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[[Image:Famagusta.jpg|250px|thumb|Gate of St Nicholas Cathedral at night]]
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'''Famagusta''' (Turkish: ''Gazimağusa'', Greek: Αμμόχωστος ''Ammochostos'', [http://www.famagusta.com]) is a city in [[Northern Cyprus]].
 
'''Famagusta''' (Turkish: ''Gazimağusa'', Greek: Αμμόχωστος ''Ammochostos'', [http://www.famagusta.com]) is a city in [[Northern Cyprus]].
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
You cannot cross directly into Famagusta from the government-controlled areas of Cyprus. Instead, you must cross the Green Line into the Turkish-occupied territory (known as the de-facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). The nearest place to do this is from the Strovilia crossing near Agios Nikolaos, which is located inside the British sovereign military base area.
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You cannot cross directly into Famagusta from the southern part of Cyprus. Instead, you must cross the Green Line into the north (known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). The nearest place to do this is from the Strovilia crossing near Agios Nikolaos, which is located inside the British sovereign military base area.
  
In general, you will need to travel by car. Famagusta has no functional public transportation, and there are no regularly scheduled public transportation links across the Green Line (although private tour operators do operate across the Green Line during peak tourist periods).
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Another option is to cross the border in [[Nicosia]] and then take a bus to Famagusta. They are operated by Itimat and leave every half hour.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
Self-drive is the most common way of visiting Famagusta, whether in your own vehicle or a rental car. Bicycle rentals are not available. It's possible to travel on foot, but sidewalks are in very poor condition where they exist. If on foot, be very careful not to accidentally cross into areas quarantined by the Turkish army and/or the UN, as doing so risks arrest. Taxis are a better (and safer) option for the independent traveler without a car. These are widely available and generally inexpensive for either point-to-point trips or local tours.
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Self-drive is the most common way of visiting Famagusta, whether in your own vehicle or a rental car. Bicycle rentals are not available. It's possible to travel on foot, as the town is small. If on foot, be very careful not to accidentally cross into areas quarantined by the Turkish army and/or the UN, as doing so risks arrest (they are all clearly signed). Taxis are a better (and safer) option for the independent traveler without a car. These are widely available and generally inexpensive for either point-to-point trips or local tours.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
Famagusta largely maintains the look of a war zone, with a bombed out and fenced off downtown. The fact that the city is largely inaccessible limits sightseeing opportunities. Enjoy sunning yourself on the public beach next to the ruins of once-posh hotels, surrounded by concertina wire. While there are no lifeguards, Turkish soldiers with M-16s provide plenty of security.
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The '''old city''' is surrounded by one of the best preserved Venetian fortifications in the Eastern Mediterranean. There are plenty of medieval/renaissance buildings that can be visited. Unfortunately most of them were severely damaged during the Turkish siege of the city in 1571. Many cannon balls can still be seen in the fortification walls as well as in the walls of these buildings. Specially noteworthy are the '''Cathedral of St. Nicholas''' (converted to a mosque after the Ottoman conquest and re-named '''Lala Mustafa Paşa Mosque''') and '''St. George''' of the Greeks church with its frescoes. There is plenty more to see if you stroll around the old town, where there is something of interest in almost every corner. The southern part of the modern city (internationally known as '''Varosha''', Tr. ''Maraş'', Greek ''Varosia'') has been closed to public and is controlled by the Turkish military. You can see the now ruined area from the beach at Palm Beach Hotel, but be careful not to take photographs or get too close to the fenced area. There are also classical remains at the site of Salamis, located to the north of Famagusta as you travel towards İskele (Gr. ''Trikomo'').  The Late Bronze Age city of Enkomi (Tr. ''Tuzla'') is also worth seeing.
  
