living room 
Sala (SAH-lah)
Kitchen 
Kusina (koo-SEE-nah)
Bedroom 
Kwarto (KWAHR-toh)
Bathroom 
Banyo(formal) (BAH-nyoh)/Kubeta (koo-BEH-tah)(informal)/CR(casual)
Picture 
Litrato (lee-TRAH-toh)
Radio 
Radyo (RAH-dyoh)
Air Conditioner 
Aircon (ah EER-kohn)
Television 
Telebisyon (teh-leh-BEE-syohn)
Refrigirator 
Pridyider (pree-JEE-dehr)
Faucet 
Gripo (GREE-poh)
Door 
Pinto (PEEN-toh)
Window 
Bintana (been-TAH-nah)
Friend 
Kaibigan (kah ee-BEE-gahn)
Mother 
Nanay (NAH-nai)
Father 
Tatay (TAH-tai)
Brother 
Kapatid na lalaki (kah-PAH-teed nah lah-LAH-kee)
Sister 
Kapatid na babae (kah-PAH-teed nah bah-BAH-eh)
Relative 
Kamag-anak (KAH-mahg-AH-nahk)
Neighbor 
Kapit-bahay (KAH-peet-BAH-hai)
Wife 
Asawang babae (ah-SAH-wahng bah-BAH-eh)
Husband 
Asawang lalake (ah-SAH-wahng lah-LAH-keh)
Fiancee 
Nobyo/Nobya(for female) (NOH-byoh/NOH-byah)
Girlfriend/Boyfriend
Siyota (Sho-tah)
Buddy 
Pare (PAH-reh)

Adjectives

Separate adjectives are sometimes used to describe things and people (e.g. tall building, tall person). Adjectives without a noun are often ended with the article na, which roughly translates as "already" or "now." This is usually dropped when translating back into English. Madumi na. [It's] dirty (now/already). In Tagalog, an article such as na or pa is required when no noun follows the adjective. Na is a bit more immediate (i.e. shorter time than expected) than pa, but both have similar usage.

Many nouns can become adjectives by adding the prefix Ma, such as Dumi (dirt) becoming Madumi (dirty).

Adjective-noun pairs must be linked. Na (not the same na as above) is used if the adjective ends in a constant, and ng is used if it ends in a vowel. Magandang babae (beautiful girl). Malinis na kusina (clean kitchen).

Beautiful 
Maganda (mah-GAHN-dah)
Handsome 
Guwapo/Pogi (goo-WAH-poh/POH-gee)
Ugly 
Pangit (PAHN-geet)
Good 
Mabuti (mah-BOO-tee)
Bad 
Masama (mah-SAH-mah)
Smart/Intelligent 
Matalino (mah-tah-LEE-noh)
Tall (person) 
Matangkad (mah-TAHNG-kahd)
Short/Small 
Maliit (mah-LEE-eet)
Clean 
Malinis (mah-LEE-nees)
Dirty 
Madumi (mah-DOO-mee)
Delicious 
Masarap (mah-SAH-rahp)
Bland 
Matabang (mah-TAH-bahng)
Large 
Malaki (mah-LAH-kee)
Medium 
Katamtaman (kah-tahm-TAH-mahn)
Small 
Maliit (mah-LEE eet)
Cold 
Malamig (mah-LAH-meeg)
Hot 
Mainit (mah EE-neet)
Happy 
Masaya (mah-SAH-yah)
Sad/Lonely 
Malungkot (mah-LOONG-koht)
Far 
Malayo (mah-LAH-yoh)
Close/Near 
Malapit (mah-LAH-peet)
Strong 
Malakas (mah-LAH-kahs)
Noisy 
Maingay (mah-EE-ngai)
Silent 
Tahimik (tah-HEE-meek)
High 
Mataas (mah-TAH-ahs)
Low 
Mababa (mah-BAH-tah)
Old (person) 
Matanda (mah-TAHN-dah)
Old (things)
Luma (LOO-mah)

Prepositions

Here 
Dito (DEE-toh)
There 
Doon (DOH-ohn)
Outside 
Sa labas (sah LAH-bahs)
Inside 
Sa loob (sah LOH-ohb)
Upstairs 
Sa itaas (sah ee-TAH-ahs)
Downstairs 
Sa ibaba (sah ee-BAH-bah)
Behind 
Sa likod (sah LEE-kohd)
Next 
Katabi (kah-TAH-bee)
Beside 
Katabi (kah-TAH-bee)
Front 
Harapan (hah-RAH-pahn)
Back 
Likuran (lee-KOO-rahn)

Problems

What's the matter/problem? 
Anong problema? (ah-NOHNG proh-bleh-MAH?)
Are you ok? 
Ayos ka lang? (ah-yohs kah lahng?)
Leave me alone. 
Lumayo ka sa akin. (loo-MAH-yoh sah AH-keen)
Don't touch me! 
Huwag mo akong hawakan. (HOO-wahg moh AH-kohng hah-WAH-kahn)
Let go of me! 
Bitawan mo ako! (bee-tah-wahn moh ah-KOH!)
I'll call the police. 
Tatawag ako ng pulis. (tah-TAH-wahg AH-koh nahng POO-lees)
Police! 
Pulis(POO-lees)
Police Headquarters
Pulisiya (poo-LEE-syah)
There's an accident 
May aksidente. (mai ahk-see-DEHN-teh)
There's a fire!!  
May sunog!! or Sunog!! (lit. "burning") (mai SOO-nohg) or (SOO-nohg)

