It's name comes from the Portuguese word for "Mine". The gold found in these mines are also the origin of the name "Gold Coast", which was the name of what is now Ghana, when it was a British Colony.
Elmina Castle (UNESCO World Heritage Monument), (10 km west of Cape Coast), . The oldest European building below the Sahara, Elmina was a notorious slave fort used for moving slaves onto ships bound for other parts of the world. It is a tourist attraction, but once was a prison used by the Ghanaian government. It is similar in tone to a Holocaust museum, so prepare to be moved. The people in the town outside are generally friendly. However, be careful where you step if you walk on the beach. Apparently, the toilet facilities in the area are lacking.
Elmina Bay, Mbofra Akyinim (Along from Coconut Grove Hotel), ☎ 0541614812, . checkin: 26/06/09; checkout: 28/06/09. A brand new quality hotel. All rooms have sea view and own balcony and are comfortably furnished. Good food, efficient staff. Lovely pool. Good for walking along the beach and just chilling out. Highly recommended.US$90.