One third of the residents are involved with the university (students, reseachers etc.), and another third work for Siemens.
Medicine is one of the specialities of the University, so you are in luck if you fall ill with over six clinics located within the city.
Trains runs regularly from Nuremberg and take about 20 min. Bamberg is about 30 min away in the other direction. Most ICE trains between Munich and Berlin stop in Erlangen.
The tourist office is located in the center of the city, just next to the City Hall (Rathaus). You can find almost everything regarding Erlangen in this  portal.
Overview map of Erlangen
By public transport
The local buses have a frequent and punctual schedule connecting all areas in and around Erlangen.
There are a lot of taxi companies available throughout the city that are available 24/7.
Bicycle is most probably the first choice of people, due to the very well organised bicycle roads and the small distances that have to be covered, to get around the city. Even if you cannot have your own bicycle in Erlangen, you can rent one at various local bicycle shops or at the main train station.
In the heart of the city, everything is in a walking distance and there are a lot of pedestrian-only areas.
If you need to cross a cycle lane with your car, be prepared to reverse if a bicycle approaches. When you turn, give way to cyclists.
If you choose to drive in Erlangen, avoid downtown. There are several streets that are partially or entirely closed for cars. The best choice is to park outside downtown and walk.
For a full list of museums, exhibitions and events in Erlangen check here and select Mittelfranken.
Schlossgarten, large green area surrounded by University buildings.
You can find a lot of cultural events running through out the year in the Stadtverband der Erlanger Kulturvereine e.V.
Bergkirchweih: Held every Pentecost (Whitsuntide) for twelve days every year. Similar to Oktoberfest, but more German owing to the absence of tourists. In the year 2005 it marked its 250th anniversary.
International Comic Salon Erlangen: Held every two years. The paradise of comics fans.
International Figure Theater Festival: Held every year.
International Film Festival for Horror, Thriller, Science Fiction and Obscure Films: Held every May in the Manhattan cinema.
Classical music by the lake: Held every summer.
Stummfilm-Musiktage: Germany's most beautiful silent film festival with live music.
Concerts and Theaters
Gemeinnütziger Theater- und Konzertverein Erlangen e.V. (gVe). Local non-profit Union that organizes theater shows and classical concerts all year round.
Stadttheater Erlangen. 3 different stages, among them the Markgrafentheater, which is the oldest Baroque theater in Southern Germany - built in 1719. It is worth visiting, even if you don't understand German at all.
Theaterverein Fifty-Fifty e.V.. Cabaret, theater and music stage.
Studiobühne Erlangen e.V.. Student theater association with roughly ten productions being staged every year.
There are a couple of swimming pools in the city open for the public. You can find opening times and prices (in German) here.
There is a golf place 15kms away to the east .
Anniversary charitable football tournament "Football against cancer". Last Sunday of February in the sport hall of Friedrich-Alexander University.
The region is famous for the number and charm of its beer gardens, where in summer you can enjoy a cool drink and a bite to eat (Brotzeit = German equivalent of a picnic) whilst enjoying traditional music.
Döner shops all along the Hauptstraße.
TiO. Just across Arcaden, only 5 minutes walk from the main train station.
BräuSchänke, located near the center of the city. Traditional German food and beer from the local brewery Kitzmann.
Muskat, located in the Hauptstraße near the Schlossplatz. Organic food and beverages.
Zirkel. The one and only (student) Disco in Erlangen.
AB Hotel very close to the Theaterplatz in the center of the city. Quiet and clean, with free WLAN.
Youth hostel Südliche Stadtmauerstraße 35, +49 9131 862555, Fax:+49 9131 862119. DJH hostel. Preference given to under 26-year-olds. In the Freizeitzentrum, where you will also find a pool etc.
Gasthof Schwarzer Bär Innere Brucker Straße 19 (one block south of the train station), +49 9131 22872, Fax:+49 9131 206494. Single room with shower/shared €30/26; double with shower/shared €47/36; three-bed room with shower €62.
Hotel Zeitwohnhaus Classy business hotel close to the centre of the city (1km from Hbf). Great rooms with comfort apartments from $90 per day.
Hotelchen Garni am Theater as the name says, it is located in the Theater area of the city.
Altmanns Stube. Elegant hotel in Theaterplatz with a restaurant also.
NH Erlangen. Located in the city centre, this 4* hotel is within walking distance of many restaurants, bars and tourist attractions.
Hotel grauer Wolf. Cannot get any closer to the center of the city. It incorporates a gourmet restaurant also.
There are many interesting and charming destinations for sightseeing and day trips (or longer) in the Erlangen region. The surrounding countryside is beautiful (Franconian Switzerland, Franconian lake district) and there are many towns and villages of historical and architectural interest.