Beautiful banners are coming to every article and you can help!
Check out our guidelines and learn how to create your own!

Difference between revisions of "Europe"

From Wikitravel
Earth : Europe
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Countries)
(revert)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
'''Europe''' is the second smallest continent, with an area of 10,400,000 km² (4,000,000 square miles). Its borders are much disputed, reflecting cultural and political factors instead of geographical ones. There is much here for the traveller to enjoy, with a bewildering array of diversity and culture, cosmopolitan cities and spectacular scenery.  
 
'''Europe''' is the second smallest continent, with an area of 10,400,000 km² (4,000,000 square miles). Its borders are much disputed, reflecting cultural and political factors instead of geographical ones. There is much here for the traveller to enjoy, with a bewildering array of diversity and culture, cosmopolitan cities and spectacular scenery.  
  
Europe defies easy categorization, with its compact size and complex history. The following are five (loosely defined) regions.
+
Europe defies easy categorisation, with its compact size and complex history. The following are five (loosely defined) regions.
  
 
[[Image:Europecolour.PNG|right|European regions]]
 
[[Image:Europecolour.PNG|right|European regions]]
  
*[[British Isles]] - colored in <font color=red>''red''</font> - consisting of the [[United Kingdom]], [[Isle of Man]], [[Channel Islands (United Kingdom)|Channel Islands]] and the [[Republic of Ireland]].
+
*[[British Isles]] - coloured in <font color=red>''red''</font> - consisting of the [[United Kingdom]], [[Isle of Man]], [[Channel Islands (United Kingdom)|Channel Islands]] and the [[Republic of Ireland]].
  
*[[Western Europe]] - colored in <font color=blue>''blue''</font> - consisting of [[Belgium]], [[Luxembourg]], [[Netherlands]], [[France]], [[Germany]], [[Spain]], [[Andorra]], [[Portugal]], [[Italy]], [[San Marino]], [[Monaco]], [[Switzerland]], [[Liechtenstein]], [[Austria]] and [[Greece]].  
+
*[[Western Europe]] - coloured in <font color=blue>''blue''</font> - consisting of [[Belgium]], [[Luxembourg]], [[Netherlands]], [[France]], [[Germany]], [[Spain]], [[Andorra]], [[Portugal]], [[Italy]], [[San Marino]], [[Monaco]], [[Switzerland]], [[Liechtenstein]], [[Austria]] and [[Greece]].  
  
*[[Eastern Europe]] - colored in <font color=yellow>''yellow''</font> - consisting of [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], [[Poland]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Slovakia]], [[Hungary]], [[Slovenia]], [[Albania]], [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]], [[Croatia]], [[Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia]], [[Serbia and Montenegro]], [[Belarus]], [[Ukraine]], [[Moldova]], [[Romania]], [[Bulgaria]], [[Cyprus]], [[Turkey]] and [[Malta]].
+
*[[Eastern Europe]] - coloured in <font color=yellow>''yellow''</font> - consisting of [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], [[Poland]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Slovakia]], [[Hungary]], [[Slovenia]], [[Albania]], [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]], [[Croatia]], [[Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia]], [[Serbia and Montenegro]], [[Belarus]], [[Ukraine]], [[Moldova]], [[Romania]], [[Bulgaria]], [[Cyprus]], [[Turkey]] and [[Malta]].
  
*[[Nordic Europe]] - colored in <font color=green>''green''</font> - consisting of [[Denmark]], [[Sweden]], [[Norway]], [[Finland]], [[Faroe Islands]] and [[Iceland]].
+
*[[Nordic Europe]] - coloured in <font color=green>''green''</font> - consisting of [[Denmark]], [[Sweden]], [[Norway]], [[Finland]], [[Faroe Islands]] and [[Iceland]].
  
*[[Russia]] and The [[Caucasus]] - colored in <font color=FF9900>''orange''</font>  - consisting of [[Russia]], [[Azerbaijan]],[[Georgia (country)|Georgia]] and [[Armenia]].
+
*[[Russia]] and The [[Caucasus]] - coloured in <font color=FF9900>''orange''</font>  - consisting of [[Russia]], [[Azerbaijan]],[[Georgia (country)|Georgia]] and [[Armenia]].
  
