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Faroe Islands

From Wikitravel
Europe : Scandinavia : Faroe Islands
Revision as of 03:49, 8 August 2003 by CIAWorldFactbook2002 (Talk | contribs)

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Flag
Fo-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalTorshavn
GovernmentNA
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Areatotal: 1,399 sq km
water: 0 sq km (some lakes and streams)
land: 1,399 sq km
Population46,011 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageFaroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
ReligionEvangelical Lutheran

This article is an import from the CIA World Factbook 2002. It's a starting point for creating a real Wikitravel country article according to our country article template. Please plunge forward and edit it.

The population of the Faroe Islands is largely descended from Viking settlers who arrived in the 9th century. The islands have been connected politically to Denmark since the 14th century. A high degree of self-government was attained in 1948.


Geography

Fo-map.png
Map of Faroe Islands
Location 
Northern Europe, island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about one-half of the way from Iceland to Norway
Geographic coordinates 
62 00 N, 7 00 W
Map references 
Europe
Area 
total: 1,399 sq km
water: 0 sq km (some lakes and streams)
land: 1,399 sq km
Area - comparative 
eight times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
0 km
Coastline 
1,117 km
Maritime claims 
continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate 
mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy
Terrain 
rugged, rocky, some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m
Natural resources 
fish, whales, hydropower
Land use 
arable land: 2.14%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.86% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards 
NA
Environment - current issues 
NA
Geography - note 
archipelago of 17 inhabited islands and one uninhabited island, and a few uninhabited islets; strategically located along important sea lanes in northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands

People

Population 
46,011 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: 22.3% (male 5,149; female 5,110)
15-64 years: 64% (male 15,650; female 13,801)
65 years and over: 13.7% (male 2,818; female 3,483) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 
0.74% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
13.74 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate 
8.69 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate 
2.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio 
at birth: 1 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate 
6.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: 78.74 years
female: 82.21 years (2002 est.)
male: 75.28 years
Total fertility rate 
2.27 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
NA
Nationality 
noun: Faroese (singular and plural)
adjective: Faroese
Ethnic groups 
Scandinavian
Religions 
Evangelical Lutheran
Languages 
Faroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
Literacy 
definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
note: similar to Denmark proper

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Faroe Islands
local short form: Foroyar
local long form: none
Dependency status 
part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1948
Government type 
NA
Capital 
Torshavn
Administrative divisions 
none (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 49 municipalities
Independence 
none (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
National holiday 
Olaifest, 29 July
Constitution 
5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)
Legal system 
Danish
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch 
chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Birgit KLEIS, chief administrative officer (since 1 November 2001)
election results: Anfinn KALLSBERG elected prime minister; percent of parliamentary vote - 52.8%
note: coalition of People's Party, Republican Party, and Home Rule Party
elections: the monarch is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by the Faroese Parliament; election last held 30 April 1998 (next to be held no later than April 2002)
head of government: Prime Minister Anfinn KALLSBERG (since 15 May 1998)
cabinet: Landsstyri appointed by the prime minister
Legislative branch 
unicameral Faroese Parliament or Logting (32 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional basis from the seven constituencies to serve four-year terms)
election results: percent of vote by party - Union Party 26%, Republican Party 23.7%, Social Democrats 20.9%, People's Party 20.8% Independence Party 4.4%, Center Party 4.2%; seats by party - Union Party 8, Republican Party 8, Social Democrats 7, People's Party 7, Independence Party 1, Center Party 1
note: election of 2 seats to the Danish Parliament was last held on 20 November 2001 (next to be held no later than November 2005); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 1, Union Party 1
elections: last held 30 April 2002 (next to be held no later than April 2006)
Judicial branch 
none
Political parties and leaders 
Center Party [Tordur NICALSEN]; Home Rule Party [Helena Dam a NEYSTABO]; Independence Party [leader NA]; People's Party [Oli BRECKMANN]; Republican Party [Finnabogi ISAKSON]; Social Democratic Party [Joannes EIDESGAARD]; Union Party [Edmund JOENSEN]
Political pressure groups and leaders 
NA
International organization participation 
NC, NIB
Diplomatic representation in the US 
none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
Diplomatic representation from the US 
none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
Flag description 
white with a red cross outlined in blue extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted toward the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

