Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Difference between revisions of "Diving in Chuuk"

From Wikitravel
Scuba diving : Diving in Chuuk
Jump to: navigation, search
(Understand: Text from Wikipedia article on Chuuk lagoon)
(Respect)
 
(2 intermediate revisions by one user not shown)
Line 7: Line 7:
  
 
The area consists of eleven major islands (corresponding to the eleven municipalities of Truk lagoon, which are Tol, Udot, Fala-Beguets, Romanum, and Eot of Faichuk group, and Moen, Fefan, Dublon, Uman, Param, and Tsis of Namoneas group) and forty-six smaller ones within the lagoon, plus forty-one on the fringing coral reef, and is known today as the Chuuk islands, part of the Federated States of Micronesia in the Pacific Ocean
 
The area consists of eleven major islands (corresponding to the eleven municipalities of Truk lagoon, which are Tol, Udot, Fala-Beguets, Romanum, and Eot of Faichuk group, and Moen, Fefan, Dublon, Uman, Param, and Tsis of Namoneas group) and forty-six smaller ones within the lagoon, plus forty-one on the fringing coral reef, and is known today as the Chuuk islands, part of the Federated States of Micronesia in the Pacific Ocean
 +
 +
The islands were originally settled more than 2000 years ago, probably from Pohnpei and Kosrae to the east, based on many legend and language similarities.
 +
 +
During World War II, Truk Lagoon, as it was then known, was the Empire of Japan's main base in the South Pacific theatre. A significant portion of the Japanese fleet was based there. Truk was the base for Japanese operations against Allied forces in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Due to its heavy fortifications, both natural and manmade, the base at Truk was known to Allied forces as "the Gibraltar of the Pacific".
 +
 +
Operation Hailstone was launched from the Marshall Islands, and the attack on Truk lagoon started in the early morning of February 17, 1944, and culminated in one of the most important naval airstrikes of the war. Twelve Japanese warships, thirty-two merchant ships and 249 aircraft were destroyed making the lagoon the biggest graveyard of ships in the world, although the larger warships had moved to Palau a week earlier.
  
 
===General topography===
 
===General topography===
Chuuk Lagoon, formerly known as Truk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific. North of New Guinea, it is located mid-ocean at 7 degrees North latitude. The atoll consists of a protective reef, 225 kilometres (140 mi) around, enclosing a natural harbour 79 by 50 kilometres (49 by 30 mi), with an area of 2,130 square kilometres (820 sq mi). It has a land area of 127.4 square kilometres (49.2 sq mi), with a population of 47,871 people.  
+
Chuuk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific. North of New Guinea, it is located mid-ocean at 7 degrees North latitude. The atoll consists of a protective reef, 225 kilometres (140 mi) around, enclosing a natural harbour 79 by 50 kilometres (49 by 30 mi), with an area of 2,130 square kilometres (820 sq mi). It has a land area of 127.4 square kilometres (49.2 sq mi), with a population of 47,871 people.
 +
 +
Following Jacques Cousteau's 1971 television documentary about the lagoon and its ghostly remains, the place became a wreck diving destination, drawing wreck diving enthusiasts from around the world to see its numerous, virtually intact sunken ships. The shipwrecks and remains are sometimes referred to as the "Ghost Fleet of Truk Lagoon". Scattered mainly around the Dublon, Eten, Fefan and Uman islands within the Truk group, a number of the shipwrecks lie in crystal clear waters less than fifteen meters below the surface. In waters devoid of normal ocean currents, divers can easily swim across decks littered with gas masks and depth charges and below deck can be found numerous human remains. In the massive ships' holds are row upon row of fighter aircraft, tanks, bulldozers, railroad cars, motorcycles, torpedoes, mines, bombs, boxes of munitions, radios, plus thousands of other weapons, spare parts, and other artifacts.
 +
 
 +
Of special interest is the wreck of the submarine I-169 Shinohara which was lost when diving to avoid the bombing. The sub had been part of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
 +
 
 
===Climate, weather and sea conditions===
 
===Climate, weather and sea conditions===
 +
 
===Marine ecology===
 
===Marine ecology===
 +
The coral encrusted wrecks attract a diverse array of marine life, including manta-rays, turtles, sharks and corals. In 2007, 266 species of reef fish were recorded by an Earthwatch team and in 2006 the rare coral Acropora pichoni was identified.[
 +
 +
 
===Equipment===
 
===Equipment===
  
Line 82: Line 97:
  
 
==Respect==
 
==Respect==
 +
The ships are classified as a Japanese war grave.
  
 
==Get help==
 
==Get help==

Latest revision as of 19:33, 11 June 2012

    This article is a travel topic

This article is intended to provide the already qualified Scuba diver with information which will help to plan dives in the waters of Chuuk in the Federated states of Micronesia, whether as a local resident or a visitor. Information is provided without prejudice, and is not guaranteed accurate or complete. Use it at your own risk.

Contents

Understand[edit]

Chuuk Lagoon is part of the larger Caroline Islands group.

The area consists of eleven major islands (corresponding to the eleven municipalities of Truk lagoon, which are Tol, Udot, Fala-Beguets, Romanum, and Eot of Faichuk group, and Moen, Fefan, Dublon, Uman, Param, and Tsis of Namoneas group) and forty-six smaller ones within the lagoon, plus forty-one on the fringing coral reef, and is known today as the Chuuk islands, part of the Federated States of Micronesia in the Pacific Ocean

The islands were originally settled more than 2000 years ago, probably from Pohnpei and Kosrae to the east, based on many legend and language similarities.

During World War II, Truk Lagoon, as it was then known, was the Empire of Japan's main base in the South Pacific theatre. A significant portion of the Japanese fleet was based there. Truk was the base for Japanese operations against Allied forces in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Due to its heavy fortifications, both natural and manmade, the base at Truk was known to Allied forces as "the Gibraltar of the Pacific".

Operation Hailstone was launched from the Marshall Islands, and the attack on Truk lagoon started in the early morning of February 17, 1944, and culminated in one of the most important naval airstrikes of the war. Twelve Japanese warships, thirty-two merchant ships and 249 aircraft were destroyed making the lagoon the biggest graveyard of ships in the world, although the larger warships had moved to Palau a week earlier.

General topography[edit]

Chuuk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific. North of New Guinea, it is located mid-ocean at 7 degrees North latitude. The atoll consists of a protective reef, 225 kilometres (140 mi) around, enclosing a natural harbour 79 by 50 kilometres (49 by 30 mi), with an area of 2,130 square kilometres (820 sq mi). It has a land area of 127.4 square kilometres (49.2 sq mi), with a population of 47,871 people.

Following Jacques Cousteau's 1971 television documentary about the lagoon and its ghostly remains, the place became a wreck diving destination, drawing wreck diving enthusiasts from around the world to see its numerous, virtually intact sunken ships. The shipwrecks and remains are sometimes referred to as the "Ghost Fleet of Truk Lagoon". Scattered mainly around the Dublon, Eten, Fefan and Uman islands within the Truk group, a number of the shipwrecks lie in crystal clear waters less than fifteen meters below the surface. In waters devoid of normal ocean currents, divers can easily swim across decks littered with gas masks and depth charges and below deck can be found numerous human remains. In the massive ships' holds are row upon row of fighter aircraft, tanks, bulldozers, railroad cars, motorcycles, torpedoes, mines, bombs, boxes of munitions, radios, plus thousands of other weapons, spare parts, and other artifacts.

Of special interest is the wreck of the submarine I-169 Shinohara which was lost when diving to avoid the bombing. The sub had been part of the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Climate, weather and sea conditions[edit]

Marine ecology[edit]

The coral encrusted wrecks attract a diverse array of marine life, including manta-rays, turtles, sharks and corals. In 2007, 266 species of reef fish were recorded by an Earthwatch team and in 2006 the rare coral Acropora pichoni was identified.[


Equipment[edit]

Dive sites[edit]

  • Chuuk Lagoon — wreck diving, including optional penetration, on a huge number of ship and aircraft wrecks from World War II's Operation Hailstorm.

Mitubishi "Betty"[edit]

Mitsubishi "Betty" bomber

Understand:[edit]

Position:
Depth:
Topography:
Conditions:

Fujikawa Maru[edit]

Bow gun of the Fujikawa Maru

Understand:[edit]

Position:
Depth:
Topography:
Conditions:

Hoki Maru[edit]

1930's truck in the hold of the Hoki Maru
Diver and soft corals next to the mast of the Hoki Maru

Understand:[edit]

Position:
Depth:
Topography:
Conditions:

Nippo Maru[edit]

2-man light tank on the deck of the Nippo Maru
Light artillery piece on the deck of the Nippo Maru

Understand:[edit]

Position:
Depth:
Topography:
Conditions:

Unkai Maru[edit]

Divers next to the mast of the Unkai Maru


Understand:[edit]

Position:
Depth:
Topography:
Conditions:

Yamagiri Maru[edit]

Diver photographing 18-inch artillery shells in the Yamagiri Maru

Understand:[edit]

Position:
Depth:
Topography:
Conditions:

Respect[edit]

The ships are classified as a Japanese war grave.

Get help[edit]

Emergency services

  • Police.
  • Ambulance service
  • Sea rescue
  • Recompression chamber
  • DAN hotline

Get service[edit]

Learn[edit]

Buy[edit][add listing]

Rent[edit]

Do[edit][add listing]

Fix[edit]

Service details[edit]

Get around[edit]

Stay safe[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

Read[edit]

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!




Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages