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Difference between revisions of "Esperanto phrasebook"

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====Duration====
 
====Duration====
  
; _____ minute(s) : _____ minute(s) (''...'')
+
; _____ minute(s) : _____ minuto(j) (''...'')
; _____ hour(s) : _____ hour(s) (''...'')
+
; _____ hour(s) : _____ horo(j) (''...'')
; _____ day(s) : _____ day(s) (''...'')
+
; _____ day(s) : _____ tago(j) (''...'')
; _____ week(s) : _____ week(s) (''...'')
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; _____ week(s) : _____ semajno(j) (''...'')
; _____ month(s) : _____ month(s) (''...'')
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; _____ month(s) : _____ monato(j) (''...'')
; _____ year(s) : _____ year(s) (''...'')
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; _____ year(s) : _____ jaro(j) (''...'')
  
 
====Days====
 
====Days====

Revision as of 16:49, 12 August 2006

The famous constructed language Esperanto first appeared in Russian Poland in 1887, the product of a Polish-Jewish opthalmologist and amateur linguist, Dr. Ludwig Lazarus Zamenhof. Dr. Zamenhof hoped that the worldwide adoption of a neutral international language would ease ethnic tensions and enable people of widely differing backgrounds to communicate with each other. The name of the language means "one who hopes." Esperanto is not officially aligned with any particular country or ethnic group; indeed, one can find Esperanto speakers in well over 100 countries around the world. Pasporta Servo, a hospitality service for Esperanto speakers, includes more than 1,300 addresses in almost ninety different countries.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

Esperanto uses twenty-eight letters from the Roman alphabet, and is a phonetic language (each sound has a single letter and each letter represents a single sound). The letters Q, W, X, and Y are not used. Five of the letters have a circumflex on top of them. Esperanto speakers represent these letters in situations where the circumflex cannot be used (e.g. unformatted e-mail where only basic ASCII characters can be used) either by placing an "x" after the letter; placing an "h" after the letter (this is the method approved by Esperanto's creator, Dr. Zamenhof); or placing the circumflex itself (^) after the letter. On the Internet, most Esperantists use the "x" method.

Words are always pronounced with the accent on the penultimate (next-to-last) syllable.

Vowels

as in father
as in bet
as in machine
always short as in porous; never long as in open
as in hoop

Semi-Vowels

ŭ 
w as in shower
y as in yoga

Consonants

as in boy
ts as in cats
ĉ 
ch as in church
as in down
as in food
always hard as in gain
ĝ 
soft 'g' as in gem
as in heavy
ĥ 
guttural as in Scottish loch, Spanish j, or Hebrew chai
ĵ 
zh as in leisure
as in kiwi
as in lap
as in manner
as in nothing
as in pool
rolled as in Spanish
as in some (never like z)
ŝ 
sh as in should
as in ton
as in van
as in zoo

Common diphthongs

aŭ 
as in cow
eŭ 
as in wayward
oj 
as in joy
aj 
as in aisle
ej 
as in pain
uj 
as in ruinous

Phrase list

Modern Esperanto, like English, does not distinguish between polite & intimate forms of address (e.g. the Spanish "tu" and "usted" for the intimate and polite 2nd person singular, respectively). There is only one form used in the 2nd person, both singular and plural.

