In Poland special cards for travelers coming for the tournament were prepared. They can be used as a train, or public transportation tickets in host cities, provide discounts and also carry health insurance .
"Ukranian Express" high-speed trains will start running between the four Ukrainian EURO 2012 host cities on May 15. Tickets for this service will become available via the Internet from May 1.
Seventeen trains will be added to the service between Ukraine and Poland for the duration of the tournament, and tickets for this can be bought from March.
Polish trains have diverse standards. Express trains are of the highest standard, while the regional & slower trains mostly date back to the Soviet era. Both Express and Regional are divided into first and second class carriages, though you may want to consider first class tickets, as the price difference between the second and first class is not so big. The jump in comfort may be substantial but then it is also common to see trains where 2nd class carriages are recently renovated and 1st class carriages are old and correspondingly low quality. Intercity trains and many express trains have a separate restaurant car, with some also having special smoking compartments. Long-distance trains are often equipped with additional sleeping-cars.
The polish road network contains fewer highways and more ordinary two-lane roads than is common in western countries, and is in general of low quality. A lot of these roads are far below capacity for the volume of traffic they are carrying and the average quality of the road surface is poor. All vehicles are required to use headlights, night and day, all year round.
The following eight cities will be hosting all the matches for the tournament. For information about travel, accommodation, restaurants and other activities in the cities, please see the individual city guides.
Warsaw's picturesque Old Town Square at dusk.
Warsaw National Stadium, capacity 58,145. Will host the opening match (Poland vs Greece), three Group matches, a Quarter-Final and the Semi-Final.
Gdańsk PGE Arena, capacity 40,818. Will host three Group Matches.
Wrocław Wrocław Municipal Stadium, capacity 40,610. Will host three Group Matches.
Poznań Poznań Municipal Stadium, capacity 42,004. Will host three Group Matches.
The Main Square in Kiev
Kiev Olympic stadium, capacity 70,050. Will host three group matches, a Quarter-Final and the Final.
Kharkiv Metalist Stadium, capacity 38,500. Will host three Group Matches.
Donetsk Donbass Arena, capacity 50,055. Will host three Group Matches.
Lviv Arena Lviv, capacity 34,915. Will host three Group Matches.
Both countries, especially Ukraine, have a history of football-related violence. 'Ultras' hooligan gangs have been known to launch violent attacks on rival supporters at international fixtures, and with thousands of people from 16 nations attending, there is a risk of tensions breaking loose with such a foreign presence in the region. Black, Asian, mixed race, Russian & German visitors should be particularly vigilant against far-right nationalist groups linked to these gangs.
The relevant authorities are well aware of these potential troublemakers, and are taking the appropriate security measures in preparation to the ensure the safety of visiting supporters. In general, common sense such as staying in large numbers of your own fans and being within a visible police-supervised presence are simple measures that should keep you well away from any risks of getting into any sort of danger on match days.