Note: Tagalog always refers to what's burning and not the flames. Fire (controlled or in abstract) : Apoy (AH-poy)

Stop! Thief! 
Tigil! Magnanakaw! (TEE-geel! mahg-nah-NAH-cow!)
I need help. 
Kailangan ko ng tulong. (kah ee-LAHN-gahn koh nahng TOO-lohng)
It's an emergency. 
Ito ay isang emergency. (EE-toh eye EE-sahng eh-mehr-JEHN-see)
I'm lost. 
Nawawala ako. (nah-wah-WAH-lah AH-koh)
I'm tired 
Pagod ako. (PAH-gohd AH-koh)
I'm not feeling well. 
Masama ang pakiramdam ko. (mah-SAH-mah ahng pah-kee-RAHM-dahm koh)
I can't sleep 
Hindi ako makatulog. (AH-koh mah-kah-TOO-lohg)
I can't eat 
Hindi ako makakakain. (HEEN-dee AH-koh mah-kah-kah-KAH een)
I have a headache 
Sumasakit ang ulo ko. (soo-mah-SAH-keet ahng OO-loh koh)
I'm hungry 
Gutom na ako. (GOO-tohm nah AH-koh)
I'm thirsty 
Nauuhaw ako. (nah OO oo-how AH-koh)
I ran out of money 
Naubusan na ako ng pera. (nah oo-BOO-sahn nah AH-koh nahng PEH-rah)
I lost my bag. 
Nawala ang bag ko. (nah-WAH-lah ahng bahg koh)
I lost my wallet. 
Nawala ang pitaka ko. (nah-WAH-lah ahng pee-tah-ka koh)
I'm sick. 
May sakit ako. (mai SAH-keet AH-koh)
I've been injured. 
Nasugatan ako. (nah-soo-GAH-tahn AH-koh)
I need a doctor. 
Kailangan ko ng duktor/mangagamot. (kah ee-LAHNG-tahn koh nahng DOOK-tor/mahn-gah-GAH-moht)
Can I use your phone? 
Pwedeng makigamit ng telepono? (pweh-DEHNG mah-kee-gah-MEET nahng teh-leh-poh-NOH?)
Where's the hospital? 
Saan ang ospital? (SAH-ahn ahng ohs-pee-TAHL?)
I need to get you to the hospital. 
Kailangan kitang dalhin sa ospital. (kah-ee-LAHN-gahn KEE-tahng DAHL-heen sah ohs-PEE-tahl)
Do you know how to speak English? 
Marunong ka ba mag-Ingles? (mah-roo-NOHNG kah bah mahg-een-GLEHS?)

Numbers and currency

Note: In some cases Spanish numbers (with Filipino spelling) are used.

