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'''Donetsk''' is a city in the [[Ukraine]].
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'''Donetsk''' [http://www.donetskcity.com/] ([[Ukrainian phrasebook|Ukrainian]]: Донецьк, [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]]: Доне́цк) is a city in [[Eastern Ukraine|Eastern]] [[Ukraine]], on the banks of River Kalmius.
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==Understand==
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Donetsk has a population of around a million people, making it the fifth largest city in [[Ukraine|the country]]. Donetsk is the unofficial capital of [[Eastern Ukraine|Donets Basin (''Donbass'') region]], the most industrialized part of the country, and as with the surrounding region, it is mostly populated by local Russians, who consistently favour pro-Russian candidates in the elections.
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Strangely, Donetsk was founded by a [[Wales|Welsh]] businessman in 1869, to exploit the '''coal mines''' on what was then the southern reaches of the Russian Empire. It was also around this time the local '''steel industry''' — which was expanded during the Soviet period — was first established.
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World War II shook the city hard, leaving it not much more than mounds of rubbles. After the war, the city was extensively rebuilt, losing its original layout and architecture reminiscent of British towns.
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Donetsk's '''Dombass Arena''' was one of the venues for '''[[Euro 2012|UEFA Euro 2012]]''', the only European football championship that took place in Eastern Europe so far, which was jointly hosted by [[Poland]] and Ukraine.
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===Climate===
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Lying on the Eurasian steppe inland from the sea, Donetsk has a typical '''continental climate''': While temperatures lower than -30°C (-25°F) were recorded, a more realistic expectation from '''winter''' lows (Oct–May) would be -7°C (19°F). '''Summers''', on the other hand, can go up as much as 38°C (100°F), although expecting around 27°C (81°F) would be more typical.
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While spring and summer months (May–Jul) are statistically the wettest, '''rains''' are more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. But an average year sees about 492 mm (19.37 inches) of precipition anyway, which is about half of what is typical for oceanic climates common in northwestern [[Europe]].
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 
The are a few ways to get to Donetsk. You can try to fly in directly (the airport code is DOK) usually through Kiev, Munich, Istanbul or Vienna. There are also options if you are in Ukraine: train, air or by car. The drive from Kiev can be 6-8 h depending on how fast you drive, how many stops you make, etc.
 
The are a few ways to get to Donetsk. You can try to fly in directly (the airport code is DOK) usually through Kiev, Munich, Istanbul or Vienna. There are also options if you are in Ukraine: train, air or by car. The drive from Kiev can be 6-8 h depending on how fast you drive, how many stops you make, etc.
  
There is also a direct train once or twice a week from Almaty (Kasachstan) via Atyrau and Volvograd. However, you will need at least a Russian transit visa, which is generally quite expensive.
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There is also a direct train once or twice a week from [[Almaty]] ([[Kazakhstan]]) via [[Atyrau]] and [[Volgograd]]. However, you will need at least a Russian transit visa, which is generally quite expensive.
  
 
===By plane===
 
===By plane===
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==Get around==
 
==Get around==
Public transportation is cheap but can be crowded. Be prepared to stand up most of the time, and you may have to make waves when you want to get out. There are four main types: the trolleybus, autobus, tram and minibuses ("Marshrutkas"). Trams and buses will get you just about anywhere in the city for 1 hryvnia (around 0.10 euro as of July 2011). This price is for as long as you want to be on the tram/bus. Tickets are to be bought from the conductor, which is on board of every tram/bus. At the central market there is one of the many depots. These forms of transport stop at every stop on the route.
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Public transportation is cheap but can be crowded. Be prepared to stand up most of the time, and you may have to make waves when you want to get out. There are four main types: the trolleybus, bus, tram and minibuses (''marshrutkas''). Trams and buses will get you just about anywhere in the city for 1.50 hryvnia (around 0.15€ as of June 2012). This price is for as long as you want to be on the tram/bus. Tickets are to be bought from the conductor, which is on board of every tram/bus. At the central market there is one of the many depots. These forms of transport stop at every stop on the route.
  
