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Diving in Sweden

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Scuba diving : Diving in Sweden
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Diving in Sweden can be somewhat under estimated. The waters are very cold and dark, the bottom composition is often muddy and you will most likely need drysuit in all seasons. Despite of that, there are plenty of fantastic destinations and unique features such as the preservation of submerged objects.

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Destinations

Baltic sea

M/F Sappemeer

Understand
Sappemeer sank on 11 July 1969 due to rough sea conditions. She was taking in water too fast to be able to compensate and sank. She is now lying on her side at 25 meters depth and it is possible to enter through the cargo area.
Position: — 59°6'5.94"N, 18°46'56.58"E
Depth: — 25m
Altitude: — Sea level
Get in
Boat dive

S/S Najade

Understand
S/S Najade sank an early morning on 12 April 1933 in the Baltic sea. The freighter hit some shallow rocks and cracked a hole in the hull. These waters, between Sweden and Finland, are well known for having many shallow parts. The archipelago of Stockholm is actually almost stretching all the way over to Finland.
The ship is very well preserved and standing perfectly straight (as if it was sailing on the bottom). The cargo area is invitingly big and empty, filled only with a thick and heavy yellow color; as if the oranges and tobacco that were in the cargo had been dissolved and still hanging in like ghosts.
It is amazing to see this ship appear out of nowhere when you descend. The visibility is very limited until you reach the thermocline. The ship is made of steel and reflects the torch lights well.
The wreck is within a seal reservation and is prohibited to visit between 1 February and 15 August (confirm?).
Position: — 59° 4' 50.04" N, 18° 48' 1.38" E
Depth: — 35m
Altitude: — Sea level
Get in
Boat dive — The dive site is marked with a buoy that is attached to the wreck.

Björkvik

Understand
Björkvik is a very good dive site for beginners, training or less experienced divers.
Beware of the diving prohibition that is effective outside the far out edge of the the dead end street (imagine a straight line to the south from that edge).
Position: — 59° 13' 12.12" N, 18° 32' 18.39" E
Depth: — 20m
Altitude: — Sea level
Get in
Shore dive — The easiest way to get into the waters is from the beach. The shallow waters stretch quite far out and you might make it down to 20 meters if you are persistent. There is plenty of room for parking your car on close to the dive site. Although, you should be careful with getting in the way for the bus that end it's route there and have to make a U-turn.

S/S Ingrid Horn

Understand
There is a tragic story behind the wreck of SS Ingrid Horn. The 90m German cargo ship was built in 1901. In July 31 in the summer of 1917 the Ingrid Horn was on route from Lulea to Germany with a cargo of iron ore on a quiet night when she was hit by another ship who realized that they were on collision course when it was already too late. It is said that the Ingrid Horn was sailing without the lanterns lit; it was in wartime and they wanted to save the precious kerosene. They probably thought that they would have time to light them up if another ship came into sight. Only one person survived out of about twenty people in the crew.
The Swedish cargo ship SS Bergvik was entering Dalarö when the pilot noticed a white light, which he believed was a vessel at anchor. When Bergvik got closer they also saw a faint red glow. Eventually they realised that it must be a ship under way and there was a risk of collision. The captain ordered full astern, but it was too late. and the Bergvik's bow penetrated three feet into the side of the Ingrid Horn, which sank fast. The SS Bergvik managed to get loose and survived the collision
The wreck is now a popular attraction for divers. Note that it is the middle of a shipping route, which requires a little extra focus on security and awareness.
Position: — 59° 6' 14.4" N. 18° 22' 30" E
Depth: — 24m
Altitude: — Sea level
Get in
Boat dive — Descend at the buoy that marks the route and you will find a rope that leads you down to the stern of S/S Ingrid Horn... in all her glory, still very preserved. On the port side there is a two-meter hole caused by the collision.

