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Scuba diving : Diving in Mozambique
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Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Rainfall is heavy along the coast and decreases in the north and south. Cyclones are common during the wet season.  
 
Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Rainfall is heavy along the coast and decreases in the north and south. Cyclones are common during the wet season.  
  
The sea temperature is tropical, and will seldom be below 24C
+
The sea temperature is tropical. Water temperatures range from 29˚C in summer to 22˚C in winter, and will seldom be below 24˚C. Diving is year round. People from cooler climates may find winter more comfortable, and there are fewer mosquitos as this is the dry season.
 +
 
 +
Visibility can range from 8-40 m, depending on the amount of plankton in the water.
  
 
===Marine ecology===
 
===Marine ecology===
 +
 +
The marine ecology of Mozambique is classified as Tropical Indo-Pacific, which is the most diverse marine ecology known. Obviously not all species from this bioregion will be found in all parts of it, but this is an indication of the diversity which can be expected here. A wide range of reef building corals, and also other coral types can be found here, along with a diverse invertebrate fauna sharing the shelter and habitat provided by the corals. Fish are also represented by a large diversity of species, many of which are particularly colourful.
 +
 +
Humpback whales can be spotted during their migration from June until November.
 +
 +
Whale sharks are present all year round and in abundance between November and March. These gentle
 +
giants can reach up to 12m in length and weigh up to 20tonnes.
 +
  
 
===Equipment===
 
===Equipment===
Line 19: Line 29:
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
 +
 +
Pickups can be arranged through lodges, dive centers, etc., but there is ample public transport.  It is safe and easy to walk to most places in the area.
  
 
==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
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==Dive sites==
 
==Dive sites==
 
===Southern Mozambique===
 
===Southern Mozambique===
Southern Mozambique includes the ''Municipios'' of '''Maputo''', '''Gaza''', '''Inhambane''' and '''Sofala''' from the southern border with South Africa at Ponta d'Ouro  north to the Zambesi river.
+
Southern [[Mozambique]] includes the ''Municipios'' of '''[[Maputo (region)|Maputo]]''', '''[[Gaza (region)|Gaza]]''', '''[[Inhambane (region)|Inhambane]]''' and '''[[Sofala (Region)|Sofala]]''' from the southern border with [[South Africa]] at [[Ponta d'Ouro]] north to the Zambesi river.
  
====[[Tofo Beach]]====
+
====Ponta do Ouro to Ponta Mamoli====
Nice coral but known more for its abundance of manta rays, reef sharks, whale sharks and humpback whales.
+
'''Dive sites include:'''
 
+
*G-Spot
====[[Guinjata Bay]]====
+
*Fish Basket
A small bay on a long stretch of sandy coastline. The reefs are sedimentary rock with a covering of hard and soft corals and other invertebrates. Marine life is Indo-Pacific.
+
*Pinnacles
 +
*Bass City
 +
*Kev's Ledge
 +
*Wayne's World
 +
*Aquarium
 +
*Three Sisters
 +
*Doodles
 +
*Mavericks
 +
*Texas
 +
*Shallow Malongane
 +
*Paradise Ledge
 +
*Checkers
  
 +
====Manta Coast====
 
'''Dive sites include:'''
 
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
*Amazon
 +
*Arcadia
 +
*Area 51
 +
*Barra Lagoon/Estuary
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Batfish Pinnacle|Batfish Pinnacle]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Batfish Pinnacle|Batfish Pinnacle]]
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Devils Peak|Devils Peak]]
+
*Buddies Reef
 +
*Deep Reef South
 +
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Devils Peak|Devil's Peak]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Disneyland|Disneyland]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Disneyland|Disneyland]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Greentree Reef|Greentree Reef]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Greentree Reef|Greentree Reef]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Hard Rock|Hard Rock]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Hard Rock|Hard Rock]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Island Rock|Island Rock]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Island Rock|Island Rock]]
 +
*Kitwe
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Manta Reef|Manta Reef]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Manta Reef|Manta Reef]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/North Greentree|North Greentree]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/North Greentree|North Greentree]]
 +
*The "Klipfontein" wreck
 +
*[[Diving in Mozambique/The Office|The Office]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Paindane Coral Garden|Paindane Coral Garden]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Paindane Coral Garden|Paindane Coral Garden]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Paindane Express|Paindane Express]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Paindane Express|Paindane Express]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Pao Reef|Pao Reef]]
 
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Pao Reef|Pao Reef]]
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Xstacy Reef|Xstacy Reef]]
+
*Playstation
 +
*Pomene Estuary
 +
*Salon
 +
*Three Sisters
 +
*Trojan Wall
 +
*Witch's Hat
 +
*[[Diving in Mozambique/Xstacy Reef|Xstacy Reef (XTC)]]
 +
 
 +
=====[[Tofo Beach]]=====
 +
Nice coral but known more for its abundance of manta rays, reef sharks, whale sharks and humpback whales.
 +
 
 +
* <listing name="Liquid Adventures" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="+258 845363636" email="" fax="" url="http://www.divingtofo.com" hours="" price="">They are a PADI dive centre offering all courses from Open Water through to Assistant Instructor and also offer various other watersport activites.</listing>
 +
 
 +
=====[[Guinjata Bay]]=====
 +
A small bay just south of Inhambane on a long stretch of sandy coastline. The reefs are sedimentary rock with a covering of hard and soft corals and other invertebrates. Marine life is Indo-Pacific.  The bay is more know as Guinjata Bay, however the correct name for this area is Praia de Jangamo. 
 +
 
 +
====Ponta Morrungulo====
 +
 
 +
About half way between Inhambane to the south and Vilanculos to the north.
 +
About one and a half hours from Inhambane by road, and six hours from Maputo.
 +
Depth range 6 to 40m.
 +
Water temperatures about 24&deg;C in winter to 29&deg;C in summer.
 +
Humpback whales visit from June tyo October.
 +
 
 +
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
 
 +
'''Sylvia shoal''' &mdash; about 12km north of Ponta Morrungulo. The shoal is about 14km long, rising from bottom at about 22m to around 10m on top, with a shallow point at 8m. The reef is home to a large variety of nudibranchs, turtles, mantas, rays, eels and sharks
 +
 
 +
*'''Aladdin's Palace''' &mdash; In the middle of Sylvia shoal. The reef is about 35m wide, on a sand bottom. There is a cleaning station on the seawrd side of the reef which is frequently visited by mantas. The reef includestable corals and large crevices, in which large rock lobster can be seen. Moray eels also lurk in the cracks, and schools of barracuda and kingfish are often seen above the reef. Residents include grouper, potato bass, and turtles.  Eagle rays, devil rays and white tip sharks are also to be seen.
 +
 
 +
Distance to site: 14.5km, Maximum depth: 26m on the seaward side, Top of the reef: 9m, Average depth:16m, Skill level: Basic
 +
 
 +
*'''Tokyo Drift''' &mdash; Clear water in the Mozambique current. Reef with hard and soft corals and a wide variety of reef fish species. Also eagle rays, devil rays, and mantas may be seen, and possibly a shark or two. Hammerheads,Tiger sharks, Bull sharks and Oceanic black tip sharks have been spotted here.
 +
 
 +
Distance to site: 16km, Maximum depth: 40m, Average depth: 28m, Skill level: Advanced
 +
 
 +
'''New Year reef''' &mdash; A 9km long reef system south of Sylvia shoal.
 +
*'''Sherwoods Bookshelf''' &mdash; About 1km east of the New Years reef system. It has a 300m long rocky fault line. There are massive green tree corals large numbers of reef fish. On the outside of the shoals of reef fish there are often large game fish.
 +
 
 +
Maximum depth 32m
 +
 
 +
*'''King Deep''' &mdash; The site is named after the South African underwater photographer, Dennis King, because this is the furthest north that the Tiger Angel Fish, which he identified, has been recorded. On the reef there are forests of Green Tree Coral with large numbers of coral fish sheltering from predators such as Kingfish and Barracuda. You may also see Potato Bass, Mantas, Sharks, Eagle Rays and other game fish.
 +
 
 +
Maximum depth: 40m, Skill level: Advanced
 +
 
 +
====Vilanculos and the [[Bazaruto]] Archipelago====
 +
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
*The Corner
 +
*Ray Alley
 +
*Brindle Bass Ridge
 +
*Allan's realm
 +
*Amphitheatre
 +
*Camel Hump
 +
*Twelve Mile Reef
 +
*Turtle Ridge
 +
*Manta Ray Reef
 +
*Rainbow Runner
 +
*Aquarium
 +
*Greek Temple
 +
*Ponta Dundo
 +
*Five Mile Reef
  
====[[Bazaruto]]====
 
  
 
===Northern Mozambique===
 
===Northern Mozambique===
 
Northern Mozambique includes ''Municipios'' of '''Zambesia''', '''Nampula''' and '''Cabo Delgado''' from the Zambesi river in the south to the northern border with Tanzania at the Rovuma river in the north.
 