sero (SEH-roh)
isá, uno (ee-SAH, OO-noh), piso(for currency, not isang piso)(pee-so)
dalawá, dos (dah-lah-WAH, dohs), dalawang piso(for currency)
tatlo, tres (taht-LOH, trehs), tatlong piso(for currency)
apat, kuwatro (AH-paht, koo-wah-TROH) apat na piso(for currency)
limá, singko (lee-MAH, SEENG-koh), limang piso(for currency)
anim, sais (AH-neem, says), anim na piso(for currency)
pito, siyete (PEE-toh, SYEH-teh), pitong piso(for currency)
walo, otso (WAH-loh, OHT-soh), walong piso(for currency)
siyam, nuwebe (SEE-yahm, noo-WEH-beh), siyam na piso(for currency)
10 
sampu, diyes (SAHM-poo, dyehs), sampung piso(for currency)
11 
labing-isa, onse (LAH-beeng-EE-sah, OHN-seh), onse pesos(for currency)(OHN-seh peh-sos)
12 
labing-dalawa, dose (LAH-beeng-dah-LAH-wah, DOH-seh), dose pesos(for currency)
13 
labing-tatlo, trese (LAH-beeng-taht-LOH, TREH-seh), trese pesos(for currency)
14 
labing-apat, katorse (lah-beeng-AH-paht, kah-tohr-SEH), katorse pesos(for currency)
15 
labing-lima (lah-beeng lee-mah), kinse pesos(for currency)(keen-seh peh-sos)
16 
labing-anim (lah-beeng ah-neem), diesisais pesos(for currency)(diyes see-sah-is peh-sos)
17 
labing-pito (lah-beeng pee-to), disisyete pesos(for currency)(dees-see-sye-TEH peh-sos)
18 
labing-walo (lah-beeng wah-lo), disiocho pesos(for currency)
19 
labing-siyam (la-beeng-SHAM), disinueve pesos(for currency)
20 
dalawampu (da-la-wam-POO), beinte pesos or dalawangpung piso(for currency)
21 
dalawampu't isa (da-la-wam-POOT ee-sah), beinte uno pesos(for currency)
22 
dalawampu't dalawa (da-la-wam-POOT dah-lah-WAH), bente dos pesos(for currency) (ben-teh peh-sos)
23 
dalawampu't tatlo (da-la-wam-POOT tat-LO), bente tres pesos(for currency)
30 
tatlumpu (tat-loom-POO): trenta pesos(for currency) (tren-tah peh-sos)
40 
apatnapu(ah-pat-nah-POO) : kwarenta pesos(for currency)(kwaren-tah peh-sos)
50 
limampu(lee-mam-POO) : singkwenta pesos (for currency)(singkwen-tah peh-sos)
60 
animnapu (ah-neem-nah-POO): sisenta pesos (for currency)(seesen-tah peh-sos)
70 
pitumpu (pee-toom-POO): sitenta pesos(for currency)(seeten-tah peh-sos)
80 
walumpu(wah-loom-POO): otsenta pesos (for currency)(otsen-tah peh-sos)
90 
siyamnapu(sham-nah-POO): nobenta pesos (for currency)(noben-tah peh-sos)
100 
isang daan (eesang DAH-ahn), isang daang piso(for currency)
200 
dalawang daan (dah-lah-wang DAH-ahn), dalawang daang piso(for currency)(dah-lah-wang pee-so)
300 
tatlong daan (tat-long DAH-ahn), tatlong daang piso(for currency)
400 
apat na daan (ah-pat na DAH-ahn), apat na daang piso(for currency)
500 
limang daan (lee-mang DAH-ahn), limang daang piso(for currency)
600 
anim na raan(a-neem na rah-AHN), anim na daang piso(for currency)
700 
pitong daan(pee-tong DAH-ahn), pitong daang piso(for currency)
800 
walong daan(WAH-long DAH-ahn), walong daang piso(for currency)
900 
siyam na raan (SEE-yahm sahn-DAH-ahn), siyam na raang piso(for currency)
1000 
isang libo (EE-sahng LEE-boh), isang libong piso(for currency)
2000 
dalawang libo (dah-LAH-wahng LEE-boh), dalawang daang piso(for currency)
1,000,000 
isang milyon (EE-sahng MEE-lyohn), isang milyong piso(for currency)
1,000,000,000 
isang libong milyon (EE-sahng LEE-bohng MEE-lyohn) for British English, isang bilyon (EE-sahng BEE-lyohn) for American English, isang bilyong (for currency)
1,000,000,000,000 
isang bilyon (EE-sahng BEE-lyohn) for British English, isang trilyon (EE-sahng TREE-lyohn) for American English
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
bilang _____ (BEE-lang) : numero _____ (noo-MEH-roh) (usually with a Spanish number, e.g. numero uno, (noo-MEH-roh OO-noh) number one)
half 
kalahati (kah-lah-HAHN-tee)
less 
kaunti (kah-OON-tee) or konti (KOHN-tee)
more 
madami (mah-DAH-mee) or marami (mah-RAH-mee)

For numbers above 10, Spanish is frequently used.

Ordinal Numbers
First 
Ika-isa (EE-kah-EE-sah
Second 
Ika-dalawa (EE-kah-dah-LAH-wah)
Third 
Ika-tatlo (EE-kah-TAHT-loh
Fourth 
Ika-apat (EE-kah-AH-paht)
Fifth 
Ika-lima (EE-kah-LEE-mah)
Sixth 
Ika-anim (EE-kah-AH-neem)
Seventh 
Ika-pito (EE-kah-PEE-toh)
Eight 
Ika-walo (EE-kah-WAH-loh)
Ninth 
Ika-siyam (EE-kah-SEE-yahm)
Tenth 
Ika-sampu (EE-kah-SAHM-poo)
Twentieth 
Ika-dalawampu (EE-kah-dah-lah-WAHM-poo)
Hundreth 
Ika-isang daan (EE-kah-EE-sahng DAH-ahn)

Time

now 
ngayon (nahn-GAH-yon)
a while ago/earlier 
kanina (kah-NEE-nah)
later 
mamaya (mah-MAH-yah)
before 
bago (BAH-goh)
after 
pagkatapos (pahg-kah-TAH-pohs)
morning 
umaga (oo-MAH-gah)
noon 
tanghali (tang-HAH-lee)
afternoon 
hapon (HAH-pohn)
evening 
gabi (GAH-bee)
night 
gabi (GAH-bee)
midnight 
hatinggabi (hah-teeng-GAH-bee)
dawn 
madaling-araw (mah-DAH-leeng-AH-row)

Clock time

"ng" is pronounced 'nang' (rhymes with sang)

