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Difference between revisions of "Dzūkija"

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'''Dzūkija''' is a region in [[Lithuania]].
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[[Image:Cottage in Veisiejai, Dzukija region, Lithuania.jpeg|300px|right|thumb|Winter serenity in Dzūkija. A cottage near Veisiejai town.]]
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[http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter/w5_show?p_r=7039&p_k=1&p_d=95438 '''Dzūkija'''] is a region in [[Lithuania]].
  
 
==Cities==
 
==Cities==
  
* [[Vilnius]] {{-}} the capital of the country
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* [[Vilnius]] {{-}} the capital of the country; one of the four cities that are not assigned to any ethnographic region
* [[Alytus]]
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* [[Alytus]] {{-}} centre and unofficial capital of the region
* [[Druskininkai]]
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* [http://www.aukstadvaris.lt/ Aukštadvaris] {{-}} a town in Trakai district, popular recreation and outdoor activities destination
* [[Purnuskes]] {{-}} according to some measures the center of Europe
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* [[Druskininkai]] {{-}} SPA resort
* [[Trakai]]
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* [[Trakai]] {{-}} small town 28 km away from capital. A former capital of the country with a residence of medieval rulers. Centre of the Historical National Park and resort area
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* [https://www.facebook.com/www.veisiejai.lt Veisiejai] {{-}} a town in Lazdijai district, popular recreation and outdoor activities destination
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
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* [http://www.cepkeliai-dzukija.lt/ Dzūkija National Park] {{-}} is composed of the Čepkeliai State Nature Reserve and the Dzūkija National Park and is one of 13 [http://www.panparks.org/ PAN parks] in Europe. Largest forest in the country with old unique villages scattered in the middle
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* [http://www.viewoftherockies.com/RepublicofPaulava.html Pawłow Republic ''(Paulavos respublika)''] {{-}} remains of the "republic within a republic" which flourished 1769-1795
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* [http://perloja.weebly.com/ Perloja] {{-}} a village not far from Druskininkai, famous for its history and the monument to Grand Duke Vytautas, the only monument related to national hero which wasn't demolished during soviet years and remains authentic to date
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* [[Purnuskes|Purnuškės]] {{-}} small village 26 km north of Vilnius where according to measures of the French ''Institut géographique national'' is the geographical centre of Europe
  
* [[Dzūkija National Park]] {{-}} the biggest forest (Dainavos) and swamp (Čepkelių) in the country, and some old unique villages in the middle of the forests
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[[Image:Ula river flows past Manchagire village, Lithuania.jpeg|thumb|''Ūla'' river flows past ''Mančiagirė'' village in Dzūkija National Park.]]
* [[Kernavė]] {{-}} former Lithuanian capital at the bank of the river Neris and now a well-preserved archaeological site
+
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
Dzūkija is a cultural region in south-eastern Lithuania. Most of the region is sparsely populated and covered by forests, stretching north-east from the border with the [[Poland|Polish]] region of [[Podlaskie]]. The northern part of the region, however, is the cradle of Lithuanian statehood and includes the current capital [[Vilnius]] and two medieval capitals - [[Kernavė]] and [[Trakai]]. Two of Lithuania's five national parks can be found here as well as three of country's four [[UNESCO World heritage sites]]. Eight regional parks are also established in the region and serve to protect both the natural environment and cultural heritage.
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Dzūkija is a cultural region in south-eastern Lithuania. Most of the region is sparsely populated and covered by forests, stretching north-east from the border with the [[Poland|Polish]] region of [[Podlaskie]]. The northern part of the region, however, is the cradle of Lithuanian statehood and includes the current capital [[Vilnius]] and previous medieval capital [[Trakai]]. Two of Lithuania's five national parks can be found here, as well as two of country's four [[UNESCO World Heritage List|UNESCO World heritage sites]]. Eight regional parks are also established in the region and serve to protect both the natural environment and cultural heritage.
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
As in the rest of Lithuania, the official language is Lithuanian. However, in some parts of the region Polish is widely used due to the significant number of ethnic Poles living in the area.
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Official language is Standard Lithuanian, the local tongue is a Dzūkian dialect. Due to proximity of areas populated by Slavs (Belarus, Poland) it has many Slavic loanwords and barbarisms; in everyday life Dzūkian can be replced with lithuanized [[Belarusian phrasebook|Belarusian]] or [[Polish phrasebook|Polish]]. Historically the narrow elongated area between [[Vilnius]] and [[Hrodna]], and between Vilnius and [[Daugavpils]], which mark the ancient connection between both capitals of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth with subsequent extension north to Livonia, experienced a significant impact of Polish culture. Local people used to hear and used to speak several different languages, including Yddish, hence in this area a distinctive local dialect developed. It's called a ''Tuteisza'', or Local in English, and it is equally understood by local Lithuanians, Russians, Poles, Belarusians, Tatars and Karaites. Formerly this dialect was also called "Lithuanian", that is, a "Polish of Lithuania", and now usually is refferred to as "Polish". Geographically the area is called ''Vilnija'' (in Lithuanian) and ''Wileńszczyzna'' (in Polish), that is, a [http://www.pogon.lt/ Vilnius Region] in English, and compiles some sort of a cultural subregion of Dzūkija region.
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 +
[[Image:Inland dune in southern Lithuania.jpeg|thumb|Inland dunes covered with large pine forests in Dzūkija National Park.]]
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[[Image:Entrance to Soviet anti-aircraft base north of Vilnius, Lithuania.jpeg|thumb|Entrance to abandoned Soviet anti-aircraft base north of Vilnius, ''Verkiai'' Regional Park, coordinates 54°49'3.43"N, 25°17'42.28"E.]]
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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==Do==
 
