Erdenet, with a population of nearly 75 000, is the second largest city in Mongolia and capital of Orhon province.
One of the world's large open pit copper mines is the reason for this city.
There is also a carpet factory.
This is why Èrdènèt is, with Ulaanbaatar, the most developed town of the country and, with Baga nuur, the cleanest one.
Èrdènèt is also nationally famous for its excellent traditional archers team. Traditional archery, practised in beautiful gown by both sexes, consist of aiming at an horizontal target, a bit like a bowling one, lying on the ground. You may see it for Naadam and official competition, but also near the south stadium for training at the end of afternoons (usually with no gown then).
There are annexes of 3 State universities, plus a private higher education school and a vocational school, so that many youth come from their provinces to learn in Èrdènèt, though Ulaanbaatar attracts many more students. In summer, many of these students go back home.
It is possible to visit the copper mine. There is also a museum of the mine.
If you want to go back home with a Mongolian carpet, this is the place. There are small ones. Erdenet carpet was one of the first ISO 9001 certified companies in the country.
You can rent tourist material (but no vehicle) at Fiable.biz, a small company managed by a French.
There are many restaurants in the downtown area. Including at least two Korean and one Chinese.
- Selenge Hotel, (From the main square go east one block. At the intersection with a large traffic light structure in the middle, the hotel is next to the corner on the SE.). Old hotel, but rather clean and hot showers. USD15 - 45.
One daily night train leaving at 20:20 from Ulaanbaatar, arriving at 08:00. Four coaches daily, mini-vans and car service from Ulaanbaatar. First class train is about USD20. Dining car on the train with Mongolian food, juice, cokes, beer, snacks etc..
The second class ("common") train is the cheapest way to go to Erdenet: 6 800 MNT in May 2009. Mini-vans will then drive you from the station to the city centre (8 km from the station) for 700 MNT (May 2009). Coaches go from Ulaanbaatar for 11 000 MNT (May 2009) and can take more for extra luggage.
The highway is paved all the way from Ulaanbaatar, but it is two lane and not well maintained. Some people avoid the car and mini-van services because the drivers tend to drive too fast and there are many accidents.
It is possible to bicycle, but watch out for speeding cars.
Four daily coach service to Ulaanbaatar, coach service to Bulgan City, also train to Ulaanbaatar (leaving at 19:00, arriving at 07:00) and many stops inbetween, first class to Ulaanbaatar is USD20 on the train, there are lower classes for less, bus is less than the first class train. The train station is 8 km East of the city, but there is a ticket office downtown near the bus station (they will charge 200 extra MNT for that) or you can buy your ticket at the train station (6 800 MNT in May 2009). To go to the station, be in any bus stop in the main avenue (Sùhbaatar street) before 18:30 and look for mini-vans, who will charge 700 MNT (May 2009).
MicroBus and cars to Ulaanbaatar.