Nacka strandsvraket

Understand
The wreck at Nacka Strand lies in a dark and muddy place. You reach it by entering the water from the pier, swim on the surface to the left corner of the bay and descend there. You will land at about seven meters depth where you will find some large pipelines. Follow them out until you find a string tied to them, leading you 90 degrees out to the wreck.
Position: — 59° 18' 56.7" N, 18° 8' 58.66" E
Depth: — 20m
Altitude: — Sea level
Get in
Shore dive — You should be aware that it is a long way to walk from the parking area down to the water. Very long. One option is to bring everything down to the pier and gear up there, but you will need someone to watch your bags left on the pier. The other option is that you gear up as much as possible at your car and walk all the way down. This can be a sweaty maneuver in the wrong season though.

M/S Harm (Naantali)

Understand
M/S Harm, a.k.a. Naantali, was a Finnish cargo ship that sunk in 1969 after a collision with another ship. She was hit on port side and sunk quickly due to severe damages to the hull. Everyone except one of the crew members managed to save themselves before she sunk.
That is long time ago and now the spot is serving as a dive site. It is a relatively easy dive, although one should be careful since it is close to a shipping route.
Position: — 59° 24' 51.03" N, 18° 30' 30.09" E
Depth: — 20m
Altitude: — Sea level
Topography: &mdash: Wreck
Conditions: — Fresh water
Get in
Shore dive

Tore (the wreck in Alvik)

Understand
The wreck in Alvik is also known as Tore. It is a small fishing boat that sunk in the ninties. The wreck is standing up straight on the bottom.
Position: — 59° 19' 53.63" N, 17° 59' 24.64" E
Depth: — 12m
Altitude: — Sea level
Get in
Shore dive — You can enter the waters directly from the docks and then you just have to follow the rope that you will find attached directly below. The other end of the rope is tied to the wreck. From the wreck you will also find another rope that leads further to a sunken sail boat
Stay safe
You have to be very careful when you dive here, since it is very close to a marina.

Stockholm

Vagnhärad limestone quarry

The Brothel

Understand
No, it is not a joke. This is in fact the name of a dive site in the inner city of Stockholm, named after the boat that sunk some time in the eighties. This was a place for illegal gambling and other shady activities at that time. It all ended in a not too clear way. Maybe there was not too much interests in finding out what really happened. It came to an end and that was it.
Inner city areas are always interesting since there will most likely be plenty of interesting and misplaced objects to be found on the bottom (junk, cellphones, bicycles and sometimes cars).
Position:— 59° 19' 16.53" N, 18° 2' 52.51" E
Depth: 10m
Altitude: Sea level
Get in
Shore dive
Stay safe
The boat is now serving a much better purpose... although still managing to be in conflict with the law; since it is a dive site in harbor area you are not allowed to dive here. You can still access it with proper permission from authorities and a little effort.

Falken

Understand
Falken is the name of an old Waxholm boat that was carrying empty fishing boxes from Gothenburg before it sunk in January 1968 due to a leak.
Position: 59° 19' 41.91" N, 18° 0' 0.17" E
Depth: 15m
Altitude: Sea level
Get in
Shore dive — The easiest way to find it is to swim on the surface to the cable sign (Swedish: Kabel), descend and follow the white cable pipe that is parallel with two other gray pipes. Go about 50 meters and then you will find a string attached to the pipe, leading down to the wreck.


The Tavern Wreck (Värdshusvraket)

Understand
The Tavern Wreck (Värdshusvraket in Swedish) is a very well preserved wreck that is located between Stora Essingen and Gröndal (no information on why and how the ship sunk).
Position: — 59° 18' 58.08" N, 17° 59' 4.55" E
Depth: — 16m
Altitude: — Sea level
Topography: — Wreck
Conditions: — Fresh water
Get in
Inner city Shore dive — The easiest way to access the dive site is to enter from Stora Essingen. Park your car at Värdshusbryggan (where there is plenty of space for parking and gearing up). Later you just follow the line that is attached to one of the poles of the bridge
Stay safe
It is an easy dive, but still not recommended for unexperienced divers since it is in the middle of a shipping route and the water is fairly shallow.


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