What time is it? 
Anóng oras na? (ah-NOHNG OH-rahs nah?)
At what time...? 
Anóng oras...? (ah-NOHNG OH-rahs...?)
one o'clock AM 
ala una ng madaling araw (ah-lah OO-nah nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
two o'clock AM 
alas dos ng madaling araw (AH-lahs dohs nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
three o'clock AM 
alas tres ng madaling araw (AH-lahs trehs nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
four o'clock AM 
alas kwatro ng madaling araw (AH-lahs KWAH-troh nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
five o'clock AM 
alas singko ng madaling araw (AH-lahs SEENG-koh nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
six o'clock AM  
alas sais ng umaga (AH-lahs says nahng oo-MAH-gah)
seven o'clock AM 
alas siyete ng umaga (AH-lahs SYEH-teh nahng oo-MAH-gah)
eight o'clock AM  
alas otso ng umaga (AH-lahs OHT-soh nahng oo-MAH-gah)
nine o'clock AM 
alas nuwebe ng umaga (AH-lahs noo-WEH-beh nahng oo-MAH-gah)
ten o'clock AM  
alas diyes ng umaga (AH-lahs dyehs nahng oo-MAH-gah)
eleven o'clock AM 
alas onse ng umaga (AH-lahs OHN-seh nahng oo-MAH-gah)
twelve o'clock/noon 
alas dose ng tanghali (AH-lahs DOH-seh nahng TAHNG-hah-lee)
one o'clock PM 
ala una ng hapon (AH-lah OO-nah nahng HAH-pohn)
two o'clock PM 
alas dos ng hapon (AH-lahs dohs nahng HAH-pohn)
three o'clock PM 
alas tres ng hapon (AH-lahs trehs nahng HAH-pohn)
four o'clock PM 
alas kwatro ng hapon (AH-lahs KWAH-troh nahng HAH-pohn)
five o'clock PM 
alas singko ng hapon (AH-lahs SEEHNG-koh nahng HAH-pohn)
seven o'clock PM 
ala siyete ng hating gabi (AH-lah SYEH-teh nahng HAH-teeng GAH-bee)
six o'clock PM 
ala sais ng hating gabi (AH-lah says nahng HAH-teeng GAH-bee)
eight o'clock PM 
alas otso ng hating gabi (AH-lahs OHT-soh nahng HAH-teeng GAH-bee)
nine o'clock PM 
alas nuebe ng hating gabi (AH-lahs noo EH-beh nahng HAH-teeng GAH-bee)
ten o'clock PM 
alas dies ng hating gabi (AH-lahs DEE ehs nahng HAH-teeng GAH-bee)
eleven o'clock PM  
alas onse ng hating gabi (AH-lahs OHN-seh nahng HAH-teeng GAH-bee)
one o'clock PM 
ala una ng hapon (AH-lah OO-nah nahng HAH-pohn)
two o'clock PM 
alas dos ng gabi (AH-lahs dohs nahng GAH-bee)
twelve o'clock/midnight 
alas dose ng madaling araw (AH-lahs DOH-seh nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
one thirty o'clock PM 
ala una y media ng hapon (AH-lah OO-nah ee meh-DEE ah nahng HAH-pohn)
two thiry PM 
alas dos y media ng hapon (AH-lahs dohs ee meh-DEE ah nahng HAH-pohn)
one thirty AM 
ala una y media ng madaling araw (AH-lah OO-nah ee meh-DEE ah nahng mah-DAH-leeng AH-row)
nine thirty AM 
alas nuwebe ng umaga (AH-lahs noo-WEH-beh nahng oo-MAH-gah)
one forty five AM 
ala una kwarenta y singko ng umaga (AH-lah OO-nah kwah-REHN-tah ee SEENG-koh nahng oo-MAH-gah)
nine forty five AM 
alas nuebe kwarenta y singko ng umaga (AH-lahs noo-EH-beh kwah-REHN-tah ee SEENG-koh nahng oo-MAH-gah)

Duration

A vowel ending number must be suffixed with "-ng" while consonant-ending numbers must be followed by "na", e.g. isaNG minuto (one minute) or apat NA minuto (four minutes).

_____ second(s) 
_____ segundo (seh-GOON-doh)
_____ minute(s) 
_____ minuto (mee-NOO-toh)
_____ hour(s) 
_____oras (OH-rahs)
_____ day(s) 
_____araw (AH-row)
_____ week(s) 
_____ linggo (LEENG-goh)
_____ month(s) 
_____buwan (BOO-wahn)
_____ year(s) 
_____taon (TAH-ohn)

The Filipino language borrowed its terms for the days of the week and months of the year from the Spanish language.

Days

today 
ngayon (nga-yohn)
yesterday 
kahapon (ka-HA-pon)
tomorrow 
bukas (BOO-kas)
this week 
ngayong linggo (nga-YONG ling-go)
last week 
nakaraang linggo (na-ka-ra-ang ling-go)
next week 
sa isang linggo (sah EE-sahng LEENG-goh)
Sunday 
Linggo (LEENG-goh)
Monday 
Lunes (LOO-nehs)
Tuesday 
Martes (MAHR-tehs)
Wednesday 
Miyerkoles (myehr-KOH-lehs)
Thursday 
Huwebes (hoo-WEH-behs)
Friday 
Biyernes (BYEHR-nehs)
Saturday 
Sabado (sah-BAH-doh)

Months

January 
Enero (eh-NEH-roh)
February 
Pebrero (peh-BREH-roh)
March 
Marso (MAHR-soh)
April 
Abril (AH-breel)
May 
Mayo (MAH-yoh)
June 
Hunyo (HOON-nyoh)
July 
Hulyo (HOO-lyoh)
August 
Agosto (ah-GOHS-toh)
September 
Setyembre (seh-TYEHM-breh)
October 
Oktubre (ohk-TOO-breh)
November 
Nobyembre (noh-BYEHM-breh)
December 
Disyembre (dee-SYEHM-breh)

Holidays

Christmas 
Pasko (PAHS-koh)
New Year 
Bagong Taon (BAH-gohng TAH-ohn)
Holy Week
Mahal na Araw(MAH-hal nah Ah-rao), Semana Santa(casual)
All Souls Day 
Araw ng mga Patay (AH-row nahng mgah PAH-tai)(formal)/Todos los Santos (TOH-dohs lohs SAHN-tohs) (casual)/Undas(oon-dahs)(casual)

Writing times and dates

Dates can be written as follows:

  • English format: September 19, 2005 would be Setyembre 19, 2005
  • Spanish format: September 19, 2005 would be Ika-19 ng Setyembre, 2005

Times are written as in English (as in 6:23 AM) but spoken as in Spanish.

Colors

black 
itim (ee-TEEM)
white 
puti (pooh-TEE)
red 
pula (pooh-LAH)
gray 
abo (ah-boh)
orange 
kahel (ka-HEL)
yellow 
dilaw (dee-LAO)
green
berde (BER-de), luntian (loon-TEE-ahn)
blue 
asul (ah-SOOL), bughaw (boog-HOW)
purple 
ube (OOH-beh), lila (LEE-la)
pink 
pink, rosa (ROH-sa)
brown 
brown, tsokolate (cho-ko-LAH-teh) (for objects); kayumanggi (kah-yoo-MANG-gee), moreno (for skin color) (moh-REH-noh)
gold 
ginto (geen-TOH)

Transportation

car 
kotse (KOHT-seh)
taxi 
taxi (TAHK-see)
bus 
bus (boos)
van 
bungad (BOON-gahd)
truck 
trak (trahk)
ship 
barko (BAHR-koh)
boat 
bangka (BAHNG-kah)
ferry 
lantsa (lan-t'sah)
helicopter 
helikoptero (heh-lee-kohp-TEH-roh)
airplane 
eroplano (eh-roh-PLAH-noh)
airline company 
kompanya ng eroplano (kohm-PAH-nyah nahng eh-roh-PLAH-noh)
bicycle 
bisikleta (bee-see-KLEH-tah)
motorcycle 
motorsiklo (moh-tohr-SEE-kloh)
scooter 
iskuter (ees-KOO-tehr)
carriage 
karwahe (kahr-WAH-heh)
jeepney 
jeepney (zheh-EHP-nay) [form of transportation common in the Philippines]

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Magkano ang tiket papuntang _____? (mahg-KAH-noh ahng TEE-keht pah-poon-TAHNG____?)
How much is the fare to _____? 
Magkano ang pamasahe sa ______? (mahg-KAH-noh ahng pah-mah-SAH-heh sah____?)
One ticket to _____, please. 
Bigyan mo ako ng isang ticket papuntang _____. (BEEG-yahn moh AH-koh nahng EE-sahng TEE-keht pah-POON-tahng_______)
Where does this train/bus go? 
Saan patungo ang tren/bus na ito? (SAH ahn pah-TOON-goh ahng trehn/boos nah EE-toh?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Nasaan ang tren/bus na patungong _____? (...)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Hihinto ba ang tren/bus na ito sa _____? (...)
I'm going to take a ( bus/jeepney/taxi) 
Sasakay ako ng (bus/jeep/taxi). (...)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Kailan aalis ang tren/bus papuntang_____? (KAH ee-lahn AH ah-lees ahng trehn/boos pah-POON-tahng_______?)
What time is this bus going to leave? 
Anong oras aalis itong bus? (AH-nohng krahs ah AH-lees EE-tohng boos?)
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Kailan darating yung bus na ito sa _____? (kah EE-lahn dah-RAH-teeng yoong boos nah EE-toh sah______?)
What time will the bus arrive? 
Anong oras darating ang bus? (AH-nohng OH-rahs dah-RAH-teeng ahng boos?)

