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The Dive site Mushroom Pinnacle is a small area of the reef in the Oudekraal area on the Atlantic seaboard of the Cape Peninsula, near Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. Information is provided which may assist in planning Recreational and Research Scuba diving at this site, and links to photographs of marine organisms that have been found there.
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The Dive site '''Mushroom Pinnacle''' is a small part of the inshore rocky reef in the north Oudekraal area on the Atlantic seaboard of the [[Cape Peninsula]], near [[Cape Town]] in the [[Western Cape]] province of [[South Africa]].  
 
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The pinnacle is a submerged granite tor (group of large corestones) between Geldkis and Justin’s Caves. Access is relatively easy, and this is a good site for macro photography.
+
 
+
==Name "Mushroom Pinnacle"==
+
The name was given by one of the first divers to popularise the site, and refers to the spreading overhangs reminiscent of fungal growths (admittedly requiring a bit of imagination, or not very good visibility).
+
  
 +
==Understand==
 
[[Image:Mushroom_pinnacle_sketch.png|400px|thumb|Sketch of the Mushroom pinnacle showing position of features.]]
 
[[Image:Mushroom_pinnacle_sketch.png|400px|thumb|Sketch of the Mushroom pinnacle showing position of features.]]
 +
The pinnacle is a submerged granite tor (stacked group of large corestones) between Geldkis and Justin’s Caves. Access is relatively easy, and this is a good site for macro photography.
  
==Position==
+
===Position===
S33°58.781’ E018°21.521’
+
S33°58.781’ E018°21.521’ (Top of the pinnacle)
  
 
Bearings:  
 
Bearings:  
 
 
74° magnetic to Geldkis near end
+
*74° magnetic to Geldkis near end
  
155° magnetic to NW edge of Sandy Cove point rocks
+
*155° magnetic to NW edge of Sandy Cove point rocks
  
246° magnetic to back edge of Justin’s group
+
*246° magnetic to back edge of Justin’s group
  
216° magnetic to shoreward edge of Justin’s group
+
*216° magnetic to shoreward edge of Justin’s group
  
This site is in a Marine Protected Area (2009)
+
This site is in a Marine Protected Area (2004). A permit is required.
  
==Access==
+
===Name===
Generally a shore dive. Park at side of road on outside of bend on City side of Twelve Apostles Hotel. An entry and exit point which is protected from the South West swell is at Sandy Cove. Alternatively the entry point for Justin’s Caves can be used – the distance to swim is shorter, but there may be more kelp to negotiate, particularly at low tide, and the path to the entry point for Justins is more rocky and slippery.
+
The name "Mushroom Pinnacle" was given by one of the first divers to popularise the site, and refers to the spreading overhangs reminiscent of fungal growths (admittedly requiring a bit of imagination, or not very good visibility.)
  
If done as a boat dive, the distance is slightly less from Oceana Power Boat Club slipway than from Hout Bay.
+
===Depth===
 +
Maximum on the adjacent reef about 16m, top of pinnacle about 3m, 17m at sand patch nearby.
  
==Facilities==
+
<!--===Visibility===-->
There are no facilities provided. Security of parked vehicles is no better than at other roadside sites.
+
[[Image:Oudekraal_Justins_and_Geldkis_150dpi.jpg|thumb|Aerial view of north Oudekraal (photo CDS&M)]]
 +
===Topography===
 +
Granite corestone boulders and outcrops. Spectacular pinnacle rising to within 3m of surface, with fairly flat top. The main rock is probably more than 10m high and about the same in other dimensions. The pinnacle rock rock lies on a lowish outcrop and a higher one , with a low and fairly cramped swim-through between. There are a number of smaller boulders and outcrops around the pinnacle group, which would be an amazing sight on a really clear day. There is a big overhang near the top and even bigger overhang about 5m x 3m with an air trap below it at about 9m which shelters a vertical face with a rich encrustation of sponges, corals and other invertebrates, both on north side. There is a fairly big cave/tunnel with 5 openings under the top rock from south to north, but lots of fragile organisms live in it, so do not go through as openings on the north side are quite low and you are likely to damage the corals, sponges and bryozoans. The pinnacle is surrounded by other granite reef of lower profile, which extends to Justin's caves to the south west.
 +
 
 +
'''Geology:'''
 +
The reef is granite of the late Pre-Cambrian ''Peninsula'' pluton, and is surrounded by fine white quartz sand.
  
