|Erdenet, with a population of nearly 75 000, is the second largest city in Mongolia and capital of Orhon province.
One of the world's large open pit copper mines is the reason for this city.
This is why Èrdènèt is, with Ulaanbaatar, the most developed town of the country and, with Baga nuur, the cleanest one.
There is a carpet factory.
Èrdènèt is also nationally famous for its excellent traditional archers team. Traditional archery, practised in beautiful gown by both sexes, consist of aiming at an horizontal target, a bit like a bowling one, lying on the ground. You may see it for Naadam and official competition, but also near the south stadium for training at the end of afternoons (usually with no gown then).
There are annexes of 3 State universities, plus a private higher education school and a vocational school, so that many youth come from their provinces to learn in Èrdènèt, though Ulaanbaatar attracts many more students. In summer, many of these students go back home.
One daily night train leaving at 20:20 from Ulaanbaatar, arriving at 08:00. Four coaches daily, mini-vans and car service from Ulaanbaatar's Dragon coach station (West of the town, on Peace avenue). First class train is about USD20. Dining car on the train with Mongolian food, juice, cokes, beer, snacks etc..
The third class ("common") train is the cheapest way to go to Erdenet: 6 800 MNT in September 2010. Mini-vans will then drive you from the station to the city centre (8 km from the station) for 800 MNT (September 2010). Coaches go from Ulaanbaatar for 11 000 MNT (September 2010) and can take more for extra luggage.
The highway is paved all the way from Ulaanbaatar, but it is two lane and not well maintained. Some people avoid the car and mini-van services because the drivers tend to drive too fast and there are many accidents.
It is possible to bicycle, but watch out for speeding cars.
It is possible to visit the open copper mine, the biggest copper mine in Asia. There is also a museum of the mine.
If you are there before Naadam, go and see the archers training in Naadam's field, south of the city centre. There are also a few trainings after Naadam. No training if it rains. In winter, hardly no training and, when they take place, it's inside. In springtime there are usually once a week, intensifying as national Naadam is approaching.
Enjoy the soviet city centre built from nothing for the sake of the mine in the 1970's. Many buildings colors and many trees are posterior to the soviet period, as well as a few buildings with glass-wall (usually banks).
There is a musical fountain in the city centre (set in 2009), with music at certain times.
See one of the 2 small temples in the North of the city centre, if you've not seen any before.
The countryside is close by. Just walk 20 min to the North of the city, and you'll hopefully see sheep, goats, a shepherd on horse. If, instead of 20 min, you walk 40 min, the probability not to see any is low (except at night). The so-called "ger districts", with more houses than gers, is also nearby. Some families live there a semi-urban semi-rural life: following the cattle on the evening, you'll be lead to a small farm in a street. If you're lucky, you may find someone bringing back home something heavy from the city centre at day fall: propose to help him/her and you're likely to be invited to drink a tea (specially if it's an adult): an opportunity to see one of these small houses with no running water but with electricity.
You can rent tourism material (but no vehicle) at Fiable.biz, a small company managed by a French. It's possible to give back in Ulaanbaatar the things your rented.
If you want to go back home with a Mongolian carpet, this is the place. There are small ones. Erdenet carpet was one of the first ISO 9001 certified companies in the country.
There are many restaurants in the downtown area. Including at least two Korean and one Chinese.
- Selenge Hotel, (From the main square go east one block. At the intersection with a large traffic light structure in the middle, the hotel is next to the corner on the SE.). Old hotel, but rather clean and hot showers. USD15 - 45.
You can go to Russia or China from Èrdènèt by train via the town of Blacksmith (Darkhan (city)) or by different means via Ulaanbaatar.
An experimental web site giving train schedule is timetable. You are supposed to be able to order online, but it doesn't always work.
One daily train to Ulaanbaatar (leaving at 19:40, arriving at 07:40) and many stops in between, first class to Ulaanbaatar is USD 20 on the train, there are lower classes for less, bus is less than the first class train. 6 800 MNT, 3rd class, in August 2010. This train reaches the town of Blacksmith (Darkhan (city)) by night at 0:35, for 5 000 MNT (3rd class, December 2009). You can take there an international train to Russia or China, or a national train to Northern Mongolia.
Trains go each and every day of the year, including on national holidays, except if the government has decided a temporary ban on public transportation against any epidemic (last one against the propagation of virus H1N1, lifted in November 2009).
The train station is 8 km East of the city. You can buy your train ticket there or in another ticket office downtown near the coach station. The latter charges 200 extra MNT. To go to the station, be at any bus stop in the main avenue (Сүхбаатар гудамж, Sùhbaatar street) at least 40 min before the train departure and wait for a mini-bus with someone shouting "Вокзал, вокзал" ("Vokzal, vokzal": "Station, station"). They will charge 800 MNT (September 2010).
Èrdènèt has 2 coach stations. The one for Darkhan (city) and Ulaanbaatar is at East of the city centre, at the extremity of Sùhbaatar street, in Builders square (Барилагчдын талбай, Barilagčdyn talbai). The one for Bulgan and Mörön is at the South-East of the city, in a place called Dômôg, with a "Дөмөг ХХК" red sign at the top of a building.
Four daily coach services to Ulaanbaatar, coach service to Bulgan City.
There are days with no coach, correlated with national holidays but not exactly the same. They undergo about the same government temporary bans as trains against epidemics (last one lifted in November 2009).
Microbuses and cars
MicroBuses and cars (public "taxis") to Ulaanbaatar and Darhan, with no schedule: they leave when full.
Microbus to Darhan: 8 000 MNT/person (Autumn 2009), car to Darhan: 10 000 MNT/person (Summer 2009).
Car to Ulaanbaatar: 20 000 MNT/person (November 2009).
Microbuses and official taxis undergo about the same government temporary bans as trains and coaches against epidemics (last one lifted in November 2009).