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Paano pumunta ng/sa ______? (...)
...the train station? 
...himpilan ng tren (...)
...the bus station? 
...himpilan ng bus? (...)
...the airport? 
... paliparan ? (English)
...downtown? 
...bayan? (bah-YAN)
...supermarket? 
...supermarket? (English) (Western style supermarkets)
...wet market? 
...palengke? (pah-LENG-keh) (Traditional Filipino market)
...bank? 
...bangko?
...the youth hostel? 
...hostel? (HOS-tel)
...the _____ hotel? 
..._____ otel? (o-TEL)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
... konsulado ng Estados Unidos (Amerika)/Canada/Australia/Britanya (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Saan ang karamihan ng... (...)
...hotels? 
...mga hotel? (ma-nga o-TEL)
...restaurants? 
... mga kainan? (ma-nga KAH-ee-nun)
...malls? 
...mga mall? (English)
...cinema? 
...mga sinehan?
...bars? 
...mga bars? (English)
...sites to see? 
...mga magagandang tanawin? (...)
Can you show me on the map ____ ? 
Maari bang ituro mo sa akin sa mapa ang _____? (ma-ah-ahree bahng ee-too-ro mo sah ah-keen sah mah-pa ahng____)
street 
kalye (kal-YEH)
Turn left. 
Kumaliwa. (KooMAH-Leewah)
Turn right. 
Kumanan. (KooMAH-nun)
left 
kaliwa (kah-lee-WAH)
right 
kanan (kah-NAN)
straight ahead 
dumiretso (doo-meeh-ret-SO)
towards the _____ 
patungo sa _____ (pah-too-ngo sah)
past the _____ 
lagpas sa _____ (lag-PAHS)
before the _____ 
bago sa _____ (bah-go sah)
Watch out for the _____. 
Maging mapagmasid ka sa _____. (mah-geeng mah-pag-mah-seed kah sah)
intersection 
interseksyon (een-ter-sek-shon)
north 
hilaga (hee-LAH-ga)
south 
timog (TEE-mog)
east 
silangan (see-LAH-ngan)
west 
kanluran (kan-LOO-ran)
uphill 
paakyat ng burol (pa-ahk-yat nahng boo-rol)
downhill 
pababa ng burol (pah-bah-bah nahng boo-rol)

Taxi

Taxi! 
Taksi! (TAHK-see)
Take me to _____, please(formal). 
Pakihatid mo ako sa_____. (...)
To _____ , please (casual). 
Sa ____.(sah)
I'm going to ____ 
Papunta akong _____ (pah-poon-tah ah-kong)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Magkano papuntang _____? (mag-kah-no pah-poon-tang)
How much do you charge? 
Magkano ang singil mo?(mag-kah-no ahng see-ngeel-mo)
How much is the fare? 
Magkano ang bayad?(mag-ka-no ahng bah-yad)
Take me there, please. 
Pakihatid mo ako doon. (pa-kee-ha-teed mo ah-ko do-ON)


Jeepney/Bus

One/Two/Three etc. to ____ (When paying the fare for number of people) 
Isa/Dalawa/Tatlo papuntang _____ ( insert the destination here)
Stop!!! (to get off the jeepney/bus) 
Para!!!! (PA-rah)
How much is the fare to _____? 
Magkano ang pamasahe papuntang _____ (...)
Sir(driver) Where's my change? 
Mama, nasaan ang sukli ko? ( Mam-ma na-sa-an ang sooklee ko)
Can you drop me off at ____?  
Maari niyo ba akong ibababa sa ____?

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
Meron ba kayong kwarto na hindi ginagamit? (...)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Magkano ang isang kwarto para sa isang/dalawang tao? (...)
Does the room come with... 
Kasama ba sa kwarto ang______ ? (...)
...bedsheets? 
...kumot? (koo-MOT)
...pillows? 
...unan
...a bathroom? 
...banyo? (BAHN-yoh)
...a telephone? 
...telepono? (te-LE-poh-NOH)
...a TV? 
...TV? (TV)
Can I see the room first? 
Pwede bang makita muna ang kwarto? (...)
Do you have anything quieter? 
Meron ba kayong mas tahimik? (...)
...bigger? 
...mas malaki? (...)
...cleaner? 
...mas malinis? (...)
...cheaper? 
...mas mura? (')
OK, I'll take it. 
Sige, kukunin ko. (...)
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Mag iistay ako ng _____ gabi. (...)
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Pwede ba kayong mag-suggest ng ibang hotel? (...)
Do you have a safe? 
Meron ba kayong safe?? (...)
...lockers? 
...lockers? (...)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Kasama ba ang almusal/hapunan? (...)
What time is breakfast/lunch/supper? 
Anong oras ang almusal/tanghalian/hapunan? (...)
Please clean my room. 
Pakilinis ang aking kwarto. (...)
Can you wake me up at _____ ( e.g. ten o'clock AM) ? 
Pwede mo ba akong gisingin ng _____(e.g. alas diyes ng umaga)? (...)
I want to check out. 
Gusto ko nang mag-check-out. (...')
Who's knocking the door? 
Sino ang kumakatok sa pinto?
Who's there? 
Sino yan?
The toilet is not working. 
Sira ang inidoro.

Money

Do you accept ... 
Tumatanggap ba kayo ng ... (Too-mah-tang-GAP ba ka-YO nang...)
... credit cards? 
... credit card?
... checks? 
... tseke? (CHE-ke)
... dollars? 
... dolyares? (dol-YAH-res)
Can you change my money to _____? 
Pwede mo bang papalitan ang pera ko sa _____? (PWE-de moh BANG pa-pa-li-TAN ang PE-ra ko sa _____)
I want to change my money to Philippine pesos. 
Gusto kong papalitan ang pera ko sa peso. (Goose-toh kong pa-pa-li-TAN ang PE-ra ko sa pe-so)
Where can I get my money changed? 
Saan pwedeng magpapalit ng pera? (Sa-AHN PWE-deng MAG-pa-pa-lit nang PE-ra?)
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
Pwede bang papalitan ang tseke ko? (PWE-de BANG pa-pa-li-TAN ang CHE-ke ko?)
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
Saan ko pwedeng papalitan ang tseke ko? (Sa-AHN ko PWE-deng pa-pa-li-TAN ang CHE-ke ko?)
What is the exchange rate in _____? 
Magkano ang palitan sa _____? (Mag-KA-noh ang pa-LI-tan sa _____)
Where is the ATM (Automatic Teller Machine)? 
Saan merong ATM? (Sah-AHN MEH-rong ATM?)
I want to withdraw money from an ATM. 
Gusto kong mag-withdraw (sa ATM). (Goose-toh kong mag-with-draw)