==Conditions==
+
===Conditions===
 
Usually at its best after south easterly winds in summer but there are also occasional opportunities in autumn and early winter on windless days when the swell is low and short. Strong south easterly winds (offshore) can make it difficult to swim back to shore on the surface.  
 
Usually at its best after south easterly winds in summer but there are also occasional opportunities in autumn and early winter on windless days when the swell is low and short. Strong south easterly winds (offshore) can make it difficult to swim back to shore on the surface.  
  
 
The site is exposed to westerly swells, which may produce strong surge and poor visibility   
 
The site is exposed to westerly swells, which may produce strong surge and poor visibility   
  
This is an area which sometimes has upwellings following a strong south easte wind, whch can produce clear but cold water
+
This is an area which sometimes has upwellings following a strong south easte wind, which can produce clear but cold water
  
==Depth==
+
<!--===Classification==-->
Maximum on the adjacent reef about 16m, top of pinnacle about 3m, 17m at sand patch nearby.
+
  
==Geology==
+
===Facilities===
 +
There are no facilities provided. Security of parked vehicles is no better than at other roadside sites.
  
The reef is granite of the late Pre-Cambrian ''Peninsula'' pluton, and is surrounded by fine white quartz sand.
+
==Get in==
 +
Generally a shore dive. Park at side of road on outside of bend on City side of Twelve Apostles Hotel. An entry and exit point which is protected from the South West swell is at Sandy Cove. Alternatively the entry point for Justin’s Caves can be used – the distance to swim is shorter, but there may be more kelp to negotiate, particularly at low tide, and the path to the entry point for Justins is more rocky and slippery.
  
==Topography==
+
If done as a boat dive, the distance is slightly less from Oceana Power Boat Club slipway than from Hout Bay.
Granite corestone boulders and outcrops. Spectacular pinnacle rising to within 3m of surface, with fairly flat top. The main rock is probably more than 10m high and about the same in other dimensions. The pinnacle rock rock lies on a lowish outcrop and a higher one , with a low and fairly cramped swim-through between. There are a number of smaller boulders and outcrops around the pinnacle group, which would be an amazing sight on a really clear day. There is a big overhang near the top and even bigger overhang about 5m x 3m with an air trap below it at about 9m which shelters a vertical face with a rich encrustation of sponges, corals and other invertebrates, both on north side. There is a fairly big cave/tunnel with 5 openings under the top rock from south to north, but lots of fragile organisms live in it, so do not go through as openings on the north side are quite low and you are likely to damage the corals, sponges and bryozoans. The pinnacle is surrounded by other granite reef of lower profile, which extends to Justin's caves to the south west.
+
  
==Hazards==
+
==See==
Cold water, Sea urchins, Strong offshore winds may develop over a short time.
+
[[Image:Cuttlefish_at_Mushroom_Pinnacle_DSC00405.JPG|thumb|Cuttlefish]]
 +
[[Image:Noble_corals_at_mushroom_Pinnacle_DSC06533.JPG|thumb|Noble corals]]
 +
[[Image:Sponges_at_Mushroom_Pinnacle_DSC00377.JPG|thumb|Sponges]]
 +
[[Image:Sponges_at_Mushroom_Pinnacle_DSC00386.JPG|thumb|Sponges]]
 +
[[Image:Sumo_crab_at_Mushroom_Pinnacle_DSC06601.JPG|thumb|Sumo crab in the cave]]
 +
===Marine life===
 +
Very colourful growth of invertebrates under the lower overhang, on vertical sides and in swimthroughs. These house a good variety of nudibranchs and a few species of cryptic klipfish, including the blue-spotted and speckled klipfish. A small kelp forest on top of the pinnacle helps with finding it, as the kelp is visible from the surface. Bobtails (a variety of tiny squid-like cephalopod) are sometimes seen over the sandy patches between the point and the pinnacle. There is usually a large school of hottentot on the northern corner of the pinnacle, near the two overhangs.
  
==Skill level==
+
===Features===
No special skills are required, other than the ability to find a position using compass bearings. For a shore dive a fair level of fitness is required as there is a long swim to and from the site. Ability to navigate back by compass is recommended, particularly if there is offshore wind forecast
+
Huge rock standing almost alone among lower outctops, with cavern under it and two ledge overhangs on one side.  
  
==Photography==
+
===Photography===
 
A good site for macro photography.  
 
A good site for macro photography.  
  
==Equipment==
+
===Routes===
A light is recommended for looking into caves and overhangs, and because of the loss of colour at depth. A compass is strongly recommended for shore dives and the return should be done underwater if the wind picks up during the dive.
+
Use the entry at Sandy Cove. Swim out between Geldkis and Justin’s to top of the pinnacle. Find it by using GPS or bearings from Geldkis, Justins and shore rocks. Confirm that you are over a large rock at about 2 to 3m depth with kelp on top, and dive. Do note that closer inshore there are a few other pinnacles with which this one may be confused. These pinnacles have more kelp growing on them, and are far less spectacular than the mushroom pinnacle. The site is compact, and it is not important in what order you visit the features, as it is not particularly deep, and nost of the interesting areas are at much the same depth anyway. Be sure to visit the deep overhang and the cave, which are on opposite sides of the pinnacle.
 
+
[[Image:(photo of typical marine organism from site)|thumb|(caption)]]
+
 
+
==Marine life==
+
Very colourful growth of invertebrates under the lower overhang, on vertical sides and in swimthroughs. A small kelp forest on top of the pinnacle helps with finding it, as the kelp is visible from the surface. Bobtails (a variety of tiny squid-like cephalopod) are sometimes seen over the sandy patches between the point and the pinnacle.
+
 
+
==Suggested Routes==
+
Use the entry at Sandy Cove. Swim out between Geldkis and Justin’s to top of the pinnacle. Find it by using GPS or bearings from Geldkis, Justins and shore rocks. Confirm that you are over a large rock at about 2 to 3m depth with kelp on top, and dive. The site is compact, and it is not important in what order you visit the features, as it is not particularly deep, and nost of the interesting areas are at much the same depth anyway. Be sure to visit the deep overhang and the cave, which are on opposite sides of the pinnacle.
+
  
 
Return to Sandy Cove on bearing 155° magnetic , and when you reach the point rocks, keep them to your right on the way back to the cove.
 
Return to Sandy Cove on bearing 155° magnetic , and when you reach the point rocks, keep them to your right on the way back to the cove.
 
  
 
If you have a lot of time over, you can continue the dive at Justins Caves, on bearing between 216° and 246° magnetic.
 
If you have a lot of time over, you can continue the dive at Justins Caves, on bearing between 216° and 246° magnetic.
  
==Gallery==
+
==Stay safe==
 +
===Hazards===
 +
Cold water, Sea urchins, Strong offshore winds may develop over a short time.
  
'''Views of the site from the shore.'''
+
===Skills===
 +
No special skills are required, other than the ability to find a position using compass bearings. For a shore dive a fair level of fitness is required as there is a long swim to and from the site. Ability to navigate back by compass is recommended, particularly if there is offshore wind forecast
  
[[Image:(views of the site and facilities)|thumb]]
+
===Equipment===
(description)
+
A light is recommended for looking into caves and overhangs, and because of the loss of colour at depth. A compass is strongly recommended for shore dives and the return should be done underwater if the wind picks up during the dive.
 
+
[[Image:(views of the entry point)|thumb]]
+
(description)
+
  
Back to [[Dive_sites_of_the_Cape_Peninsula_and_False_Bay|Dive sites of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay]]
+
Back to [[Diving the Cape Peninsula and False Bay#Oudekraal]]
  
{{usabletopic}}
+
{{guidetopic}}
 +
{{geo|-33.979683|18.358683}}

Revision as of 18:55, 11 August 2011

The Dive site Mushroom Pinnacle is a small part of the inshore rocky reef in the north Oudekraal area on the Atlantic seaboard of the Cape Peninsula, near Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Contents

Understand

Sketch of the Mushroom pinnacle showing position of features.

The pinnacle is a submerged granite tor (stacked group of large corestones) between Geldkis and Justin’s Caves. Access is relatively easy, and this is a good site for macro photography.

Position

S33°58.781’ E018°21.521’ (Top of the pinnacle)

Bearings:

  • 74° magnetic to Geldkis near end
  • 155° magnetic to NW edge of Sandy Cove point rocks
  • 246° magnetic to back edge of Justin’s group
  • 216° magnetic to shoreward edge of Justin’s group

This site is in a Marine Protected Area (2004). A permit is required.

Name

The name "Mushroom Pinnacle" was given by one of the first divers to popularise the site, and refers to the spreading overhangs reminiscent of fungal growths (admittedly requiring a bit of imagination, or not very good visibility.)

Depth

Maximum on the adjacent reef about 16m, top of pinnacle about 3m, 17m at sand patch nearby.

Aerial view of north Oudekraal (photo CDS&M)

Topography

Granite corestone boulders and outcrops. Spectacular pinnacle rising to within 3m of surface, with fairly flat top. The main rock is probably more than 10m high and about the same in other dimensions. The pinnacle rock rock lies on a lowish outcrop and a higher one , with a low and fairly cramped swim-through between. There are a number of smaller boulders and outcrops around the pinnacle group, which would be an amazing sight on a really clear day. There is a big overhang near the top and even bigger overhang about 5m x 3m with an air trap below it at about 9m which shelters a vertical face with a rich encrustation of sponges, corals and other invertebrates, both on north side. There is a fairly big cave/tunnel with 5 openings under the top rock from south to north, but lots of fragile organisms live in it, so do not go through as openings on the north side are quite low and you are likely to damage the corals, sponges and bryozoans. The pinnacle is surrounded by other granite reef of lower profile, which extends to Justin's caves to the south west.

Geology: The reef is granite of the late Pre-Cambrian Peninsula pluton, and is surrounded by fine white quartz sand.

Conditions

Usually at its best after south easterly winds in summer but there are also occasional opportunities in autumn and early winter on windless days when the swell is low and short. Strong south easterly winds (offshore) can make it difficult to swim back to shore on the surface.

The site is exposed to westerly swells, which may produce strong surge and poor visibility

This is an area which sometimes has upwellings following a strong south easte wind, which can produce clear but cold water


Facilities

There are no facilities provided. Security of parked vehicles is no better than at other roadside sites.

Get in

Generally a shore dive. Park at side of road on outside of bend on City side of Twelve Apostles Hotel. An entry and exit point which is protected from the South West swell is at Sandy Cove. Alternatively the entry point for Justin’s Caves can be used – the distance to swim is shorter, but there may be more kelp to negotiate, particularly at low tide, and the path to the entry point for Justins is more rocky and slippery.

If done as a boat dive, the distance is slightly less from Oceana Power Boat Club slipway than from Hout Bay.

See

Cuttlefish
Noble corals
Sponges
Sponges
Sumo crab in the cave

Marine life

Very colourful growth of invertebrates under the lower overhang, on vertical sides and in swimthroughs. These house a good variety of nudibranchs and a few species of cryptic klipfish, including the blue-spotted and speckled klipfish. A small kelp forest on top of the pinnacle helps with finding it, as the kelp is visible from the surface. Bobtails (a variety of tiny squid-like cephalopod) are sometimes seen over the sandy patches between the point and the pinnacle. There is usually a large school of hottentot on the northern corner of the pinnacle, near the two overhangs.

Features

Huge rock standing almost alone among lower outctops, with cavern under it and two ledge overhangs on one side.

Photography

A good site for macro photography.

Routes

Use the entry at Sandy Cove. Swim out between Geldkis and Justin’s to top of the pinnacle. Find it by using GPS or bearings from Geldkis, Justins and shore rocks. Confirm that you are over a large rock at about 2 to 3m depth with kelp on top, and dive. Do note that closer inshore there are a few other pinnacles with which this one may be confused. These pinnacles have more kelp growing on them, and are far less spectacular than the mushroom pinnacle. The site is compact, and it is not important in what order you visit the features, as it is not particularly deep, and nost of the interesting areas are at much the same depth anyway. Be sure to visit the deep overhang and the cave, which are on opposite sides of the pinnacle.

Return to Sandy Cove on bearing 155° magnetic , and when you reach the point rocks, keep them to your right on the way back to the cove.

If you have a lot of time over, you can continue the dive at Justins Caves, on bearing between 216° and 246° magnetic.

Stay safe

Hazards

Cold water, Sea urchins, Strong offshore winds may develop over a short time.

Skills

No special skills are required, other than the ability to find a position using compass bearings. For a shore dive a fair level of fitness is required as there is a long swim to and from the site. Ability to navigate back by compass is recommended, particularly if there is offshore wind forecast

Equipment

A light is recommended for looking into caves and overhangs, and because of the loss of colour at depth. A compass is strongly recommended for shore dives and the return should be done underwater if the wind picks up during the dive.

Back to Diving the Cape Peninsula and False Bay#Oudekraal

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