[[Image:DSC_0506_926.JPG|thumb|250px|Bombed out building]]
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[[Image:DSC_0506_926.JPG|thumb|Bombed out building in Varosha]]
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
Gambling and prostitution are both legal, and are the primary forms of entertainment in Famagusta. There are numerous casinos, bordellos, and similar places of ill repute. Illegal drugs are also plentiful in Famagusta, with access to the Mediterranean Sea creating a popular smuggling route.
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==Buy==
 
==Buy==
Fuel is available in Famagusta, and supplies can be purchased from a few small markets. Note the available supplies are slanted toward agriculture, which is the primary economic driver in the region.
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===Clothing and Souvenir===
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Famagusta offers a variety of shops from clothing and gifts to home stores. Most of the shops can be found along Salamis Road. Alternatively, the Old Town (inside the walls) have a number of specialised souvenir shops for those looking for handcrafted items or Cypriot lacework namely ''Lefkara'' to give away as gifts.
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Although bargaining is not common, shoppers can get away with trying their luck with counter offers at the smaller souvenir shops. Cypriot hospitality means that they might even give you freebies.
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===Food and Grocery===
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Similar to rest of Cyprus, there are supermarkets / grocery shops selling fresh produce vegetables and fruit. In the city centre there are two supermarket chains offering wider selection of products to shoppers.
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Most of the larger casinos have restaurants, and they are probably your best bet. Otherwise, there are kebab parlors scattered around the city.  
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There is a wide variety of restaurants both in the old city as well as in the modern city. Those in the old city are mostly located around the Namık Kemal Square. D&B Cafe offers decent pizzas as well as kebabs. If you are a kebab fan visit Aspava located across the street.  Newly opened Ginko Restaurant (in the now restored Medrese, or Ottoman religious school), offers a more varied menu. Monk's Inn Bistro & Bar is delightful and offer a limited but well-prepared menu including hot and cold sandwiches if you just want something lighter.
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In the modern town, most restaurants and bars are located on the "Salamis Road", heading from the monument at the entrance to the city towards Salamis.
  
Food in Northern Cyprus is not prepared to the same standards of cleanliness or hygiene as in the south. The safety of tap water is spotty at best. Accordingly, the traveler is recommended to take appropriate precautions in avoiding food-borne illness.
 
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
The casinos will gladly serve you free drinks as long as you're gambling. Most of the brothels have bars as well. Otherwise, liquor, beer and wine is available from most corner stores.
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Many bars are also located on '''Salamis Road'''. These bars on the main road are busy on summer nights with local people. Students take over the main bars and pubs during university term times.  
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In the '''Old Town of Famagusta''', many people prefer Monk's Inn Bistro and Bar, which gets very busy especially on the weekends. On the other side of the Namık Kemal Square are Hamam Inn which has a good view of the medieval cathedral, Es Café where you can enjoy nice chat with friends over refreshing Cypriot lemonade.
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'''Famagusta Quayside''' (locally known as Palm Beach) has become very popular over the years since the restoration of the area. There are a number of cafés and restaurants to choose from offering alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
* '''Salamis Bay Conti Resort Hotel''', Famagusta [http://www.salamisbayconti.com] 5-star beachfront hotel.
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* '''Salamis Bay Conti Resort Hotel''', Famagusta [http://www.salamisbay-conti.com] 5-star beachfront hotel.
* '''Famagusta Hotels''', Northern Cyprus [http://www.cyprusholidaysave.com/famagusta-hotels.html]Photos, weather, satellite and city maps.
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* '''Bogaz Hotel''', Famagusta [http://www.bogazhotel.com] 3-star hotel in Famagusta Cyprus.
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
* [http://www.cyprusholidaysave.com/famagusta.html Famagusta Travel Information]
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*[[Salamis]] an ancient Greek town.
[[WikiPedia:Famagusta]]
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*[[St. Barnabas]] monastery. One of the holiest in the entire island. It exhibits a museum of icons.
  
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{{isPartOf|Famagusta district (North)}}
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[[WikiPedia:Famagusta]]

Revision as of 22:38, 28 November 2010

Gate of St Nicholas Cathedral at night

Famagusta (Turkish: Gazimağusa, Greek: Αμμόχωστος Ammochostos, [1]) is a city in Northern Cyprus.