Northern Mozambique includes ''Municipios'' of '''Zambesia''', '''Nampula''' and '''Cabo Delgado''' from the Zambesi river in the south to the northern border with Tanzania at the Rovuma river in the north.
  
====[[Pemba]]====
+
====Nampula====
 +
 
 +
=====Nacala Bay=====
 +
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
 
 +
*Libelula House Reef
 +
*Napala Drop-off
 +
*Whip Coral Ridge
 +
*Paradise Reef
 +
*Bonito reef (Kwalala House Reef)
 +
*B.P. Wreck (Baixo do Pinda)
 +
 
 +
=====Memba Bay=====
 +
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
 
 +
*The Guardians (Nanatha Pinnacles}
 +
*Fish Alley
 +
*Lobster Coves
 +
*The Gorgonian Forest
 +
*Anemone Gardens, Gobi Sands and Sea Grass fields
 +
 
 +
=====Ilha de Mozambique=====
 +
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
 
 +
*Ilha Steps
 +
*Goa
 +
*Chocas Bay
 +
 
 +
====[[Pemba]] and the Quirimbas Archipelago====
 +
'''Dive sites include:'''
 +
 
 +
=====Medjumbe=====
 +
*The Edge of Reason
 +
*Sambi Sambi
 +
*Alice in Wonderland
 +
*Brereton Contours
 +
 
 +
=====Matemo=====
 +
*Ibo Lighthouse
 +
*Zala Banks
  
 +
=====Pemba=====
 +
*The Gap
 +
*Willy's Ridge
 +
*Pyro Banks
 +
*Finger NE
  
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
{{isPartOf|Diving in Africa}}
+
{{isPartOf|Scuba diving}}

Latest revision as of 09:56, 3 February 2013

    This article is a travel topic

This article is intended to provide the already qualified Scuba diver with information which will help to plan dives in the waters of Mozambique, whether as a local resident or a visitor. Information is provided without prejudice, and is not guaranteed accurate or complete. Use it at your own risk.

Understand[edit]

General topography[edit]

Climate, weather and sea conditions[edit]

Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Rainfall is heavy along the coast and decreases in the north and south. Cyclones are common during the wet season.

The sea temperature is tropical. Water temperatures range from 29˚C in summer to 22˚C in winter, and will seldom be below 24˚C. Diving is year round. People from cooler climates may find winter more comfortable, and there are fewer mosquitos as this is the dry season.

Visibility can range from 8-40 m, depending on the amount of plankton in the water.

Marine ecology[edit]

The marine ecology of Mozambique is classified as Tropical Indo-Pacific, which is the most diverse marine ecology known. Obviously not all species from this bioregion will be found in all parts of it, but this is an indication of the diversity which can be expected here. A wide range of reef building corals, and also other coral types can be found here, along with a diverse invertebrate fauna sharing the shelter and habitat provided by the corals. Fish are also represented by a large diversity of species, many of which are particularly colourful.

Humpback whales can be spotted during their migration from June until November.

Whale sharks are present all year round and in abundance between November and March. These gentle giants can reach up to 12m in length and weigh up to 20tonnes.


Equipment[edit]

Respect[edit]

Contact[edit]

Get around[edit]

Pickups can be arranged through lodges, dive centers, etc., but there is ample public transport. It is safe and easy to walk to most places in the area.

Stay safe[edit]

Dive sites[edit]

Southern Mozambique[edit]

Southern Mozambique includes the Municipios of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Sofala from the southern border with South Africa at Ponta d'Ouro north to the Zambesi river.

Ponta do Ouro to Ponta Mamoli[edit]

Dive sites include:

  • G-Spot
  • Fish Basket
  • Pinnacles
  • Bass City
  • Kev's Ledge
  • Wayne's World
  • Aquarium
  • Three Sisters
  • Doodles
  • Mavericks
  • Texas
  • Shallow Malongane
  • Paradise Ledge
  • Checkers

Manta Coast[edit]

Dive sites include:

Tofo Beach[edit]

Nice coral but known more for its abundance of manta rays, reef sharks, whale sharks and humpback whales.