 
See also: [[European Union]], 25 European states in various stages of economic and political union.
 
See also: [[European Union]], 25 European states in various stages of economic and political union.
Line 29: Line 29:
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
 
The [[Inter Rail]] (for Europeans) and [[Eurail]] (for everybody else) passes offer good value if you plan on traveling extensively around Europe (or even a single region) and want more flexibility than cheap plane tickets can offer.
 
The [[Inter Rail]] (for Europeans) and [[Eurail]] (for everybody else) passes offer good value if you plan on traveling extensively around Europe (or even a single region) and want more flexibility than cheap plane tickets can offer.
 
These countries are: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.
 
  
 
==Countries==
 
==Countries==
{|
+
*[[Albania]]
| Country || Currency ||EU-member ||Schengen-member
+
*[[Andorra]]
|-
+
*[[Austria]]
| [[Albania]] ||  || n ||n
+
*[[Belarus]]
|-
+
*[[Belgium]]
| [[Andorra]] ||EUR||y||n
+
*[[Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
|-
+
*[[Bulgaria]]
| [[Austria]] ||EUR||1995||y
+
*[[Croatia]]
|-
+
*[[Cyprus]]
| [[Belarus]] || || ||
+
*[[Czech Republic]]
|-
+
*[[Denmark]]
| [[Belgium]] ||EUR||1958||y
+
*[[Estonia]]
|-
+
*[[Finland]]
| [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] ||n || ||
+
*[[France]]
|-
+
*[[Germany]]
| [[Bulgaria]] || ||n||n
+
*[[Greece]]
|-
+
*[[Hungary]]
| [[Croatia]] || ||n||n
+
*[[Iceland]]
|-
+
*[[Republic of Ireland|Ireland]]
| [[Cyprus]] || ||2004||n
+
*[[Italy]]
|-
+
*[[Latvia]]
| [[Czech Republic]] || ||2004||
+
*[[Liechtenstein]]
|-
+
*[[Lithuania]]
| [[Denmark]] ||DKK||1973||y
+
*[[Luxembourg]]
|-
+
*[[Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia]]
| [[Estonia]] || ||2004||
+
*[[Malta]]
|-
+
*[[Moldova]]
| [[Finland]] ||EUR||1995||y
+
*[[Monaco]]
|-
+
*[[Netherlands]]
| [[France]] ||EUR||1958||y
+
*[[Norway]]
|-
+
*[[Poland]]
| [[Germany]] ||EUR||1958||y
+
*[[Portugal]]
|-
+
*[[Romania]]
| [[Greece]] ||EUR||1981||y
+
*European [[Russia]]
|-
+
*[[San Marino]]
| [[Hungary]] || ||2004||
+
*[[Serbia and Montenegro]]
|-
+
*[[Slovakia]]
| [[Iceland]] || ||n||y
+
*[[Slovenia]]
|-
+
*[[Spain]]
| [[Republic of Ireland|Ireland]] ||EUR||1973||
+
*[[Sweden]]
|-
+
*[[Switzerland]]
| [[Italy]] ||EUR||1958||y
+
*[[Turkey]]
|-
+
*[[Ukraine]]
| [[Latvia]] || ||2004||
+
*[[United Kingdom]]
|-
+
| [[Liechtenstein]] ||EUR||y||
+
|-
+
| [[Lithuania]] || ||2004||
+
|-
+
| [[Luxembourg]] ||EUR||1958||y
+
|-
+
| [[Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia]] || || ||
+
|-
+
| [[Malta]] || ||2004||
+
|-
+
| [[Moldova]] || ||n||
+
|-
+
| [[Monaco]] || ||y||
+
|-
+
| [[Netherlands]] ||EUR||1958||y
+
|-
+
| [[Norway]] ||NOK||n||y
+
|-
+
| [[Poland]] || ||2004||
+
|-
+
| [[Portugal]] ||EUR ||1986||y
+
|-
+
| [[Romania]] || || ||
+
|- European [[Russia]] || ||n||n
+
|-
+
| [[San Marino]] ||EUR||y||y
+
|-
+
| [[Serbia and Montenegro]] || || ||
+
|-
+
| [[Slovakia]] || ||2004||
+
|-
+
| [[Slovenia]] || ||2004||
+
|-
+
| [[Spain]] ||EUR||1986||y
+
|-
+
| [[Sweden]] ||SEK||1995||y
+
|-
+
| [[Switzerland]] ||CHF||n||
+
|-
+
| [[Turkey]] || ||n||n
+
|-
+
| [[Ukraine]] || ||n||n
+
|-
+
| [[United Kingdom]] ||GBP||1973||
+
|}
+
  