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Mesa para sa isa/dalawang katao, please. (...)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Pwedeng makita ang menu, please? (pweh-deng mah-kee-tah ahng meh-noo)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Pwedeng makita ang kusina? (pweh-deng mah-kee-tah ahng koo-see-nah)
Where's the bathroom/washroom? 
Nasaan ang C.R.? (nah-sah-ahn ahng see-ar)
Is there a house specialty? 
Meron ba kayong specialty? (meh-ron bah kah-yong spe-shal-tee)
Is there a local specialty? 
Meron ba kayong local specialty? (...)
I'm a vegetarian. 
Vegetarian ako. (...)
I don't eat pork. 
Hindi ako kumakain ng baboy. (Heendee ako koomah-kain nang ba-boy)
I don't eat beef. 
Hindi ako kumakain ng karne. (...)
I only eat kosher food. 
Kosher lang ang kinakain ko. (...)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
Pwede mong gawing "lite", please? (...)
It's salty. 
Maalat ito
It's so sweet. 
Napakatamis nito
It's so spicy. 
Napakaanghang ito
fixed-price meal 
fixed-price meal (...)
à la carte 
a la carte (...)
breakfast 
almusal (al-moo-sal)
lunch 
tanghalian (tang-hah-lee-ahn)
snack (meal
meriyenda ('mer-yen-dah)
supper 
hapunan (ha-poo-nan)
I want _____. 
Gusto ko ng _____. (GOOS-to koh)
I want a dish called _____. 
Gusto ko ng ulam na _____. (...)
chicken 
manok (mah-nok)
beef 
karne (kar-ne)
fish 
isda (is-DAH)
ham 
hamon (...)
food 
pagkain(pag-kah-een)
drinks 
inumin(ee-noo-min)
sausage 
longganisa (local sausage) (...)
cheese 
keso (keh-soh)
eggs 
itlog (eet-LOG)
salad 
ensalada (...)
corn 
mais
(fresh) vegetables 
(sariwang) gulay (goo-LIE)
(fresh) fruit 
(sariwang) prutas (proo-TAS)
bread 
tinapay (ti-nah-PIE)
fastfood 
fastfood
toast 
toast (...)
noodles 
pansit or noodles (...)
rice 
kanin (KA-nin)/bigas (bee-GAS, used for uncooked rice)
beans 
beans (...)
raw 
hilaw (HEElaw)
cooked 
luto (LOOto)
fried 
prito
fried chicken/fish/egg 
pritong manok/isda/itlog
grilled/roasted 
inihaw
boiled 
nilaga
salt 
asin (uh-SEEN)
sugar 
asukal
cooking oil 
mantika (man-TEE-ka)
garlic 
bawang
onion 
sibuyas
black pepper 
paminta(...)
soy sauce 
toyo(to-yo)
butter 
margarina or mantikilya (...)
Can/May I have a glass of _____? 
Pwedeng/Maaaring makahingi ng isang basong _____? (pweh-deng/mah-ah-ring mah-kah-hee-ngi nahng ee-sang bah-song)
Can/May I have a cup of _____? 
Pwedeng/Maaring makahingi ng isang tasang_____? (...)
Can/May I have a bottle of _____? 
Pwedeng/Maaaring makahingi ng isang boteng _____? (...)
coffee 
kape (ka-FEH)
tea (drink
tsaa (cha-AH)
iced tea 
iced tea (no direct translation)
chocolate 
tsokolate
ice 
yelo(yeh-lo)
juice 
juice (...)
water 
tubig (TOO-BEEG)
beer 
serbesa(formal), beer(casual)(...)
red/white wine 
red/white wine (...)
May I have some _____? 
Maaaring makahingi ng_____? (...)
dessert 
panghimagas(formal), dessert(casual) (...)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
Excuse me, waiter? (...)
I'm finished/done. 
Tapos na ako. or Tapos na akong kumain. (tah-pohs NAH uh-KOH or tah-pohs NAH uh-KOHNG KOO-mah-in)
It was delicious. 
Masarap ang pagkain. (muh-suh-RAHP yan)
Please clean the table. 
Pakilinis ang mesa. (...)
Can I get the bill, please. 
Yung bill, please. (...)