  • Liquid Adventures, +258 845363636, [1]. They are a PADI dive centre offering all courses from Open Water through to Assistant Instructor and also offer various other watersport activites.  edit
Guinjata Bay[edit]

A small bay just south of Inhambane on a long stretch of sandy coastline. The reefs are sedimentary rock with a covering of hard and soft corals and other invertebrates. Marine life is Indo-Pacific. The bay is more know as Guinjata Bay, however the correct name for this area is Praia de Jangamo.

Ponta Morrungulo[edit]

About half way between Inhambane to the south and Vilanculos to the north. About one and a half hours from Inhambane by road, and six hours from Maputo. Depth range 6 to 40m. Water temperatures about 24°C in winter to 29°C in summer. Humpback whales visit from June tyo October.

Dive sites include:

Sylvia shoal — about 12km north of Ponta Morrungulo. The shoal is about 14km long, rising from bottom at about 22m to around 10m on top, with a shallow point at 8m. The reef is home to a large variety of nudibranchs, turtles, mantas, rays, eels and sharks

  • Aladdin's Palace — In the middle of Sylvia shoal. The reef is about 35m wide, on a sand bottom. There is a cleaning station on the seawrd side of the reef which is frequently visited by mantas. The reef includestable corals and large crevices, in which large rock lobster can be seen. Moray eels also lurk in the cracks, and schools of barracuda and kingfish are often seen above the reef. Residents include grouper, potato bass, and turtles. Eagle rays, devil rays and white tip sharks are also to be seen.

Distance to site: 14.5km, Maximum depth: 26m on the seaward side, Top of the reef: 9m, Average depth:16m, Skill level: Basic

  • Tokyo Drift — Clear water in the Mozambique current. Reef with hard and soft corals and a wide variety of reef fish species. Also eagle rays, devil rays, and mantas may be seen, and possibly a shark or two. Hammerheads,Tiger sharks, Bull sharks and Oceanic black tip sharks have been spotted here.

Distance to site: 16km, Maximum depth: 40m, Average depth: 28m, Skill level: Advanced

New Year reef — A 9km long reef system south of Sylvia shoal.

  • Sherwoods Bookshelf — About 1km east of the New Years reef system. It has a 300m long rocky fault line. There are massive green tree corals large numbers of reef fish. On the outside of the shoals of reef fish there are often large game fish.

Maximum depth 32m

  • King Deep — The site is named after the South African underwater photographer, Dennis King, because this is the furthest north that the Tiger Angel Fish, which he identified, has been recorded. On the reef there are forests of Green Tree Coral with large numbers of coral fish sheltering from predators such as Kingfish and Barracuda. You may also see Potato Bass, Mantas, Sharks, Eagle Rays and other game fish.

Maximum depth: 40m, Skill level: Advanced

Vilanculos and the Bazaruto Archipelago[edit]

Dive sites include:

  • The Corner
  • Ray Alley
  • Brindle Bass Ridge
  • Allan's realm
  • Amphitheatre
  • Camel Hump
  • Twelve Mile Reef
  • Turtle Ridge
  • Manta Ray Reef
  • Rainbow Runner
  • Aquarium
  • Greek Temple
  • Ponta Dundo
  • Five Mile Reef


Northern Mozambique[edit]

Northern Mozambique includes Municipios of Zambesia, Nampula and Cabo Delgado from the Zambesi river in the south to the northern border with Tanzania at the Rovuma river in the north.

Nampula[edit]

Nacala Bay[edit]

Dive sites include:

  • Libelula House Reef
  • Napala Drop-off
  • Whip Coral Ridge
  • Paradise Reef
  • Bonito reef (Kwalala House Reef)
  • B.P. Wreck (Baixo do Pinda)
Memba Bay[edit]

Dive sites include:

  • The Guardians (Nanatha Pinnacles}
  • Fish Alley
  • Lobster Coves
  • The Gorgonian Forest
  • Anemone Gardens, Gobi Sands and Sea Grass fields
Ilha de Mozambique[edit]

Dive sites include:

  • Ilha Steps
  • Goa
  • Chocas Bay

Pemba and the Quirimbas Archipelago[edit]

Dive sites include:

Medjumbe[edit]
  • The Edge of Reason
  • Sambi Sambi
  • Alice in Wonderland
  • Brereton Contours
Matemo[edit]
  • Ibo Lighthouse
  • Zala Banks
Pemba[edit]
  • The Gap
  • Willy's Ridge
  • Pyro Banks
  • Finger NE
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