==Do==
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===Festivals===
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*[http://www.elektroninezole.lt/ '''Elektroninė žolė'''] <do name="" alt="(Electronic Grass)" address="Dainų slėnis (Song Valley), Varėna" directions="island in the lake at the northern outskirts of Varėna town" lat="54°13'41"N" long="24°34'22"E" phone="+370 655 44549" tollfree="" email="viktoras@elektroninezole.lt" fax="" url="" hours="Last weekend of July. Entrance to the territory is open since F 15:00" price="One day single ticket €12, three days single ticket €17, camp site for 1 person €7">Open air festival of electronic music. Age limit over 18yo (16 with adult supervision). Some entertainment during the festival: rustic hot tub, sauna, some sport playgrounds (basketball, football, volleyball, tennis), dance lessons, outdoor trade (food, drinks). </do>
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*[https://www.facebook.com/rokonaktys '''Roko naktys'''] <do name="" alt="(Rock Nights)" address="Dainų slėnis (Song Valley), Varėna" directions="island in the lake at the northern outskirts of Varėna town" lat="54°13'41"N" long="24°34'22"E" phone="+370 684 35140" tollfree="" email="goda@galapagai.lt" fax="" url="" hours="Weekend on the middle of August. Entrance to the territory is open since F 09:00, closed since Su 18:00" price="Only persons over 16 years of age are allowed. Single ticket ~€30, cheaper few months in advance, more expensive closer to the event. Parking fee: motorcycle ~€3, car €8.7, bus €25.8, camper €17.2. Camp site free of charge">International heavy rock fiesta, lasts for two nights in the middle of Dzukian forests. Prohibited: drugs or other psychotropic substances, alcohol, food or liquid in a glass container, any type of weapon. Dogs must have a muzzle and a collar with the owner's contacts. Catering available at the spot and in Varėna town.</do>
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===Other===
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* '''Bicycling'''
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* '''Canoeing'''
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* '''Car''' trips
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* '''Hiking'''
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* '''Mushroom/berry picking''' during the season.
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
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'''Dzūkija''' borders two other Lithuanian regions:
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* [[Aukštaitija]] and [[Suvalkija]].
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Neighbouring countries:
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* [[Belarus]] - cities of [[Brest (Belarus)|Brest]], [[Hrodna]], [[Minsk]].
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* [[Podlachia]] - region of [[Poland]].
  
  

Latest revision as of 07:30, 23 July 2014

Winter serenity in Dzūkija. A cottage near Veisiejai town.

Dzūkija is a region in Lithuania.