Contents

Get in

You cannot cross directly into Famagusta from the southern part of Cyprus. Instead, you must cross the Green Line into the north (known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). The nearest place to do this is from the Strovilia crossing near Agios Nikolaos, which is located inside the British sovereign military base area.

Another option is to cross the border in Nicosia and then take a bus to Famagusta. They are operated by Itimat and leave every half hour.

Get around

Self-drive is the most common way of visiting Famagusta, whether in your own vehicle or a rental car. Bicycle rentals are not available. It's possible to travel on foot, as the town is small. If on foot, be very careful not to accidentally cross into areas quarantined by the Turkish army and/or the UN, as doing so risks arrest (they are all clearly signed). Taxis are a better (and safer) option for the independent traveler without a car. These are widely available and generally inexpensive for either point-to-point trips or local tours.

See

The old city is surrounded by one of the best preserved Venetian fortifications in the Eastern Mediterranean. There are plenty of medieval/renaissance buildings that can be visited. Unfortunately most of them were severely damaged during the Turkish siege of the city in 1571. Many cannon balls can still be seen in the fortification walls as well as in the walls of these buildings. Specially noteworthy are the Cathedral of St. Nicholas (converted to a mosque after the Ottoman conquest and re-named Lala Mustafa Paşa Mosque) and St. George of the Greeks church with its frescoes. There is plenty more to see if you stroll around the old town, where there is something of interest in almost every corner. The southern part of the modern city (internationally known as Varosha, Tr. Maraş, Greek Varosia) has been closed to public and is controlled by the Turkish military. You can see the now ruined area from the beach at Palm Beach Hotel, but be careful not to take photographs or get too close to the fenced area. There are also classical remains at the site of Salamis, located to the north of Famagusta as you travel towards İskele (Gr. Trikomo). The Late Bronze Age city of Enkomi (Tr. Tuzla) is also worth seeing.

Bombed out building in Varosha

Do

Buy

Clothing and Souvenir

Famagusta offers a variety of shops from clothing and gifts to home stores. Most of the shops can be found along Salamis Road. Alternatively, the Old Town (inside the walls) have a number of specialised souvenir shops for those looking for handcrafted items or Cypriot lacework namely Lefkara to give away as gifts.

Although bargaining is not common, shoppers can get away with trying their luck with counter offers at the smaller souvenir shops. Cypriot hospitality means that they might even give you freebies.

Food and Grocery

Similar to rest of Cyprus, there are supermarkets / grocery shops selling fresh produce vegetables and fruit. In the city centre there are two supermarket chains offering wider selection of products to shoppers.

Eat

There is a wide variety of restaurants both in the old city as well as in the modern city. Those in the old city are mostly located around the Namık Kemal Square. D&B Cafe offers decent pizzas as well as kebabs. If you are a kebab fan visit Aspava located across the street. Newly opened Ginko Restaurant (in the now restored Medrese, or Ottoman religious school), offers a more varied menu. Monk's Inn Bistro & Bar is delightful and offer a limited but well-prepared menu including hot and cold sandwiches if you just want something lighter.

In the modern town, most restaurants and bars are located on the "Salamis Road", heading from the monument at the entrance to the city towards Salamis.


Drink

Many bars are also located on Salamis Road. These bars on the main road are busy on summer nights with local people. Students take over the main bars and pubs during university term times.

In the Old Town of Famagusta, many people prefer Monk's Inn Bistro and Bar, which gets very busy especially on the weekends. On the other side of the Namık Kemal Square are Hamam Inn which has a good view of the medieval cathedral, Es Café where you can enjoy nice chat with friends over refreshing Cypriot lemonade.

Famagusta Quayside (locally known as Palm Beach) has become very popular over the years since the restoration of the area. There are a number of cafés and restaurants to choose from offering alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.

Sleep

  • Salamis Bay Conti Resort Hotel, Famagusta [2] 5-star beachfront hotel.
  • Bogaz Hotel, Famagusta [3] 3-star hotel in Famagusta Cyprus.

Get out

  • Salamis an ancient Greek town.
  • St. Barnabas monastery. One of the holiest in the entire island. It exhibits a museum of icons.
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