 
==Other territories==
 
==Other territories==
Line 131: Line 83:
  
 
Note: Russia and the Caucasus are sometimes considered to be a part of [[Asia]].
 
Note: Russia and the Caucasus are sometimes considered to be a part of [[Asia]].
 
==Political History==
 
 
Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries was a country ravaged by deadly wars. After World War II, national leaders realized closer integration on socio-economic and political levels was needed to ensure that such tragedies never happened again. Starting with humble beginnings, the EU's first form was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). The founding group was [[Belgium]], West [[Germany]], [[Luxembourg]], [[France]], [[Italy]] and the [[Netherlands]]. Impressed with the results of the union, the six countries pressed on and in 1956 signed the treaty of Rome, with the ultimate goal of creating a common market- the European Economic Community (EEC). In 1967, the union was formalised further with a the creation of a single Commission, as well as a council of ministers and a EU parliament.
 
 
Post 1967, the EU continued to grow; [[Denmark]], [[Ireland]] and the [[United Kingdom]] joined in 1973. Greece joined in 1981, Spain and [[Portugal]] in 1986 and [[Austria]], [[Finland]] and [[Sweden]] in 1995. The EU pressed on with economic integration and launched the Euro(€) across several nations in January 2002.
 
 
In 2004, a further 10 countries joined the EU "club", including [[Cyprus]], the [[Czech Republic]], [[Estonia]], [[Hungary]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], [[Malta]], [[Poland]], [[Slovakia]] and [[Slovenia]].
 
 
 
* [http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/index_en.htm Key EU Events]
 
 
==See also==
 
 
* [http://europa.eu.int/index_en.htm European Union Website]
 
* [http://europa.eu.int/abc/travel/index_en.htm Travelling in the EU]
 
 
  
 
{{stub}}
 
{{stub}}

Revision as of 03:02, 4 January 2005

Europe is the second smallest continent, with an area of 10,400,000 km² (4,000,000 square miles). Its borders are much disputed, reflecting cultural and political factors instead of geographical ones. There is much here for the traveller to enjoy, with a bewildering array of diversity and culture, cosmopolitan cities and spectacular scenery.

Europe defies easy categorisation, with its compact size and complex history. The following are five (loosely defined) regions.

See also: European Union, 25 European states in various stages of economic and political union.

Geographical Europe

Contents

Get around

There are no border controls between countries that have signed the Schengen Agreement. Likewise, a visa granted for any Schengen Agreement signatory country is valid in all other countries that signed the treaty.

These countries are: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. Note that not all EU members have signed the Schengen treaty and not all Schengen treaty countries are members of the European Union.

At some airports, airlines will still insist on seeing your id-card or passport. Travel to and from a Schengen Agreement country to any other country will result in the normal border checks.

By train

The Inter Rail (for Europeans) and Eurail (for everybody else) passes offer good value if you plan on traveling extensively around Europe (or even a single region) and want more flexibility than cheap plane tickets can offer.

Countries

Other territories

Note: Russia and the Caucasus are sometimes considered to be a part of Asia.

This article is still a stub and needs your attention. It does not have a template. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

other sites