The minibuses can be found throughout the city. They are like the buses, but faster, smaller, and they stop at only some stops. If you are on board you must yell to the driver that you want out at the next stop, and if you are waiting for one, you must flag it down. Depending on the driver, these can get very crowded. You will pay about 2 Hrivnya (usually to the driver).
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The minibuses can be found throughout the city. They are like the buses, but faster, smaller, and they stop at only some stops. If you are on board you must yell to the driver that you want out at the next stop, and if you are waiting for one, you must flag it down. Depending on the driver, these can get very crowded. You will pay about 2 hryvnia (usually to the driver).
  
 
Most tourists find the taxi to be their best option. Taxi cabs are on every corner and they are relatively cheap. To go across the city, you can expect to pay 30 hryvnia (about $6), but the average amount you would pay to get around the center of the city is $1-2.  
 
Most tourists find the taxi to be their best option. Taxi cabs are on every corner and they are relatively cheap. To go across the city, you can expect to pay 30 hryvnia (about $6), but the average amount you would pay to get around the center of the city is $1-2.  
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==See==
 
==See==
See of Donetsk [http://www.ukrrest.com]
 
Donetsk City Guide [http://www.citylife.donetsk.ua]
 
Donetsk city guide [http://www.citylife.donetsk.ua ]
 
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
There are various restaurants located in or around the centre of the city,:
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There are various restaurants located in or around the centre of the city:
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*<drink name="E-moe" alt="Ethnic restaurant" address="15d, Ilyicha ave." directions="" phone="38(062) 385-95-68" url="http://e-moe.in.ua" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Gourmands start their familiarity with the restaurant from the chef's proposals, the aesthetes prefer the interior, the first thing evaluated by creative people is the genuine original atmosphere of the new institution.</drink>
  
 
*Legenda - Russian Cuisine
 
*Legenda - Russian Cuisine
*The Golden Lion - An Irish Pub
 
 
*Tequila Boom - A Mexican Restaurant
 
*Tequila Boom - A Mexican Restaurant
 
*Shato - Russian Cuisine
 
*Shato - Russian Cuisine
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*Yakitoriya - Sushi bar
 
*Yakitoriya - Sushi bar
 
*Latin Quarter - Same style as Tri Tolstjaka
 
*Latin Quarter - Same style as Tri Tolstjaka
*Liverpool - big choice food court buffet
 
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
*<drink name="Bar Strike" alt="" address="14A Mira Avenue Donetsk" directions="" phone="+38 062 381-4700 " url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> A wide range of appetizers, drinks and cocktails to suit any taste.
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*<drink name="Bar Strike" alt="" address="14A Mira Avenue" directions="" phone="+38 062 381-4700" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> A wide range of appetizers, drinks and cocktails to suit any taste. (Billiards Bar, Hotel Bar)</drink>
(Billiards Bar, Hotel Bar)</drink>
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* Liverpool Live Music Bar in Liverpool Hotel
* Liverpool Live Music Bar
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* The Golden Lion - An Irish Pub
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
  
* '''Donetsk Holidays, Travel and Tourism ''' [http://www.ukraineconnections.co.uk]
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* '''Liverpool Hotel''' [http://liverpool.com.ua/en/]
 
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* '''Donetsk Hotel Reservations ''' Hotels Around Ukraine [http://www.hotels-around-ukraine.com]
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* Liverpool Art Hotel
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
{{isIn|Ukraine}}
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{{cityguide}}
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{{isPartOf|Eastern Ukraine}}
  
 
[[it:Donetsk]]
 
[[it:Donetsk]]
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[[nl:Donetsk]]
 
[[pl:Donieck]]
 
[[pl:Donieck]]
  

Revision as of 22:27, 26 June 2012

Donetsk [1] (Ukrainian: Донецьк, Russian: Доне́цк) is a city in Eastern Ukraine, on the banks of River Kalmius.

Contents

Understand

Donetsk has a population of around a million people, making it the fifth largest city in the country. Donetsk is the unofficial capital of Donets Basin (Donbass) region, the most industrialized part of the country, and as with the surrounding region, it is mostly populated by local Russians, who consistently favour pro-Russian candidates in the elections.

Strangely, Donetsk was founded by a Welsh businessman in 1869, to exploit the coal mines on what was then the southern reaches of the Russian Empire. It was also around this time the local steel industry — which was expanded during the Soviet period — was first established.