KTV (Karaoke Bars)

Can we get a room to sing? 
Pwede ba sa VIP room? (Mag KaHN TAH Han)

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
Meron ba kayong alak? (...)
Do you have cigarettes? 
Meron ba kayong sigarilyo?
Is there table service? 
Meron ba kayong 'table service'? (...')
A beer/two beers, please. 
Isang/dalawang beer/s, please. (...)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
A glass of red/white wine, please. (...)
A pint, please. 
A pint, please. (...)
A bottle, please. 
Isang bote, please. (...)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
_____ and _____, please. (...)
whiskey 
whiskey (...)
vodka 
vodka (bod-KAH)
rum 
rum (rahm)
water 
tubig (too-beeg)
club soda 
club soda (...)
tonic water 
tonic water (...)
orange juice 
orange juice (...)
Coke (soda/pop
Coke (soft drinks)
Do you have any snacks? 
Meron ba kayong chicherya? (meh-RON bah kaYONG chee-cheer-YAH)
One more, please. 
Isa pa nga ulit, please. (Isa pa.)
Another round, please. 
Isa pa ulit. (...)
When is closing time? 
Kailan (or Anong oras) kayo magsasara? (?)

Shopping

Where can I buy ____? 
Saan makakabili ng _____? (sah-ahn mah-kah-kah-bee-lee nahng)
Do you have size ____ (e.g. 8/9/10) ? 
Meron kayong size _____(e.g. 8/9/10)? (...)
How much is it? 
Magkano ito? (mag-kah-no ee-to)
That's too expensive. 
Napakamahal naman niyan. (nah-pah-kah-mah-hal nah-man nyan)
Do you accept credit card?
Tumatanggap ba kayo ng credit card? (...)
expensive 
mahal (mahHAL)
cheap 
mura (mooRAH)
I can't afford it. 
Hindi ko kayang bilhin. (...)
I don't want it. 
Hindi ko gusto. (hinDIH ko GOOSto)
You're cheating me. 
Dinadaya mo ako. (...)
I'm not interested. 
Hindi ako interesado. (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
Sige, kukunin ko. (...)
Can I have a bag? 
Pwedeng makahingi ng bag? (...)
It's too big. 
Sobrang laki nito
It's too small. 
Sobrang liit nito
Do you have a size smaller/bigger than this? 
Meron ba kayong size na mas maliit/malaki dito?
Can i change the size to ____? 
Pwedeng papalitan sa size na ____ ?
Do you ship (overseas)? 
Nag shiship ba kayo sa ibang bansa? (...)
Do you have ____? 
Meron kayong ______?
I need... 
Kailangan ko ng ... (KYE-LAHNG-uhn ko)
...toothpaste. 
...toothpaste. (...)
...shoes 
sapatos
...clothes 
damit
...jewelry 
alahas
...necklace 
kwintas
...earings 
hikaw
...ring 
singsing
...a toothbrush. 
...sipilyo. (SEEpeelyo)
...tampons. 
...napkins. (...)
...soap. 
...sabon. (SAHbon)
...shampoo. 
...syampu. (SHAHM-poo)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
...pain reliever. (...)
...cold medicine. 
...gamot sa sipon. (Gahmot sa see-pon)
...stomach medicine. 
...gamot sa tiyan. (Gahmot sa chan)
...a razor. 
...a razor. (...)
...an umbrella. 
... payong. (...)
...sunblock lotion. 
...sunblock lotion. (...)
...a postcard. 
...a postcard. (...)
...postage stamps. 
...selyo. (...)
...batteries. 
... baterya. (...)
...writing paper. 
...papel. (...)
...a pen. 
...bolpen. (...)
...pencil 
...lapis. (LahPEEs)
...English-language books. 
...mga librong Ingles. (lee-brong EEHNG-glehs)
...English-language magazines. 
...English-language magazines. (...)
...an English-language newspaper. 
...dyaryong Ingles (JAHR-yong EEHNG-glehs)
...an English-English dictionary. 
...diksyonaryong Ingles. (...)

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
Gusto kong mag-renta ng kotse. (GOOS-to kong mag ren-tah nang koh-CHEH)
Can I get insurance? 
Pwedeng kumuha ng insurance? (...)

Most Philippine road signs are in English.

stop (on a street sign
stop (')
one way 
one way (...)
yield 
yield (...)
no parking 
walang paradahan(formal)/parking(casual) (walang paradahan)
speed limit 
speed limit (...)
gas (petrol) station 
gas station/gasolinahan (...)
petrol 
petrol (...)
diesel 
diesel (...)

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
Wala akong nagawang masama. (...)
It was a misunderstanding. 
Hindi yun pagkakaunawaan. (...)
Where are you taking me? 
Saan mo ako dadalhin? (...)
Am I under arrest? 
Aarestuhin mo ba ako? (...)
Where's the warrant? 
Saan ang warrant?
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Ako ay isang mamamayang Amerikano/Britano/Kanadyano. (Formal)(...)
American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen ako(Casual) . (...)
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Gusto kong makipagusap sa American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. (...)
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Gusto kong makipagusap sa abogado. (GOOS-toh koh ma-KEY-PAHG-OOH-SAHP sah ah-boh-GAH-do)
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Pwede na ba akong magbayad ng multa? (...)
Law 
batas
Judge 
Huwes(formal), Judge(casual)
Lawyer 
Abogado
Court 
Korte
Jail 
Kulungan
Cop 
Pulis

Learning more

This is a usable phrasebook. It explains pronunciation and the bare essentials of travel communication. An adventurous person could use it to get by, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

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