Basics

Hello. 
Saluton. (sah-LOO-tohn)
How are you? 
Kiel vi fartas ? (KEE-ehl vee FAHR-tahs?)
Fine, thank you. 
Bone, dankon. (BOH-neh, DAN-kohn)
What is your name? 
Kiel vi nomiĝas ? (KEE-ehl vee noh-MEE-jas?)
My name is ______ . 
Mia nomo estas _____ . (MEE-ah NOH-moh EHS-tahs)
Nice to meet you. 
Estas plezuro renkonti vin. (or simply "Plezuro.") (EHS-tahs pleh-ZOO-roh rehn-KOHN-tee veen)
Please. 
Bonvolu. (Bohn-VOH-loo)
Thank you. 
Dankon. (DAHN-kohn)
You're welcome. 
Nedankinde. (neh-dahn-KEEN-deh) (Lit. "Not worthy of thanks")
Yes. 
Jes. (yehs)
No. 
Ne. (neh)
Excuse me. 
Pardonu min. (pahr-DOH-noo meen)
I'm sorry. 
Mi bedaŭras. (mee beh-DOW-rahs)
Goodbye 
Ĝis revido. (jees reh-VEE-doh)
I can't speak ______. 
Mi ne parolas ______. (mi neh pah-ROH-lahs)
Do you speak English? 
Ĉu vi parolas la anglan? (choo vee pah-ROH-lahs lah AHN-glahn)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Ĉu estas iu ĉi-tie, kiu parolas la anglan? (choo EH-stahs EE-yoo chee-TEE-eh KEE-oo pah-ROH-lahs lah AHN-glahn)
Help! 
Helpon! (HEL-pohn)
Good morning. 
Bonan tagon (bonan matenon) (BOH-nahn TAH-gohn (mah-TEH-nohn))
Good afternoon. 
Bonan posttagmezon. (BOH-nahn pohst-tahg-MEHZ-ohn)
Good evening. 
Bonan vesperon. (BOH-nahn vehs-PEH-rohn)
Good night. 
Bonan nokton. (BOH-nahn NOHK-tohn)
I don't understand. 
Mi ne komprenas. (mee neh kohm-PREH-nahs)
Where is the toilet? 
Kie estas la necesejo ? (KEE-eh EH-stahs la neh-tseh-SAY-oh)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Lasu min. (LAH-soo meen)
Don't touch me! 
Ne tuŝu min! (neh TOO-shoo meen!)
I'll call the police. 
Mi telefonos la policejon. (mee teh-leh-FOH-nohs lah poh-lee-TSEH-yohn)
Police! 
Policon! (poh-LEE-tsohn!)
Stop! Thief! 
Haltu! Ŝtelisto! (HAHL-too! shteh-LEE-stoh!)
I need your help. 
Mi bezonas vian helpon. (mee beh-ZOH-nahs VEE-ahn HEHL-pohn)
It's an emergency. 
Estas krizo. (EH-stahs KREE-zoh)
I'm lost. 
Mi perdiĝas. (mee pehr-DEE-jahs)
I lost my bag. 
Mi perdis mian valizon. (mee PEHR-dees MEE-ahn vah-LEE-zohn)
I lost my wallet. 
Mi perdis mian biletujon. (mee PEHR-dees MEE-ahn bee-leh-TOO-yohn)
I'm sick. 
Mi malsanas. (mee mahl-SAH-nahs)
I've been injured. 
Mi vundiĝis. (mee voon-DEE-jees)
I need a doctor. 
Mi bezonas kuraciston. (mee beh-ZOH-nahs koo-rah-TSEE-stohn)
Can I use your phone? 
Ĉu mi rajtas uzi vian telefonon? (choo mee RAI-tahs OO-zee VEE-ahn teh-leh-FOH-nohn?)

Numbers

0 
nulo (NOO-loh)
1 
unu (OO-noo)
2 
du
3 
tri
4 
kvar
5 
kvin
6 
ses
7 
sep
8 
ok
9 
naŭ
10  
dek
20 
dudek
30 
tridek
100 
cent
200 
ducent
1000 
mil
2000 
dumil
1,000,000 
miliono
4,325  
kvarmil tricent dudek kvin
1,446,782 
miliono, kvarcent kvardek sesmil, sepcent okdek du

Time

now 
nun (noon)
later 
poste (POHS-teh)
before 
before (...)
morning 
morning (...)
afternoon 
afternoon (...)
evening 
evening (...)
night 
night (...)

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
one o'clock AM (...)
two o'clock AM 
two o'clock AM (...)
noon 
noon (...)
one o'clock PM 
one o'clock PM (...)
two o'clock PM 
two o'clock PM (...)
midnight 
midnight (...)

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minuto(j) (...)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ horo(j) (...)
_____ day(s) 
_____ tago(j) (...)
_____ week(s) 
_____ semajno(j) (...)
_____ month(s) 
_____ monato(j) (...)
_____ year(s) 
_____ jaro(j) (...)

Days

today 
today (...)
yesterday 
yesterday (...)
tomorrow 
tomorrow (...)
this week 
this week (...)
last week 
last week (...)
next week 
next week (...)
Sunday 
Sunday (...)
Monday 
Monday (...)
Tuesday 
Tuesday (...)
Wednesday 
Wednesday (...)
Thursday 
Thursday (...)
Friday 
Friday (...)
Saturday 
Saturday (...)

Months

January 
January (...)
February 
February (...)
March 
March (...)
April 
April (...)
May 
May (...)
June 
June (...)
July 
July (...)
August 
August (...)
September 
September (...)
October 
October (...)
November 
November (...)
December 
December (...)

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

Lernu! is a website specifically devoted to learning the international language Esperanto and is filled with useful resources.

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages