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Federated States of Micronesia

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Oceania : Micronesia : Federated States of Micronesia
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For the region of Micronesia, please see Micronesia (disambiguation)

[[File:noframe|250px|frameless|Federated States of Micronesia]]
Flag
[[File:Fm-flag.png|108px|frameless]]
Quick Facts
Capital Palikir
Government Constitutional government in free association with the US
Currency US dollar (USD)
Area total: 702 km2
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae
Population 108,105(July 2006 est.)
Language English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Religion Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
Country code +691
Internet TLD .fm
Time Zone UTC+10 to UTC+11

The Federated States of Micronesia [1] is a country in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. It is composed of four major island groups totaling 607 islands that lie just north of the equator about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia, to the north of Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands and to the south of the Marshall Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam.

Understand

Climate

Tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage; Natural hazards : typhoons (June to December).

Terrain

Islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

Highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

History

National holiday 
Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
Constitution 
10 May 1979

In 1979, the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. On 3 November, 1986, independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US; economic provisions of the Compact are being renegotiated. Previously, the area had been colonized by the Japanese, the Germans, and the Spanish

Independence 
3 November, 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.


Regions

There are 4 states:

Federated States of Micronesia regions map.png
Chuuk (Truk)
Pohnpei (Ponape)
Kosrae (Kosaie)
Yap

Cities

Ports and harbors

Other destinations

The remote atoll of Kapingamarangi is the southernmost island group in FSM.

Get in

If you are going to be in the FSM for less than 30 days you do not need an entry permit. Anyone who will be staying longer than that needs an entry permit. For citizens of the United States, Palau, and the Marshall Islands, this entry permit lasts 1 year. For everyone else, it lasts 60 days. You can get your entry permit on arrival, but if you're traveling for a purpose other than tourism, you need to apply for it in advance.

Most people will need to prove their citizenship with a passport that has at least 120 days of remaining validity, but if you're from Palau, Marshall Islands, or the United States, you can use your birth certificate or an FSM entry permit in lieu of a passport (but a passport still works, too).

If you need to apply for an entry permit on arrival, you must present an FSM Arrival and Departure Record. This is furnished by a carrier before entering the FSM. You will need a completed application form in addition to this.

By plane

The major airline that travels to FSM is Continental Airlines, which operates a thrice-weekly "island hopper" flight (CO956 eastbound, CO957 westbound) traveling HonoluluMajuroKwajaleinKosraePohnpeiChuukGuam and vice versa. The flight is fourteen and a half hours, leaving in the early morning and terminating in the evening, with a stop of about one hour on each island. There are also nonstop flights from various islands to both Honolulu and Guam.

Honolulu is the most direct gateway into the islands from North America. Guam is the most direct gateway from most points in Asia and Australia, although it is also possible to fly into the islands from Manila via Palau.

By boat

The major international ports are; Chuuk,Pohnpei and Yap. There are inter-island trading ships based in these major ports which visits the outlying islands.

Get around

By Air

The "Island Hopper," operated by United Airlines, flies between Guam, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae. United also flies from Guam to Yap and Palau. However, it is not possible to fly directly to Yap from other islands in the FSM (you must fly through Guam first).

By bus

Even though there are no bus scheduled service on the island, some buses are available to hire or charter. Also, on Yap there is a school bus that runs twice daily from Colonia to the villages.

Taxi

Taxi service is available throughout the islands and are inexpensive.

Car Hire

There are self-driven cars available in the major towns of the islands. However, It is required to have a National Driver's License or International Driving Permit.

Talk

Languages 
English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

See

See the remoteness of the islands, especially Kosrae, the jungles of Ponhpei, the diving in Chuuk, and the traditional culture and stone money of Yap. There are many other things to see on these islands as well.

Do

Some popular activities are:

Diving Viewing traditional culture Swimming

Buy

Eat

Drink

Sleep

  • Kosrae Nautilus Resort, P.O. Box 135, Kosrae, Micronesia (15 minute drive from the airport on the eastern side of the island, adjacent to the ocean), + 691 370 3567, [2]. checkin: When the flight arrives; checkout: 10.30AM. 18-room modern hotel with air-conditioned rooms and restaurant, or outside dining by the swimming pool. Free airport transfers, full service scuba dive operation including NAUI scuba instruction. Tour and rental cars arranged. Located adjacent to the Lelu causeway facing east to the Pacific Ocean, with 3 acres of manicured gardens. US$115 to $130. (5.20,163.0)

Learn

Work

U.S. citizens may live and work freely in Micronesia.

Stay safe

The Federated States of Micronesia is generally one of the safest countries to visit. However, there has been some reports of crime in Weno, the capital of Chuuk. Crime is certainly a problem in Weno.

Stay healthy

Respect

Some islands are very traditional, especially Yap state. Be sure to respect their culture.

Contact

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