Cities[edit]

  • Vilnius — the capital of the country; one of the four cities that are not assigned to any ethnographic region
  • Alytus — centre and unofficial capital of the region
  • Aukštadvaris — a town in Trakai district, popular recreation and outdoor activities destination
  • Druskininkai — SPA resort
  • Trakai — small town 28 km away from capital. A former capital of the country with a residence of medieval rulers. Centre of the Historical National Park and resort area
  • Veisiejai — a town in Lazdijai district, popular recreation and outdoor activities destination

Other destinations[edit]

  • Dzūkija National Park — is composed of the Čepkeliai State Nature Reserve and the Dzūkija National Park and is one of 13 PAN parks in Europe. Largest forest in the country with old unique villages scattered in the middle
  • Pawłow Republic (Paulavos respublika) — remains of the "republic within a republic" which flourished 1769-1795
  • Perloja — a village not far from Druskininkai, famous for its history and the monument to Grand Duke Vytautas, the only monument related to national hero which wasn't demolished during soviet years and remains authentic to date
  • Purnuškės — small village 26 km north of Vilnius where according to measures of the French Institut géographique national is the geographical centre of Europe
Ūla river flows past Mančiagirė village in Dzūkija National Park.

Understand[edit]

Dzūkija is a cultural region in south-eastern Lithuania. Most of the region is sparsely populated and covered by forests, stretching north-east from the border with the Polish region of Podlaskie. The northern part of the region, however, is the cradle of Lithuanian statehood and includes the current capital Vilnius and previous medieval capital Trakai. Two of Lithuania's five national parks can be found here, as well as two of country's four UNESCO World heritage sites. Eight regional parks are also established in the region and serve to protect both the natural environment and cultural heritage.

Talk[edit]

Official language is Standard Lithuanian, the local tongue is a Dzūkian dialect. Due to proximity of areas populated by Slavs (Belarus, Poland) it has many Slavic loanwords and barbarisms; in everyday life Dzūkian can be replced with lithuanized Belarusian or Polish. Historically the narrow elongated area between Vilnius and Hrodna, and between Vilnius and Daugavpils, which mark the ancient connection between both capitals of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth with subsequent extension north to Livonia, experienced a significant impact of Polish culture. Local people used to hear and used to speak several different languages, including Yddish, hence in this area a distinctive local dialect developed. It's called a Tuteisza, or Local in English, and it is equally understood by local Lithuanians, Russians, Poles, Belarusians, Tatars and Karaites. Formerly this dialect was also called "Lithuanian", that is, a "Polish of Lithuania", and now usually is refferred to as "Polish". Geographically the area is called Vilnija (in Lithuanian) and Wileńszczyzna (in Polish), that is, a Vilnius Region in English, and compiles some sort of a cultural subregion of Dzūkija region.

Inland dunes covered with large pine forests in Dzūkija National Park.
Entrance to abandoned Soviet anti-aircraft base north of Vilnius, Verkiai Regional Park, coordinates 54°49'3.43"N, 25°17'42.28"E.

Get in[edit]

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

Itineraries[edit]

Do[edit][add listing]

Festivals[edit]

  • Elektroninė žolė (Electronic Grass), Dainų slėnis (Song Valley), Varėna (island in the lake at the northern outskirts of Varėna town), +370 655 44549 (). Last weekend of July. Entrance to the territory is open since F 15:00. Open air festival of electronic music. Age limit over 18yo (16 with adult supervision). Some entertainment during the festival: rustic hot tub, sauna, some sport playgrounds (basketball, football, volleyball, tennis), dance lessons, outdoor trade (food, drinks). One day single ticket €12, three days single ticket €17, camp site for 1 person €7.
  • Roko naktys (Rock Nights), Dainų slėnis (Song Valley), Varėna (island in the lake at the northern outskirts of Varėna town), +370 684 35140 (). Weekend on the middle of August. Entrance to the territory is open since F 09:00, closed since Su 18:00. International heavy rock fiesta, lasts for two nights in the middle of Dzukian forests. Prohibited: drugs or other psychotropic substances, alcohol, food or liquid in a glass container, any type of weapon. Dogs must have a muzzle and a collar with the owner's contacts. Catering available at the spot and in Varėna town. Only persons over 16 years of age are allowed. Single ticket ~€30, cheaper few months in advance, more expensive closer to the event. Parking fee: motorcycle ~€3, car €8.7, bus €25.8, camper €17.2. Camp site free of charge.

Other[edit]

  • Bicycling
  • Canoeing
  • Car trips
  • Hiking
  • Mushroom/berry picking during the season.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Drink[edit][add listing]

Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]

Dzūkija borders two other Lithuanian regions:

Neighbouring countries:




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