World War II shook the city hard, leaving it not much more than mounds of rubbles. After the war, the city was extensively rebuilt, losing its original layout and architecture reminiscent of British towns.

Donetsk's Dombass Arena was one of the venues for UEFA Euro 2012, the only European football championship that took place in Eastern Europe so far, which was jointly hosted by Poland and Ukraine.

Climate

Lying on the Eurasian steppe inland from the sea, Donetsk has a typical continental climate: While temperatures lower than -30°C (-25°F) were recorded, a more realistic expectation from winter lows (Oct–May) would be -7°C (19°F). Summers, on the other hand, can go up as much as 38°C (100°F), although expecting around 27°C (81°F) would be more typical.

While spring and summer months (May–Jul) are statistically the wettest, rains are more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. But an average year sees about 492 mm (19.37 inches) of precipition anyway, which is about half of what is typical for oceanic climates common in northwestern Europe.

Get in

The are a few ways to get to Donetsk. You can try to fly in directly (the airport code is DOK) usually through Kiev, Munich, Istanbul or Vienna. There are also options if you are in Ukraine: train, air or by car. The drive from Kiev can be 6-8 h depending on how fast you drive, how many stops you make, etc.

There is also a direct train once or twice a week from Almaty (Kazakhstan) via Atyrau and Volgograd. However, you will need at least a Russian transit visa, which is generally quite expensive.

By plane

Donetsk International Airport [2] (IATA: DOK, ICAO: UKCC)

Get around

Public transportation is cheap but can be crowded. Be prepared to stand up most of the time, and you may have to make waves when you want to get out. There are four main types: the trolleybus, bus, tram and minibuses (marshrutkas). Trams and buses will get you just about anywhere in the city for 1.50 hryvnia (around 0.15€ as of June 2012). This price is for as long as you want to be on the tram/bus. Tickets are to be bought from the conductor, which is on board of every tram/bus. At the central market there is one of the many depots. These forms of transport stop at every stop on the route.

The minibuses can be found throughout the city. They are like the buses, but faster, smaller, and they stop at only some stops. If you are on board you must yell to the driver that you want out at the next stop, and if you are waiting for one, you must flag it down. Depending on the driver, these can get very crowded. You will pay about 2 hryvnia (usually to the driver).

Most tourists find the taxi to be their best option. Taxi cabs are on every corner and they are relatively cheap. To go across the city, you can expect to pay 30 hryvnia (about $6), but the average amount you would pay to get around the center of the city is $1-2.

There are numerous dispatch taxi services. For example, 381-0000 or 0-67. Keep your eyes open for more numbers, usually printed on the side of the cab in large font.

Also, on the first ride in the taxi, ask the driver if he would like to drive you around on a regular basis. Usually, he will be delighted to do so and give you his ID number for dispatch (pozivnoi) or his cell phone so you can call him directly. That way, you can have a chauffeur for the time of your stay.

See

Buy

Eat

There are various restaurants located in or around the centre of the city:

  • E-moe (Ethnic restaurant), 15d, Ilyicha ave., 38(062) 385-95-68, [3]. Gourmands start their familiarity with the restaurant from the chef's proposals, the aesthetes prefer the interior, the first thing evaluated by creative people is the genuine original atmosphere of the new institution.
  • Legenda - Russian Cuisine
  • Tequila Boom - A Mexican Restaurant
  • Shato - Russian Cuisine
  • Marakesh - A Moroccan Restaurant
  • Netske - A Chinese Restaurant (2 hryvnia for a pair of chopsticks, so bring your own)
  • Tri Tolstjaka - Western Style Restaurant
  • Yakitoriya - Sushi bar
  • Latin Quarter - Same style as Tri Tolstjaka

Drink

  • Bar Strike, 14A Mira Avenue, +38 062 381-4700. A wide range of appetizers, drinks and cocktails to suit any taste. (Billiards Bar, Hotel Bar)
  • Liverpool Live Music Bar in Liverpool Hotel
  • The Golden Lion - An Irish Pub

Sleep

  • Liverpool Hotel [4]

Get out

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