Economy

Economy - overview 
The Faroese economy has had a strong performance since 1994, mostly as a result of increasing fish landings and high and stable export prices. Unemployment is falling and there are signs of labor shortages in several sectors. The positive economic development has helped the Faroese Home Rule Government produce increasing budget surpluses which in turn help to reduce the large public debt, most of it owed to Denmark. However, the total dependence on fishing makes the Faroese economy extremely vulnerable, and the present fishing efforts appear in excess of what is a sustainable level of fishing in the long term. Oil finds close to the Faroese area give hope for deposits in the immediate Faroese area, which may eventually lay the basis for a more diversified economy and thus lessen dependence on Denmark and Danish economic assistance. Aided by a substantial annual subsidy (15% of GDP) from Denmark, the Faroese have a standard of living not far below the Danes and other Scandinavians.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $910 million (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 
5% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $20,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: 27%
industry: 11%
services: 62% (1999)
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
5.1% (1999)
Labor force 
24,250 (October 2000 )
Labor force - by occupation 
fishing, fish processing, and manufacturing 33%, construction and private services 33%, public services 34%
Unemployment rate 
1% (October 2000 )
Budget 
revenues: $488 million
expenditures: $484 million, including capital expenditures of $21 million (1999)
Industries 
fishing, fish processing, shipbuilding, construction, handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate 
8% (1999 est.)
Electricity - production 
165 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: 61%
hydro: 39%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption 
153.45 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products 
milk, potatoes, vegetables; sheep; salmon, other fish
Exports 
$471 million f.o.b. (1999)
Exports - commodities 
fish and fish products 94%, stamps, ships (1999)
Exports - partners 
Denmark 32%, UK 21%, France 9%, Germany 7%, Iceland 5%, US 5% (1996)
Imports 
$469 million c.i.f. (1999)
Imports - commodities 
machinery and transport equipment 29%, consumer goods 36%, raw materials and semi-manufactures 32%, fuels, fish and salt (1999)
Imports - partners 
Denmark 28%, Norway 26%, Germany 7%, UK 6% Sweden 5%, Iceland 4%, US (1999)
Debt - external 
$64 million (1999)
Economic aid - recipient 
$135 million (annual subsidy from Denmark) (1999)
Currency 
Danish krone (DKK)
Currency code 
DKK
Exchange rates 
Danish kroner per US dollar - 8.418 (January 2002), 8.323 (2001), 8.083 (2000), 6.976 (1999), 6.701 (1998), 6.604 (1997)
Fiscal year 
calendar year

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
24,851 (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular 
10,761 (1999)
Telephone system 
general assessment: good international communications; good domestic facilities
domestic: digitalization was completed in 1998; both NMT (analog) and GSM (digital) mobile telephone systems are installed
international: satellite earth stations - 1 Orion; 1 fiber-optic submarine cable to the Shetland Islands, linking the Faroe Islands with Denmark and Iceland; fiber-optic submarine cable connection to Canada-Europe cable
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 1, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 
26,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 
3 (plus 43 low-power repeaters) (September 1995)
Televisions 
15,000 (1997)
Internet country code 
.fo
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
2 (2000)
Internet users 
3,000 (2000)

Transportation

Railways 
0 km
Highways 
total: 463 km
paved: 454 km
unpaved: 9 km (1999)
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
Torshavn, Klaksvik, Tvoroyri, Runavik, Fuglafjordhur
Merchant marine 
total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 100,951 GRT/139,396 DWT
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Denmark 3, Norway 1, United Kingdom 1 (2002 est.)
ships by type: cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1, short-sea passenger 1
Airports 
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways 
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)

Military

Military branches 
no regular indigenous military forces; small Police Force and Coast Guard are maintained
Military expenditures - dollar figure 
$NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 
NA%
Military - note 
defense is the responsibility of Denmark

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
Faroese are considering proposals for full independence; Denmark dispute with Iceland over the Faroe Islands fisheries median line boundary of 200 NM; Denmark disputes with Iceland, the UK, and Ireland over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages