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Difference between revisions of "Diving in South Africa/HMS Birkenhead wreck"

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Scuba diving : Diving in South Africa : HMS Birkenhead wreck
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The dive site '''(primary site name)''' or '''(alternative site name/s)''' is a (inland, shoreline, inshore, offshore) (sandy, rocky reef, coral reef, recent wreck, historical wreck) in the (locality name) area on the (topographical feature), near [[City]] in the [[Region]] of [[Country]].
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The dive site '''HMS Birkenhead''' or just '''The Birkenhead''' is an offshore historical wreck on the rocky reef at Birkenhead Rock to the south west of Danger Point, near [[Gansbaai]] in the [[Western Cape]] province of [[South Africa]].
 
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<!--If the site is fresh water, or a cave, cavern, sinkhole, spring, river, lake or quarry this should be mentioned. If it is at high altitude the altitude should be specified-->
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==Understand==
 
==Understand==
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===Position===
 
===Position===
<!--insert Lat/Long co-ordinates ° if available -->
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S34°38.654' E019°17.155' (boiler)
  
 
<!--Bearings:  
 
<!--Bearings:  
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<!--Description of location-->
 
<!--Description of location-->
  
<!--This site is (not) in a Marine Protected Area (date). A permit is (not) required.-->
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This site is in a Marine Protected Area (2004) and a closed area. A special permit is required.
  
 
<!--[[Image:Image of whatever the site is named after.jpg|thumb|Caption]]-->
 
<!--[[Image:Image of whatever the site is named after.jpg|thumb|Caption]]-->
  
<!--===Name===
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===Name===
The name "Site name" is derived from (derivation of site name)-->
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The name "HMS Birkenhead" is the name of the ship wrecked at this site
  
 
===Depth===
 
===Depth===
<!--Maximum depth is about (depth)m. and the top of the (shallow point) is about (depth)m. (Average depth is likely to be about (depth)m.)-->
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Maximum depth is about 28m. and the top of the adjacent reef is about (depth)m. (Average depth is likely to be about 25m.)
  
 
<!--===Visibility===
 
<!--===Visibility===
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<!--description of the layout, landmarks and geographical arrangement of the site-->
 
<!--description of the layout, landmarks and geographical arrangement of the site-->
  
<!--'''Geology:'''
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'''Geology:'''
(geological era, rock type) of the ''name'' formation.-->
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Ordovician sandstones of the ''Peninsula'' formation.
 
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<!--Strike (direction), Dip (direction) if applicable and available-->
  
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<!--===Classification==-->
 
<!--===Classification==-->
 
<!--official SANBI reef type classification or equivalent if available -->
 
<!--official SANBI reef type classification or equivalent if available -->
 
<!--===Facilities===-->
 
<!--Amenities AT the site, available for the convenience of the diver, such as off road parking, secure parking, ablution facilities, changing rooms, fresh water on tap, restaurant or fast food stall within immediate walking distance from the entry area -->
 
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
  
<!--Usual access: (boat, shore) or alternative access: (boat, shore)--> 
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This is a boat dive, as it is about 1.5km from the nearest shore. The usual access is from Gansbaai harbour, where there is a good commercial slipway available to the public. The alternative launch site at Kleinbaai on the other side of the Danger Point peninsula is slightly closer, but a less protected slipway.
  
<!--The site is about (distance)km from (usual harbour or launch site), or (distance)km from (alternative launch site or harbour)-->
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The site is about 10.5km from Gansbaai harbour, or 8.5km from Kleinbaai slipway
  
 
<!--Parking area description if applicable: Position of parking, name of road. Description of route from parking to entry point/s)-->  
 
<!--Parking area description if applicable: Position of parking, name of road. Description of route from parking to entry point/s)-->  
 
<!--Entry and exit point description, alternative entry/exit points-->
 
  
 
<!--general comments on access-->
 
<!--general comments on access-->
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<!--[[Image:(photo of typical feature from site)|thumb|(caption)]]-->
 
<!--[[Image:(photo of typical feature from site)|thumb|(caption)]]-->
<!--===Features===-->
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===Features===
<!--other features of note, eg caves, wrecks, anything that a diver might consider a reason to dive the site other than marine life-->
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Scattered wreckage of a historical wreck of great cultural significance. The wreckage includes remains of the paddle wheels, boiler and engine, which is a very early model and quite interesting in design. There are also a few anchors, cannon and similar generic type artifacts.
  
 
===Photography===
 
===Photography===
 
<!--What kind of photography is likely to produce good results-->
 
<!--What kind of photography is likely to produce good results-->
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The site is fairly deep, and lighting is likely to be poor. The wreckage is generally fairly large items, which require a wide angle lens to fit them in the picture without losing too much detail, and powerful external strobes are recommended.
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Natural light photos may be acceptable if the visibility is good and the lighting better than usual, but it is likely that not much detail will be picked up. Macro photography will produce adequate results on small subjects, but these are not why you dive this site. You dive here to see the wreck, so try to get some photos of it. You may be lucky.
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Video will produce best results with a wide angle lens, and preferably powerful lights.
 
<!--Recommendations for photographic equipment: Lens angle, lighting etc.-->
 
<!--Recommendations for photographic equipment: Lens angle, lighting etc.-->
  

Revision as of 09:43, 28 March 2011

The dive site HMS Birkenhead or just The Birkenhead is an offshore historical wreck on the rocky reef at Birkenhead Rock to the south west of Danger Point, near Gansbaai in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Contents

Understand

Position

S34°38.654' E019°17.155' (boiler)


This site is in a Marine Protected Area (2004) and a closed area. A special permit is required.


Name

The name "HMS Birkenhead" is the name of the ship wrecked at this site

Depth

Maximum depth is about 28m. and the top of the adjacent reef is about (depth)m. (Average depth is likely to be about 25m.)


Topography

Geology: Ordovician sandstones of the Peninsula formation.

Conditions

Get in

This is a boat dive, as it is about 1.5km from the nearest shore. The usual access is from Gansbaai harbour, where there is a good commercial slipway available to the public. The alternative launch site at Kleinbaai on the other side of the Danger Point peninsula is slightly closer, but a less protected slipway.

The site is about 10.5km from Gansbaai harbour, or 8.5km from Kleinbaai slipway



See

Marine life

Features

Scattered wreckage of a historical wreck of great cultural significance. The wreckage includes remains of the paddle wheels, boiler and engine, which is a very early model and quite interesting in design. There are also a few anchors, cannon and similar generic type artifacts.

Photography

The site is fairly deep, and lighting is likely to be poor. The wreckage is generally fairly large items, which require a wide angle lens to fit them in the picture without losing too much detail, and powerful external strobes are recommended. Natural light photos may be acceptable if the visibility is good and the lighting better than usual, but it is likely that not much detail will be picked up. Macro photography will produce adequate results on small subjects, but these are not why you dive this site. You dive here to see the wreck, so try to get some photos of it. You may be lucky.

Video will produce best results with a wide angle lens, and preferably powerful lights.

Suggested Routes

Stay safe

Hazards

Skills

Equipment

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